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Professor Jim Todd

TitleProfessor Applied Biostatistics
InstitutionLondon School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
DepartmentPopulation Health
AddressMwanza
Tanzania
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    Collapse Bibliographic 
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Adinan J, Manongi R, Temu GA, Kapologwe N, Marandu A, Wajanga B, Dika H, Maongezi S, Laizer S, Manyuti R, Nassir RA, Renju J, Todd J. Preparedness of health facilities in managing hypertension & diabetes mellitus in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania: a cross sectional study. BMC Health Serv Res. 2019 Jul 31; 19(1):537. PMID: 31366384.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Nguyen KC, Zhang Y, Todd J, Kittle K, Patry D, Caldwell D, Lalande M, Smith S, Parks D, Navarro M, Massarsky A, Moon TW, Willmore WG, Tayabali AF. Biodistribution and Systemic Effects in Mice Following Intravenous Administration of Cadmium Telluride Quantum Dot Nanoparticles. Chem Res Toxicol. 2019 Aug 19; 32(8):1491-1503. PMID: 31251591.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Colombe S, Machemba R, Mtenga B, Lutonja P, Safari W, Beard J, Downs JA, Urassa M, Todd J, Changalucha J. Cascade of care for HIV-seroconverters in rural Tanzania: a longitudinal study. AIDS Care. 2019 Jul 10; 1-6. PMID: 31288545.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Swami V, Todd J, Aspell JE, Mohd Khatib NA, Toh EKL, Zahari HS, Barron D. Translation and validation of a Bahasa Malaysia (Malay) version of the Functionality Appreciation Scale. Body Image. 2019 Sep; 30:114-120. PMID: 31238276.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Gumede-Moyo S, Todd J, Schaap A, Mee P, Filteau S. Increasing Proportion of HIV-Infected Pregnant Zambian Women Attending Antenatal Care Are Already on Antiretroviral Therapy (2010-2015). Front Public Health. 2019; 7:155. PMID: 31249826.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Mee P, Rice B, Lemsalu L, Hargreaves J, Sambu V, Harklerode R, Todd J, Somi G. Changes in patterns of retention in HIV care and antiretroviral treatment in Tanzania between 2008 and 2016: an analysis of routinely collected national programme data. J Glob Health. 2019 Jun; 9(1):010424. PMID: 30992984.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Smith Fawzi MC, Siril H, Liu Y, McAdam K, Ainebyona D, McAdam E, Somba M, Oljemark K, Mleli N, Lienert J, Andrew I, Haberlen S, Simwinga A, Todd J, Makongwa S, Li N, Kaaya S. Agents of change among people living with HIV and their social networks: stepped-wedge randomised controlled trial of the NAMWEZA intervention in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. BMJ Glob Health. 2019; 4(3):e000946. PMID: 31179027.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Uvila SR, Mtuy TB, Urassa M, Beard J, Mtenga B, Mahande M, Todd J. Enrollment in HIV Care and Treatment Clinic and Associated Factors Among HIV Diagnosed Patients in Magu District, Tanzania. AIDS Behav. 2019 Apr; 23(4):1032-1038. PMID: 30430342.
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    9. Siril H, Kaale A, Minja A, Kilewo J, Mugusi F, Sunguya B, Todd J, Kaaya S, Smith Fawzi MC. Improving communication about HIV prevention among people living with HIV and their at-risk social network members in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Cogent Med. 2019; 6. PMID: 31355302.
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    10. Abaasa A, Nash S, Mayanja Y, Price M, Fast PE, Kamali A, Kaleebu P, Todd J. Simulated vaccine efficacy trials to estimate HIV incidence for actual vaccine clinical trials in key populations in Uganda. Vaccine. 2019 Apr 03; 37(15):2065-2072. PMID: 30857933.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Jones H, Wringe A, Todd J, Songo J, Gómez-Olivé FX, Moshabela M, Geubbels E, Nyamhagatta M, Kalua T, Urassa M, Zaba B, Renju J. Implementing prevention policies for mother-to-child transmission of HIV in rural Malawi, South Africa and United Republic of Tanzania, 2013-2016. Bull World Health Organ. 2019 Mar 01; 97(3):200-212. PMID: 30992633.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Muyunda B, Mee P, Todd J, Musonda P, Michelo C. Estimating levels of HIV testing coverage and use in prevention of mother-to-child transmission among women of reproductive age in Zambia. Arch Public Health. 2018; 76:80. PMID: 30619607.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Rentsch CT, Harron K, Urassa M, Todd J, Reniers G, Zaba B. Impact of linkage quality on inferences drawn from analyses using data with high rates of linkage errors in rural Tanzania. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2018 12 10; 18(1):165. PMID: 30526518.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Jahanpour O, Msuya SE, Todd J, Stray-Pedersen B, Mgongo M. Increasing trend of exclusive breastfeeding over 12?years period (2002-2014) among women in Moshi, Tanzania. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2018 Dec 04; 18(1):471. PMID: 30509243.
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    15. Singh J, Filteau S, Todd J, Gumede-Moyo S. Progress in the performance of HIV early infant diagnosis services in Zambia using routinely collected data from 2006 to 2016. BMC Public Health. 2018 Nov 26; 18(1):1297. PMID: 30477465.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Rentsch CT, Wringe A, Machemba R, Michael D, Urassa M, Todd J, Reniers G, Zaba B. Linkage to care and antiretroviral therapy initiation by testing modality among individuals newly diagnosed with HIV in Tanzania, 2014-2017. Trop Med Int Health. 2018 12; 23(12):1384-1393. PMID: 30282113.
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    17. Aziz R, Colombe S, Mwakisambwe G, Ndezi S, Todd J, Kalluvya S, Mangat HS, Magleby R, Koebler A, Kenemo B, Peck RN, Downs JA. Pre-post effects of a tetanus care protocol implementation in a sub-Saharan African intensive care unit. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2018 08; 12(8):e0006667. PMID: 30161119.
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    18. Muyunda B, Musonda P, Mee P, Todd J, Michelo C. Educational Attainment as a Predictor of HIV Testing Uptake Among Women of Child-Bearing Age: Analysis of 2014 Demographic and Health Survey in Zambia. Front Public Health. 2018; 6:192. PMID: 30155454.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Colombe S, Machemba R, Mtenga B, Lutonja P, Kalluvya SE, de Dood CJ, Hoekstra PT, van Dam GJ, Corstjens PLAM, Urassa M, Changalucha JM, Todd J, Downs JA. Impact of schistosome infection on long-term HIV/AIDS outcomes. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2018 07; 12(7):e0006613. PMID: 29965987.
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    20. Rice B, Boulle A, Baral S, Egger M, Mee P, Fearon E, Reniers G, Todd J, Schwarcz S, Weir S, Rutherford G, Hargreaves J. Strengthening Routine Data Systems to Track the HIV Epidemic and Guide the Response in Sub-Saharan Africa. JMIR Public Health Surveill. 2018 Apr 03; 4(2):e36. PMID: 29615387.
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    21. Aramburo A, Todd J, George EC, Kiguli S, Olupot-Olupot P, Opoka RO, Engoru C, Akech SO, Nyeko R, Mtove G, Gibb DM, Babiker AG, Maitland K. Lactate clearance as a prognostic marker of mortality in severely ill febrile children in East Africa. BMC Med. 2018 03 09; 16(1):37. PMID: 29519240.
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    22. Rek JC, Alegana V, Arinaitwe E, Cameron E, Kamya MR, Katureebe A, Lindsay SW, Kilama M, Staedke SG, Todd J, Dorsey G, Tusting LS. Rapid improvements to rural Ugandan housing and their association with malaria from intense to reduced transmission: a cohort study. Lancet Planet Health. 2018 02; 2(2):e83-e94. PMID: 29615240.
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    23. Opondo C, Allen E, Todd J, English M. Association of the Paediatric Admission Quality of Care score with mortality in Kenyan hospitals: a validation study. Lancet Glob Health. 2018 02; 6(2):e203-e210. PMID: 29389541.
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    24. Rentsch CT, Kabudula CW, Catlett J, Beckles D, Machemba R, Mtenga B, Masilela N, Michael D, Natalis R, Urassa M, Todd J, Zaba B, Reniers G. Point-of-contact Interactive Record Linkage (PIRL): A software tool to prospectively link demographic surveillance and health facility data. Gates Open Res. 2017; 1:8. PMID: 29528050.
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    25. Ambia J, Renju J, Wringe A, Todd J, Geubbels E, Nakiyingi-Miiro J, Urassa M, Lutalo T, Crampin AC, Kwaro D, Kyobutungi C, Chimbindi N, Gomez-Olive FX, Tlhajoane M, Njamwea B, Zaba B, Mee P. From policy to practice: exploring the implementation of antiretroviral therapy access and retention policies between 2013 and 2016 in six sub-Saharan African countries. BMC Health Serv Res. 2017 Nov 21; 17(1):758. PMID: 29162065.
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    26. Cawley C, McRobie E, Oti S, Njamwea B, Nyaguara A, Odhiambo F, Otieno F, Njage M, Shoham T, Church K, Mee P, Todd J, Zaba B, Reniers G, Wringe A. Identifying gaps in HIV policy and practice along the HIV care continuum: evidence from a national policy review and health facility surveys in urban and rural Kenya. Health Policy Plan. 2017 Nov 01; 32(9):1316-1326. PMID: 28981667.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Gumede-Moyo S, Filteau S, Munthali T, Todd J, Musonda P. Implementation effectiveness of revised (post-2010) World Health Organization guidelines on prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV using routinely collected data in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic literature review. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Oct; 96(40):e8055. PMID: 28984760.
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    28. Downs JA, Dupnik KM, van Dam GJ, Urassa M, Lutonja P, Kornelis D, de Dood CJ, Hoekstra P, Kanjala C, Isingo R, Peck RN, Lee MH, Corstjens PLAM, Todd J, Changalucha JM, Johnson WD, Fitzgerald DW. Effects of schistosomiasis on susceptibility to HIV-1 infection and HIV-1 viral load at HIV-1 seroconversion: A nested case-control study. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017 Sep; 11(9):e0005968. PMID: 28945756.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Rentsch CT, Reniers G, Kabudula C, Machemba R, Mtenga B, Harron K, Mee P, Michael D, Natalis R, Urassa M, Todd J, Zaba B. Point-of-contact interactive record linkage (PIRL) between demographic surveillance and health facility data in rural Tanzania. Int J Popul Data Sci. 2017 Sep 18; 2(1):3. PMID: 30613799.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Somi G, Majigo M, Manyahi J, Nondi J, Agricola J, Sambu V, Todd J, Rwebembera A, Makyao N, Ramadhani A, Matee M. Pediatric HIV care and treatment services in Tanzania: implications for survival. BMC Health Serv Res. 2017 Aug 07; 17(1):540. PMID: 28784131.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Harklerode R, Schwarcz S, Hargreaves J, Boulle A, Todd J, Xueref S, Rice B. Feasibility of Establishing HIV Case-Based Surveillance to Measure Progress Along the Health Sector Cascade: Situational Assessments in Tanzania, South Africa, and Kenya. JMIR Public Health Surveill. 2017 Jul 10; 3(3):e44. PMID: 28694240.
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    32. Mwangome MN, Geubbels E, Wringe A, Todd J, Klatser P, Dieleman M. A qualitative study of the determinants of HIV guidelines implementation in two south-eastern districts of Tanzania. Health Policy Plan. 2017 Jul 01; 32(6):825-834. PMID: 28369374.
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    33. John B, Todd J, Mboya I, Mosha M, Urassa M, Mtuy T. Physical activity and associated factors from a cross-sectional survey among adults in northern Tanzania. BMC Public Health. 2017 06 20; 17(1):588. PMID: 28633654.
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    34. Munthali T, Musonda P, Mee P, Gumede S, Schaap A, Mwinga A, Phiri C, Kapata N, Michelo C, Todd J. Underutilisation of routinely collected data in the HIV programme in Zambia: a review of quantitatively analysed peer-reviewed articles. Health Res Policy Syst. 2017 Jun 13; 15(1):51. PMID: 28610616.
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    35. PrayGod G, Changalucha J, Kapiga S, Todd J, Filteau S, Peck R. Elevated blood pressure and correlates in a cohort of HIV-infected adults who started antiretroviral therapy when undernourished. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2017 08; 19(8):803-806. PMID: 28548437.
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    36. McRobie E, Wringe A, Nakiyingi-Miiro J, Kiweewa F, Lutalo T, Nakigozi G, Todd J, Eaton JW, Zaba B, Church K. HIV policy implementation in two health and demographic surveillance sites in Uganda: findings from a national policy review, health facility surveys and key informant interviews. Implement Sci. 2017 04 05; 12(1):47. PMID: 28381264.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Siril HN, Kaaya SF, Smith Fawzi MK, Mtisi E, Somba M, Kilewo J, Mugusi F, Minja A, Kaale A, Todd J. CLINICAL outcomes and loss to follow-up among people living with HIV participating in the NAMWEZA intervention in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: a prospective cohort study. AIDS Res Ther. 2017 Mar 28; 14(1):18. PMID: 28351430.
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    38. PrayGod G, Changalucha J, Kapiga S, Peck R, Todd J, Filteau S. Dysglycemia associations with adipose tissue among HIV-infected patients after 2 years of antiretroviral therapy in Mwanza: a follow-up cross-sectional study. BMC Infect Dis. 2017 01 30; 17(1):103. PMID: 28137307.
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    39. Church K, Machiyama K, Todd J, Njamwea B, Mwangome M, Hosegood V, Michel J, Oti S, Nyamukapa C, Crampin A, Amek N, Nakigozi G, Michael D, Gómez-Olivé FX, Nakiyingi-Miiro J, Zaba B, Wringe A. Identifying gaps in HIV service delivery across the diagnosis-to-treatment cascade: findings from health facility surveys in six sub-Saharan countries. J Int AIDS Soc. 2017 01 12; 20(1):21188. PMID: 28364566.
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    40. Mosha NR, Mahande M, Juma A, Mboya I, Peck R, Urassa M, Michael D, Todd J. Prevalence,awareness and factors associated with hypertension in North West Tanzania. Glob Health Action. 2017; 10(1):1321279. PMID: 28598724.
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    41. Muro F, Mosha N, Hildenwall H, Mtei F, Harrison N, Schellenberg D, Olomi R, Reyburn H, Todd J. Variability of respiratory rate measurements in children suspected with non-severe pneumonia in north-east Tanzania. Trop Med Int Health. 2017 02; 22(2):139-147. PMID: 27862739.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Wilkinson AL, Pedersen SH, Urassa M, Michael D, Andreasen A, Todd J, Kinung'hi SM, Changalucha J, McDermid JM. Maternal systemic or cord blood inflammation is associated with birth anthropometry in a Tanzanian prospective cohort. Trop Med Int Health. 2017 01; 22(1):52-62. PMID: 27761979.
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    43. Opondo C, Allen E, Todd J, English M. The Paediatric Admission Quality of Care (PAQC) score: designing a tool to measure the quality of early inpatient paediatric care in a low-income setting. Trop Med Int Health. 2016 Oct; 21(10):1334-1345. PMID: 27391580.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Matovu JK, Todd J, Wanyenze RK, Kairania R, Serwadda D, Wabwire-Mangen F. Evaluation of a demand-creation intervention for couples' HIV testing services among married or cohabiting individuals in Rakai, Uganda: a cluster-randomized intervention trial. BMC Infect Dis. 2016 Aug 08; 16:379. PMID: 27502776.
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    45. Siril H, Fawzi MC, Todd J, Wyatt M, Kilewo J, Ware N, Kaaya S. Hopefulness Fosters Affective and Cognitive Constructs for Actions to Cope and Enhance Quality of Life among People Living with HIV in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania. J Int Assoc Provid AIDS Care. 2017 Mar/Apr; 16(2):140-148. PMID: 24963087.
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    46. Michael D, Kezakubi D, Juma A, Todd J, Reyburn H, Renju J. The feasibility and acceptability of screening for hypertension in private drug retail outlets: a pilot study in Mwanza region, Tanzania. Int Health. 2016 09; 8(5):360-6. PMID: 27170761.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Kingery JR, Alfred Y, Smart LR, Nash E, Todd J, Naguib MR, Downs JA, Kalluvya S, Kataraihya JB, Peck RN. Short-term and long-term cardiovascular risk, metabolic syndrome and HIV in Tanzania. Heart. 2016 08 01; 102(15):1200-5. PMID: 27105648.
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    48. Dasgupta AN, Wringe A, Crampin AC, Chisambo C, Koole O, Makombe S, Sungani C, Todd J, Church K. HIV policy and implementation: a national policy review and an implementation case study of a rural area of northern Malawi. AIDS Care. 2016 09; 28(9):1097-109. PMID: 27098107.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Reniers G, Wamukoya M, Urassa M, Nyaguara A, Nakiyingi-Miiro J, Lutalo T, Hosegood V, Gregson S, Gómez-Olivé X, Geubbels E, Crampin AC, Wringe A, Waswa L, Tollman S, Todd J, Slaymaker E, Serwadda D, Price A, Oti S, Nyirenda MJ, Nabukalu D, Nyamukapa C, Nalugoda F, Mugurungi O, Mtenga B, Mills L, Michael D, McLean E, McGrath N, Martin E, Marston M, Maquins S, Levira F, Kyobutungi C, Kwaro D, Kasamba I, Kanjala C, Kahn K, Kabudula C, Herbst K, Gareta D, Eaton JW, Clark SJ, Church K, Chihana M, Calvert C, Beguy D, Asiki G, Amri S, Abdul R, Zaba B. Data Resource Profile: Network for Analysing Longitudinal Population-based HIV/AIDS data on Africa (ALPHA Network). Int J Epidemiol. 2016 Feb; 45(1):83-93. PMID: 26968480.
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    50. Asiki G, Reniers G, Newton R, Baisley K, Nakiyingi-Miiro J, Slaymaker E, Kasamba I, Seeley J, Todd J, Kaleebu P, Kamali A. Adult life expectancy trends in the era of antiretroviral treatment in rural Uganda (1991-2012). AIDS. 2016 Jan 28; 30(3):487-93. PMID: 26765939.
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    51. Gourlay A, Wringe A, Todd J, Cawley C, Michael D, Machemba R, Clark B, Masesa C, Marston M, Urassa M, Zaba B. Uptake of services for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in a community cohort in rural Tanzania from 2005 to 2012. BMC Health Serv Res. 2016 Jan 06; 16:4. PMID: 26739028.
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    52. Gourlay A, Wringe A, Todd J, Michael D, Reniers G, Urassa M, Njau P, Kajoka D, Lema L, Zaba B. Challenges with routine data sources for PMTCT programme monitoring in East Africa: insights from Tanzania. Glob Health Action. 2015; 8:29987. PMID: 26715204.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Wilkinson AL, Pedersen SH, Urassa M, Michael D, Todd J, Kinung'hi S, Changalucha J, McDermid JM. Associations between gestational anthropometry, maternal HIV, and fetal and early infancy growth in a prospective rural/semi-rural Tanzanian cohort, 2012-13. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2015 Oct 29; 15:277. PMID: 26515916.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Kishamawe C, Isingo R, Mtenga B, Zaba B, Todd J, Clark B, Changalucha J, Urassa M. Health & Demographic Surveillance System Profile: The Magu Health and Demographic Surveillance System (Magu HDSS). Int J Epidemiol. 2015 Dec; 44(6):1851-61. PMID: 26403815.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Cawley C, Wringe A, Todd J, Gourlay A, Clark B, Masesa C, Machemba R, Reniers G, Urassa M, Zaba B. Risk factors for service use and trends in coverage of different HIV testing and counselling models in northwest Tanzania between 2003 and 2010. Trop Med Int Health. 2015 Nov; 20(11):1473-1487. PMID: 26223900.
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    56. Machekano R, Young T, Rusakaniko S, Musonda P, Sartorius B, Todd J, Fegan G, Thabane L, Chikte U. The Africa Center for Biostatistical Excellence: a proposal for enhancing biostatistics capacity for sub-Saharan Africa. Stat Med. 2015 Nov 30; 34(27):3481-9. PMID: 26137996.
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    57. Wasunna B, Okiro EA, Webster J, Todd J, Snow RW, Jones C. The Impact of a Community Awareness Strategy on Caregiver Treatment Seeking Behaviour and Use of Artemether-Lumefantrine for Febrile Children in Rural Kenya. PLoS One. 2015; 10(7):e0130305. PMID: 26135143.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Matovu JK, Todd J, Wanyenze RK, Wabwire-Mangen F, Serwadda D. Correlates of previous couples' HIV counseling and testing uptake among married individuals in three HIV prevalence strata in Rakai, Uganda. Glob Health Action. 2015; 8:27935. PMID: 26058858.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Gourlay A, Wringe A, Todd J, Cawley C, Michael D, Machemba R, Reniers G, Urassa M, Zaba B. Factors associated with uptake of services to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV in a community cohort in rural Tanzania. Sex Transm Infect. 2015 Nov; 91(7):520-7. PMID: 26045467.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Pedersen SH, Wilkinson AL, Andreasen A, Kinung'hi SM, Urassa M, Michael D, Todd J, Changalucha J, McDermid JM. Longitudinal analysis of mature breastmilk and serum immune composition among mixed HIV-status mothers and their infants. Clin Nutr. 2016 08; 35(4):871-9. PMID: 26082337.
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    61. Muinga N, Sen B, Ayieko P, Todd J, English M. Access to and value of information to support good practice for staff in Kenyan hospitals. Glob Health Action. 2015; 8:26559. PMID: 25979113.
      View in: PubMed
    62. Zaba B, Reniers G, Slaymaker E, Todd J, Glynn J, Crampin A, Urassa M, Lutalo T, Newell ML, Hosegood V, Clark S, Gregson S. Understanding why people participate in HIV surveillance. Bull World Health Organ. 2015 May 01; 93(5):356-7. PMID: 26229208.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Church K, Kiweewa F, Dasgupta A, Mwangome M, Mpandaguta E, Gómez-Olivé FX, Oti S, Todd J, Wringe A, Geubbels E, Crampin A, Nakiyingi-Miiro J, Hayashi C, Njage M, Wagner RG, Ario AR, Makombe SD, Mugurungi O, Zaba B. A comparative analysis of national HIV policies in six African countries with generalized epidemics. Bull World Health Organ. 2015 Jul 01; 93(7):457-67. PMID: 26170503.
      View in: PubMed
    64. Gathara D, English M, van Hensbroek MB, Todd J, Allen E. Exploring sources of variability in adherence to guidelines across hospitals in low-income settings: a multi-level analysis of a cross-sectional survey of 22 hospitals. Implement Sci. 2015 Apr 28; 10:60. PMID: 25928803.
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    65. Vanobberghen FM, Kilama B, Wringe A, Ramadhani A, Zaba B, Mmbando D, Todd J. Immunological failure of first-line and switch to second-line antiretroviral therapy among HIV-infected persons in Tanzania: analysis of routinely collected national data. Trop Med Int Health. 2015 Jul; 20(7):880-92. PMID: 25779383.
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    66. Gathara D, Nyamai R, Were F, Mogoa W, Karumbi J, Kihuba E, Mwinga S, Aluvaala J, Mulaku M, Kosgei R, Todd J, Allen E, English M. Moving towards routine evaluation of quality of inpatient pediatric care in Kenya. PLoS One. 2015; 10(3):e0117048. PMID: 25822492.
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    67. Muro F, Mtove G, Mosha N, Wangai H, Harrison N, Hildenwall H, Schellenberg D, Todd J, Olomi R, Reyburn H. Effect of context on respiratory rate measurement in identifying non-severe pneumonia in African children. Trop Med Int Health. 2015 Jun; 20(6):757-65. PMID: 25728867.
      View in: PubMed
    68. Tweve EN, Kayabu D, Nassari NO, Todd J. Improvement in mortality and retention among adult HIV-infected patients in the first 12 months of antiretroviral therapy in Dodoma urban district, Tanzania. Trop Med Int Health. 2015 Jun; 20(6):791-6. PMID: 25706518.
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    69. Kinung'hi SM, Magnussen P, Kishamawe C, Todd J, Vennervald BJ. The impact of anthelmintic treatment intervention on malaria infection and anaemia in school and preschool children in Magu district, Tanzania: an open label randomised intervention trial. BMC Infect Dis. 2015 Mar 20; 15:136. PMID: 25887977.
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    70. Pedersen SH, Wilkinson AL, Andreasen A, Warhurst DC, Kinung'hi SM, Urassa M, Mkwashapi DM, Todd J, Changalucha J, McDermid JM. Cryptosporidium prevalence and risk factors among mothers and infants 0 to 6 months in rural and semi-rural Northwest Tanzania: a prospective cohort study. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2014 Oct; 8(10):e3072. PMID: 25275519.
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    71. Matovu JK, Wanyenze RK, Wabwire-Mangen F, Nakubulwa R, Sekamwa R, Masika A, Todd J, Serwadda D. "Men are always scared to test with their partners … it is like taking them to the Police": Motivations for and barriers to couples' HIV counselling and testing in Rakai, Uganda: a qualitative study. J Int AIDS Soc. 2014; 17:19160. PMID: 25239379.
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    72. Peck RN, Shedafa R, Kalluvya S, Downs JA, Todd J, Suthanthiran M, Fitzgerald DW, Kataraihya JB. Hypertension, kidney disease, HIV and antiretroviral therapy among Tanzanian adults: a cross-sectional study. BMC Med. 2014 Jul 29; 12:125. PMID: 25070128.
      View in: PubMed
    73. Mwaniki P, Ayieko P, Todd J, English M. Assessment of paediatric inpatient care during a multifaceted quality improvement intervention in Kenyan district hospitals--use of prospectively collected case record data. BMC Health Serv Res. 2014 Jul 18; 14:312. PMID: 25035114.
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    74. Rogathe JJ, Todd J, Hunter E, Walker R, Ngugi A, Newton C, Burton K. Growth parameters and childhood epilepsy in Hai District, Tanzania: a community-based study. Epilepsy Res. 2014 Oct; 108(8):1444-50. PMID: 25052710.
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    75. Muinga N, Ayieko P, Opondo C, Ntoburi S, Todd J, Allen E, English M. Using health worker opinions to assess changes in structural components of quality in a Cluster Randomized Trial. BMC Health Serv Res. 2014 Jun 28; 14:282. PMID: 24974166.
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    76. Todd J, Slaymaker E, Zaba B, Mahy M, Byass P. Measuring HIV-related mortality in the first decade of anti-retroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa. Glob Health Action. 2014; 7:24787. PMID: 24852247.
      View in: PubMed
    77. Levira F, Todd J, Masanja H. Coming home to die? The association between migration and mortality in rural Tanzania before and after ART scale-up. Glob Health Action. 2014; 7:22956. PMID: 24857612.
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    78. Slaymaker E, Todd J, Marston M, Calvert C, Michael D, Nakiyingi-Miiro J, Crampin A, Lutalo T, Herbst K, Zaba B. How have ART treatment programmes changed the patterns of excess mortality in people living with HIV? Estimates from four countries in East and Southern Africa. Glob Health Action. 2014; 7:22789. PMID: 24762982.
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    79. Manongi R, Mtei F, Mtove G, Nadjm B, Muro F, Alegana V, Noor AM, Todd J, Reyburn H. Inpatient child mortality by travel time to hospital in a rural area of Tanzania. Trop Med Int Health. 2014 May; 19(5):555-62. PMID: 24661618.
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    80. Cawley C, Wringe A, Slaymaker E, Todd J, Michael D, Kumugola Y, Urassa M, Zaba B. The impact of voluntary counselling and testing services on sexual behaviour change and HIV incidence: observations from a cohort study in rural Tanzania. BMC Infect Dis. 2014 Mar 22; 14:159. PMID: 24655360.
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    81. Tenu F, Isingo R, Zaba B, Urassa M, Todd J. Adjusting the HIV prevalence for non-respondents using mortality rates in an open cohort in northwest Tanzania. Trop Med Int Health. 2014 Jun; 19(6):656-663. PMID: 24655037.
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    82. Kanjala C, Michael D, Todd J, Slaymaker E, Calvert C, Isingo R, Wringe A, Zaba B, Urassa M. Using HIV-attributable mortality to assess the impact of antiretroviral therapy on adult mortality in rural Tanzania. Glob Health Action. 2014; 7:21865. PMID: 24656167.
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    83. Lyimo EJ, Todd J, Richey LA, Njau B. The association between social networks and self-rated risk of HIV infection among secondary school students in Moshi Municipality, Tanzania. SAHARA J. 2013; 10(3-4):131-9. PMID: 24641669.
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    84. Irimu GW, Greene A, Gathara D, Kihara H, Maina C, Mbori-Ngacha D, Zurovac D, Santau M, Todd J, English M. Explaining the uptake of paediatric guidelines in a Kenyan tertiary hospital--mixed methods research. BMC Health Serv Res. 2014 Mar 10; 14:119. PMID: 24613001.
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    85. Wakaba M, Mbindyo P, Ochieng J, Kiriinya R, Todd J, Waudo A, Noor A, Rakuom C, Rogers M, English M. The public sector nursing workforce in Kenya: a county-level analysis. Hum Resour Health. 2014 Jan 27; 12:6. PMID: 24467776.
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    86. Michael D, Kanjala C, Calvert C, Pretorius C, Wringe A, Todd J, Mtenga B, Isingo R, Zaba B, Urassa M. Does the Spectrum model accurately predict trends in adult mortality? Evaluation of model estimates using empirical data from a rural HIV community cohort study in North-Western Tanzania. Glob Health Action. 2014; 7:21783. PMID: 24438873.
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    87. Mwendo EM, Mtuy TB, Renju J, Rutherford GW, Nondi J, Sichalwe AW, Todd J. Effectiveness of prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission programmes in Kilimanjaro region, northern Tanzania. Trop Med Int Health. 2014 Mar; 19(3):267-274. PMID: 24386998.
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    88. Njai HF, Ewings FM, Lyimo E, Foulongne V, Ngerageza D, Mongi A, Ssemwanga D, Andreasen A, Nyombi B, Ao T, Michael D, Urassa M, Todd J, Zaba B, Changalucha J, Hayes R, Kapiga SH. Deciphering the complex distribution of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 subtypes among different cohorts in Northern Tanzania. PLoS One. 2013; 8(12):e81848. PMID: 24349139.
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    89. Smit PW, Mabey D, van der Vlis T, Korporaal H, Mngara J, Changalucha J, Todd J, Peeling RW. The implementation of an external quality assurance method for point- of- care tests for HIV and syphilis in Tanzania. BMC Infect Dis. 2013 Nov 09; 13:530. PMID: 24206624.
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    90. Byass P, Calvert C, Miiro-Nakiyingi J, Lutalo T, Michael D, Crampin A, Gregson S, Takaruza A, Robertson L, Herbst K, Todd J, Zaba B. InterVA-4 as a public health tool for measuring HIV/AIDS mortality: a validation study from five African countries. Glob Health Action. 2013 Oct 18; 6:22448. PMID: 24138838.
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    91. Smit PW, Mabey D, Changalucha J, Mngara J, Clark B, Andreasen A, Todd J, Urassa M, Zaba B, Peeling RW. The trade-off between accuracy and accessibility of syphilis screening assays. PLoS One. 2013; 8(9):e75327. PMID: 24066175.
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    92. South A, Wringe A, Kumogola Y, Isingo R, Manyalla R, Cawley C, Zaba B, Todd J, Urassa M. Do accurate HIV and antiretroviral therapy knowledge, and previous testing experiences increase the uptake of HIV voluntary counselling and testing? Results from a cohort study in rural Tanzania. BMC Public Health. 2013 Sep 04; 13:802. PMID: 24007326.
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    93. Kiwuwa-Muyingo S, Oja H, Walker A, Ilmonen P, Levin J. Dynamic logistic regression model and population attributable fraction to investigate the association between adherence, missed visits and mortality: a study of HIV-infected adults surviving the first year of ART. BMC Infect Dis. 2013 Aug 27; 13:395. PMID: 24060199.
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    94. Nadjm B, Mtove G, Amos B, Hildenwall H, Najjuka A, Mtei F, Todd J, Reyburn H. Blood glucose as a predictor of mortality in children admitted to the hospital with febrile illness in Tanzania. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2013 Aug; 89(2):232-237. PMID: 23817332.
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    95. Zaba B, Calvert C, Marston M, Isingo R, Nakiyingi-Miiro J, Lutalo T, Crampin A, Robertson L, Herbst K, Newell ML, Todd J, Byass P, Boerma T, Ronsmans C. Effect of HIV infection on pregnancy-related mortality in sub-Saharan Africa: secondary analyses of pooled community-based data from the network for Analysing Longitudinal Population-based HIV/AIDS data on Africa (ALPHA). Lancet. 2013 May 18; 381(9879):1763-71. PMID: 23683643.
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    96. Cawley C, Wringe A, Isingo R, Mtenga B, Clark B, Marston M, Todd J, Urassa M, Zaba B. Low rates of repeat HIV testing despite increased availability of antiretroviral therapy in rural Tanzania: findings from 2003-2010. PLoS One. 2013; 8(4):e62212. PMID: 23626791.
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    97. Efraim L, Peck RN, Kalluvya SE, Kabangila R, Mazigo HD, Mpondo B, Bang H, Todd J, Fitzgerald DW, Downs JA. Schistosomiasis and impaired response to antiretroviral therapy among HIV-infected patients in Tanzania. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2013 Apr 15; 62(5):e153-6. PMID: 23760064.
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    98. Todd J, Heyderman RS, Musoke P, Peto T. When enough is enough: how the decision was made to stop the FEAST trial: data and safety monitoring in an African trial of Fluid Expansion As Supportive Therapy (FEAST) for critically ill children. Trials. 2013 Mar 26; 14:85. PMID: 23531379.
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    99. Todd J, Riedner G, Maboko L, Hoelscher M, Weiss HA, Lyamuya E, Mabey D, Rusizoka M, Belec L, Hayes R. Effect of genital herpes on cervicovaginal HIV shedding in women co-infected with HIV AND HSV-2 in Tanzania. PLoS One. 2013; 8(3):e59037. PMID: 23516595.
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    100. Kangwana BP, Kedenge SV, Noor AM, Alegana VA, Nyandigisi AJ, Pandit J, Fegan GW, Todd JE, Snow RW, Goodman CA. The effect of an anti-malarial subsidy programme on the quality of service provision of artemisinin-based combination therapy in Kenya: a cluster-randomized, controlled trial. Malar J. 2013 Mar 01; 12:81. PMID: 23452547.
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    101. Smit PW, van der Vlis T, Mabey D, Changalucha J, Mngara J, Clark BD, Andreasen A, Todd J, Urassa M, Zaba B, Peeling RW. The development and validation of dried blood spots for external quality assurance of syphilis serology. BMC Infect Dis. 2013 Feb 26; 13:102. PMID: 23442198.
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    102. Praygod G, Todd J, McDermid JM. Early childhood tuberculosis in northwestern Tanzania. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2012 Nov; 16(11):1455-60. PMID: 23006814.
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    103. Zaba B, Kasamba I, Floyd S, Isingo R, Herbst K, Bärnighausen T, Gregson S, Nyamukapa C, Kayuni N, Todd J, Marston M, Wringe A. Using age-specific mortality of HIV infected persons to predict anti-retroviral treatment need: a comparative analysis of data from five African population-based cohort studies. Trop Med Int Health. 2012 Aug; 17(8):e3-14. PMID: 22943377.
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    104. Wringe A, Floyd S, Kazooba P, Mushati P, Baisley K, Urassa M, Molesworth A, Schumacher C, Todd J, Zaba B. Antiretroviral therapy uptake and coverage in four HIV community cohort studies in sub-Saharan Africa. Trop Med Int Health. 2012 Aug; 17(8):e38-48. PMID: 22943378.
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    105. Marston M, Michael D, Wringe A, Isingo R, Clark BD, Jonas A, Mngara J, Kalongoji S, Mbaga J, Changalucha J, Todd J, Zaba B, Urassa M. The impact of antiretroviral therapy on adult mortality in rural Tanzania. Trop Med Int Health. 2012 Aug; 17(8):e58-65. PMID: 22943380.
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    106. Todd J, Wringe A, Floyd S, Zaba B. Antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa: evidence about need, uptake and impact from community-based cohort studies. Trop Med Int Health. 2012 Aug; 17(8):e1-2. PMID: 22943373.
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    107. Isingo R, Wringe A, Todd J, Urassa M, Mbata D, Maiseli G, Manyalla R, Changalucha J, Mngara J, Mwinuka E, Zaba B. Trends in the uptake of voluntary counselling and testing for HIV in rural Tanzania in the context of the scale up of antiretroviral therapy. Trop Med Int Health. 2012 Aug; 17(8):e15-25. PMID: 22943375.
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    108. Floyd S, Marston M, Baisley K, Wringe A, Herbst K, Chihana M, Kasamba I, Bärnighausen T, Urassa M, French N, Todd J, Zaba B. The effect of antiretroviral therapy provision on all-cause, AIDS and non-AIDS mortality at the population level--a comparative analysis of data from four settings in Southern and East Africa. Trop Med Int Health. 2012 Aug; 17(8):e84-93. PMID: 22943383.
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    109. Irimu GW, Gathara D, Zurovac D, Kihara H, Maina C, Mwangi J, Mbori-Ngacha D, Todd J, Greene A, English M. Performance of health workers in the management of seriously sick children at a Kenyan tertiary hospital: before and after a training intervention. PLoS One. 2012; 7(7):e39964. PMID: 22859945.
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    110. Peck RN, Luhanga A, Kalluvya S, Todd J, Lugoba S, Fitzgerald DW, Downs JA. Predictors of tuberculosis in first 6 months after initiation of antiretroviral therapy: a case-control study. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2012 Aug; 16(8):1047-51. PMID: 22691942.
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    111. Kiwuwa-Muyingo S, Walker AS, Oja H, Levin J, Miiro G, Katabira E, Kityo C, Hakim J, Todd J. The impact of first year adherence to antiretroviral therapy on long-term clinical and immunological outcomes in the DART trial in Uganda and Zimbabwe. Trop Med Int Health. 2012 May; 17(5):584-94. PMID: 22463596.
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    112. Burton KJ, Rogathe J, Whittaker R, Mankad K, Hunter E, Burton MJ, Todd J, Neville BG, Walker R, Newton CR. Epilepsy in Tanzanian children: association with perinatal events and other risk factors. Epilepsia. 2012 Apr; 53(4):752-60. PMID: 22308971.
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    113. Somi G, Keogh SC, Todd J, Kilama B, Wringe A, van den Hombergh J, Malima K, Josiah R, Urassa M, Swai R, Zaba B. Low mortality risk but high loss to follow-up among patients in the Tanzanian national HIV care and treatment programme. Trop Med Int Health. 2012 Apr; 17(4):497-506. PMID: 22296265.
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    114. Epsley EJ, Nhandi B, Wringe A, Urassa M, Todd J. Evaluation of knowledge levels amongst village AIDS committees after undergoing HIV educational sessions: results from a pilot study in rural Tanzania. BMC Int Health Hum Rights. 2011 Dec 13; 11:14. PMID: 22165999.
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    115. Burton K, Rogathe J, Hunter E, Burton M, Swai M, Todd J, Neville B, Walker R, Newton C. Behavioural comorbidity in Tanzanian children with epilepsy: a community-based case-control study. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2011 Dec; 53(12):1135-42. PMID: 22092080.
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    116. Burton K, Rogathe J, Whittaker RG, Mankad K, Hunter E, Burton MJ, Todd J, Neville BG, Walker R, Newton CR. Co-morbidity of epilepsy in Tanzanian children: a community-based case-control study. Seizure. 2012 Apr; 21(3):169-74. PMID: 22130004.
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    117. English M, Schellenberg J, Todd J. Assessing health system interventions: key points when considering the value of randomization. Bull World Health Organ. 2011 Dec 01; 89(12):907-12. PMID: 22271948.
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    118. Roura M, Nsigaye R, Nhandi B, Wamoyi J, Busza J, Urassa M, Todd J, Zaba B. "Driving the devil away": qualitative insights into miraculous cures for AIDS in a rural Tanzanian ward. BMC Public Health. 2010 Jul 20; 10:427. PMID: 20646300.
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    119. Larke N, Cleophas-Mazige B, Plummer ML, Obasi AI, Rwakatare M, Todd J, Changalucha J, Weiss HA, Hayes RJ, Ross DA. Impact of the MEMA kwa Vijana adolescent sexual and reproductive health interventions on use of health services by young people in rural Mwanza, Tanzania: results of a cluster randomized trial. J Adolesc Health. 2010 Nov; 47(5):512-22. PMID: 20970087.
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    120. Mayanja BN, Todd J, Hughes P, Van der Paal L, Mugisha JO, Atuhumuza E, Tabuga P, Maher D, Grosskurth H. Septicaemia in a population-based HIV clinical cohort in rural Uganda, 1996-2007: incidence, aetiology, antimicrobial drug resistance and impact of antiretroviral therapy. Trop Med Int Health. 2010 Jun; 15(6):697-705. PMID: 20406428.
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    121. Nalwoga A, Maher D, Todd J, Karabarinde A, Biraro S, Grosskurth H. Nutritional status of children living in a community with high HIV prevalence in rural Uganda: a cross-sectional population-based survey. Trop Med Int Health. 2010 Apr; 15(4):414-22. PMID: 20180934.
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    122. Maher D, Biraro S, Hosegood V, Isingo R, Lutalo T, Mushati P, Ngwira B, Nyirenda M, Todd J, Zaba B. Translating global health research aims into action: the example of the ALPHA network. Trop Med Int Health. 2010 Mar; 15(3):321-8. PMID: 20070637.
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    123. Routine versus clinically driven laboratory monitoring of HIV antiretroviral therapy in Africa (DART): a randomised non-inferiority trial. Lancet. 2010 Jan 09; 375(9709):123-31. PMID: 20004464.
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    124. Vasan A, Kenya-Mugisha N, Seung KJ, Achieng M, Banura P, Lule F, Beems M, Todd J, Madraa E. Agreement between physicians and non-physician clinicians in starting antiretroviral therapy in rural Uganda. Hum Resour Health. 2009 Aug 20; 7:75. PMID: 19695083.
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    125. McDermid JM, van der Loeff MF, Jaye A, Hennig BJ, Bates C, Todd J, Sirugo G, Hill AV, Whittle HC, Prentice AM. Mortality in HIV infection is independently predicted by host iron status and SLC11A1 and HP genotypes, with new evidence of a gene-nutrient interaction. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009 Jul; 90(1):225-33. PMID: 19474129.
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    126. Wringe A, Cremin I, Todd J, McGrath N, Kasamba I, Herbst K, Mushore P, Zaba B, Slaymaker E. Comparative assessment of the quality of age-at-event reporting in three HIV cohort studies in sub-Saharan Africa. Sex Transm Infect. 2009 Apr; 85 Suppl 1:i56-63. PMID: 19307342.
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    127. Slaymaker E, Bwanika JB, Kasamba I, Lutalo T, Maher D, Todd J. Trends in age at first sex in Uganda: evidence from Demographic and Health Survey data and longitudinal cohorts in Masaka and Rakai. Sex Transm Infect. 2009 Apr; 85 Suppl 1:i12-9. PMID: 19307335.
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    128. Todd J, Cremin I, McGrath N, Bwanika JB, Wringe A, Marston M, Kasamba I, Mushati P, Lutalo T, Hosegood V, Zaba B. Reported number of sexual partners: comparison of data from four African longitudinal studies. Sex Transm Infect. 2009 Apr; 85 Suppl 1:i72-80. PMID: 19307344.
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    129. Gregson S, Todd J, Zaba B. Sexual behaviour change in countries with generalised HIV epidemics? Evidence from population-based cohort studies in sub-Saharan Africa. Sex Transm Infect. 2009 Apr; 85 Suppl 1:i1-2. PMID: 19307334.
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    130. Miiro G, Todd J, Mpendo J, Watera C, Munderi P, Nakubulwa S, Kaddu I, Rutebarika D, Grosskurth H. Reduced morbidity and mortality in the first year after initiating highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) among Ugandan adults. Trop Med Int Health. 2009 May; 14(5):556-63. PMID: 19320871.
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    131. Kelly P, Todd J, Sianongo S, Mwansa J, Sinsungwe H, Katubulushi M, Farthing MJ, Feldman RA. Susceptibility to intestinal infection and diarrhoea in Zambian adults in relation to HIV status and CD4 count. BMC Gastroenterol. 2009 Jan 22; 9:7. PMID: 19159487.
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    132. Todd J, Lutalo T, Kaleebu P. Estimating incidence of HIV infection in Uganda. JAMA. 2009 Jan 14; 301(2):159-60; author reply 160-1. PMID: 19141759.
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    133. Abaasa AM, Todd J, Ekoru K, Kalyango JN, Levin J, Odeke E, Karamagi CA. Good adherence to HAART and improved survival in a community HIV/AIDS treatment and care programme: the experience of The AIDS Support Organization (TASO), Kampala, Uganda. BMC Health Serv Res. 2008 Nov 20; 8:241. PMID: 19021908.
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    134. Kelly P, Katubulushi M, Todd J, Banda R, Yambayamba V, Fwoloshi M, Zulu I, Kafwembe E, Yavwa F, Sanderson IR, Tomkins A. Micronutrient supplementation has limited effects on intestinal infectious disease and mortality in a Zambian population of mixed HIV status: a cluster randomized trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2008 Oct; 88(4):1010-7. PMID: 18842788.
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    135. Muyingo SK, Walker AS, Reid A, Munderi P, Gibb DM, Ssali F, Levin J, Katabira E, Gilks C, Todd J. Patterns of individual and population-level adherence to antiretroviral therapy and risk factors for poor adherence in the first year of the DART trial in Uganda and Zimbabwe. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2008 Aug 01; 48(4):468-75. PMID: 18614918.
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    136. Duration from seroconversion to eligibility for antiretroviral therapy and from ART eligibility to death in adult HIV-infected patients from low and middle-income countries: collaborative analysis of prospective studies. Sex Transm Infect. 2008 Aug; 84 Suppl 1:i31-i36. PMID: 18647863.
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    137. Mwita W, Chilongani J, White R, Mshana G, Changalucha J, Mosha F, Ross D, Zaba B, Todd J. Has the HIV epidemic in rural Mwanza, Tanzania reached a plateau? Tanzan J Health Res. 2008 Jul; 10(3):117-23. PMID: 19024335.
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    138. Weiss HA, Plummer ML, Changalucha J, Mshana G, Shigongo ZS, Todd J, Wight D, Hayes RJ, Ross DA. Circumcision among adolescent boys in rural northwestern Tanzania. Trop Med Int Health. 2008 Aug; 13(8):1054-61. PMID: 18564352.
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    139. Todd J, Corran P. Statistical consideration of the role of potential confounders on the association between immunological responses and disease. Parasite Immunol. 2008 May; 30(5):268-70. PMID: 18410582.
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    140. Hallett TB, Zaba B, Todd J, Lopman B, Mwita W, Biraro S, Gregson S, Boerma JT. Estimating incidence from prevalence in generalised HIV epidemics: methods and validation. PLoS Med. 2008 Apr 08; 5(4):e80. PMID: 18590346.
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    141. Cumberland P, Edwards T, Hailu G, Harding-Esch E, Andreasen A, Mabey D, Todd J. The impact of community level treatment and preventative interventions on trachoma prevalence in rural Ethiopia. Int J Epidemiol. 2008 Jun; 37(3):549-58. PMID: 18356196.
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    142. Edwards T, Harding-Esch EM, Hailu G, Andreason A, Mabey DC, Todd J, Cumberland P. Risk factors for active trachoma and Chlamydia trachomatis infection in rural Ethiopia after mass treatment with azithromycin. Trop Med Int Health. 2008 Apr; 13(4):556-65. PMID: 18282237.
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    143. Wandabwa J, Doyle P, Todd J, Ononge S, Kiondo P. Risk factors for severe post partum haemorrhage in Mulago hospital, Kampala, Uganda. East Afr Med J. 2008 Feb; 85(2):64-71. PMID: 18557249.
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    144. Wandabwa J, Doyle P, Todd J, Kiondo P, Wandabwa MA, Aziga F. Risk factors for ruptured uterus in Mulago hospital Kampala, Uganda. East Afr Med J. 2008 Feb; 85(2):56-63. PMID: 18557248.
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    145. Wedner S, Masanja H, Bowman R, Todd J, Bowman R, Gilbert C. Two strategies for correcting refractive errors in school students in Tanzania: randomised comparison, with implications for screening programmes. Br J Ophthalmol. 2008 Jan; 92(1):19-24. PMID: 18156372.
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    146. McDermid JM, Jaye A, Schim van der Loeff MF, Todd J, Bates C, Austin S, Jeffries D, Awasana AA, Whittlex AA, Prentice A. Elevated iron status strongly predicts mortality in West African adults with HIV infection. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2007 Dec 01; 46(4):498-507. PMID: 18077841.
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    147. Todd J, Glynn JR, Marston M, Lutalo T, Biraro S, Mwita W, Suriyanon V, Rangsin R, Nelson KE, Sonnenberg P, Fitzgerald D, Karita E, Zaba B. Time from HIV seroconversion to death: a collaborative analysis of eight studies in six low and middle-income countries before highly active antiretroviral therapy. AIDS. 2007 Nov; 21 Suppl 6:S55-63. PMID: 18032940.
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    148. Van der Paal L, Shafer LA, Todd J, Mayanja BN, Whitworth JA, Grosskurth H. HIV-1 disease progression and mortality before the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy in rural Uganda. AIDS. 2007 Nov; 21 Suppl 6:S21-9. PMID: 18032935.
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    149. Marston M, Todd J, Glynn JR, Nelson KE, Rangsin R, Lutalo T, Urassa M, Biraro S, Van der Paal L, Sonnenberg P, Zaba B. Estimating 'net' HIV-related mortality and the importance of background mortality rates. AIDS. 2007 Nov; 21 Suppl 6:S65-71. PMID: 18032941.
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    150. Zaba B, Marston M, Crampin AC, Isingo R, Biraro S, Bärnighausen T, Lopman B, Lutalo T, Glynn JR, Todd J. Age-specific mortality patterns in HIV-infected individuals: a comparative analysis of African community study data. AIDS. 2007 Nov; 21 Suppl 6:S87-96. PMID: 18032944.
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    151. Watera C, Todd J, Mutonyi G, Miiro G, Mpendo J, Hughes P, Nakiyingi-Miiro J, Whitworth J, Grosskurth H. Effects of cotrimoxazole on hematologic parameters in HIV-infected adults in a community-based clinic in Entebbe, Uganda. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2007 Nov 01; 46(3):369-71. PMID: 18090300.
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    152. Ross DA, Changalucha J, Obasi AI, Todd J, Plummer ML, Cleophas-Mazige B, Anemona A, Everett D, Weiss HA, Mabey DC, Grosskurth H, Hayes RJ. Biological and behavioural impact of an adolescent sexual health intervention in Tanzania: a community-randomized trial. AIDS. 2007 Sep 12; 21(14):1943-55. PMID: 17721102.
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    153. Osorio L, Todd J, Pearce R, Bradley DJ. The role of imported cases in the epidemiology of urban Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Quibdó, Colombia. Trop Med Int Health. 2007 Mar; 12(3):331-41. PMID: 17313504.
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    154. Mwaluko G, Wringe A, Todd J, Glynn JR, Crampin AC, Jaffar S, Kalluvya S, Zaba B. Use of data from HIV counselling and testing services for HIV surveillance in Africa. Lancet. 2007 Feb 17; 369(9561):612-3. PMID: 17307108.
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    155. Watson-Jones D, Weiss HA, Changalucha JM, Todd J, Gumodoka B, Bulmer J, Balira R, Ross D, Mugeye K, Hayes R, Mabey D. Adverse birth outcomes in United Republic of Tanzania--impact and prevention of maternal risk factors. Bull World Health Organ. 2007 Jan; 85(1):9-18. PMID: 17242753.
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    156. Plummer ML, Wight D, Obasi AI, Wamoyi J, Mshana G, Todd J, Mazige BC, Makokha M, Hayes RJ, Ross DA. A process evaluation of a school-based adolescent sexual health intervention in rural Tanzania: the MEMA kwa Vijana programme. Health Educ Res. 2007 Aug; 22(4):500-12. PMID: 17018767.
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    157. Terris-Prestholt F, Kumaranayake L, Obasi AI, Cleophas-Mazige B, Makokha M, Todd J, Ross DA, Hayes RJ. From trial intervention to scale-up: costs of an adolescent sexual health program in Mwanza, Tanzania. Sex Transm Dis. 2006 Oct; 33(10 Suppl):S133-9. PMID: 16652070.
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    158. Chompook P, Todd J, Wheeler JG, von Seidlein L, Clemens J, Chaicumpa W. Risk factors for shigellosis in Thailand. Int J Infect Dis. 2006 Nov; 10(6):425-33. PMID: 16997593.
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    159. Riedner G, Todd J, Rusizoka M, Mmbando D, Maboko L, Lyamuya E, Hoffmann O, MacLean I, Grosskurth H, Hayes R. Possible reasons for an increase in the proportion of genital ulcers due to herpes simplex virus from a cohort of female bar workers in Tanzania. Sex Transm Infect. 2007 Apr; 83(2):91-6. PMID: 16971402.
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    160. Watera C, Todd J, Muwonge R, Whitworth J, Nakiyingi-Miiro J, Brink A, Miiro G, Antvelink L, Kamali A, French N, Mermin J. Feasibility and effectiveness of cotrimoxazole prophylaxis for HIV-1-infected adults attending an HIV/AIDS clinic in Uganda. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2006 Jul; 42(3):373-8. PMID: 16810124.
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    161. Obasi AI, Cleophas B, Ross DA, Chima KL, Mmassy G, Gavyole A, Plummer ML, Makokha M, Mujaya B, Todd J, Wight D, Grosskurth H, Mabey DC, Hayes RJ. Rationale and design of the MEMA kwa Vijana adolescent sexual and reproductive health intervention in Mwanza Region, Tanzania. AIDS Care. 2006 May; 18(4):311-22. PMID: 16809108.
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    162. Edwards T, Cumberland P, Hailu G, Todd J. Impact of health education on active trachoma in hyperendemic rural communities in Ethiopia. Ophthalmology. 2006 Apr; 113(4):548-55. PMID: 16581416.
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    163. Adjuik M, Smith T, Clark S, Todd J, Garrib A, Kinfu Y, Kahn K, Mola M, Ashraf A, Masanja H, Adazu K, Adazu U, Sacarlal J, Alam N, Marra A, Gbangou A, Mwageni E, Binka F. Cause-specific mortality rates in sub-Saharan Africa and Bangladesh. Bull World Health Organ. 2006 Mar; 84(3):181-8. PMID: 16583076.
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    164. Riedner G, Hoffmann O, Rusizoka M, Mmbando D, Maboko L, Grosskurth H, Todd J, Hayes R, Hoelscher M. Decline in sexually transmitted infection prevalence and HIV incidence in female barworkers attending prevention and care services in Mbeya Region, Tanzania. AIDS. 2006 Feb 28; 20(4):609-15. PMID: 16470126.
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    165. Tongren JE, Drakeley CJ, McDonald SL, Reyburn HG, Manjurano A, Nkya WM, Lemnge MM, Gowda CD, Todd JE, Corran PH, Riley EM. Target antigen, age, and duration of antigen exposure independently regulate immunoglobulin G subclass switching in malaria. Infect Immun. 2006 Jan; 74(1):257-64. PMID: 16368979.
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    166. Todd J, Grosskurth H, Changalucha J, Obasi A, Mosha F, Balira R, Orroth K, Hugonnet S, Pujades M, Ross D, Gavyole A, Mabey D, Hayes R. Risk factors influencing HIV infection incidence in a rural African population: a nested case-control study. J Infect Dis. 2006 Feb 01; 193(3):458-66. PMID: 16388496.
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    167. Chompook P, Samosornsuk S, von Seidlein L, Jitsanguansuk S, Sirima N, Sudjai S, Mangjit P, Kim DR, Wheeler JG, Todd J, Lee H, Ali M, Clemens J, Tapchaisri P, Chaicumpa W. Estimating the burden of shigellosis in Thailand: 36-month population-based surveillance study. Bull World Health Organ. 2005 Oct; 83(10):739-46. PMID: 16283050.
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    168. Riedner G, Rusizoka M, Todd J, Maboko L, Hoelscher M, Mmbando D, Samky E, Lyamuya E, Mabey D, Grosskurth H, Hayes R. Single-dose azithromycin versus penicillin G benzathine for the treatment of early syphilis. N Engl J Med. 2005 Sep 22; 353(12):1236-44. PMID: 16177249.
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    169. Hayes RJ, Changalucha J, Ross DA, Gavyole A, Todd J, Obasi AI, Plummer ML, Wight D, Mabey DC, Grosskurth H. The MEMA kwa Vijana project: design of a community randomised trial of an innovative adolescent sexual health intervention in rural Tanzania. Contemp Clin Trials. 2005 Aug; 26(4):430-42. PMID: 15951245.
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    170. Okech BA, Corran PH, Todd J, Joynson-Hicks A, Uthaipibull C, Egwang TG, Holder AA, Riley EM. Fine specificity of serum antibodies to Plasmodium falciparum merozoite surface protein, PfMSP-1(19), predicts protection from malaria infection and high-density parasitemia. Infect Immun. 2004 Mar; 72(3):1557-67. PMID: 14977962.
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    171. Osorio L, Todd J, Bradley D. [Absence of asymptomatic malaria in schoolchildren of Quibdó, Chocó]. Biomedica. 2004 Mar; 24(1):13-9. PMID: 15239597.
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    172. Todd J, Changalucha J, Ross DA, Mosha F, Obasi AI, Plummer M, Balira R, Grosskurth H, Mabey DC, Hayes R. The sexual health of pupils in years 4 to 6 of primary schools in rural Tanzania. Sex Transm Infect. 2004 Feb; 80(1):35-42. PMID: 14755033.
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    173. Jaye A, Sarge-Njie R, Schim van der Loeff M, Todd J, Alabi A, Sabally S, Corrah T, Whittle H. No differences in cellular immune responses between asymptomatic HIV type 1- and type 2-infected Gambian patients. J Infect Dis. 2004 Feb 01; 189(3):498-505. PMID: 14745708.
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    174. Todd J, Carpenter L, Li X, Nakiyingi J, Gray R, Hayes R. The effects of alternative study designs on the power of community randomized trials: evidence from three studies of human immunodeficiency virus prevention in East Africa. Int J Epidemiol. 2003 Oct; 32(5):755-62. PMID: 14559745.
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    175. Terris-Prestholt F, Watson-Jones D, Mugeye K, Kumaranayake L, Ndeki L, Weiss H, Changalucha J, Todd J, Lisekie F, Gumodoka B, Mabey D, Hayes R. Is antenatal syphilis screening still cost effective in sub-Saharan Africa. Sex Transm Infect. 2003 Oct; 79(5):375-81. PMID: 14573832.
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    176. Riedner G, Rusizoka M, Hoffmann O, Nichombe F, Lyamuya E, Mmbando D, Maboko L, Hay P, Todd J, Hayes R, Hoelscher M, Grosskurth H. Baseline survey of sexually transmitted infections in a cohort of female bar workers in Mbeya Region, Tanzania. Sex Transm Infect. 2003 Oct; 79(5):382-7. PMID: 14573833.
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    177. Wedner SH, Ross DA, Todd J, Anemona A, Balira R, Foster A. Myopia in secondary school students in Mwanza City, Tanzania: the need for a national screening programme. Br J Ophthalmol. 2002 Nov; 86(11):1200-6. PMID: 12386067.
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    178. Watson-Jones D, Changalucha J, Gumodoka B, Weiss H, Rusizoka M, Ndeki L, Whitehouse A, Balira R, Todd J, Ngeleja D, Ross D, Buvé A, Hayes R, Mabey D. Syphilis in pregnancy in Tanzania. I. Impact of maternal syphilis on outcome of pregnancy. J Infect Dis. 2002 Oct 01; 186(7):940-7. PMID: 12232834.
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    179. Watson-Jones D, Gumodoka B, Weiss H, Changalucha J, Todd J, Mugeye K, Buvé A, Kanga Z, Ndeki L, Rusizoka M, Ross D, Marealle J, Balira R, Mabey D, Hayes R. Syphilis in pregnancy in Tanzania. II. The effectiveness of antenatal syphilis screening and single-dose benzathine penicillin treatment for the prevention of adverse pregnancy outcomes. J Infect Dis. 2002 Oct 01; 186(7):948-57. PMID: 12232835.
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    180. de Souza JB, Todd J, Krishegowda G, Gowda DC, Kwiatkowski D, Riley EM. Prevalence and boosting of antibodies to Plasmodium falciparum glycosylphosphatidylinositols and evaluation of their association with protection from mild and severe clinical malaria. Infect Immun. 2002 Sep; 70(9):5045-51. PMID: 12183551.
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    181. Hugonnet S, Mosha F, Todd J, Mugeye K, Klokke A, Ndeki L, Ross D, Grosskurth H, Hayes R. Incidence of HIV infection in stable sexual partnerships: a retrospective cohort study of 1802 couples in Mwanza Region, Tanzania. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2002 May 01; 30(1):73-80. PMID: 12048366.
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    182. Dodoo D, Omer FM, Todd J, Akanmori BD, Koram KA, Riley EM. Absolute levels and ratios of proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokine production in vitro predict clinical immunity to Plasmodium falciparum malaria. J Infect Dis. 2002 Apr 01; 185(7):971-9. PMID: 11920322.
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    183. Changalucha J, Grosskurth H, Mwita W, Todd J, Ross D, Mayaud P, Mahamoud A, Klokke A, Mosha F, Hayes R, Mabey D. Comparison of HIV prevalences in community-based and antenatal clinic surveys in rural Mwanza, Tanzania. AIDS. 2002 Mar 08; 16(4):661-5. PMID: 11873011.
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    184. del Mar Pujades Rodríguez M, Obasi A, Mosha F, Todd J, Brown D, Changalucha J, Mabey D, Ross D, Grosskurth H, Hayes R. Herpes simplex virus type 2 infection increases HIV incidence: a prospective study in rural Tanzania. AIDS. 2002 Feb 15; 16(3):451-62. PMID: 11834958.
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    185. Buvé A, Changalucha J, Mayaud P, Gavyole A, Mugeye K, Todd J, Clayton T, Mosha F, Grosskurth H, Mabey D, Laga M, Van Lerberghe W, Hayes RJ. How many patients with a sexually transmitted infection are cured by health services? A study from Mwanza region, Tanzania. Trop Med Int Health. 2001 Dec; 6(12):971-9. PMID: 11737832.
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    186. Mayaud P, Gill DK, Weiss HA, Uledi E, Kopwe L, Todd J, ka-Gina G, Grosskurth H, Hayes RJ, Mabey DC, Lacey CJ. The interrelation of HIV, cervical human papillomavirus, and neoplasia among antenatal clinic attenders in Tanzania. Sex Transm Infect. 2001 Aug; 77(4):248-54. PMID: 11463923.
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    187. Obasi AI, Balira R, Todd J, Ross DA, Changalucha J, Mosha F, Grosskurth H, Peeling R, Mabey DC, Hayes RJ. Prevalence of HIV and Chlamydia trachomatis infection in 15--19-year olds in rural Tanzania. Trop Med Int Health. 2001 Jul; 6(7):517-25. PMID: 11469944.
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    188. Todd J, Munguti K, Grosskurth H, Mngara J, Changalucha J, Mayaud P, Mosha F, Gavyole A, Mabey D, Hayes R. Risk factors for active syphilis and TPHA seroconversion in a rural African population. Sex Transm Infect. 2001 Feb; 77(1):37-45. PMID: 11158690.
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    189. Grosskurth H, Mwijarubi E, Todd J, Rwakatare M, Orroth K, Mayaud P, Cleophas B, Buvé A, Mkanje R, Ndeki L, Gavyole A, Hayes R, Mabey D. Operational performance of an STD control programme in Mwanza Region, Tanzania. Sex Transm Infect. 2000 Dec; 76(6):426-36. PMID: 11221123.
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    190. Watson-Jones D, Mugeye K, Mayaud P, Ndeki L, Todd J, Mosha F, West B, Cleophas-Frisch B, Grosskurth H, Laga M, Hayes R, Mabey D, Buvé A. High prevalence of trichomoniasis in rural men in Mwanza, Tanzania: results from a population based study. Sex Transm Infect. 2000 Oct; 76(5):355-62. PMID: 11141851.
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    191. Orroth KK, Gavyole A, Todd J, Mosha F, Ross D, Mwijarubi E, Grosskurth H, Hayes RJ. Syndromic treatment of sexually transmitted diseases reduces the proportion of incident HIV infections attributable to these diseases in rural Tanzania. AIDS. 2000 Jul 07; 14(10):1429-37. PMID: 10930159.
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    192. Obasi A, Mosha F, Quigley M, Sekirassa Z, Gibbs T, Munguti K, Todd J, Grosskurth H, Mayaud P, Changalucha J, Brown D, Mabey D, Hayes R. Antibody to herpes simplex virus type 2 as a marker of sexual risk behavior in rural Tanzania. J Infect Dis. 1999 Jan; 179(1):16-24. PMID: 9841817.
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    193. Matasha E, Ntembelea T, Mayaud P, Saidi W, Todd J, Mujaya B, Tendo-Wambua L. Sexual and reproductive health among primary and secondary school pupils in Mwanza, Tanzania: need for intervention. AIDS Care. 1998 Oct; 10(5):571-82. PMID: 9828954.
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    194. Mayaud P, ka-Gina G, Cornelissen J, Todd J, Kaatano G, West B, Uledi E, Rwakatare M, Kopwe L, Manoko D, Laga M, Grosskurth H, Hayes R, Mabey D. Validation of a WHO algorithm with risk assessment for the clinical management of vaginal discharge in Mwanza, Tanzania. Sex Transm Infect. 1998 Jun; 74 Suppl 1:S77-84. PMID: 10023356.
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    195. Mayaud P, Uledi E, Cornelissen J, ka-Gina G, Todd J, Rwakatare M, West B, Kopwe L, Manoko D, Grosskurth H, Hayes R, Mabey D. Risk scores to detect cervical infections in urban antenatal clinic attenders in Mwanza, Tanzania. Sex Transm Infect. 1998 Jun; 74 Suppl 1:S139-46. PMID: 10023365.
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    196. Gilson L, Mkanje R, Grosskurth H, Mosha F, Picard J, Gavyole A, Todd J, Mayaud P, Swai R, Fransen L, Mabey D, Mills A, Hayes R. Cost-effectiveness of improved treatment services for sexually transmitted diseases in preventing HIV-1 infection in Mwanza Region, Tanzania. Lancet. 1997 Dec 20-27; 350(9094):1805-9. PMID: 9428251.
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    197. Mayaud P, Mosha F, Todd J, Balira R, Mgara J, West B, Rusizoka M, Mwijarubi E, Gabone R, Gavyole A, Grosskurth H, Hayes R, Mabey D. Improved treatment services significantly reduce the prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases in rural Tanzania: results of a randomized controlled trial. AIDS. 1997 Dec; 11(15):1873-80. PMID: 9412707.
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    198. Todd J, Balira R, Grosskurth H, Mayaud P, Mosha F, ka-Gina G, Klokke A, Gabone R, Gavyole A, Mabey D, Hayes R. HIV-associated adult mortality in a rural Tanzanian population. AIDS. 1997 May; 11(6):801-7. PMID: 9143613.
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    199. Munguti K, Grosskurth H, Newell J, Senkoro K, Mosha F, Todd J, Mayaud P, Gavyole A, Quigley M, Hayes R. Patterns of sexual behaviour in a rural population in north-western Tanzania. Soc Sci Med. 1997 May; 44(10):1553-61. PMID: 9160444.
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    200. Urassa M, Todd J, Boerma JT, Hayes R, Isingo R. Male circumcision and susceptibility to HIV infection among men in Tanzania. AIDS. 1997 Mar; 11(3):73-80. PMID: 9147445.
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    201. Jacobs B, Mayaud P, Changalucha J, Todd J, Ka-Gina G, Grosskurth H, Berege ZA. Sexual transmission of hepatitis B in Mwanza, Tanzania. Sex Transm Dis. 1997 Mar; 24(3):121-6. PMID: 9132977.
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    202. Mayaud P, Msuya W, Todd J, Kaatano G, West B, Begkoyian G, Grosskurth H, Mabey D. STD rapid assessment in Rwandan refugee camps in Tanzania. Genitourin Med. 1997 Feb; 73(1):33-8. PMID: 9155553.
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    203. Quigley M, Munguti K, Grosskurth H, Todd J, Mosha F, Senkoro K, Newell J, Mayaud P, ka-Gina G, Klokke A, Mabey D, Gavyole A, Hayes R. Sexual behaviour patterns and other risk factors for HIV infection in rural Tanzania: a case-control study. AIDS. 1997 Feb; 11(2):237-48. PMID: 9030372.
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    204. Urassa M, Todd J, Boerma JT, Hayes R, Isingo R. Male circumcision and susceptibility to HIV infection among men in Tanzania. AIDS. 1997 Jan; 11(1):73-9. PMID: 9110078.
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    205. Grosskurth H, Mayaud P, Mosha F, Todd J, Senkoro K, Newell J, Gabone R, Changalucha J, West B, Hayes R, et al. Asymptomatic gonorrhoea and chlamydial infection in rural Tanzanian men. BMJ. 1996 Feb 03; 312(7026):277-80. PMID: 8611782.
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    206. Mulholland EK, Falade AG, Corrah PT, Omosigho C, N'Jai P, Giadom B, Adegbola RA, Tschäppeler H, Todd J, Greenwood BM. A randomized trial of chloramphenicol vs. trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole for the treatment of malnourished children with community-acquired pneumonia. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1995 Nov; 14(11):959-65. PMID: 8584362.
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    207. Thomson MC, Connor SJ, Quiñones ML, Jawara M, Todd J, Greenwood BM. Movement of Anopheles gambiae s.l. malaria vectors between villages in The Gambia. Med Vet Entomol. 1995 Oct; 9(4):413-9. PMID: 8541594.
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    208. Grosskurth H, Mosha F, Todd J, Mwijarubi E, Klokke A, Senkoro K, Mayaud P, Changalucha J, Nicoll A, ka-Gina G, et al. Impact of improved treatment of sexually transmitted diseases on HIV infection in rural Tanzania: randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 1995 Aug 26; 346(8974):530-6. PMID: 7658778.
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    209. Grosskurth H, Mosha F, Todd J, Senkoro K, Newell J, Klokke A, Changalucha J, West B, Mayaud P, Gavyole A, et al. A community trial of the impact of improved sexually transmitted disease treatment on the HIV epidemic in rural Tanzania: 2. Baseline survey results. AIDS. 1995 Aug; 9(8):927-34. PMID: 7576329.
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    210. Hayes R, Mosha F, Nicoll A, Grosskurth H, Newell J, Todd J, Killewo J, Rugemalila J, Mabey D. A community trial of the impact of improved sexually transmitted disease treatment on the HIV epidemic in rural Tanzania: 1. Design. AIDS. 1995 Aug; 9(8):919-26. PMID: 7576328.
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    211. Menendez C, Todd J, Alonso PL, Francis N, Lulat S, Ceesay S, Ascaso C, Smith T, M'Boge B, Greenwood BM. The response to iron supplementation of pregnant women with the haemoglobin genotype AA or AS. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1995 May-Jun; 89(3):289-92. PMID: 7660438.
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    212. Twumasi PA, Kumah S, Leach A, O'Dempsey TJ, Ceesay SJ, Todd J, Broome CV, Carlone GM, Pais LB, Holder PK, et al. A trial of a group A plus group C meningococcal polysaccharide-protein conjugate vaccine in African infants. J Infect Dis. 1995 Mar; 171(3):632-8. PMID: 7876610.
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    213. Mayaud P, Grosskurth H, Changalucha J, Todd J, West B, Gabone R, Senkoro K, Rusizoka M, Laga M, Hayes R, et al. Risk assessment and other screening options for gonorrhoea and chlamydial infections in women attending rural Tanzanian antenatal clinics. Bull World Health Organ. 1995; 73(5):621-30. PMID: 8846488.
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    214. Thomson MC, D'Alessandro U, Bennett S, Connor SJ, Langerock P, Jawara M, Todd J, Greenwood BM. Malaria prevalence is inversely related to vector density in The Gambia, West Africa. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1994 Nov-Dec; 88(6):638-43. PMID: 7886754.
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    215. Greenwood AM, Menendez C, Alonso PL, Jaffar S, Langerock P, Lulat S, Todd J, M'Boge B, Francis N, Greenwood BM. Can malaria chemoprophylaxis be restricted to first pregnancies? Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1994 Nov-Dec; 88(6):681-2. PMID: 7886770.
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    216. Whittle H, Morris J, Todd J, Corrah T, Sabally S, Bangali J, Ngom PT, Rolfe M, Wilkins A. HIV-2-infected patients survive longer than HIV-1-infected patients. AIDS. 1994 Nov; 8(11):1617-20. PMID: 7848600.
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    217. Menendez C, Todd J, Alonso PL, Francis N, Lulat S, Ceesay S, M'Boge B, Greenwood BM. The effects of iron supplementation during pregnancy, given by traditional birth attendants, on the prevalence of anaemia and malaria. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1994 Sep-Oct; 88(5):590-3. PMID: 7992349.
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    218. Menendez C, Todd J, Alonso PL, Lulat S, Francis N, Greenwood BM. Malaria chemoprophylaxis, infection of the placenta and birth weight in Gambian primigravidae. J Trop Med Hyg. 1994 Aug; 97(4):244-8. PMID: 8064949.
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    219. Greenwood AM, Menendez C, Todd J, Greenwood BM. The distribution of birth weights in Gambian women who received malaria chemoprophylaxis during their first pregnancy and in control women. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1994 May-Jun; 88(3):311-2. PMID: 7974672.
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    220. Adegbola RA, Demba E, De Veer G, Todd J. Cryptosporidium infection in Gambian children less than 5 years of age. J Trop Med Hyg. 1994 Apr; 97(2):103-7. PMID: 8169999.
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    221. Mulholland EK, Byass P, Campbell H, Fritzell B, Greenwood AM, Todd J, Greenwood BM. The immunogenicity and safety of Haemophilus influenzae type b-tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine in Gambian infants. Ann Trop Paediatr. 1994; 14(3):183-8. PMID: 7825990.
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    222. Adiamah JH, Koram KA, Thomson MC, Lindsay SW, Todd J, Greenwood BM. Entomological risk factors for severe malaria in a peri-urban area of The Gambia. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 1993 Oct; 87(5):491-500. PMID: 8311575.
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    223. Mulholland EK, Ahonkhai VI, Greenwood AM, Jonas LC, Lukacs LJ, Mink CM, Staub JM, Todd J, Vella PP, Greenwood BM. Safety and immunogenicity of Haemophilus influenzae type B-Neisseria meningitidis group B outer membrane protein complex conjugate vaccine mixed in the syringe with diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine in young Gambian infants. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1993 Aug; 12(8):632-7. PMID: 8414774.
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    224. Wilkins A, Ricard D, Todd J, Whittle H, Dias F, Paulo Da Silva A. The epidemiology of HIV infection in a rural area of Guinea-Bissau. AIDS. 1993 Aug; 7(8):1119-22. PMID: 8397950.
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    225. Pickering H, Quigley M, Hayes RJ, Todd J, Wilkins A. Determinants of condom use in 24,000 prostitute/client contacts in The Gambia. AIDS. 1993 Aug; 7(8):1093-8. PMID: 8397946.
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    226. Whittle H, Egboga A, Todd J, Morgan G, Rolfe M, Sabally S, Wilkins A, Corrah T. Immunological responses of Gambians in relation to clinical stage of HIV-2 disease. Clin Exp Immunol. 1993 Jul; 93(1):45-50. PMID: 8100747.
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    227. Aikins MK, Pickering H, Alonso PL, D'Alessandro U, Lindsay SW, Todd J, Greenwood BM. A malaria control trial using insecticide-treated bed nets and targeted chemoprophylaxis in a rural area of The Gambia, west Africa. 4. Perceptions of the causes of malaria and of its treatment and prevention in the study area. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1993 Jun; 87 Suppl 2:25-30. PMID: 8212106.
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    228. Mulholland EK, Todd J, Rowe M, Campbell H, Byass P, Vella PP, Ahonkhai VI, Greenwood BM. Persistence of antibody at 18 months following vaccination of young Gambian infants with PRP-OMPC Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine. Ann Trop Paediatr. 1993; 13(2):153-8. PMID: 7687111.
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    229. Egboga A, Corrah T, Todd J, Wilkins A, Whittle H, Bouchier V, Rolfe M, Seaton A, Morgan G. Immunological findings in African patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and HIV-2 infection. AIDS. 1992 Sep; 6(9):1045-6. PMID: 1388898.
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    230. Whittle H, Egboga A, Todd J, Corrah T, Wilkins A, Demba E, Morgan G, Rolfe M, Berry N, Tedder R. Clinical and laboratory predictors of survival in Gambian patients with symptomatic HIV-1 or HIV-2 infection. AIDS. 1992 Jul; 6(7):685-9. PMID: 1354448.
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    231. Pépin J, Quigley M, Todd J, Gaye I, Janneh M, Van Dyck E, Piot P, Whittle H. Association between HIV-2 infection and genital ulcer diseases among male sexually transmitted disease patients in The Gambia. AIDS. 1992 May; 6(5):489-93. PMID: 1616655.
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    232. Pickering H, Todd J, Dunn D, Pepin J, Wilkins A. Prostitutes and their clients: a Gambian survey. Soc Sci Med. 1992 Jan; 34(1):75-88. PMID: 1738859.
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