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Professor Stephen Squire

TitleDean of Clinical Sciences & International Public Health
InstitutionLiverpool School of Tropical Medicine
AddressLIVERPOOL
United Kingdom
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    Collapse Bibliographic 
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Bates MJ, Namisango E, Tomeny E, Muula A, Squire SB, Niessen L. Palliative care within universal health coverage: the Malawi Patient-and-Carer Cancer Cost Survey. BMJ Support Palliat Care. 2019 Oct 03. PMID: 31582382.
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    2. Niessen LW, Squire SB. Universal health coverage and chronic conditions. Lancet Glob Health. 2019 Oct; 7(10):e1290-e1292. PMID: 31477546.
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    3. Cohen DB, Davies G, Malwafu W, Mangochi H, Joekes E, Greenwood S, Corbett L, Squire SB. Poor outcomes in recurrent tuberculosis: More than just drug resistance? PLoS One. 2019; 14(5):e0215855. PMID: 31059523.
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    4. Nunn AJ, Phillips PPJ, Meredith SK, Chiang CY, Conradie F, Dalai D, van Deun A, Dat PT, Lan N, Master I, Mebrahtu T, Meressa D, Moodliar R, Ngubane N, Sanders K, Squire SB, Torrea G, Tsogt B, Rusen ID. A Trial of a Shorter Regimen for Rifampin-Resistant Tuberculosis. N Engl J Med. 2019 03 28; 380(13):1201-1213. PMID: 30865791.
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    5. Wingfield T, MacPherson P, Sodha P, Tucker A, Mithoo J, Squire SB, Cleary P. Contacts of underserved tuberculosis patients have higher odds of TB disease in North West England: a cohort study. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2019 03 01; 23(3):337-343. PMID: 30871665.
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    6. Doulla BE, Squire SB, MacPherson E, Ngadaya ES, Mutayoba BK, Langley I. Routine surveillance for the identification of drug resistant Tuberculosis in Tanzania: A cross-sectional study of stakeholders' perceptions. PLoS One. 2019; 14(2):e0212421. PMID: 30794620.
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    7. Bogdanova EN, Mariandyshev AO, Balantcev GA, Eliseev PI, Nikishova EI, Gaida AI, Enarson D, Detjen A, Dacombe R, Phillips PPJ, Squire SB, Gospodarevskaya E. Cost minimization analysis of line probe assay for detection of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Arkhangelsk region of Russian Federation. PLoS One. 2019; 14(1):e0211203. PMID: 30695043.
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    8. Shazzadur Rahman AAM, Langley I, Galliez R, Kritski A, Tomeny E, Squire SB. Modelling the impact of chest X-ray and alternative triage approaches prior to seeking a tuberculosis diagnosis. BMC Infect Dis. 2019 Jan 28; 19(1):93. PMID: 30691448.
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    9. Todd S, Squire SB, Bartlett R, Lepping P. Delusional infestation managed in a combined tropical medicine and psychiatry clinic. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2019 01 01; 113(1):18-23. PMID: 30239929.
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    10. Saleh S, Bongololo G, Banda H, Thomson R, Stenberg B, Squire B, Tolhurst R, Dean L. Health seeking for chronic lung disease in central Malawi: Adapting existing models using insights from a qualitative study. PLoS One. 2018; 13(12):e0208188. PMID: 30557307.
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    11. Romanov DV, Lepping P, Bewley A, Huber M, Freudenmann RW, Lvov A, Squire SB, Noorthoorn EO. Longer Duration of Untreated Psychosis is Associated with Poorer Outcomes for Patients with Delusional Infestation. Acta Derm Venereol. 2018 Oct 10; 98(9):848-854. PMID: 29362814.
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    12. Cohen DB, Meghji J, Squire SB. A systematic review of clinical outcomes on the WHO Category II retreatment regimen for tuberculosis. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2018 10 01; 22(10):1127-1134. PMID: 30236179.
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    13. Cohen DB, Phiri M, Banda H, Squire SB, Namakhoma I, Desmond N. A qualitative evaluation of hospital versus community-based management of patients on injectable treatments for tuberculosis. BMC Public Health. 2018 Sep 17; 18(1):1127. PMID: 30223808.
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    14. Bates MJ, Mphwatiwa T, Ardrey J, Desmond N, Niessen LW, Squire SB. Household concepts of wellbeing and the contribution of palliative care in the context of advanced cancer: A Photovoice study from Blantyre, Malawi. PLoS One. 2018; 13(8):e0202490. PMID: 30133511.
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    15. Ahmed R, Robinson R, Elsony A, Thomson R, Squire SB, Malmborg R, Burney P, Mortimer K. A comparison of smartphone and paper data-collection tools in the Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease (BOLD) study in Gezira state, Sudan. PLoS One. 2018; 13(3):e0193917. PMID: 29518132.
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    16. Bates MJ, Ardrey J, Mphwatiwa T, Squire SB, Niessen LW. Enhanced patient research participation: a Photovoice study in Blantyre Malawi. BMJ Support Palliat Care. 2018 Jun; 8(2):171-174. PMID: 29420196.
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    17. Banda HT, Thomson R, Mortimer K, Bello GAF, Mbera GB, Malmborg R, Faragher B, Squire SB. Community prevalence of chronic respiratory symptoms in rural Malawi: Implications for policy. PLoS One. 2017; 12(12):e0188437. PMID: 29216193.
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    18. Tucker A, Mithoo J, Cleary P, Woodhead M, MacPherson P, Wingfield T, Davies S, Wake C, McMaster P, Bertel Squire S. Quantifying the need for enhanced case management for TB patients as part of TB cohort audit in the North West of England: a descriptive study. BMC Public Health. 2017 11 15; 17(1):881. PMID: 29141600.
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    19. Lepping P, Noorthoorn EO, Kemperman PMJH, Harth W, Reichenberg JS, Squire SB, Shinhmar S, Freudenmann RW, Bewley A. An international study of the prevalence of substance use in patients with delusional infestation. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2017 10; 77(4):778-779. PMID: 28917466.
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    20. Bello G, Faragher B, Sanudi L, Namakhoma I, Banda H, Malmborg R, Thomson R, Squire SB. The effect of engaging unpaid informal providers on case detection and treatment initiation rates for TB and HIV in rural Malawi (Triage Plus): A cluster randomised health system intervention trial. PLoS One. 2017; 12(9):e0183312. PMID: 28877245.
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    21. Nyirenda D, Sariola S, Gooding K, Phiri M, Sambakunsi R, Moyo E, Bandawe C, Squire B, Desmond N. 'We are the eyes and ears of researchers and community': Understanding the role of community advisory groups in representing researchers and communities in Malawi. Dev World Bioeth. 2018 12; 18(4):420-428. PMID: 28872746.
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    22. Ramalho DMP, Miranda PFC, Andrade MK, Brígido T, Dalcolmo MP, Mesquita E, Dias CF, Gambirasio AN, Ueleres Braga J, Detjen A, Phillips PPJ, Langley I, Fujiwara PI, Squire SB, Oliveira MM, Kritski AL. Outcomes from patients with presumed drug resistant tuberculosis in five reference centers in Brazil. BMC Infect Dis. 2017 08 15; 17(1):571. PMID: 28810911.
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    23. Spencer SA, Penney JMSJ, Russell HJ, Howe AP, Linder C, Rakotomampianina ALD, Nandimbiniaina AM, Squire SB, Stothard JR, Bustinduy AL, Rahetilahy AM. High burden of Schistosoma mansoni infection in school-aged children in Marolambo District, Madagascar. Parasit Vectors. 2017 Jun 24; 10(1):307. PMID: 28646926.
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    24. Watson SI, Wroe EB, Dunbar EL, Mukherjee J, Squire SB, Nazimera L, Dullie L, Lilford RJ. Erratum to: The impact of user fees on health services utilization and infectious disease diagnoses in Neno District, Malawi: a longitudinal, quasi-experimental study. BMC Health Serv Res. 2016 11 04; 16(1):629. PMID: 27814713.
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    25. Watson SI, Wroe EB, Dunbar EL, Mukherjee J, Squire SB, Nazimera L, Dullie L, Lilford RJ. The impact of user fees on health services utilization and infectious disease diagnoses in Neno District, Malawi: a longitudinal, quasi-experimental study. BMC Health Serv Res. 2016 10 20; 16(1):595. PMID: 27765043.
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    26. Gama E, Madan J, Langley I, Girma M, Evans D, Rosen S, Squire SB. Economic evaluation of a shortened standardised treatment regimen of antituberculosis drugs for patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (STREAM): study protocol. BMJ Open. 2016 10 17; 6(10):e014386. PMID: 27798041.
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    27. Naidoo P, Dunbar R, du Toit E, van Niekerk M, Squire SB, Beyers N, Madan J. Comparing laboratory costs of smear/culture and Xpert® MTB/RIF-based tuberculosis diagnostic algorithms. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2016 10; 20(10):1377-1385. PMID: 27725051.
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    28. Lewis JM, Folb J, Kalra S, Squire SB, Taegtmeyer M, Beeching NJ. Brucella melitensis prosthetic joint infection in a traveller returning to the UK from Thailand: Case report and review of the literature. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2016 Sep - Oct; 14(5):444-450. PMID: 27591088.
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    29. Meghji J, Simpson H, Squire SB, Mortimer K. A Systematic Review of the Prevalence and Pattern of Imaging Defined Post-TB Lung Disease. PLoS One. 2016; 11(8):e0161176. PMID: 27518438.
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    30. MacPherson P, Squire SB, Cleary P, Davies S, Wake C, Dee K, Walker J, Farrow S, McMaster P, Woodhead M, Sloan DJ. Equitable tuberculosis care in the North West of England: analysis of tuberculosis cohort review data. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2016 06; 20(6):778-85. PMID: 27155181.
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    31. Chisunkha B, Banda H, Thomson R, Squire SB, Mortimer K. Implementation of digital technology solutions for a lung health trial in rural Malawi. Eur Respir J. 2016 06; 47(6):1876-9. PMID: 27076597.
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    32. Eliseev P, Balantcev G, Nikishova E, Gaida A, Bogdanova E, Enarson D, Ornstein T, Detjen A, Dacombe R, Gospodarevskaya E, Phillips PP, Mann G, Squire SB, Mariandyshev A. The Impact of a Line Probe Assay Based Diagnostic Algorithm on Time to Treatment Initiation and Treatment Outcomes for Multidrug Resistant TB Patients in Arkhangelsk Region, Russia. PLoS One. 2016; 11(4):e0152761. PMID: 27055269.
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    33. Banda H, Robinson R, Thomson R, Squire SB, Mortimer K. The 'Practical Approach to Lung Health' in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2016 Apr; 20(4):552-9. PMID: 26970167.
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    34. de Cuevas RM, Lawson L, Al-Sonboli N, Al-Aghbari N, Arbide I, Sherchand JB, Nnamdi EE, Aseffa A, Yassin MA, Abdurrahman ST, Obasanya J, Olanrewaju O, Datiko D, Theobald SJ, Ramsay A, Squire SB, Cuevas LE. Patients direct costs to undergo TB diagnosis. Infect Dis Poverty. 2016 Mar 24; 5:24. PMID: 27009093.
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    35. Gomes MG, Barreto ML, Glaziou P, Medley GF, Rodrigues LC, Wallinga J, Squire SB. End TB strategy: the need to reduce risk inequalities. BMC Infect Dis. 2016 Mar 22; 16:132. PMID: 27001766.
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    36. Wallis SK, Jehan K, Woodhead M, Cleary P, Dee K, Farrow S, McMaster P, Wake C, Walker J, Sloan DJ, Squire SB. Health professionals' experiences of tuberculosis cohort audit in the North West of England: a qualitative study. BMJ Open. 2016 Mar 16; 6(3):e010536. PMID: 26983949.
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    37. Lienhardt C, Lönnroth K, Menzies D, Balasegaram M, Chakaya J, Cobelens F, Cohn J, Denkinger CM, Evans TG, Källenius G, Kaplan G, Kumar AM, Matthiessen L, Mgone CS, Mizrahi V, Mukadi YD, Nguyen VN, Nordström A, Sizemore CF, Spigelman M, Squire SB, Swaminathan S, Van Helden PD, Zumla A, Weyer K, Weil D, Raviglione M. Translational Research for Tuberculosis Elimination: Priorities, Challenges, and Actions. PLoS Med. 2016 Mar; 13(3):e1001965. PMID: 26933883.
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    38. Naidoo P, Dunbar R, Lombard C, du Toit E, Caldwell J, Detjen A, Squire SB, Enarson DA, Beyers N. Comparing Tuberculosis Diagnostic Yield in Smear/Culture and Xpert® MTB/RIF-Based Algorithms Using a Non-Randomised Stepped-Wedge Design. PLoS One. 2016; 11(3):e0150487. PMID: 26930400.
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    39. Lewis JM, Hine P, Walker J, Khoo SH, Taegtmeyer M, Squire SB, Sloan DJ. First experience of effectiveness and safety of bedaquiline for 18 months within an optimised regimen for XDR-TB. Eur Respir J. 2016 05; 47(5):1581-4. PMID: 26917618.
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    40. Mortimer K, Cuevas L, Squire B, Thomson R, Tolhurst R. Improving access to effective care for people with chronic respiratory symptoms in low and middle income countries. BMC Proc. 2015; 9(Suppl 10):S3. PMID: 28281701.
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    41. Squire SB. Summary, initial outputs and next steps Collaboration for Applied Health Research & Delivery. BMC Proc. 2015; 9(Suppl 10):S1. PMID: 28281699.
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    42. Squire SB. CAHRD Consultation 2014: the 10-20 year Horizon Introduction and Overview - as circulated to Consultation participants. BMC Proc. 2015; 9(Suppl 10):S2. PMID: 28281700.
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    43. Hollingsworth TD, Langley I, Nokes DJ, Macpherson EE, McGivern G, Adams ER, Bockarie MJ, Mortimer K, Reimer LJ, Squire B, Torr SJ, Medley GF. Infectious disease and health systems modelling for local decision making to control neglected tropical diseases. BMC Proc. 2015; 9(Suppl 10):S6. PMID: 28281704.
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    44. Squire SB, Thomson R, Namakhoma I, El Sony A, Kritski A, Madan J. Catastrophic care-seeking costs as an indicator for lung health. BMC Proc. 2015; 9(Suppl 10):S4. PMID: 28281702.
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    45. Banda HT, Mortimer K, Bello GA, Mbera GB, Namakhoma I, Thomson R, Nyirenda MJ, Faragher B, Madan J, Malmborg R, Stenberg B, Mpunga J, Mwagomba B, Gama E, Piddock K, Squire SB. Informal Health Provider and Practical Approach to Lung Health interventions to improve the detection of chronic airways disease and tuberculosis at primary care level in Malawi: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials. 2015 Dec 17; 16:576. PMID: 26679768.
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    46. Waitt CJ, Banda P, Glennie S, Kampmann B, Squire SB, Pirmohamed M, Heyderman RS. Monocyte unresponsiveness and impaired IL1ß, TNFa and IL7 production are associated with a poor outcome in Malawian adults with pulmonary tuberculosis. BMC Infect Dis. 2015 Nov 13; 15:513. PMID: 26567164.
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    47. Madan J, Lönnroth K, Laokri S, Squire SB. What can dissaving tell us about catastrophic costs? Linear and logistic regression analysis of the relationship between patient costs and financial coping strategies adopted by tuberculosis patients in Bangladesh, Tanzania and Bangalore, India. BMC Health Serv Res. 2015 Oct 22; 15:476. PMID: 26493155.
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    48. Langley I, Squire SB, Dacombe R, Madan J, Lapa e Silva JR, Barreira D, Galliez R, Oliveira MM, Fujiwara PI, Kritski A. Developments in Impact Assessment of New Diagnostic Algorithms for Tuberculosis Control. Clin Infect Dis. 2015 Oct 15; 61Suppl 3:S126-34. PMID: 26409273.
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    49. du Toit E, Squire SB, Dunbar R, Machekano R, Madan J, Beyers N, Naidoo P. Comparing multidrug-resistant tuberculosis patient costs under molecular diagnostic algorithms in South Africa. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2015 Aug; 19(8):960-8. PMID: 26162363.
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    50. Moreira Ada S, Huf G, Vieira MA, Costa PA, Aguiar F, Marsico AG, Fonseca Lde S, Ricks M, Oliveira MM, Detjen A, Fujiwara PI, Squire SB, Kritski AL. Liquid vs Solid Culture Medium to Evaluate Proportion and Time to Change in Management of Suspects of Tuberculosis-A Pragmatic Randomized Trial in Secondary and Tertiary Health Care Units in Brazil. PLoS One. 2015; 10(6):e0127588. PMID: 26046532.
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    51. Langley I, Lin HH, Squire SB. Cost-effectiveness of Xpert MTB/RIF and investing in health care in Africa. Lancet Glob Health. 2015 Feb; 3(2):e83-4. PMID: 25617201.
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    52. Gama E, Madan J, Banda H, Squire B, Thomson R, Namakhoma I. Economic evaluation of the practical approach to lung health and informal provider interventions for improving the detection of tuberculosis and chronic airways disease at primary care level in Malawi: study protocol for cost-effectiveness analysis. Implement Sci. 2015 Jan 08; 10:1. PMID: 25567289.
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    53. Langley I, Lin HH, Egwaga S, Doulla B, Ku CC, Murray M, Cohen T, Squire SB. Assessment of the patient, health system, and population effects of Xpert MTB/RIF and alternative diagnostics for tuberculosis in Tanzania: an integrated modelling approach. Lancet Glob Health. 2014 Oct; 2(10):e581-91. PMID: 25304634.
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    54. Squire SB. NOTE FROM THE CHAIR OF THE NOMINATING COMMITTEE. Public Health Action. 2014 Sep 21; 4(3):135. PMID: 26393080.
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    55. Abouyannis M, Dacombe R, Dambe I, Mpunga J, Faragher B, Gausi F, Ndhlovu H, Kachiza C, Suarez P, Mundy C, Banda HT, Nyasulu I, Squire SB. Drug resistance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Malawi: a cross-sectional survey. Bull World Health Organ. 2014 Nov 01; 92(11):798-806. PMID: 25378741.
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    56. Nunn AJ, Rusen ID, Van Deun A, Torrea G, Phillips PP, Chiang CY, Squire SB, Madan J, Meredith SK. Evaluation of a standardized treatment regimen of anti-tuberculosis drugs for patients with multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis (STREAM): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials. 2014 Sep 09; 15:353. PMID: 25199531.
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    57. Dowdy DW, Houben R, Cohen T, Pai M, Cobelens F, Vassall A, Menzies NA, Gomez GB, Langley I, Squire SB, White R. Impact and cost-effectiveness of current and future tuberculosis diagnostics: the contribution of modelling. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2014 Sep; 18(9):1012-8. PMID: 25189546.
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    58. Naidoo P, du Toit E, Dunbar R, Lombard C, Caldwell J, Detjen A, Squire SB, Enarson DA, Beyers N. A comparison of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis treatment commencement times in MDRTBPlus line probe assay and Xpert® MTB/RIF-based algorithms in a routine operational setting in Cape Town. PLoS One. 2014; 9(7):e103328. PMID: 25079599.
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    59. Langley I, Adams E, Doulla B, Squire SB. Operational modelling to guide implementation and scale-up of diagnostic tests within the health system: exploring opportunities for parasitic disease diagnostics based on example application for tuberculosis. Parasitology. 2014 Dec; 141(14):1795-802. PMID: 25035934.
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    60. MacPherson P, Lalloo DG, Webb EL, Maheswaran H, Choko AT, Makombe SD, Butterworth AE, van Oosterhout JJ, Desmond N, Thindwa D, Squire SB, Hayes RJ, Corbett EL. Effect of optional home initiation of HIV care following HIV self-testing on antiretroviral therapy initiation among adults in Malawi: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2014 Jul 23-30; 312(4):372-9. PMID: 25038356.
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    61. Gospodarevskaya E, Tulloch O, Bunga C, Ferdous S, Jonas A, Islam S, Rahman M, Hussain MA, Haque MN, Egwaga S, Gardiner E, PrayGod G, Islam MA, Mann GH, Wells WA, Squire SB. Patient costs during tuberculosis treatment in Bangladesh and Tanzania: the potential of shorter regimens. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2014 Jul; 18(7):810-7. PMID: 24902557.
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    62. Munthali C, Taegtmeyer M, Garner PG, Lalloo DG, Squire SB, Corbett EL, Ford N, MacPherson P. Diagnostic accuracy of the WHO clinical staging system for defining eligibility for ART in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Int AIDS Soc. 2014; 17:18932. PMID: 24929097.
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    63. Parris V, Michie K, Andrews T, Nsutebu EF, Squire SB, Miller AR, Beadsworth MB. Schistosomiasis japonicum diagnosed on liver biopsy in a patient with hepatitis B co-infection: a case report. J Med Case Rep. 2014 Feb 12; 8:45. PMID: 24521427.
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    64. Macpherson P, Lalloo DG, Thindwa D, Webb EL, Squire SB, Chipungu GA, Desmond N, Makombe SD, Taegtmeyer M, Choko AT, Corbett EL. A novel community health worker tool outperforms WHO clinical staging for assessment of antiretroviral therapy eligibility in a resource-limited setting. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2014 Feb 01; 65(2):e74-8. PMID: 23846567.
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    65. Theron G, Peter J, Dowdy D, Langley I, Squire SB, Dheda K. Do high rates of empirical treatment undermine the potential effect of new diagnostic tests for tuberculosis in high-burden settings? Lancet Infect Dis. 2014 Jun; 14(6):527-32. PMID: 24438820.
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    66. Waitt CJ, Joekes EC, Jesudason N, Waitt PI, Goodson P, Likumbo G, Kampondeni S, Faragher EB, Squire SB. The effect of a tuberculosis chest X-ray image reference set on non-expert reader performance. Eur Radiol. 2013 Sep; 23(9):2459-68. PMID: 23652843.
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    67. MacPherson P, Choko AT, Webb EL, Thindwa D, Squire SB, Sambakunsi R, van Oosterhout JJ, Chunda T, Chavula K, Makombe SD, Lalloo DG, Corbett EL. Development and validation of a global positioning system-based "map book" system for categorizing cluster residency status of community members living in high-density urban slums in Blantyre, Malawi. Am J Epidemiol. 2013 May 15; 177(10):1143-7. PMID: 23589586.
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    68. Kritski A, Fujiwara PI, Vieira MA, Netto AR, Oliveira MM, Huf G, Bertel Squire S. Assessing new strategies for TB diagnosis in low- and middle-income countries. Braz J Infect Dis. 2013 Mar-Apr; 17(2):211-7. PMID: 23465598.
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    69. MacPherson P, MacPherson EE, Mwale D, Bertel Squire S, Makombe SD, Corbett EL, Lalloo DG, Desmond N. Barriers and facilitators to linkage to ART in primary care: a qualitative study of patients and providers in Blantyre, Malawi. J Int AIDS Soc. 2012 Dec 31; 15(2):18020. PMID: 23336700.
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    70. MacPherson P, Corbett EL, Makombe SD, van Oosterhout JJ, Manda E, Choko AT, Thindwa D, Squire SB, Mann GH, Lalloo DG. Determinants and consequences of failure of linkage to antiretroviral therapy at primary care level in Blantyre, Malawi: a prospective cohort study. PLoS One. 2012; 7(9):e44794. PMID: 22984560.
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    71. Ntinginya EN, Squire SB, Millington KA, Mtafya B, Saathoff E, Heinrich N, Rojas-Ponce G, Kowuor D, Maboko L, Reither K, Clowes P, Hoelscher M, Rachow A. Performance of the Xpert® MTB/RIF assay in an active case-finding strategy: a pilot study from Tanzania. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2012 Nov; 16(11):1468-70. PMID: 22964006.
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    72. Simwaka BN, Theobald S, Willets A, Salaniponi FM, Nkhonjera P, Bello G, Squire SB. Acceptability and effectiveness of the storekeeper-based TB referral system for TB suspects in sub-districts of Lilongwe in Malawi. PLoS One. 2012; 7(9):e39746. PMID: 22962575.
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    73. Langley I, Doulla B, Lin HH, Millington K, Squire B. Modelling the impacts of new diagnostic tools for tuberculosis in developing countries to enhance policy decisions. Health Care Manag Sci. 2012 Sep; 15(3):239-53. PMID: 22674467.
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    74. McNerney R, Maeurer M, Abubakar I, Marais B, McHugh TD, Ford N, Weyer K, Lawn S, Grobusch MP, Memish Z, Squire SB, Pantaleo G, Chakaya J, Casenghi M, Migliori GB, Mwaba P, Zijenah L, Hoelscher M, Cox H, Swaminathan S, Kim PS, Schito M, Harari A, Bates M, Schwank S, O'Grady J, Pletschette M, Ditui L, Atun R, Zumla A. Tuberculosis diagnostics and biomarkers: needs, challenges, recent advances, and opportunities. J Infect Dis. 2012 May 15; 205 Suppl 2:S147-58. PMID: 22496353.
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    75. Zumla A, Abubakar I, Raviglione M, Hoelscher M, Ditiu L, McHugh TD, Squire SB, Cox H, Ford N, McNerney R, Marais B, Grobusch M, Lawn SD, Migliori GB, Mwaba P, O'Grady J, Pletschette M, Ramsay A, Chakaya J, Schito M, Swaminathan S, Memish Z, Maeurer M, Atun R. Drug-resistant tuberculosis--current dilemmas, unanswered questions, challenges, and priority needs. J Infect Dis. 2012 May 15; 205 Suppl 2:S228-40. PMID: 22476720.
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    76. Cobelens F, van den Hof S, Pai M, Squire SB, Ramsay A, Kimerling ME. Which new diagnostics for tuberculosis, and when? J Infect Dis. 2012 May 15; 205 Suppl 2:S191-8. PMID: 22476716.
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    77. Abubakar I, Stagg HR, Cohen T, Mangtani P, Rodrigues LC, Pimpin L, Watson JM, Squire SB, Zumla A. Controversies and unresolved issues in tuberculosis prevention and control: a low-burden-country perspective. J Infect Dis. 2012 May 15; 205 Suppl 2:S293-300. PMID: 22448025.
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    78. Turtle L, Kemp T, Davies GR, Squire SB, Beeching NJ, Beadsworth MB. In routine UK hospital practice T-SPOT.TB™ is useful in some patients with a modest pre-test probability of active tuberculosis. Eur J Intern Med. 2012 Jun; 23(4):363-7. PMID: 22560387.
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    79. Cottle LE, Peters JR, Hall A, Bailey JW, Noyes HA, Rimington JE, Beeching NJ, Squire SB, Beadsworth MB. Multiorgan dysfunction caused by travel-associated African trypanosomiasis. Emerg Infect Dis. 2012 Feb; 18(2):287-9. PMID: 22305185.
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    80. MacPherson P, Lalloo DG, Choko AT, Mann GH, Squire SB, Mwale D, Manda E, Makombe SD, Desmond N, Heyderman R, Corbett EL. Suboptimal patterns of provider initiated HIV testing and counselling, antiretroviral therapy eligibility assessment and referral in primary health clinic attendees in Blantyre, Malawi. Trop Med Int Health. 2012 Apr; 17(4):507-17. PMID: 22296187.
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    81. Alavi-Naini R, Cuevas LE, Squire SB, Mohammadi M, Davoudikia AA. Clinical and laboratory diagnosis of the patients with sputum smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis. Arch Iran Med. 2012 Jan; 15(1):22-6. PMID: 22208439.
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    82. Kasprowicz VO, Churchyard G, Lawn SD, Squire SB, Lalvani A. Diagnosing latent tuberculosis in high-risk individuals: rising to the challenge in high-burden areas. J Infect Dis. 2011 Nov 15; 204 Suppl 4:S1168-78. PMID: 21996699.
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    83. Malmborg R, Mann G, Squire SB. A systematic assessment of the concept and practice of public-private mix for tuberculosis care and control. Int J Equity Health. 2011 Nov 10; 10:49. PMID: 22074377.
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    84. MacPherson P, Webb EL, Choko AT, Desmond N, Chavula K, Napierala Mavedzenge S, Makombe SD, Chunda T, Squire SB, Corbett EL. Stigmatising attitudes among people offered home-based HIV testing and counselling in Blantyre, Malawi: construction and analysis of a stigma scale. PLoS One. 2011; 6(10):e26814. PMID: 22046367.
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    85. Choko AT, Desmond N, Webb EL, Chavula K, Napierala-Mavedzenge S, Gaydos CA, Makombe SD, Chunda T, Squire SB, French N, Mwapasa V, Corbett EL. The uptake and accuracy of oral kits for HIV self-testing in high HIV prevalence setting: a cross-sectional feasibility study in Blantyre, Malawi. PLoS Med. 2011 Oct; 8(10):e1001102. PMID: 21990966.
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    86. Mbanya JC, Smith SC, Cazap E, Squire SB. NCD Alliance responds to Iona Heath. BMJ. 2011 Aug 02; 343:d4896. PMID: 21810878.
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    87. Lin HH, Langley I, Mwenda R, Doulla B, Egwaga S, Millington KA, Mann GH, Murray M, Squire SB, Cohen T. A modelling framework to support the selection and implementation of new tuberculosis diagnostic tools. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2011 Aug; 15(8):996-1004. PMID: 21740663.
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    88. Waitt CJ, Peter K Banda N, White SA, Kampmann B, Kumwenda J, Heyderman RS, Pirmohamed M, Squire SB. Early deaths during tuberculosis treatment are associated with depressed innate responses, bacterial infection, and tuberculosis progression. J Infect Dis. 2011 Aug 01; 204(3):358-62. PMID: 21742833.
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    89. Cuevas LE, Yassin MA, Al-Sonboli N, Lawson L, Arbide I, Al-Aghbari N, Sherchand JB, Al-Absi A, Emenyonu EN, Merid Y, Okobi MI, Onuoha JO, Aschalew M, Aseffa A, Harper G, de Cuevas RM, Kremer K, van Soolingen D, Nathanson CM, Joly J, Faragher B, Squire SB, Ramsay A. A multi-country non-inferiority cluster randomized trial of frontloaded smear microscopy for the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis. PLoS Med. 2011 Jul; 8(7):e1000443. PMID: 21765808.
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    90. Cuevas LE, Al-Sonboli N, Lawson L, Yassin MA, Arbide I, Al-Aghbari N, Sherchand JB, Al-Absi A, Emenyonu EN, Merid Y, Okobi MI, Onuoha JO, Aschalew M, Aseffa A, Harper G, de Cuevas RM, Theobald SJ, Nathanson CM, Joly J, Faragher B, Squire SB, Ramsay A. LED fluorescence microscopy for the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis: a multi-country cross-sectional evaluation. PLoS Med. 2011 Jul; 8(7):e1001057. PMID: 21765809.
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    91. Squire SB, Ramsay AR, van den Hof S, Millington KA, Langley I, Bello G, Kritski A, Detjen A, Thomson R, Cobelens F, Mann GH. Making innovations accessible to the poor through implementation research. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2011 Jul; 15(7):862-70. PMID: 21682960.
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    92. Mann GH, Thomson R, Jin C, Phiri M, Vater MC, Sinanovic E, Squire SB. The role of health economics research in implementation research for health systems strengthening. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2011 Jun; 15(6):715-21. PMID: 21575290.
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    93. Waitt CJ, Squire SB. A systematic review of risk factors for death in adults during and after tuberculosis treatment. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2011 Jul; 15(7):871-85. PMID: 21496360.
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    94. Bates I, Taegtmeyer M, Squire SB, Ansong D, Nhlema-Simwaka B, Baba A, Theobald S. Indicators of sustainable capacity building for health research: analysis of four African case studies. Health Res Policy Syst. 2011 Mar 28; 9:14. PMID: 21443780.
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    95. Mann G, Squire SB, Bissell K, Eliseev P, Du Toit E, Hesseling A, Nicol M, Detjen A, Kritski A. Beyond accuracy: creating a comprehensive evidence base for TB diagnostic tools. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2010 Dec; 14(12):1518-24. PMID: 21144235.
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    96. Mbanya JC, Squire SB, Cazap E, Puska P. Mobilising the world for chronic NCDs. Lancet. 2011 Feb 12; 377(9765):536-7. PMID: 21074252.
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    97. Joekes E, Davies G, Mwandumba HC, Squire SB. Insufficient evidence for chest CT scan in TB outbreak investigation. Chest. 2010 Jul; 138(1):234-5. PMID: 20605830.
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    98. Rusen ID, Squire SB, Billo NE. Poverty and lung health. Expert Rev Respir Med. 2010 Apr; 4(2):163-5. PMID: 20406081.
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    99. Theobald S, Taegtmeyer M, Squire SB, Crichton J, Simwaka BN, Thomson R, Makwiza I, Tolhurst R, Martineau T, Bates I. Towards building equitable health systems in Sub-Saharan Africa: lessons from case studies on operational research. Health Res Policy Syst. 2009 Nov 25; 7:26. PMID: 19939279.
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    100. Ramsay A, Cuevas LE, Mundy CJ, Nathanson CM, Chirambo P, Dacombe R, Squire SB, Salaniponi FM, Munthali S. New policies, new technologies: modelling the potential for improved smear microscopy services in Malawi. PLoS One. 2009 Nov 10; 4(11):e7760. PMID: 19901989.
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    101. Mepham SO, Squire SB, Chisuwo L, Kandulu J, Bates I. Utilisation of laboratory services by health workers in a district hospital in Malawi. J Clin Pathol. 2009 Oct; 62(10):935-8. PMID: 19783724.
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    102. Bell DJ, Dacombe R, Graham SM, Hicks A, Cohen D, Chikaonda T, French N, Molyneux ME, Zijlstra EE, Squire SB, Gordon SB. Simple measures are as effective as invasive techniques in the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in Malawi. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2009 Jan; 13(1):99-104. PMID: 19105886.
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    103. Long Q, Li Y, Wang Y, Yue Y, Tang C, Tang S, Squire SB, Tolhurst R. Barriers to accessing TB diagnosis for rural-to-urban migrants with chronic cough in Chongqing, China: a mixed methods study. BMC Health Serv Res. 2008 Oct 02; 8:202. PMID: 18828929.
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    104. Ruhwald M, Petersen J, Kofoed K, Nakaoka H, Cuevas LE, Lawson L, Squire SB, Eugen-Olsen J, Ravn P. Improving T-cell assays for the diagnosis of latent TB infection: potential of a diagnostic test based on IP-10. PLoS One. 2008 Aug 06; 3(8):e2858. PMID: 18682747.
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    105. Beadsworth MB, van Oosterhout JJ, Diver MJ, Faragher EB, Shenkin A, Mwandumba HC, Khoo S, O'Dempsey T, Squire SB, Zijlstra EE. Hypoadrenalism is not associated with early mortality during tuberculosis treatment in Malawi. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2008 Mar; 12(3):314-8. PMID: 18284838.
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    106. Davies GR, Squire SB. Doubts about DOTS. BMJ. 2008 Mar 01; 336(7642):457-8. PMID: 18250103.
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    107. Ziganshina LE, Squire SB. Fluoroquinolones for treating tuberculosis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008 Jan 23; (1):CD004795. PMID: 18254061.
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    108. Wang Y, Taegtmeyer M, Squire SB, Theobald SJ. The politics of TB: TB control services need tailoring for new arrivals, not vice versa. Chron Respir Dis. 2008; 5(1):49-51. PMID: 18303102.
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    109. Simwaka BN, Bello G, Banda H, Chimzizi R, Squire BS, Theobald SJ. The Malawi National Tuberculosis Programme: an equity analysis. Int J Equity Health. 2007 Dec 31; 6:24. PMID: 18163918.
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    110. Tolhurst R, Amekudzi YP, Nyonator FK, Bertel Squire S, Theobald S. "He will ask why the child gets sick so often": the gendered dynamics of intra-household bargaining over healthcare for children with fever in the Volta Region of Ghana. Soc Sci Med. 2008 Mar; 66(5):1106-17. PMID: 18166257.
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    111. Liu X, Thomson R, Gong Y, Zhao F, Squire SB, Tolhurst R, Zhao X, Yan F, Tang S. How affordable are tuberculosis diagnosis and treatment in rural China? An analysis from community and tuberculosis patient perspectives. Trop Med Int Health. 2007 Dec; 12(12):1464-71. PMID: 18076553.
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    112. Taegtmeyer M, Beeching NJ, Scott J, Seddon K, Jamieson S, Squire SB, Mwandumba HC, Miller AR, Davies PD, Parry CM. The clinical impact of nucleic acid amplification tests on the diagnosis and management of tuberculosis in a British hospital. Thorax. 2008 Apr; 63(4):317-21. PMID: 18024540.
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    113. Mwandumba HC, Bertel Squire S, White SA, Nyirenda MH, Kampondeni SD, Rhoades ER, Zijlstra EE, Molyneux ME, Russell DG. Association between sputum smear status and local immune responses at the site of disease in HIV-infected patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. Tuberculosis (Edinb). 2008 Jan; 88(1):58-63. PMID: 17913585.
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    114. Kemp JR, Mann G, Simwaka BN, Salaniponi FM, Squire SB. Can Malawi's poor afford free tuberculosis services? Patient and household costs associated with a tuberculosis diagnosis in Lilongwe. Bull World Health Organ. 2007 Aug; 85(8):580-5. PMID: 17768515.
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    115. Mwandumba HC, Squire SB, White SA, Nyirenda MH, Zijlstra EE, Molyneux ME, Russell DG, Rhoades ER. Alveolar macrophages from HIV-infected patients with pulmonary tuberculosis retain the capacity to respond to stimulation by lipopolysaccharide. Microbes Infect. 2007 Jul; 9(9):1053-60. PMID: 17644388.
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    116. Lawson L, Yassin MA, Ramsay A, Emenyonu EN, Thacher TD, Davies PD, Squire SB, Cuevas LE. Short-term bleach digestion of sputum in the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in patients co-infected with HIV. Tuberculosis (Edinb). 2007 Jul; 87(4):368-72. PMID: 17392025.
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    117. Hartkoorn RC, Chandler B, Owen A, Ward SA, Bertel Squire S, Back DJ, Khoo SH. Differential drug susceptibility of intracellular and extracellular tuberculosis, and the impact of P-glycoprotein. Tuberculosis (Edinb). 2007 May; 87(3):248-55. PMID: 17258938.
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    118. Douthwaite S, Yassin MA, Squire SB, Arbide I, Cuevas LE. Bleach-digested sputum smears for the diagnosis of TB in HIV-infected individuals. Trop Doct. 2007 Jan; 37(1):35-6. PMID: 17326886.
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    119. Nhlema Simwaka B, Benson T, Salaniponi FM, Theobald SJ, Squire SB, Kemp JR. Developing a socio-economic measure to monitor access to tuberculosis services in urban Lilongwe, Malawi. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2007 Jan; 11(1):65-71. PMID: 17217132.
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    120. Harries AD, Boxshall M, Phiri S, van Gorkom J, Zachariah R, Squire SB, Makombe SD, Kwanjana J, Gondwett M. Providing HIV care for tuberculosis patients in sub-Saharan Africa. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2006 Dec; 10(12):1306-11. PMID: 17167945.
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    121. Yan F, Thomson R, Tang S, Squire SB, Wang W, Liu X, Gong Y, Zhao F, Tolhurst R. Multiple perspectives on diagnosis delay for tuberculosis from key stakeholders in poor rural China: case study in four provinces. Health Policy. 2007 Jul; 82(2):186-99. PMID: 17055105.
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    122. Malmborg R, Mann G, Thomson R, Squire SB. Can public-private collaboration promote tuberculosis case detection among the poor and vulnerable? Bull World Health Organ. 2006 Sep; 84(9):752-8. PMID: 17128346.
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    123. Nakaoka H, Lawson L, Squire SB, Coulter B, Ravn P, Brock I, Hart CA, Cuevas LE. Risk for tuberculosis among children. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006 Sep; 12(9):1383-8. PMID: 17073087.
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    124. Sangala WT, Briggs P, Theobald S, Squire SB, Kemp J. Screening for pulmonary tuberculosis: an acceptable intervention for antenatal care clients and providers? Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2006 Jul; 10(7):789-94. PMID: 16848342.
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    125. Squire SB, Obasi A, Nhlema-Simwaka B. The Global Plan to Stop TB: a unique opportunity to address poverty and the Millennium Development Goals. Lancet. 2006 Mar 18; 367(9514):955-7. PMID: 16546551.
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    126. Ramsay A, Squire SB, Siddiqi K, Cunningham J, Perkins MD. The bleach microscopy method and case detection for tuberculosis control. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2006 Mar; 10(3):256-8. PMID: 16562703.
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    127. Cambanis A, Yassin MA, Ramsay A, Squire SB, Arbide I, Cuevas LE. A one-day method for the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in rural Ethiopia. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2006 Feb; 10(2):230-2. PMID: 16499267.
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    128. Theobald S, Tolhurst R, Squire SB. Gender, equity: new approaches for effective management of communicable diseases. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2006 Apr; 100(4):299-304. PMID: 16430933.
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    129. Lawson L, Yassin MA, Ramsay A, Olajide I, Thacher TD, Davies PD, Squire SB, Cuevas LE. Microbiological validation of smear microscopy after sputum digestion with bleach; a step closer to a one-stop diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis. Tuberculosis (Edinb). 2006 Jan; 86(1):34-40. PMID: 16263328.
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    130. Lawson L, Yassin MA, Ramsay A, Emenyonu NE, Squire SB, Cuevas LE. Comparison of scanty AFB smears against culture in an area with high HIV prevalence. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2005 Aug; 9(8):933-5. PMID: 16104643.
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    131. Ziganshina LE, Vizel AA, Squire SB. Fluoroquinolones for treating tuberculosis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005 Jul 20; (3):CD004795. PMID: 16034951.
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    132. Seki N, Yassin MA, Cuevas LE, Wendy Bailey J, Bertel Squire S, Ramsay A. Short communication: colour vision and proficiency in diagnostic microscopy. Trop Med Int Health. 2005 May; 10(5):433-4. PMID: 15860089.
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    133. Cambanis A, Yassin MA, Ramsay A, Bertel Squire S, Arbide I, Cuevas LE. Rural poverty and delayed presentation to tuberculosis services in Ethiopia. Trop Med Int Health. 2005 Apr; 10(4):330-5. PMID: 15807796.
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    134. Tang S, Squire SB. What lessons can be drawn from tuberculosis (TB) control in China in the 1990s? An analysis from a health system perspective. Health Policy. 2005 Apr; 72(1):93-104. PMID: 15760702.
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    135. Squire SB, Belaye AK, Kashoti A, Salaniponi FM, Mundy CJ, Theobald S, Kemp J. 'Lost' smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis cases: where are they and why did we lose them? Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2005 Jan; 9(1):25-31. PMID: 15675546.
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    136. Squire SB, Tang S. How much of China's success in tuberculosis control is really due to DOTS? Lancet. 2004 Jul 31-Aug 6; 364(9432):391-2. PMID: 15288717.
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    137. Bates I, Fenton C, Gruber J, Lalloo D, Lara AM, Squire SB, Theobald S, Thomson R, Tolhurst R. Vulnerability to malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV/AIDS infection and disease. Part II: Determinants operating at environmental and institutional level. Lancet Infect Dis. 2004 Jun; 4(6):368-75. PMID: 15172345.
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    138. Bates I, Fenton C, Gruber J, Lalloo D, Medina Lara A, Squire SB, Theobald S, Thomson R, Tolhurst R. Vulnerability to malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV/AIDS infection and disease. Part 1: determinants operating at individual and household level. Lancet Infect Dis. 2004 May; 4(5):267-77. PMID: 15120343.
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    139. Mwandumba HC, Russell DG, Nyirenda MH, Anderson J, White SA, Molyneux ME, Squire SB. Mycobacterium tuberculosis resides in nonacidified vacuoles in endocytically competent alveolar macrophages from patients with tuberculosis and HIV infection. J Immunol. 2004 Apr 01; 172(7):4592-8. PMID: 15034077.
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    140. Harries AD, Michongwe J, Nyirenda TE, Kemp JR, Squire SB, Ramsay AR, Godfrey-Faussett P, Salaniponi FM. Using a bus service for transporting sputum specimens to the Central Reference Laboratory: effect on the routine TB culture service in Malawi. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2004 Feb; 8(2):204-10. PMID: 15139449.
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    141. Salaniponi FM, Nyirenda TE, Kemp JR, Squire SB, Godfrey-Faussett P, Harries AD. Characteristics, management and outcome of patients with recurrent tuberculosis under routine programme conditions in Malawi. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2003 Oct; 7(10):948-52. PMID: 14552564.
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    142. Harries AD, Kumwenda J, Zijlstra EE, Broadhead RL, Squire SB, Salaniponi FM. Teaching tuberculosis control to medical undergraduates: the Malawi experience. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2003 Sep; 7(9):842-7. PMID: 12971667.
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    143. Yassin MA, Cuevas LE, Gebrexabher H, Squire SB. Efficacy and safety of short-term bleach digestion of sputum in case-finding for pulmonary tuberculosis in Ethiopia. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2003 Jul; 7(7):678-83. PMID: 12870690.
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    144. Mundy CJ, Bates I, Nkhoma W, Floyd K, Kadewele G, Ngwira M, Khuwi A, Squire SB, Gilks CF. The operation, quality and costs of a district hospital laboratory service in Malawi. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2003 Jul-Aug; 97(4):403-8. PMID: 15259467.
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    145. Theobald S, Kemp J, Squire B, Dick J, Macq J. The disciplinary background of the IJTLD editorial board. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2003 Jun; 7(6):604-5. PMID: 12797707.
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    146. Dowling JJ, Whitty CJ, Chaponda M, Munthali C, Zijlstra EE, Gilks CF, Squire SB, Gordon MA. Are intestinal helminths a risk factor for non-typhoidal Salmonella bacteraemia in adults in Africa who are seropositive for HIV? A case-control study. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2002 Mar; 96(2):203-8. PMID: 12080982.
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    147. Mundy CJ, Harries AD, Banerjee A, Salaniponi FM, Gilks CF, Squire SB. Quality assessment of sputum transportation, smear preparation and AFB microscopy in a rural district in Malawi. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2002 Jan; 6(1):47-54. PMID: 11931401.
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    148. Moore DA, Edwards M, Escombe R, Agranoff D, Bailey JW, Squire SB, Chiodini PL. African trypanosomiasis in travelers returning to the United Kingdom. Emerg Infect Dis. 2002 Jan; 8(1):74-6. PMID: 11749752.
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    149. Gordon SB, Molyneux ME, Boeree MJ, Kanyanda S, Chaponda M, Squire SB, Read RC. Opsonic phagocytosis of Streptococcus pneumoniae by alveolar macrophages is not impaired in human immunodeficiency virus-infected Malawian adults. J Infect Dis. 2001 Nov 15; 184(10):1345-9. PMID: 11679928.
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    150. Bates I, Mundy C, Pendame R, Kadewele G, Gilks C, Squire S. Use of clinical judgement to guide administration of blood transfusions in Malawi. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2001 Sep-Oct; 95(5):510-2. PMID: 11706662.
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    151. Hargreaves NJ, Kadzakumanja O, Whitty CJ, Salaniponi FM, Harries AD, Squire SB. 'Smear-negative' pulmonary tuberculosis in a DOTS programme: poor outcomes in an area of high HIV seroprevalence. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2001 Sep; 5(9):847-54. PMID: 11573897.
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    152. Hargreaves NJ, Kadzakumanja O, Phiri S, Lee CH, Tang X, Salaniponi FM, Harries AD, Squire SB. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in patients being registered for smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis in Malawi. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2001 Jul-Aug; 95(4):402-8. PMID: 11579884.
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    153. Hargreaves NJ, Kadzakumanja O, Phiri S, Nyangulu DS, Salaniponi FM, Harries AD, Squire SB. What causes smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis in Malawi, an area of high HIV seroprevalence? Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2001 Feb; 5(2):113-22. PMID: 11258504.
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    154. Mwandumba HC, Squire SB. Fully intermittent dosing with drugs for treating tuberculosis in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2001; (4):CD000970. PMID: 11687088.
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    155. Mundy C, Ngwira M, Kadewele G, Bates I, Squire SB, Gilks CF. Evaluation of microscope condition in Malawi. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2000 Sep-Oct; 94(5):583-4. PMID: 11132396.
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    156. Wilkinson D, Newman W, Reid A, Squire SB, Sturm AW, Gilks CF. Trial-of-antibiotic algorithm for the diagnosis of tuberculosis in a district hospital in a developing country with high HIV prevalence. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2000 Jun; 4(6):513-8. PMID: 10864181.
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    157. Hargreaves NJ, Phiri S, Kwanjana J, Nyangulu DS, Squire SB. Unrecognised Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Lancet. 2000 Jan 08; 355(9198):141; author reply 142-3. PMID: 10675185.
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    158. Mwandumba HC, Squire SB. Fully intermittent dosing with drugs for tuberculosis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2000; (2):CD000970. PMID: 10796561.
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    159. Mwandumba HC, Squire SB. Fully intermittent dosing with drugs for tuberculosis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2000; (4):CD000970. PMID: 11034692.
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    160. Zumla A, Mwaba P, Squire SB, Grange JM. The tuberculosis pandemic--which way now? J Infect. 1999 Mar; 38(2):74-9. PMID: 10342645.
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    161. Zumla A, Squire SB, Chintu C, Grange JM. The tuberculosis pandemic: implications for health in the tropics. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1999 Mar-Apr; 93(2):113-7. PMID: 10450430.
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    162. Wilkinson D, Squire SB, Garner P. Effect of preventive treatment for tuberculosis in adults infected with HIV: systematic review of randomised placebo controlled trials. BMJ. 1998 Sep 05; 317(7159):625-9. PMID: 9727988.
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    163. Squire SB, Davies PD. Treatment for mycobacterial infections. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 1998 Apr; 11(2):159-62. PMID: 17033382.
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    164. Croft AM, Garner P, Squire SB. Malaria prevention for travelers. JAMA. 1998 Apr 01; 279(13):990; author reply 991. PMID: 9533488.
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    165. Squire SB, Wilkinson D. Strengthening "DOTS" through community care for tuberculosis. BMJ. 1997 Nov 29; 315(7120):1395-6. PMID: 9418083.
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    166. Squire SB, Gray N, Hawley R, Hayward C, Ali A, Macfarlane S, Bianco AE, Beeching NJ, Taylor M, Agbaje S, Brabin B, Wyatt GB, Coulter JB, De Koning K. Informed consent. British institutions collaborating in projects overseas may face dilemma. BMJ. 1997 Jul 26; 315(7102):248. PMID: 9253279.
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    167. Harries AD, Kamenya A, Subramanyam VR, Maher D, Squire SB, Wirima JJ, Nyangulu DS, Nunn P. Screening pulmonary tuberculosis suspects in Malawi: testing different strategies. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1997 Jul-Aug; 91(4):416-9. PMID: 9373637.
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    168. Squire SB. AIDS in Africa: face the facts. Br J Hosp Med. 1997 Apr 16-May 6; 57(8):412. PMID: 9274672.
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    169. Pitman C, Amali R, Kanyerere H, Siyasiya A, Phiri S, Phiri A, Chakanika I, Kampondeni S, Chintolo FE, Kachenje E, Squire SB. Bloody diarrhoea of adults in Malawi: clinical features, infectious agents, and antimicrobial sensitivities. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1996 May-Jun; 90(3):284-7. PMID: 8758078.
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    170. Squire SB, Harries AD. Lessons to be learned from tuberculosis control in China. Lancet. 1996 Mar 23; 347(9004):835-6. PMID: 8622371.
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    171. Squire SB. Tropical medicine. Can we stand the heat? Lancet. 1995 Dec 23-30; 346 Suppl:s25. PMID: 9454043.
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    172. Lipman MC, Pillay D, Squire SB, Sweny P, Johnson MA. HIV infection in a long-term renal transplant recipient. Int J STD AIDS. 1995 Mar-Apr; 6(2):121-2. PMID: 7779925.
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    173. Lim SG, Lipman MC, Squire S, Pillay D, Gillespie S, Sankey EA, Dhillon AP, Johnson MA, Lee CA, Pounder RE. Audit of endoscopic surveillance biopsy specimens in HIV positive patients with gastrointestinal symptoms. Gut. 1993 Oct; 34(10):1429-32. PMID: 8244115.
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    174. Janossy G, Borthwick N, Lomnitzer R, Medina E, Squire SB, Phillips AN, Lipman M, Johnson MA, Lee C, Bofill M. Lymphocyte activation in HIV-1 infection. I. Predominant proliferative defects among CD45R0+ cells of the CD4 and CD8 lineages. AIDS. 1993 May; 7(5):613-24. PMID: 8318170.
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    175. Bray DH, Squire SB, Kawana A, Johnson MA, Poulter LW. Antiretroviral treatment reverses HIV-induced reduction in the expression of surface antigens on alveolar macrophages in AIDS patients. Clin Exp Immunol. 1993 Jan; 91(1):13-7. PMID: 8419072.
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    176. Bagdades EK, Pillay D, Squire SB, O'Neil C, Johnson MA, Griffiths PD. Relationship between herpes simplex virus ulceration and CD4+ cell counts in patients with HIV infection. AIDS. 1992 Nov; 6(11):1317-20. PMID: 1361745.
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    177. Bray DH, Squire SB, Bagdades E, Mulvenna PM, Johnson MA, Poulter LW. Alveolar macrophage populations are distorted in immunocompromised patients with pneumonitis. Eur Respir J. 1992 May; 5(5):545-52. PMID: 1351852.
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    178. Squire SJ, Kirchhoff KT. Positional oxygenation changes in air-transported neonates. Heart Lung. 1992 May; 21(3):255-9. PMID: 1592616.
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    179. Squire SB, Lipman MC, Bagdades EK, Mulvenna PM, Grundy JE, Griffiths PD, Johnson MA. Severe cytomegalovirus pneumonitis in HIV infected patients with higher than average CD4 counts. Thorax. 1992 Apr; 47(4):301-4. PMID: 1316639.
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    180. Squire SB, Elford J, Bor R, Tilsed G, Salt H, Bagdades EK, Janossy G, Griffiths PD, Johnson MA. Open access clinic providing HIV-I antibody results on day of testing: the first twelve months. BMJ. 1991 Jun 08; 302(6789):1383-6. PMID: 1676319.
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    181. Squire SB, Bagdades EK, Lee CA, Johnson MA. Pneumothorax and aerosolised pentamidine prophylaxis. Lancet. 1991 May 25; 337(8752):1288-9. PMID: 1674084.
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    182. Holliman RE, Johnson JD, Gillespie SH, Johnson MA, Squire SB, Savva D. New methods in the diagnosis and management of cerebral toxoplasmosis associated with the acquired immune deficiency syndrome. J Infect. 1991 May; 22(3):281-5. PMID: 2071911.
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    183. Squire SB, Johnson MA. Early diagnosis of HIV infection. Br J Hosp Med. 1990 Jul; 44(1):9. PMID: 2397342.
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    184. Squire SB. AIDS in the Nineties: from science to policy. Advances in clinical management. AIDS Care. 1990; 2(4):363-6. PMID: 1982506.
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    185. Jawad AS, Squire SB, Perry JD. Osteomalacia and coeliac disease presenting as isolated dactylitis. Ann Rheum Dis. 1988 Aug; 47(8):692-4. PMID: 2981031.
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