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Professor Richard John Hayes

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Choko AT, MacPherson P, Webb EL, Willey BA, Feasy H, Sambakunsi R, Mdolo A, Makombe SD, Desmond N, Hayes R, Maheswaran H, Corbett EL. Uptake, Accuracy, Safety, and Linkage into Care over Two Years of Promoting Annual Self-Testing for HIV in Blantyre, Malawi: A Community-Based Prospective Study. PLoS Med. 2015 Sep; 12(9):e1001873. PMID: 26348035.
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    2. Davey C, Aiken AM, Hayes RJ, Hargreaves JR. Re-analysis of health and educational impacts of a school-based deworming programme in western Kenya: a statistical replication of a cluster quasi-randomized stepped-wedge trial. Int J Epidemiol. 2015 Oct; 44(5):1581-92. PMID: 26203171.
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    3. Hargreaves JR, Aiken AM, Davey C, Hayes RJ. Authors' Response to: Deworming externalities and school impacts in Kenya. Int J Epidemiol. 2015 Oct; 44(5):1596-9. PMID: 26203173.
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    4. Aiken AM, Davey C, Hargreaves JR, Hayes RJ. Re-analysis of health and educational impacts of a school-based deworming programme in western Kenya: a pure replication. Int J Epidemiol. 2015 Oct; 44(5):1572-80. PMID: 26203169.
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    5. Katende D, Mutungi G, Baisley K, Biraro S, Ikoona E, Peck R, Smeeth L, Hayes R, Munderi P, Grosskurth H. Readiness of Ugandan health services for the management of outpatients with chronic diseases. Trop Med Int Health. 2015 Oct; 20(10):1385-95. PMID: 26095069.
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    6. Kavishe B, Biraro S, Baisley K, Vanobberghen F, Kapiga S, Munderi P, Smeeth L, Peck R, Mghamba J, Mutungi G, Ikoona E, Levin J, Bou Monclús MA, Katende D, Kisanga E, Hayes R, Grosskurth H. High prevalence of hypertension and of risk factors for non-communicable diseases (NCDs): a population based cross-sectional survey of NCDS and HIV infection in Northwestern Tanzania and Southern Uganda. BMC Med. 2015 May 29; 13:126. PMID: 26021319.
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    7. Vynnycky E, Sumner T, Fielding KL, Lewis JJ, Cox AP, Hayes RJ, Corbett EL, Churchyard GJ, Grant AD, White RG. Tuberculosis control in South African gold mines: mathematical modeling of a trial of community-wide isoniazid preventive therapy. Am J Epidemiol. 2015 Apr 15; 181(8):619-32. PMID: 25792607.
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    8. Hayes R, Fidler S, Cori A, Fraser C, Floyd S, Ayles H, Beyers N, El-Sadr W. HIV treatment-as-prevention research: taking the right road at the crossroads. PLoS Med. 2015 Mar; 12(3):e1001800. PMID: 25756285.
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    9. Pascoe SJ, Langhaug LF, Mavhu W, Hargreaves J, Jaffar S, Hayes R, Cowan FM. Poverty, food insufficiency and HIV infection and sexual behaviour among young rural Zimbabwean women. PLoS One. 2015; 10(1):e0115290. PMID: 25625868.
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    10. Morrison CS, Chen PL, Kwok C, Baeten JM, Brown J, Crook AM, Van Damme L, Delany-Moretlwe S, Francis SC, Friedland BA, Hayes RJ, Heffron R, Kapiga S, Karim QA, Karpoff S, Kaul R, McClelland RS, McCormack S, McGrath N, Myer L, Rees H, van der Straten A, Watson-Jones D, van de Wijgert JH, Stalter R, Low N. Hormonal contraception and the risk of HIV acquisition: an individual participant data meta-analysis. PLoS Med. 2015 Jan; 12(1):e1001778. PMID: 25612136.
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    11. Murphy N, Cross AJ, Huang WY, Rajabzadeh-Heshejin V, Stanczyk F, Hayes R, Gunter MJ. A prospective evaluation of C-peptide levels and colorectal adenoma incidence. Cancer Epidemiol. 2015 Apr; 39(2):160-5. PMID: 25592235.
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    12. Francis SC, Ao TT, Vanobberghen FM, Chilongani J, Hashim R, Andreasen A, Watson-Jones D, Changalucha J, Kapiga S, Hayes RJ. Epidemiology of curable sexually transmitted infections among women at increased risk for HIV in northwestern Tanzania: inadequacy of syndromic management. PLoS One. 2014; 9(7):e101221. PMID: 25025338.
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    13. MacPherson P, Lalloo DG, Webb EL, Maheswaran H, Choko AT, Makombe SD, Butterworth AE, van Oosterhout JJ, Desmond N, Thindwa D, Squire SB, Hayes RJ, Corbett EL. Effect of optional home initiation of HIV care following HIV self-testing on antiretroviral therapy initiation among adults in Malawi: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2014 Jul 23-30; 312(4):372-9. PMID: 25038356.
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    14. Crook AM, Ford D, Gafos M, Hayes R, Kamali A, Kapiga S, Nunn A, Chisembele M, Ramjee G, Rees H, McCormack S. Injectable and oral contraceptives and risk of HIV acquisition in women: an analysis of data from the MDP301 trial. Hum Reprod. 2014 Aug; 29(8):1810-7. PMID: 24838704.
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    15. Peck R, Mghamba J, Vanobberghen F, Kavishe B, Rugarabamu V, Smeeth L, Hayes R, Grosskurth H, Kapiga S. Preparedness of Tanzanian health facilities for outpatient primary care of hypertension and diabetes: a cross-sectional survey. Lancet Glob Health. 2014 May; 2(5):e285-92. PMID: 24818084.
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    16. Houlihan CF, de Sanjosé S, Baisley K, Changalucha J, Ross DA, Kapiga S, Godinez JM, Bozicevic I, Hayes RJ, Watson-Jones D. Prevalence of human papillomavirus in adolescent girls before reported sexual debut. J Infect Dis. 2014 Sep 15; 210(6):837-45. PMID: 24740630.
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    17. Vandepitte J, Weiss HA, Bukenya J, Kyakuwa N, Muller E, Buvé A, Van der Stuyft P, Hayes RJ, Grosskurth H. Association between Mycoplasma genitalium infection and HIV acquisition among female sex workers in Uganda: evidence from a nested case-control study. Sex Transm Infect. 2014 Nov; 90(7):545-9. PMID: 24687129.
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    18. Hayes R, Ayles H, Beyers N, Sabapathy K, Floyd S, Shanaube K, Bock P, Griffith S, Moore A, Watson-Jones D, Fraser C, Vermund SH, Fidler S. HPTN 071 (PopART): rationale and design of a cluster-randomised trial of the population impact of an HIV combination prevention intervention including universal testing and treatment - a study protocol for a cluster randomised trial. Trials. 2014 Feb 13; 15:57. PMID: 24524229.
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    19. Phillips G, Bottomley C, Schmidt E, Tobi P, Lais S, Yu G, Lynch R, Lock K, Draper A, Moore D, Clow A, Petticrew M, Hayes R, Renton A. Well London Phase-1: results among adults of a cluster-randomised trial of a community engagement approach to improving health behaviours and mental well-being in deprived inner-city neighbourhoods. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2014 Jul; 68(7):606-14. PMID: 24489043.
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    20. Churchyard GJ, Fielding KL, Lewis JJ, Coetzee L, Corbett EL, Godfrey-Faussett P, Hayes RJ, Chaisson RE, Grant AD. A trial of mass isoniazid preventive therapy for tuberculosis control. N Engl J Med. 2014 Jan 23; 370(4):301-10. PMID: 24450889.
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    21. Cori A, Ayles H, Beyers N, Schaap A, Floyd S, Sabapathy K, Eaton JW, Hauck K, Smith P, Griffith S, Moore A, Donnell D, Vermund SH, Fidler S, Hayes R, Fraser C. HPTN 071 (PopART): a cluster-randomized trial of the population impact of an HIV combination prevention intervention including universal testing and treatment: mathematical model. PLoS One. 2014; 9(1):e84511. PMID: 24454728.
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    22. Mongi AS, Baisley K, Ao TT, Chilongani J, Aguirre-Andreasen A, Francis SC, Shao J, Hayes R, Kapiga S. Factors associated with problem drinking among women employed in food and recreational facilities in northern Tanzania. PLoS One. 2013; 8(12):e84447. PMID: 24391956.
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    23. Lees S, Zalwango F, Andrew B, Vandepitte J, Seeley J, Hayes RJ, Francis SC. Understanding motives for intravaginal practices amongst Tanzanian and Ugandan women at high risk of HIV infection: the embodiment of social and cultural norms and well-being. Soc Sci Med. 2014 Feb; 102:165-73. PMID: 24565154.
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    24. Njai HF, Ewings FM, Lyimo E, Foulongne V, Ngerageza D, Mongi A, Ssemwanga D, Andreasen A, Nyombi B, Ao T, Michael D, Urassa M, Todd J, Zaba B, Changalucha J, Hayes R, Kapiga SH. Deciphering the complex distribution of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 subtypes among different cohorts in Northern Tanzania. PLoS One. 2013; 8(12):e81848. PMID: 24349139.
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    25. Brown J, Baisley K, Kavishe B, Changalucha J, Andreasen A, Mayaud P, Gumodoka B, Kapiga S, Hayes R, Watson-Jones D. Impact of malaria and helminth infections on immunogenicity of the human papillomavirus-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine in Tanzania. Vaccine. 2014 Jan 23; 32(5):611-7. PMID: 24291193.
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    26. Baisley K, Baeten JM, Hughes JP, Donnell DJ, Wang J, Hayes R, Watson Jones D, Celum C. Summary measures of adherence using pill counts in two HIV prevention trials: the need for standardisation in reporting. AIDS Behav. 2013 Nov; 17(9):3108-19. PMID: 23801018.
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    27. McCreesh N, Copas A, Seeley J, Johnston LG, Sonnenberg P, Hayes RJ, Frost SD, White RG. Respondent driven sampling: determinants of recruitment and a method to improve point estimation. PLoS One. 2013; 8(10):e78402. PMID: 24205221.
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    28. Pascoe SJ, Hargreaves JR, Langhaug LF, Hayes RJ, Cowan FM. 'How poor are you?' -- a comparison of four questionnaire delivery modes for assessing socio-economic position in rural zimbabwe. PLoS One. 2013; 8(9):e74977. PMID: 24073230.
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    29. Ayles H, Muyoyeta M, Du Toit E, Schaap A, Floyd S, Simwinga M, Shanaube K, Chishinga N, Bond V, Dunbar R, De Haas P, James A, Gey van Pittius NC, Claassens M, Fielding K, Fenty J, Sismanidis C, Hayes RJ, Beyers N, Godfrey-Faussett P. Effect of household and community interventions on the burden of tuberculosis in southern Africa: the ZAMSTAR community-randomised trial. Lancet. 2013 Oct 05; 382(9899):1183-94. PMID: 23915882.
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    30. Calvert C, Baisley K, Doyle AM, Maganja K, Changalucha J, Watson-Jones D, Hayes RJ, Ross DA. Risk factors for unplanned pregnancy among young women in Tanzania. J Fam Plann Reprod Health Care. 2013 Oct; 39(4):e2. PMID: 23902713.
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    31. Kapiga SH, Ewings FM, Ao T, Chilongani J, Mongi A, Baisley K, Francis S, Andreasen A, Hashim R, Watson-Jones D, Changalucha J, Hayes R. The epidemiology of HIV and HSV-2 infections among women participating in microbicide and vaccine feasibility studies in Northern Tanzania. PLoS One. 2013; 8(7):e68825. PMID: 23874780.
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    32. Vermund SH, Fidler SJ, Ayles H, Beyers N, Hayes RJ. Can combination prevention strategies reduce HIV transmission in generalized epidemic settings in Africa? The HPTN 071 (PopART) study plan in South Africa and Zambia. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2013 Jul; 63 Suppl 2:S221-7. PMID: 23764639.
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    33. Vermund SH, Hayes RJ. Combination prevention: new hope for stopping the epidemic. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 2013 Jun; 10(2):169-86. PMID: 23456730.
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    34. Vandepitte J, Weiss HA, Kyakuwa N, Nakubulwa S, Muller E, Buvé A, Van der Stuyft P, Hayes R, Grosskurth H. Natural history of Mycoplasma genitalium infection in a cohort of female sex workers in Kampala, Uganda. Sex Transm Dis. 2013 May; 40(5):422-7. PMID: 23588134.
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    35. Francis SC, Baisley K, Lees SS, Andrew B, Zalwango F, Seeley J, Vandepitte J, Ao TT, van de Wijgert J, Watson-Jones D, Kapiga S, Grosskurth H, Hayes RJ. Vaginal practices among women at high risk of HIV infection in Uganda and Tanzania: recorded behaviour from a daily pictorial diary. PLoS One. 2013; 8(3):e59085. PMID: 23555618.
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    36. Todd J, Riedner G, Maboko L, Hoelscher M, Weiss HA, Lyamuya E, Mabey D, Rusizoka M, Belec L, Hayes R. Effect of genital herpes on cervicovaginal HIV shedding in women co-infected with HIV AND HSV-2 in Tanzania. PLoS One. 2013; 8(3):e59037. PMID: 23516595.
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    37. Watson-Jones D, Baisley K, Brown J, Kavishe B, Andreasen A, Changalucha J, Mayaud P, Kapiga S, Gumodoka B, Hayes RJ, de Sanjosé S. High prevalence and incidence of human papillomavirus in a cohort of healthy young African female subjects. Sex Transm Infect. 2013 Aug; 89(5):358-65. PMID: 23486859.
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    38. Abaasa A, Crook A, Gafos M, Anywaine Z, Levin J, Wandiembe S, Nanoo A, Nunn A, McCormack S, Hayes R, Kamali A. Long-term consistent use of a vaginal microbicide gel among HIV-1 sero-discordant couples in a phase III clinical trial (MDP 301) in rural south-west Uganda. Trials. 2013 Feb 01; 14:33. PMID: 23374729.
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    39. Vandepitte J, Weiss HA, Bukenya J, Nakubulwa S, Mayanja Y, Matovu G, Kyakuwa N, Hughes P, Hayes R, Grosskurth H. Alcohol use, mycoplasma genitalium, and other STIs associated With HIV incidence among women at high risk in Kampala, Uganda. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2013 Jan 01; 62(1):119-26. PMID: 23075920.
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    40. Sow PS, Watson-Jones D, Kiviat N, Changalucha J, Mbaye KD, Brown J, Bousso K, Kavishe B, Andreasen A, Toure M, Kapiga S, Mayaud P, Hayes R, Lebacq M, Herazeh M, Thomas F, Descamps D. Safety and immunogenicity of human papillomavirus-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine: a randomized trial in 10-25-year-old HIV-Seronegative African girls and young women. J Infect Dis. 2013 Jun 01; 207(11):1753-63. PMID: 23242542.
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    41. Bukenya J, Vandepitte J, Kwikiriza M, Weiss HA, Hayes R, Grosskurth H. Condom use among female sex workers in Uganda. AIDS Care. 2013; 25(6):767-74. PMID: 23216336.
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    42. Sabapathy K, Van den Bergh R, Fidler S, Hayes R, Ford N. Uptake of home-based voluntary HIV testing in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS Med. 2012; 9(12):e1001351. PMID: 23226107.
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    43. Quentin W, Terris-Prestholt F, Changalucha J, Soteli S, Edmunds WJ, Hutubessy R, Ross DA, Kapiga S, Hayes R, Watson-Jones D. Costs of delivering human papillomavirus vaccination to schoolgirls in Mwanza Region, Tanzania. BMC Med. 2012 Nov 13; 10:137. PMID: 23148516.
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    44. Houlihan CF, Larke NL, Watson-Jones D, Smith-McCune KK, Shiboski S, Gravitt PE, Smith JS, Kuhn L, Wang C, Hayes R. Human papillomavirus infection and increased risk of HIV acquisition. A systematic review and meta-analysis. AIDS. 2012 Nov 13; 26(17):2211-22. PMID: 22874522.
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    45. Watson-Jones D, Tomlin K, Remes P, Baisley K, Ponsiano R, Soteli S, de Sanjosé S, Changalucha J, Kapiga S, Hayes RJ. Reasons for receiving or not receiving HPV vaccination in primary schoolgirls in Tanzania: a case control study. PLoS One. 2012; 7(10):e45231. PMID: 23115621.
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    46. Webb EL, Hayes RJ, Glynn JR. Cash transfer scheme for reducing HIV and herpes simplex type 2. Lancet. 2012 Sep 01; 380(9844):802; author reply 802-3. PMID: 22939676.
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    47. Francis SC, Lees SS, Andrew B, Zalwango F, Vandepitte J, Ao T, Baisley K, Kapiga S, Grosskurth H, Hayes R. Vaginal practices diary: development of a pictorial data collection tool for sensitive behavioral data. Sex Transm Dis. 2012 Aug; 39(8):614-21. PMID: 22801344.
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    48. Baisley K, Doyle AM, Changalucha J, Maganja K, Watson-Jones D, Hayes R, Ross D. Uptake of voluntary counselling and testing among young people participating in an HIV prevention trial: comparison of opt-out and opt-in strategies. PLoS One. 2012; 7(7):e42108. PMID: 22848722.
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    49. Phillips G, Renton A, Moore DG, Bottomley C, Schmidt E, Lais S, Yu G, Wall M, Tobi P, Frostick C, Clow A, Lock K, Petticrew M, Hayes R. The Well London program--a cluster randomized trial of community engagement for improving health behaviors and mental wellbeing: baseline survey results. Trials. 2012 Jul 06; 13:105. PMID: 22769971.
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    50. Forbes HJ, Doyle AM, Maganja K, Changalucha J, Weiss HA, Ross DA, Hayes RJ. Rapid increase in prevalence of male circumcision in rural Tanzania in the absence of a promotional campaign. PLoS One. 2012; 7(7):e40507. PMID: 22792359.
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    51. Remes P, Selestine V, Changalucha J, Ross DA, Wight D, de Sanjosé S, Kapiga S, Hayes RJ, Watson-Jones D. A qualitative study of HPV vaccine acceptability among health workers, teachers, parents, female pupils, and religious leaders in northwest Tanzania. Vaccine. 2012 Aug 03; 30(36):5363-7. PMID: 22732428.
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    52. Watson-Jones D, Baisley K, Ponsiano R, Lemme F, Remes P, Ross D, Kapiga S, Mayaud P, de Sanjosé S, Wight D, Changalucha J, Hayes R. Human papillomavirus vaccination in Tanzanian schoolgirls: cluster-randomized trial comparing 2 vaccine-delivery strategies. J Infect Dis. 2012 Sep 01; 206(5):678-86. PMID: 22711908.
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    53. McCreesh N, O'Brien K, Nsubuga RN, Shafer LA, Bakker R, Seeley J, Hayes RJ, White RG. Exploring the potential impact of a reduction in partnership concurrency on HIV incidence in rural Uganda: a modeling study. Sex Transm Dis. 2012 Jun; 39(6):407-13. PMID: 22592824.
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    54. Vandepitte J, Bukenya J, Hughes P, Muller E, Buvé A, Hayes R, Weiss HA, Grosskurth H. Clinical characteristics associated with Mycoplasma genitalium infection among women at high risk of HIV and other STI in Uganda. Sex Transm Dis. 2012 Jun; 39(6):487-91. PMID: 22592838.
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    55. Odutola A, Baisley K, Hayes RJ, Rusizoka M, Tanton C, Weiss HA, Changalucha J, Ross DA, Watson-Jones D. Pregnancy and contraceptive use among women participating in an HIV prevention trial in Tanzania. Sex Transm Infect. 2012 Oct; 88(6):436-43. PMID: 22436198.
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    56. Vallely A, Lees S, Shagi C, Kapiga S, McCormack S, Hayes R. Ethics, justice and community participation in the Microbicides Development Programme (MDP) Phase III trial in Mwanza, Tanzania. Am J Bioeth. 2012; 12(11):46-8. PMID: 23072681.
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    57. McCreesh N, Frost SD, Seeley J, Katongole J, Tarsh MN, Ndunguse R, Jichi F, Lunel NL, Maher D, Johnston LG, Sonnenberg P, Copas AJ, Hayes RJ, White RG. Evaluation of respondent-driven sampling. Epidemiology. 2012 Jan; 23(1):138-47. PMID: 22157309.
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    58. Hayes RJ, White RG. Role of acute infection in HIV transmission. Lancet. 2011 Dec 03; 378(9807):1913-4; author reply 1914-5. PMID: 22137836.
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    59. Vandepitte J, Muller E, Bukenya J, Nakubulwa S, Kyakuwa N, Buvé A, Weiss H, Hayes R, Grosskurth H. Prevalence and correlates of Mycoplasma genitalium infection among female sex workers in Kampala, Uganda. J Infect Dis. 2012 Jan 15; 205(2):289-96. PMID: 22102734.
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    60. McCreesh N, Johnston LG, Copas A, Sonnenberg P, Seeley J, Hayes RJ, Frost SD, White RG. Evaluation of the role of location and distance in recruitment in respondent-driven sampling. Int J Health Geogr. 2011 Oct 18; 10:56. PMID: 22008416.
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    61. Orroth KK, White RG, Freeman EE, Bakker R, Buvé A, Glynn JR, Habbema JD, Hayes RJ. Attempting to explain heterogeneous HIV epidemics in sub-Saharan Africa: potential role of historical changes in risk behaviour and male circumcision. Sex Transm Infect. 2011 Dec; 87(7):640-5. PMID: 21926115.
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    62. Doyle AM, Weiss HA, Maganja K, Kapiga S, McCormack S, Watson-Jones D, Changalucha J, Hayes RJ, Ross DA. The long-term impact of the MEMA kwa Vijana adolescent sexual and reproductive health intervention: effect of dose and time since intervention exposure. PLoS One. 2011; 6(9):e24866. PMID: 21931861.
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    63. Hayes R, Sabapathy K, Fidler S. Universal testing and treatment as an HIV prevention strategy: research questions and methods. Curr HIV Res. 2011 Sep; 9(6):429-45. PMID: 21999778.
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    64. Cox AP, Foss AM, Shafer LA, Nsubuga RN, Vickerman P, Hayes RJ, Watts C, White RG. Attaining realistic and substantial reductions in HIV incidence: model projections of combining microbicide and male circumcision interventions in rural Uganda. Sex Transm Infect. 2011 Dec; 87(7):635-9. PMID: 21768615.
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    65. Tanton C, Weiss HA, LeGoff J, Changalucha J, Clayton TC, Ross DA, Belec L, Hayes RJ, Watson-Jones D. Patterns of herpes simplex virus shedding over 1 month and the impact of acyclovir and HIV in HSV-2-seropositive women in Tanzania. Sex Transm Infect. 2011 Aug; 87(5):406-11. PMID: 21653932.
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    66. Plummer ML, Wight D, Obasi AI, Changalucha J, Hayes RJ, Ross DA. AIDS education programmes hit some targets: improving youth HIV prevention by sharing resources and better addressing community norms and concurrency. AIDS. 2011 May 15; 25(8):1139-41. PMID: 21537120.
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    67. Vandepitte J, Bukenya J, Weiss HA, Nakubulwa S, Francis SC, Hughes P, Hayes R, Grosskurth H. HIV and other sexually transmitted infections in a cohort of women involved in high-risk sexual behavior in Kampala, Uganda. Sex Transm Dis. 2011 Apr; 38(4):316-23. PMID: 23330152.
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    68. Tanton C, Weiss HA, Le Goff J, Changalucha J, Rusizoka M, Baisley K, Everett D, Ross DA, Belec L, Hayes RJ, Watson-Jones D. Correlates of HIV-1 genital shedding in Tanzanian women. PLoS One. 2011 Mar 01; 6(3):e17480. PMID: 21390251.
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    69. Low N, Chersich MF, Schmidlin K, Egger M, Francis SC, van de Wijgert JH, Hayes RJ, Baeten JM, Brown J, Delany-Moretlwe S, Kaul R, McGrath N, Morrison C, Myer L, Temmerman M, van der Straten A, Watson-Jones D, Zwahlen M, Hilber AM. Intravaginal practices, bacterial vaginosis, and HIV infection in women: individual participant data meta-analysis. PLoS Med. 2011 Feb 15; 8(2):e1000416. PMID: 21358808.
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    70. Fielding KL, Grant AD, Hayes RJ, Chaisson RE, Corbett EL, Churchyard GJ. Thibela TB: design and methods of a cluster randomised trial of the effect of community-wide isoniazid preventive therapy on tuberculosis amongst gold miners in South Africa. Contemp Clin Trials. 2011 May; 32(3):382-92. PMID: 21193066.
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    71. Shafer LA, White RG, Nsubuga RN, Chapman R, Hayes R, Grosskurth H. The role of the natural epidemic dynamics and migration in explaining the course of the HIV epidemic in rural Uganda: a modelling study. Int J Epidemiol. 2011 Apr; 40(2):397-404. PMID: 21147847.
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    72. Churchyard GJ, Fielding K, Roux S, Corbett EL, Chaisson RE, De Cock KM, Hayes RJ, Grant AD. Twelve-monthly versus six-monthly radiological screening for active case-finding of tuberculosis: a randomised controlled trial. Thorax. 2011 Feb; 66(2):134-9. PMID: 21098802.
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    73. Cowan FM, Pascoe SJ, Langhaug LF, Mavhu W, Chidiya S, Jaffar S, Mbizvo MT, Stephenson JM, Johnson AM, Power RM, Woelk G, Hayes RJ. The Regai Dzive Shiri project: results of a randomized trial of an HIV prevention intervention for youth. AIDS. 2010 Oct 23; 24(16):2541-52. PMID: 20881473.
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    74. LeGoff J, Tanton C, Delaugerre C, Weiss HA, Changalucha J, Ross DA, Mugeye K, Belec L, Hayes RJ, Watson-Jones D. No selection of nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor resistance associated mutations by acyclovir suppressive therapy in herpes simplex virus-2/HIV-1 dually infected persons. AIDS. 2010 Oct 23; 24(16):2595-6. PMID: 20940537.
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    75. Langhaug LF, Cheung YB, Pascoe SJ, Chirawu P, Woelk G, Hayes RJ, Cowan FM. How you ask really matters: randomised comparison of four sexual behaviour questionnaire delivery modes in Zimbabwean youth. Sex Transm Infect. 2011 Mar; 87(2):165-73. PMID: 20943824.
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    76. Corbett EL, Bandason T, Duong T, Dauya E, Makamure B, Churchyard GJ, Williams BG, Munyati SS, Butterworth AE, Mason PR, Mungofa S, Hayes RJ. Comparison of two active case-finding strategies for community-based diagnosis of symptomatic smear-positive tuberculosis and control of infectious tuberculosis in Harare, Zimbabwe (DETECTB): a cluster-randomised trial. Lancet. 2010 Oct 09; 376(9748):1244-53. PMID: 20923715.
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    77. Kapiga S, Hayes R, Buvé A. HIV prevention--where now? Background and introduction. AIDS. 2010 Oct; 24 Suppl 4:S1-3. PMID: 21042048.
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    78. Hayes R, Watson-Jones D, Celum C, van de Wijgert J, Wasserheit J. Treatment of sexually transmitted infections for HIV prevention: end of the road or new beginning? AIDS. 2010 Oct; 24 Suppl 4:S15-26. PMID: 21042049.
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    79. Hayes R, Kapiga S, Padian N, McCormack S, Wasserheit J. HIV prevention research: taking stock and the way forward. AIDS. 2010 Oct; 24 Suppl 4:S81-92. PMID: 21042056.
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    80. Allen CF, Desmond N, Chiduo B, Medard L, Lees SS, Vallely A, Francis SC, Ross DA, Hayes RJ. Intravaginal and menstrual practices among women working in food and recreational facilities in Mwanza, Tanzania: implications for microbicide trials. AIDS Behav. 2010 Oct; 14(5):1169-81. PMID: 20665101.
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    82. Watson-Jones D, Wald A, Celum C, Lingappa J, Weiss HA, Changalucha J, Baisley K, Tanton C, Hayes RJ, Marshak JO, Gladden RG, Koelle DM. Use of acyclovir for suppression of human immunodeficiency virus infection is not associated with genotypic evidence of herpes simplex virus type 2 resistance to acyclovir: analysis of specimens from three phase III trials. J Clin Microbiol. 2010 Oct; 48(10):3496-503. PMID: 20702659.
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    84. Langhaug LF, Pascoe SJ, Mavhu W, Woelk G, Sherr L, Hayes RJ, Cowan FM. High prevalence of affective disorders among adolescents living in Rural Zimbabwe. J Community Health. 2010 Aug; 35(4):355-64. PMID: 20571897.
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    86. Santhakumaran S, O'Brien K, Bakker R, Ealden T, Shafer LA, Daniel RM, Chapman R, Hayes RJ, White RG. Polygyny and symmetric concurrency: comparing long-duration sexually transmitted infection prevalence using simulated sexual networks. Sex Transm Infect. 2010 Dec; 86(7):553-8. PMID: 20656724.
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    89. Stolzenberg-Solomon RZ, Jacobs EJ, Arslan AA, Qi D, Patel AV, Helzlsouer KJ, Weinstein SJ, McCullough ML, Purdue MP, Shu XO, Snyder K, Virtamo J, Wilkins LR, Yu K, Zeleniuch-Jacquotte A, Zheng W, Albanes D, Cai Q, Harvey C, Hayes R, Clipp S, Horst RL, Irish L, Koenig K, Le Marchand L, Kolonel LN. Circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D and risk of pancreatic cancer: Cohort Consortium Vitamin D Pooling Project of Rarer Cancers. Am J Epidemiol. 2010 Jul 01; 172(1):81-93. PMID: 20562185.
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    90. Vallely A, Lees S, Shagi C, Kasindi S, Soteli S, Kavit N, Vallely L, McCormack S, Pool R, Hayes RJ. How informed is consent in vulnerable populations? Experience using a continuous consent process during the MDP301 vaginal microbicide trial in Mwanza, Tanzania. BMC Med Ethics. 2010 Jun 13; 11:10. PMID: 20540803.
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    91. Larke N, Cleophas-Mazige B, Plummer ML, Obasi AI, Rwakatare M, Todd J, Changalucha J, Weiss HA, Hayes RJ, Ross DA. Impact of the MEMA kwa Vijana adolescent sexual and reproductive health interventions on use of health services by young people in rural Mwanza, Tanzania: results of a cluster randomized trial. J Adolesc Health. 2010 Nov; 47(5):512-22. PMID: 20970087.
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    93. Vallely A, Hambleton IR, Kasindi S, Knight L, Francis SC, Chirwa T, Everett D, Shagi C, Cook C, Barberousse C, Watson-Jones D, Changalucha J, Ross D, Hayes RJ. Are women who work in bars, guesthouses and similar facilities a suitable study population for vaginal microbicide trials in Africa? PLoS One. 2010 May 14; 5(5):e10661. PMID: 20498833.
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    94. Tanton C, Weiss HA, Rusizoka M, Legoff J, Changalucha J, Baisley K, Mugeye K, Everett D, Belec L, Clayton TC, Ross DA, Hayes RJ, Watson-Jones D. Long-term impact of acyclovir suppressive therapy on genital and plasma HIV RNA in Tanzanian women: a randomized controlled trial. J Infect Dis. 2010 May 01; 201(9):1285-97. PMID: 20235836.
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    98. Pascoe SJ, Langhaug LF, Durawo J, Woelk G, Ferrand R, Jaffar S, Hayes R, Cowan FM. Increased risk of HIV-infection among school-attending orphans in rural Zimbabwe. AIDS Care. 2010 Feb; 22(2):206-20. PMID: 20390499.
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    99. Corbett EL, Zezai A, Cheung YB, Bandason T, Dauya E, Munyati SS, Butterworth AE, Rusikaniko S, Churchyard GJ, Mungofa S, Hayes RJ, Mason PR. Provider-initiated symptom screening for tuberculosis in Zimbabwe: diagnostic value and the effect of HIV status. Bull World Health Organ. 2010 Jan; 88(1):13-21. PMID: 20428349.
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    100. Nunn A, McCormack S, Crook AM, Pool R, Rutterford C, Hayes R. Microbicides Development Programme: design of a phase III trial to measure the efficacy of the vaginal microbicide PRO 2000/5 for HIV prevention. Trials. 2009 Oct 27; 10:99. PMID: 19860888.
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    101. Vallely A, Shagi C, Lees S, Shapiro K, Masanja J, Nikolau L, Kazimoto J, Soteli S, Moffat C, Changalucha J, McCormack S, Hayes RJ. Microbicides development programme: engaging the community in the standard of care debate in a vaginal microbicide trial in Mwanza, Tanzania. BMC Med Ethics. 2009 Oct 09; 10:17. PMID: 19814830.
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    102. Corbett EL, Bandason T, Cheung YB, Makamure B, Dauya E, Munyati SS, Churchyard GJ, Williams BG, Butterworth AE, Mungofa S, Hayes RJ, Mason PR. Prevalent infectious tuberculosis in Harare, Zimbabwe: burden, risk factors and implications for control. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2009 Oct; 13(10):1231-7. PMID: 19793427.
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    103. Lewis JJ, Charalambous S, Day JH, Fielding KL, Grant AD, Hayes RJ, Corbett EL, Churchyard GJ. HIV infection does not affect active case finding of tuberculosis in South African gold miners. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2009 Dec 15; 180(12):1271-8. PMID: 19745207.
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    104. Watson-Jones D, Baisley K, Rusizoka M, Tanton C, Mugeye K, Weiss HA, Changalucha J, Clayton T, Hambleton I, Ross DA, Hayes RJ. Measurement and predictors of adherence in a trial of HSV suppressive therapy in Tanzania. Contemp Clin Trials. 2009 Nov; 30(6):504-12. PMID: 19665587.
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    105. Cousens S, Hargreaves J, Bonell C, Armstrong B, Thomas J, Kirkwood BR, Hayes R. Alternatives to randomisation in the evaluation of public-health interventions: statistical analysis and causal inference. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2011 Jul; 65(7):576-81. PMID: 19666633.
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    106. Mayaud P, Legoff J, Weiss HA, Grésenguet G, Nzambi K, Bouhlal H, Frost E, Pépin J, Malkin JE, Hayes RJ, Mabey DC, Bélec L. Impact of acyclovir on genital and plasma HIV-1 RNA, genital herpes simplex virus type 2 DNA, and ulcer healing among HIV-1-infected African women with herpes ulcers: a randomized placebo-controlled trial. J Infect Dis. 2009 Jul 15; 200(2):216-26. PMID: 19530940.
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    107. Pascoe SJ, Langhaug LF, Mudzori J, Burke E, Hayes R, Cowan FM. Field evaluation of diagnostic accuracy of an oral fluid rapid test for HIV, tested at point-of-service sites in rural Zimbabwe. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2009 Jul; 23(7):571-6. PMID: 19530953.
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    108. Wall M, Hayes R, Moore D, Petticrew M, Clow A, Schmidt E, Draper A, Lock K, Lynch R, Renton A. Evaluation of community level interventions to address social and structural determinants of health: a cluster randomised controlled trial. BMC Public Health. 2009 Jun 28; 9:207. PMID: 19558712.
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    109. Thomson A, Hayes R, Cousens S. Measures of between-cluster variability in cluster randomized trials with binary outcomes. Stat Med. 2009 May 30; 28(12):1739-51. PMID: 19378266.
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    110. Baisley K, Changalucha J, Weiss HA, Mugeye K, Everett D, Hambleton I, Hay P, Ross D, Tanton C, Chirwa T, Hayes R, Watson-Jones D. Bacterial vaginosis in female facility workers in north-western Tanzania: prevalence and risk factors. Sex Transm Infect. 2009 Sep; 85(5):370-5. PMID: 19473997.
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    111. Dennerstein L, Hayes R, Sand M, Lehert P. Attitudes toward and frequency of partner interactions among women reporting decreased sexual desire. J Sex Med. 2009 Jun; 6(6):1668-1673. PMID: 19453914.
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    112. Langhaug LF, Cheung YB, Pascoe S, Hayes R, Cowan FM. Difference in prevalence of common mental disorder as measured using four questionnaire delivery methods among young people in rural Zimbabwe. J Affect Disord. 2009 Nov; 118(1-3):220-3. PMID: 19303145.
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    113. Everett DB, Baisley K, Changalucha J, Vallely A, Watson-Jones D, Cook C, Knight L, Ross DA, Mugeye K, McCormack S, Lacey CJ, Jentsch U, Hayes RJ. Suitability of simple human immunodeficiency virus rapid tests in clinical trials in community-based clinic settings. J Clin Microbiol. 2009 Apr; 47(4):1058-62. PMID: 19244458.
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    114. Bonell CP, Hargreaves J, Cousens S, Ross D, Hayes R, Petticrew M, Kirkwood BR. Alternatives to randomisation in the evaluation of public health interventions: design challenges and solutions. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2011 Jul; 65(7):582-7. PMID: 19213758.
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    115. Boily MC, Baggaley RF, Wang L, Masse B, White RG, Hayes RJ, Alary M. Heterosexual risk of HIV-1 infection per sexual act: systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. Lancet Infect Dis. 2009 Feb; 9(2):118-29. PMID: 19179227.
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    116. Watson-Jones D, Baisley K, Weiss HA, Tanton C, Changalucha J, Everett D, Chirwa T, Ross D, Clayton T, Hayes R. Risk factors for HIV incidence in women participating in an HSV suppressive treatment trial in Tanzania. AIDS. 2009 Jan 28; 23(3):415-22. PMID: 19114859.
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    117. Freeman EE, White RG, Bakker R, Orroth KK, Weiss HA, Buvé A, Hayes RJ, Glynn JR. Population-level effect of potential HSV2 prophylactic vaccines on HIV incidence in sub-Saharan Africa. Vaccine. 2009 Feb 05; 27(6):940-6. PMID: 19071187.
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    118. Klavs I, Rodrigues LC, Wellings K, Weiss HA, Hayes R. Sexual behaviour and HIV/sexually transmitted infection risk behaviours in the general population of Slovenia, a low HIV prevalence country in central Europe. Sex Transm Infect. 2009 Apr; 85(2):132-8. PMID: 19060036.
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    119. Ayles HM, Sismanidis C, Beyers N, Hayes RJ, Godfrey-Faussett P. ZAMSTAR, The Zambia South Africa TB and HIV Reduction Study: design of a 2 x 2 factorial community randomized trial. Trials. 2008 Nov 07; 9:63. PMID: 18992133.
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    120. White R, Celum C, Wasserheit J, Aral S, Hayes R. Control of sexually transmitted infections for HIV prevention. Lancet. 2008 Oct 11; 372(9646):1297; author reply 1297-8. PMID: 18929894.
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    121. Shagi C, Vallely A, Kasindi S, Chiduo B, Desmond N, Soteli S, Kavit N, Vallely L, Lees S, Hayes R, Ross D. A model for community representation and participation in HIV prevention trials among women who engage in transactional sex in Africa. AIDS Care. 2008 Oct; 20(9):1039-49. PMID: 18825513.
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    122. White RG, Freeman EE, Orroth KK, Bakker R, Weiss HA, O'Farrell N, Buvé A, Hayes RJ, Glynn JR. Population-level effect of HSV-2 therapy on the incidence of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa. Sex Transm Infect. 2008 Oct; 84 Suppl 2:ii12-8. PMID: 18799486.
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    123. White RG, Glynn JR, Orroth KK, Freeman EE, Bakker R, Weiss HA, Kumaranayake L, Habbema JD, Buvé A, Hayes RJ. Male circumcision for HIV prevention in sub-Saharan Africa: who, what and when? AIDS. 2008 Sep 12; 22(14):1841-50. PMID: 18753931.
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    124. Cowan FM, Pascoe SJ, Langhaug LF, Dirawo J, Chidiya S, Jaffar S, Mbizvo M, Stephenson JM, Johnson AM, Power RM, Woelk G, Hayes RJ. The Regai Dzive Shiri Project: a cluster randomised controlled trial to determine the effectiveness of a multi-component community-based HIV prevention intervention for rural youth in Zimbabwe--study design and baseline results. Trop Med Int Health. 2008 Oct; 13(10):1235-44. PMID: 18778329.
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    125. Huang WY, Hayes R, Pfeiffer R, Viscidi RP, Lee FK, Wang YF, Reding D, Whitby D, Papp JR, Rabkin CS. Sexually transmissible infections and prostate cancer risk. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2008 Sep; 17(9):2374-81. PMID: 18768506.
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    126. White RG, Moodley P, McGrath N, Hosegood V, Zaba B, Herbst K, Newell M, Sturm WA, Hayes RJ. Low effectiveness of syndromic treatment services for curable sexually transmitted infections in rural South Africa. Sex Transm Infect. 2008 Dec; 84(7):528-34. PMID: 18708485.
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    127. Hayes R. Prevention of HIV in young people in Africa. BMJ. 2008 Aug 07; 337:a743. PMID: 18687722.
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    128. Cowan FM, Pascoe SJ, Barlow KL, Langhaug LF, Jaffar S, Hargrove JW, Robinson NJ, Bassett MT, Wilson D, Brown DW, Hayes RJ. A randomised placebo-controlled trial to explore the effect of suppressive therapy with acyclovir on genital shedding of HIV-1 and herpes simplex virus type 2 among Zimbabwean sex workers. Sex Transm Infect. 2008 Dec; 84(7):548-53. PMID: 18684855.
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    129. Charalambous S, Grant AD, Moloi V, Warren R, Day JH, van Helden P, Hayes RJ, Fielding KL, De Cock KM, Chaisson RE, Churchyard GJ. Contribution of reinfection to recurrent tuberculosis in South African gold miners. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2008 Aug; 12(8):942-8. PMID: 18647455.
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    130. Weiss HA, Wasserheit JN, Barnabas RV, Hayes RJ, Abu-Raddad LJ. Persisting with prevention: the importance of adherence for HIV prevention. Emerg Themes Epidemiol. 2008 Jul 11; 5:8. PMID: 18620578.
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    131. Weiss HA, Plummer ML, Changalucha J, Mshana G, Shigongo ZS, Todd J, Wight D, Hayes RJ, Ross DA. Circumcision among adolescent boys in rural northwestern Tanzania. Trop Med Int Health. 2008 Aug; 13(8):1054-61. PMID: 18564352.
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    132. Watson-Jones D, Weiss HA, Rusizoka M, Changalucha J, Baisley K, Mugeye K, Tanton C, Ross D, Everett D, Clayton T, Balira R, Knight L, Hambleton I, Le Goff J, Belec L, Hayes R. Effect of herpes simplex suppression on incidence of HIV among women in Tanzania. N Engl J Med. 2008 Apr 10; 358(15):1560-71. PMID: 18337596.
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    133. Weiss HA, Halperin D, Bailey RC, Hayes RJ, Schmid G, Hankins CA. Male circumcision for HIV prevention: from evidence to action? AIDS. 2008 Mar 12; 22(5):567-74. PMID: 18316997.
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    135. Sismanidis C, Moulton LH, Ayles H, Fielding K, Schaap A, Beyers N, Bond G, Godfrey-Faussett P, Hayes R. Restricted randomization of ZAMSTAR: a 2 x 2 factorial cluster randomized trial. Clin Trials. 2008; 5(4):316-27. PMID: 18697846.
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    136. Watson-Jones D, Weiss HA, Rusizoka M, Baisley K, Mugeye K, Changalucha J, Everett D, Balira R, Knight L, Ross D, Hayes RJ. Risk factors for herpes simplex virus type 2 and HIV among women at high risk in northwestern Tanzania: preparing for an HSV-2 intervention trial. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2007 Dec 15; 46(5):631-42. PMID: 18043318.
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    137. Everett DB, Weiss HA, Changalucha J, Anemona A, Chirwa T, Ross DA, Watson-Jones D, Parry JV, Hayes R, Mabey DC. Low specificity of the Murex fourth-generation HIV enzyme immunoassay in Tanzanian adolescents. Trop Med Int Health. 2007 Nov; 12(11):1323-6. PMID: 17949396.
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    138. Allen CF, Lees SS, Desmond NA, Der G, Chiduo B, Hambleton I, Knight L, Vallely A, Ross DA, Hayes RJ. Validity of coital diaries in a feasibility study for the Microbicides Development Programme trial among women at high risk of HIV/AIDS in Mwanza, Tanzania. Sex Transm Infect. 2007 Oct; 83(6):490-6; discussion 496-7. PMID: 17660325.
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    139. Ross DA, Changalucha J, Obasi AI, Todd J, Plummer ML, Cleophas-Mazige B, Anemona A, Everett D, Weiss HA, Mabey DC, Grosskurth H, Hayes RJ. Biological and behavioural impact of an adolescent sexual health intervention in Tanzania: a community-randomized trial. AIDS. 2007 Sep 12; 21(14):1943-55. PMID: 17721102.
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    141. LeGoff J, Weiss HA, Gresenguet G, Nzambi K, Frost E, Hayes RJ, Mabey DC, Malkin JE, Mayaud P, Belec L. Cervicovaginal HIV-1 and herpes simplex virus type 2 shedding during genital ulcer disease episodes. AIDS. 2007 Jul 31; 21(12):1569-78. PMID: 17630552.
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    143. White RG, Ben SC, Kedhar A, Orroth KK, Biraro S, Baggaley RF, Whitworth J, Korenromp EL, Ghani A, Boily MC, Hayes RJ. Quantifying HIV-1 transmission due to contaminated injections. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Jun 05; 104(23):9794-9. PMID: 17522260.
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    144. O'Farrell N, Morison L, Moodley P, Pillay K, Vanmali T, Quigley M, Hayes R, Sturm AW. Acceptability of a penile wipe to promote male genital hygiene. Int J STD AIDS. 2007 May; 18(5):363. PMID: 17524207.
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    145. Freeman EE, Orroth KK, White RG, Glynn JR, Bakker R, Boily MC, Habbema D, Buvé A, Hayes R. Proportion of new HIV infections attributable to herpes simplex 2 increases over time: simulations of the changing role of sexually transmitted infections in sub-Saharan African HIV epidemics. Sex Transm Infect. 2007 Aug; 83 Suppl 1:i17-24. PMID: 17405782.
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    146. Orroth KK, Freeman EE, Bakker R, Buvé A, Glynn JR, Boily MC, White RG, Habbema JD, Hayes RJ. Understanding the differences between contrasting HIV epidemics in east and west Africa: results from a simulation model of the Four Cities Study. Sex Transm Infect. 2007 Aug; 83 Suppl 1:i5-16. PMID: 17405781.
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    147. Campbell O, Coleman M, Cousens S, Doyle P, Elbourne D, Evans S, Filteau S, Fine PE, Glynn JR, Grundy E, Haines A, Hall AJ, Hayes R, Kenward M, Kirkwood B, Lamping DL, Lee K, Leon D, Mabey D, McKee M, Meade T, Milligan P, Mills A, Patel V, Peto J, Pocock S, Prentice A, Roberts I, Rodrigues LC, dos Santos Silva I, Smeeth L, Sondorp E, De Stavola B, Timaeus IM, Walt G, Whittaker J, Wilkinson P, Zaba B. Reed Elsevier and the arms trade revisited. Lancet. 2007 Mar 24; 369(9566):987. PMID: 17382814.
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    148. Corbett EL, Makamure B, Cheung YB, Dauya E, Matambo R, Bandason T, Munyati SS, Mason PR, Butterworth AE, Hayes RJ. HIV incidence during a cluster-randomized trial of two strategies providing voluntary counselling and testing at the workplace, Zimbabwe. AIDS. 2007 Feb 19; 21(4):483-9. PMID: 17301567.
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    149. Corbett EL, Bandason T, Cheung YB, Munyati S, Godfrey-Faussett P, Hayes R, Churchyard G, Butterworth A, Mason P. Epidemiology of tuberculosis in a high HIV prevalence population provided with enhanced diagnosis of symptomatic disease. PLoS Med. 2007 Jan; 4(1):e22. PMID: 17199408.
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    150. Watson-Jones D, Weiss HA, Changalucha JM, Todd J, Gumodoka B, Bulmer J, Balira R, Ross D, Mugeye K, Hayes R, Mabey D. Adverse birth outcomes in United Republic of Tanzania--impact and prevention of maternal risk factors. Bull World Health Organ. 2007 Jan; 85(1):9-18. PMID: 17242753.
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    151. Klavs I, Rodrigues LC, Weiss HA, Hayes R. Factors associated with early sexual debut in Slovenia: results of a general population survey. Sex Transm Infect. 2006 Dec; 82(6):478-83. PMID: 17151034.
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    152. Plummer ML, Wight D, Obasi AI, Wamoyi J, Mshana G, Todd J, Mazige BC, Makokha M, Hayes RJ, Ross DA. A process evaluation of a school-based adolescent sexual health intervention in rural Tanzania: the MEMA kwa Vijana programme. Health Educ Res. 2007 Aug; 22(4):500-12. PMID: 17018767.
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    153. Terris-Prestholt F, Kumaranayake L, Obasi AI, Cleophas-Mazige B, Makokha M, Todd J, Ross DA, Hayes RJ. From trial intervention to scale-up: costs of an adolescent sexual health program in Mwanza, Tanzania. Sex Transm Dis. 2006 Oct; 33(10 Suppl):S133-9. PMID: 16652070.
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    154. Riedner G, Todd J, Rusizoka M, Mmbando D, Maboko L, Lyamuya E, Hoffmann O, MacLean I, Grosskurth H, Hayes R. Possible reasons for an increase in the proportion of genital ulcers due to herpes simplex virus from a cohort of female bar workers in Tanzania. Sex Transm Infect. 2007 Apr; 83(2):91-6. PMID: 16971402.
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    155. O'Farrell N, Morison L, Moodley P, Pillay K, Vanmali T, Quigley M, Hayes R, Sturm AW. Association between HIV and subpreputial penile wetness in uncircumcised men in South Africa. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2006 Sep; 43(1):69-77. PMID: 16878046.
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    156. Orroth KK, White RG, Korenromp EL, Bakker R, Changalucha J, Habbema JD, Hayes RJ. Empirical observations underestimate the proportion of human immunodeficiency virus infections attributable to sexually transmitted diseases in the Mwanza and Rakai sexually transmitted disease treatment trials: Simulation results. Sex Transm Dis. 2006 Sep; 33(9):536-44. PMID: 16778738.
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    157. Plummer ML, Mshana G, Wamoyi J, Shigongo ZS, Hayes RJ, Ross DA, Wight D. 'The man who believed he had AIDS was cured': AIDS and sexually-transmitted infection treatment-seeking behaviour in rural Mwanza, Tanzania. AIDS Care. 2006 Jul; 18(5):460-6. PMID: 16777638.
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    158. Corbett EL, Dauya E, Matambo R, Cheung YB, Makamure B, Bassett MT, Chandiwana S, Munyati S, Mason PR, Butterworth AE, Godfrey-Faussett P, Hayes RJ. Uptake of workplace HIV counselling and testing: a cluster-randomised trial in Zimbabwe. PLoS Med. 2006 Jul; 3(7):e238. PMID: 16796402.
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    159. Day JH, Charalambous S, Fielding KL, Hayes RJ, Churchyard GJ, Grant AD. Screening for tuberculosis prior to isoniazid preventive therapy among HIV-infected gold miners in South Africa. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2006 May; 10(5):523-9. PMID: 16704034.
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    160. Obasi AI, Cleophas B, Ross DA, Chima KL, Mmassy G, Gavyole A, Plummer ML, Makokha M, Mujaya B, Todd J, Wight D, Grosskurth H, Mabey DC, Hayes RJ. Rationale and design of the MEMA kwa Vijana adolescent sexual and reproductive health intervention in Mwanza Region, Tanzania. AIDS Care. 2006 May; 18(4):311-22. PMID: 16809108.
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    161. Weiss HA, Thomas SL, Munabi SK, Hayes RJ. Male circumcision and risk of syphilis, chancroid, and genital herpes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sex Transm Infect. 2006 Apr; 82(2):101-9; discussion 110. PMID: 16581731.
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    162. Plummer ML, Wight D, Wamoyi J, Mshana G, Hayes RJ, Ross DA. Farming with your hoe in a sack: condom attitudes, access, and use in rural Tanzania. Stud Fam Plann. 2006 Mar; 37(1):29-40. PMID: 16570728.
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    163. Hayes RJ, White RG. How important are unsafe medical injections in the spread of HIV in Africa? Sex Transm Dis. 2006 Mar; 33(3):135-6. PMID: 16508524.
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    164. Riedner G, Hoffmann O, Rusizoka M, Mmbando D, Maboko L, Grosskurth H, Todd J, Hayes R, Hoelscher M. Decline in sexually transmitted infection prevalence and HIV incidence in female barworkers attending prevention and care services in Mbeya Region, Tanzania. AIDS. 2006 Feb 28; 20(4):609-15. PMID: 16470126.
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    165. Hayes RJ, White RG. Amplified HIV transmission during early-stage infection. J Infect Dis. 2006 Feb 15; 193(4):604-5; author reply 605-6. PMID: 16425144.
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    166. Hayes R, Weiss H. Epidemiology. Understanding HIV epidemic trends in Africa. Science. 2006 Feb 03; 311(5761):620-1. PMID: 16456070.
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    167. Cowan FF, Pascoe SJ, Barlow KL, Langhaug LF, Jaffar S, Hargrove JW, Robinson NJ, Latif AS, Bassett MT, Wilson D, Brown DW, Hayes RJ. Association of genital shedding of herpes simplex virus type 2 and HIV-1 among sex workers in rural Zimbabwe. AIDS. 2006 Jan 09; 20(2):261-7. PMID: 16511420.
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    168. Freeman EE, Weiss HA, Glynn JR, Cross PL, Whitworth JA, Hayes RJ. Herpes simplex virus 2 infection increases HIV acquisition in men and women: systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. AIDS. 2006 Jan 02; 20(1):73-83. PMID: 16327322.
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    169. Auerbach JD, Hayes RJ, Kandathil SM. Overview of effective and promising interventions to prevent HIV infection. World Health Organ Tech Rep Ser. 2006; 938:43-78; discussion 317-41. PMID: 16921917.
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    170. Todd J, Grosskurth H, Changalucha J, Obasi A, Mosha F, Balira R, Orroth K, Hugonnet S, Pujades M, Ross D, Gavyole A, Mabey D, Hayes R. Risk factors influencing HIV infection incidence in a rural African population: a nested case-control study. J Infect Dis. 2006 Feb 01; 193(3):458-66. PMID: 16388496.
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    171. Cowan FM, Langhaug LF, Hargrove JW, Jaffar S, Mhuriyengwe L, Swarthout TD, Peeling R, Latif A, Basset MT, Brown DW, Mabey D, Hayes RJ, Wilson D. Is sexual contact with sex workers important in driving the HIV epidemic among men in rural Zimbabwe? J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2005 Nov 01; 40(3):371-6. PMID: 16249714.
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    172. Riedner G, Rusizoka M, Todd J, Maboko L, Hoelscher M, Mmbando D, Samky E, Lyamuya E, Mabey D, Grosskurth H, Hayes R. Single-dose azithromycin versus penicillin G benzathine for the treatment of early syphilis. N Engl J Med. 2005 Sep 22; 353(12):1236-44. PMID: 16177249.
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    173. Watson-Jones D, Oliff M, Terris-Prestholt F, Changalucha J, Gumodoka B, Mayaud P, Semakafu AM, Kumaranayake L, Gavyole A, Mabey D, Hayes R. Antenatal syphilis screening in sub-Saharan Africa: lessons learned from Tanzania. Trop Med Int Health. 2005 Sep; 10(9):934-43. PMID: 16135202.
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    174. Hayes RJ, Changalucha J, Ross DA, Gavyole A, Todd J, Obasi AI, Plummer ML, Wight D, Mabey DC, Grosskurth H. The MEMA kwa Vijana project: design of a community randomised trial of an innovative adolescent sexual health intervention in rural Tanzania. Contemp Clin Trials. 2005 Aug; 26(4):430-42. PMID: 15951245.
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    175. Klavs I, Rodrigues LC, Wellings K, Weiss HA, Hayes R. Increased condom use at sexual debut in the general population of Slovenia and association with subsequent condom use. AIDS. 2005 Jul 22; 19(11):1215-23. PMID: 15990576.
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    176. Grant AD, Charalambous S, Fielding KL, Day JH, Corbett EL, Chaisson RE, De Cock KM, Hayes RJ, Churchyard GJ. Effect of routine isoniazid preventive therapy on tuberculosis incidence among HIV-infected men in South Africa: a novel randomized incremental recruitment study. JAMA. 2005 Jun 08; 293(22):2719-25. PMID: 15941800.
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    177. Cowan FM, Hargrove JW, Langhaug LF, Jaffar S, Mhuriyengwe L, Swarthout TD, Peeling R, Latif A, Bassett MT, Brown DW, Mabey D, Hayes RJ, Wilson D. The appropriateness of core group interventions using presumptive periodic treatment among rural Zimbabwean women who exchange sex for gifts or money. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2005 Feb 01; 38(2):202-7. PMID: 15671806.
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    178. Korenromp EL, White RG, Orroth KK, Bakker R, Kamali A, Serwadda D, Gray RH, Grosskurth H, Habbema JD, Hayes RJ. Determinants of the impact of sexually transmitted infection treatment on prevention of HIV infection: a synthesis of evidence from the Mwanza, Rakai, and Masaka intervention trials. J Infect Dis. 2005 Feb 01; 191 Suppl 1:S168-78. PMID: 15627227.
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    179. White RG, Orroth KK, Korenromp EL, Bakker R, Wambura M, Sewankambo NK, Gray RH, Kamali A, Whitworth JA, Grosskurth H, Habbema JD, Hayes RJ. Can population differences explain the contrasting results of the Mwanza, Rakai, and Masaka HIV/sexually transmitted disease intervention trials?: A modeling study. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2004 Dec 01; 37(4):1500-13. PMID: 15602129.
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    180. Plummer ML, Ross DA, Wight D, Changalucha J, Mshana G, Wamoyi J, Todd J, Anemona A, Mosha FF, Obasi AI, Hayes RJ. "A bit more truthful": the validity of adolescent sexual behaviour data collected in rural northern Tanzania using five methods. Sex Transm Infect. 2004 Dec; 80 Suppl 2:ii49-56. PMID: 15572640.
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    181. Day JH, Grant AD, Fielding KL, Morris L, Moloi V, Charalambous S, Puren AJ, Chaisson RE, De Cock KM, Hayes RJ, Churchyard GJ. Does tuberculosis increase HIV load? J Infect Dis. 2004 Nov 01; 190(9):1677-84. PMID: 15478075.
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    182. van Dyck E, Buvé A, Weiss HA, Glynn JR, Brown DW, De Deken B, Parry J, Hayes RJ. Performance of commercially available enzyme immunoassays for detection of antibodies against herpes simplex virus type 2 in African populations. J Clin Microbiol. 2004 Jul; 42(7):2961-5. PMID: 15243045.
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    183. Corbett EL, Charalambous S, Moloi VM, Fielding K, Grant AD, Dye C, De Cock KM, Hayes RJ, Williams BG, Churchyard GJ. Human immunodeficiency virus and the prevalence of undiagnosed tuberculosis in African gold miners. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2004 Sep 15; 170(6):673-9. PMID: 15191919.
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    184. Plummer ML, Wight D, Ross DA, Balira R, Anemona A, Todd J, Salamba Z, Obasi AI, Grosskurth H, Changalunga J, Hayes RJ. Asking semi-literate adolescents about sexual behaviour: the validity of assisted self-completion questionnaire (ASCQ) data in rural Tanzania. Trop Med Int Health. 2004 Jun; 9(6):737-54. PMID: 15189466.
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    185. Klavs I, Rodrigues LC, Wellings K, Kese D, Hayes R. Prevalence of genital Chlamydia trachomatis infection in the general population of Slovenia: serious gaps in control. Sex Transm Infect. 2004 Apr; 80(2):121-3. PMID: 15054174.
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    186. Schmid GP, Buvé A, Mugyenyi P, Garnett GP, Hayes RJ, Williams BG, Calleja JG, De Cock KM, Whitworth JA, Kapiga SH, Ghys PD, Hankins C, Zaba B, Heimer R, Boerma JT. Transmission of HIV-1 infection in sub-Saharan Africa and effect of elimination of unsafe injections. Lancet. 2004 Feb 07; 363(9407):482-8. PMID: 14962531.
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    187. Todd J, Changalucha J, Ross DA, Mosha F, Obasi AI, Plummer M, Balira R, Grosskurth H, Mabey DC, Hayes R. The sexual health of pupils in years 4 to 6 of primary schools in rural Tanzania. Sex Transm Infect. 2004 Feb; 80(1):35-42. PMID: 14755033.
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    188. Ronckers C, Land C, Hayes R, Verduijn P, van Leeuwen F. Factors impacting questionnaire response in a Dutch retrospective cohort study. Ann Epidemiol. 2004 Jan; 14(1):66-72. PMID: 14664782.
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    189. Charalambous S, Grant AD, Day JH, Rothwell E, Chaisson RE, Hayes RJ, Churchyard GJ. Feasibility and acceptability of a specialist clinical service for HIV-infected mineworkers in South Africa. AIDS Care. 2004 Jan; 16(1):47-56. PMID: 14660143.
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    190. Orroth KK, Korenromp EL, White RG, Gavyole A, Gray RH, Muhangi L, Sewankambo NK, Quigley M, Wawer MJ, Whitworth JA, Grosskurth H, Habbema JD, Hayes RJ. Higher risk behaviour and rates of sexually transmitted diseases in Mwanza compared to Uganda may help explain HIV prevention trial outcomes. AIDS. 2003 Dec 05; 17(18):2653-60. PMID: 14685060.
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    191. Corbett EL, Charalambous S, Fielding K, Clayton T, Hayes RJ, De Cock KM, Churchyard GJ. Stable incidence rates of tuberculosis (TB) among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-negative South African gold miners during a decade of epidemic HIV-associated TB. J Infect Dis. 2003 Oct 15; 188(8):1156-63. PMID: 14551886.
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    192. Terris-Prestholt F, Watson-Jones D, Mugeye K, Kumaranayake L, Ndeki L, Weiss H, Changalucha J, Todd J, Lisekie F, Gumodoka B, Mabey D, Hayes R. Is antenatal syphilis screening still cost effective in sub-Saharan Africa. Sex Transm Infect. 2003 Oct; 79(5):375-81. PMID: 14573832.
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    193. Riedner G, Rusizoka M, Hoffmann O, Nichombe F, Lyamuya E, Mmbando D, Maboko L, Hay P, Todd J, Hayes R, Hoelscher M, Grosskurth H. Baseline survey of sexually transmitted infections in a cohort of female bar workers in Mbeya Region, Tanzania. Sex Transm Infect. 2003 Oct; 79(5):382-7. PMID: 14573833.
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    194. Todd J, Carpenter L, Li X, Nakiyingi J, Gray R, Hayes R. The effects of alternative study designs on the power of community randomized trials: evidence from three studies of human immunodeficiency virus prevention in East Africa. Int J Epidemiol. 2003 Oct; 32(5):755-62. PMID: 14559745.
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    195. Churchyard GJ, Fielding K, Charalambous S, Day JH, Corbett EL, Hayes RJ, Chaisson RE, De Cock KM, Samb B, Grant AD. Efficacy of secondary isoniazid preventive therapy among HIV-infected Southern Africans: time to change policy? AIDS. 2003 Sep 26; 17(14):2063-70. PMID: 14502009.
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    196. Jansen HA, Morison L, Mosha F, Changalucha J, Todd J, Obasi A, Rusizoka M, Mayaud P, Munguti K, Mabey D, Grosskurth H, Hayes R. Geographical variations in the prevalence of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections in rural Tanzania. Int J STD AIDS. 2003 Apr; 14(4):274-80. PMID: 12716499.
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    197. Orroth KK, Korenromp EL, White RG, Changalucha J, de Vlas SJ, Gray RH, Hughes P, Kamali A, Ojwiya A, Serwadda D, Wawer MJ, Hayes RJ, Grosskurth H. Comparison of STD prevalences in the Mwanza, Rakai, and Masaka trial populations: the role of selection bias and diagnostic errors. Sex Transm Infect. 2003 Apr; 79(2):98-105. PMID: 12690128.
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    198. Watson-Jones D, Gumodoka B, Weiss H, Changalucha J, Todd J, Mugeye K, Buvé A, Kanga Z, Ndeki L, Rusizoka M, Ross D, Marealle J, Balira R, Mabey D, Hayes R. Syphilis in pregnancy in Tanzania. II. The effectiveness of antenatal syphilis screening and single-dose benzathine penicillin treatment for the prevention of adverse pregnancy outcomes. J Infect Dis. 2002 Oct 01; 186(7):948-57. PMID: 12232835.
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    199. Watson-Jones D, Changalucha J, Gumodoka B, Weiss H, Rusizoka M, Ndeki L, Whitehouse A, Balira R, Todd J, Ngeleja D, Ross D, Buvé A, Hayes R, Mabey D. Syphilis in pregnancy in Tanzania. I. Impact of maternal syphilis on outcome of pregnancy. J Infect Dis. 2002 Oct 01; 186(7):940-7. PMID: 12232834.
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    200. Cowan FM, Langhaug LF, Mashungupa GP, Nyamurera T, Hargrove J, Jaffar S, Peeling RW, Brown DW, Power R, Johnson AM, Stephenson JM, Bassett MT, Hayes RJ. School based HIV prevention in Zimbabwe: feasibility and acceptability of evaluation trials using biological outcomes. AIDS. 2002 Aug 16; 16(12):1673-8. PMID: 12172089.
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    201. Bennett S, Parpia T, Hayes R, Cousens S. Methods for the analysis of incidence rates in cluster randomized trials. Int J Epidemiol. 2002 Aug; 31(4):839-46. PMID: 12177032.
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    202. Corbett EL, Steketee RW, ter Kuile FO, Latif AS, Kamali A, Hayes RJ. HIV-1/AIDS and the control of other infectious diseases in Africa. Lancet. 2002 Jun 22; 359(9324):2177-87. PMID: 12090997.
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    203. Hugonnet S, Mosha F, Todd J, Mugeye K, Klokke A, Ndeki L, Ross D, Grosskurth H, Hayes R. Incidence of HIV infection in stable sexual partnerships: a retrospective cohort study of 1802 couples in Mwanza Region, Tanzania. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2002 May 01; 30(1):73-80. PMID: 12048366.
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    204. Corbett EL, Churchyard GJ, Charalambos S, Samb B, Moloi V, Clayton TC, Grant AD, Murray J, Hayes RJ, De Cock KM. Morbidity and mortality in South African gold miners: impact of untreated disease due to human immunodeficiency virus. Clin Infect Dis. 2002 May 01; 34(9):1251-8. PMID: 11941552.
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    205. Changalucha J, Gavyole A, Grosskurth H, Hayes R, Mabey D. STD/HIV intervention and research programme Mwanza Region, NW Tanzania. Sex Transm Infect. 2002 Apr; 78 Suppl 1:i91-6. PMID: 12083452.
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    206. Korenromp EL, Bakker R, De Vlas SJ, Robinson NJ, Hayes R, Habbema JD. Can behavior change explain increases in the proportion of genital ulcers attributable to herpes in sub-Saharan Africa? A simulation modeling study. Sex Transm Dis. 2002 Apr; 29(4):228-38. PMID: 11912465.
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    207. Halperin DT, Weiss HA, Hayes R, Auvert B, Bailey RC, Caldwell J, Coates T, Padian N, Potts M, Ronald A, Short R, Williams B, Klausner J. Response to Ronald Gray, Male circumcision and HIV acquisition and transmission: cohort studies in Rakai, Uganda ( 2000, 14:2371-2381). AIDS. 2002 Mar 29; 16(5):810-2; author reply 809-10. PMID: 11964550.
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    208. Changalucha J, Grosskurth H, Mwita W, Todd J, Ross D, Mayaud P, Mahamoud A, Klokke A, Mosha F, Hayes R, Mabey D. Comparison of HIV prevalences in community-based and antenatal clinic surveys in rural Mwanza, Tanzania. AIDS. 2002 Mar 08; 16(4):661-5. PMID: 11873011.
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    209. del Mar Pujades Rodríguez M, Obasi A, Mosha F, Todd J, Brown D, Changalucha J, Mabey D, Ross D, Grosskurth H, Hayes R. Herpes simplex virus type 2 infection increases HIV incidence: a prospective study in rural Tanzania. AIDS. 2002 Feb 15; 16(3):451-62. PMID: 11834958.
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    210. Buvé A, Changalucha J, Mayaud P, Gavyole A, Mugeye K, Todd J, Clayton T, Mosha F, Grosskurth H, Mabey D, Laga M, Van Lerberghe W, Hayes RJ. How many patients with a sexually transmitted infection are cured by health services? A study from Mwanza region, Tanzania. Trop Med Int Health. 2001 Dec; 6(12):971-9. PMID: 11737832.
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    211. Buvé A, Caraël M, Hayes RJ, Auvert B, Ferry B, Robinson NJ, Anagonou S, Kanhonou L, Laourou M, Abega S, Akam E, Zekeng L, Chege J, Kahindo M, Rutenberg N, Kaona F, Musonda R, Sukwa T, Morison L, Weiss HA, Laga M. Multicentre study on factors determining differences in rate of spread of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa: methods and prevalence of HIV infection. AIDS. 2001 Aug; 15 Suppl 4:S5-14. PMID: 11686465.
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    212. Mayaud P, Gill DK, Weiss HA, Uledi E, Kopwe L, Todd J, ka-Gina G, Grosskurth H, Hayes RJ, Mabey DC, Lacey CJ. The interrelation of HIV, cervical human papillomavirus, and neoplasia among antenatal clinic attenders in Tanzania. Sex Transm Infect. 2001 Aug; 77(4):248-54. PMID: 11463923.
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    213. Buvé A, Weiss HA, Laga M, Van Dyck E, Musonda R, Zekeng L, Kahindo M, Anagonou S, Morison L, Robinson NJ, Hayes RJ. The epidemiology of gonorrhoea, chlamydial infection and syphilis in four African cities. AIDS. 2001 Aug; 15 Suppl 4:S79-88. PMID: 11686469.
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    214. Morison L, Buvé A, Zekeng L, Heyndrickx L, Anagonou S, Musonda R, Kahindo M, Weiss HA, Hayes RJ, Laga M, Janssens W, van der Groen G. HIV-1 subtypes and the HIV epidemics in four cities in sub-Saharan Africa. AIDS. 2001 Aug; 15 Suppl 4:S109-16. PMID: 11686459.
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    215. Buvé A, Caraël M, Hayes RJ, Auvert B, Ferry B, Robinson NJ, Anagonou S, Kanhonou L, Laourou M, Abega S, Akam E, Zekeng L, Chege J, Kahindo M, Rutenberg N, Kaona F, Musonda R, Sukwa T, Morison L, Weiss HA, Laga M. The multicentre study on factors determining the differential spread of HIV in four African cities: summary and conclusions. AIDS. 2001 Aug; 15 Suppl 4:S127-31. PMID: 11686461.
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    216. Weiss HA, Buvé A, Robinson NJ, Van Dyck E, Kahindo M, Anagonou S, Musonda R, Zekeng L, Morison L, Caraël M, Laga M, Hayes RJ. The epidemiology of HSV-2 infection and its association with HIV infection in four urban African populations. AIDS. 2001 Aug; 15 Suppl 4:S97-108. PMID: 11686471.
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    217. Morison L, Weiss HA, Buvé A, Caraël M, Abega SC, Kaona F, Kanhonou L, Chege J, Hayes RJ. Commercial sex and the spread of HIV in four cities in sub-Saharan Africa. AIDS. 2001 Aug; 15 Suppl 4:S61-9. PMID: 11686467.
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    218. Buvé A, Weiss HA, Laga M, Van Dyck E, Musonda R, Zekeng L, Kahindo M, Anagonou S, Morison L, Robinson NJ, Hayes RJ. The epidemiology of trichomoniasis in women in four African cities. AIDS. 2001 Aug; 15 Suppl 4:S89-96. PMID: 11686470.
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    219. Obasi AI, Balira R, Todd J, Ross DA, Changalucha J, Mosha F, Grosskurth H, Peeling R, Mabey DC, Hayes RJ. Prevalence of HIV and Chlamydia trachomatis infection in 15--19-year olds in rural Tanzania. Trop Med Int Health. 2001 Jul; 6(7):517-25. PMID: 11469944.
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    220. McCormack S, Hayes R, Lacey CJ, Johnson AM. Microbicides in HIV prevention. BMJ. 2001 Feb 17; 322(7283):410-3. PMID: 11179162.
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    221. Quigley MA, Weiss HA, Hayes RJ. Male circumcision as a measure to control HIV infection and other sexually transmitted diseases. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2001 Feb; 14(1):71-5. PMID: 11979118.
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    222. Todd J, Munguti K, Grosskurth H, Mngara J, Changalucha J, Mayaud P, Mosha F, Gavyole A, Mabey D, Hayes R. Risk factors for active syphilis and TPHA seroconversion in a rural African population. Sex Transm Infect. 2001 Feb; 77(1):37-45. PMID: 11158690.
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    223. Brown LM, Hoover R, Silverman D, Baris D, Hayes R, Swanson GM, Schoenberg J, Greenberg R, Liff J, Schwartz A, Dosemeci M, Pottern L, Fraumeni JF. Excess incidence of squamous cell esophageal cancer among US Black men: role of social class and other risk factors. Am J Epidemiol. 2001 Jan 15; 153(2):114-22. PMID: 11159155.
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    224. Hayes R, Grosskurth H, Mabey D. Interpretation of the Mwanza and Rakai STD trials. Bull World Health Organ. 2001; 79(5):482-3. PMID: 11417046.
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    225. Grosskurth H, Mwijarubi E, Todd J, Rwakatare M, Orroth K, Mayaud P, Cleophas B, Buvé A, Mkanje R, Ndeki L, Gavyole A, Hayes R, Mabey D. Operational performance of an STD control programme in Mwanza Region, Tanzania. Sex Transm Infect. 2000 Dec; 76(6):426-36. PMID: 11221123.
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    226. Corbett EL, Churchyard GJ, Clayton TC, Williams BG, Mulder D, Hayes RJ, De Cock KM. HIV infection and silicosis: the impact of two potent risk factors on the incidence of mycobacterial disease in South African miners. AIDS. 2000 Dec 01; 14(17):2759-68. PMID: 11125895.
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    227. Weiss HA, Quigley MA, Hayes RJ. Male circumcision and risk of HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis. AIDS. 2000 Oct 20; 14(15):2361-70. PMID: 11089625.
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    228. Watson-Jones D, Mugeye K, Mayaud P, Ndeki L, Todd J, Mosha F, West B, Cleophas-Frisch B, Grosskurth H, Laga M, Hayes R, Mabey D, Buvé A. High prevalence of trichomoniasis in rural men in Mwanza, Tanzania: results from a population based study. Sex Transm Infect. 2000 Oct; 76(5):355-62. PMID: 11141851.
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    229. Mbopi-Kéou FX, Grésenguet G, Mayaud P, Weiss HA, Gopal R, Matta M, Paul JL, Brown DW, Hayes RJ, Mabey DC, Bélec L. Interactions between herpes simplex virus type 2 and human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection in African women: opportunities for intervention. J Infect Dis. 2000 Oct; 182(4):1090-6. PMID: 10979904.
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    230. Baris D, Brown LM, Silverman DT, Hayes R, Hoover RN, Swanson GM, Dosemeci M, Schwartz AG, Liff JM, Schoenberg JB, Pottern LM, Lubin J, Greenberg RS, Fraumeni JF. Socioeconomic status and multiple myeloma among US blacks and whites. Am J Public Health. 2000 Aug; 90(8):1277-81. PMID: 10937009.
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    231. Orroth KK, Gavyole A, Todd J, Mosha F, Ross D, Mwijarubi E, Grosskurth H, Hayes RJ. Syndromic treatment of sexually transmitted diseases reduces the proportion of incident HIV infections attributable to these diseases in rural Tanzania. AIDS. 2000 Jul 07; 14(10):1429-37. PMID: 10930159.
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    232. Ross DA, Hayes RJ. HIV infection in children in developing countries. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2000 Jul-Aug; 94(4):463. PMID: 11127260.
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    233. Grosskurth H, Gray R, Hayes R, Mabey D, Wawer M. Control of sexually transmitted diseases for HIV-1 prevention: understanding the implications of the Mwanza and Rakai trials. Lancet. 2000 Jun 03; 355(9219):1981-7. PMID: 10859054.
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    234. Hayes RJ, Alexander ND, Bennett S, Cousens SN. Design and analysis issues in cluster-randomized trials of interventions against infectious diseases. Stat Methods Med Res. 2000 Apr; 9(2):95-116. PMID: 10946429.
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    235. Korenromp EL, Van Vliet C, Grosskurth H, Gavyole A, Van der Ploeg CP, Fransen L, Hayes RJ, Habbema JD. Model-based evaluation of single-round mass treatment of sexually transmitted diseases for HIV control in a rural African population. AIDS. 2000 Mar 31; 14(5):573-93. PMID: 10780720.
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    236. Corbett EL, Murray J, Churchyard GJ, Herselman PC, Clayton TC, De Cock KM, Hayes RJ. Use of miniradiographs to detect silicosis. Comparison of radiological with autopsy findings. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1999 Dec; 160(6):2012-7. PMID: 10588622.
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    237. Robinson NJ, Mulder D, Auvert B, Whitworth J, Hayes R. Type of partnership and heterosexual spread of HIV infection in rural Uganda: results from simulation modelling. Int J STD AIDS. 1999 Nov; 10(11):718-25. PMID: 10563557.
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    238. Corbett EL, Blumberg L, Churchyard GJ, Moloi N, Mallory K, Clayton T, Williams BG, Chaisson RE, Hayes RJ, De Cock KM. Nontuberculous mycobacteria: defining disease in a prospective cohort of South African miners. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1999 Jul; 160(1):15-21. PMID: 10390374.
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    239. Corbett EL, Churchyard GJ, Hay M, Herselman P, Clayton T, Williams B, Hayes R, Mulder D, De Cock KM. The impact of HIV infection on Mycobacterium kansasii disease in South African gold miners. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1999 Jul; 160(1):10-4. PMID: 10390373.
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    240. Corbett EL, Hay M, Churchyard GJ, Herselman P, Clayton T, Williams BG, Hayes R, Mulder D, De Cock KM. Mycobacterium kansasii and M. scrofulaceum isolates from HIV-negative South African gold miners: incidence, clinical significance and radiology. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 1999 Jun; 3(6):501-7. PMID: 10383063.
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    241. Acosta CJ, Galindo CM, Schellenberg D, Aponte JJ, Kahigwa E, Urassa H, Schellenberg JR, Masanja H, Hayes R, Kitua AY, Lwilla F, Mshinda H, Menendez C, Tanner M, Alonso PL. Evaluation of the SPf66 vaccine for malaria control when delivered through the EPI scheme in Tanzania. Trop Med Int Health. 1999 May; 4(5):368-76. PMID: 10402973.
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    242. Hayes RJ, Bennett S. Simple sample size calculation for cluster-randomized trials. Int J Epidemiol. 1999 Apr; 28(2):319-26. PMID: 10342698.
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    243. Mbopi Keou FX, Grésenguet G, Mayaud P, Weiss HA, Gopal R, Brown DW, Hayes RJ, Mabey DC, Bélec L. Genital herpes simplex virus type 2 shedding is increased in HIV-infected women in Africa. AIDS. 1999 Mar 11; 13(4):536-7. PMID: 10197391.
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    244. Elliott AM, Hurst TJ, Balyeku MN, Quigley MA, Kaleebu P, French N, Biryahwaho B, Whitworth JA, Dockrell HM, Hayes RJ. The immune response to Mycobacterium tuberculosis in HIV-infected and uninfected adults in Uganda: application of a whole blood cytokine assay in an epidemiological study. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 1999 Mar; 3(3):239-47. PMID: 10094326.
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    245. Corbett EL, Churchyard GJ, Clayton T, Herselman P, Williams B, Hayes R, Mulder D, De Cock KM. Risk factors for pulmonary mycobacterial disease in South African gold miners. A case-control study. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1999 Jan; 159(1):94-9. PMID: 9872824.
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    246. Obasi A, Mosha F, Quigley M, Sekirassa Z, Gibbs T, Munguti K, Todd J, Grosskurth H, Mayaud P, Changalucha J, Brown D, Mabey D, Hayes R. Antibody to herpes simplex virus type 2 as a marker of sexual risk behavior in rural Tanzania. J Infect Dis. 1999 Jan; 179(1):16-24. PMID: 9841817.
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    247. Chandramohan D, Rodrigues LC, Maude GH, Hayes RJ. The validity of verbal autopsies for assessing the causes of institutional maternal death. Stud Fam Plann. 1998 Dec; 29(4):414-22. PMID: 9919634.
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    248. Grant AD, Sidibé K, Domoua K, Bonard D, Sylla-Koko F, Dosso M, Yapi A, Maurice C, Whitaker JP, Lucas SB, Hayes RJ, Wiktor SZ, De Cock KM, Greenberg AE. Spectrum of disease among HIV-infected adults hospitalised in a respiratory medicine unit in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 1998 Nov; 2(11):926-34. PMID: 9848615.
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    249. Mayaud P, ka-Gina G, Cornelissen J, Todd J, Kaatano G, West B, Uledi E, Rwakatare M, Kopwe L, Manoko D, Laga M, Grosskurth H, Hayes R, Mabey D. Validation of a WHO algorithm with risk assessment for the clinical management of vaginal discharge in Mwanza, Tanzania. Sex Transm Infect. 1998 Jun; 74 Suppl 1:S77-84. PMID: 10023356.
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    250. Mayaud P, Uledi E, Cornelissen J, ka-Gina G, Todd J, Rwakatare M, West B, Kopwe L, Manoko D, Grosskurth H, Hayes R, Mabey D. Risk scores to detect cervical infections in urban antenatal clinic attenders in Mwanza, Tanzania. Sex Transm Infect. 1998 Jun; 74 Suppl 1:S139-46. PMID: 10023365.
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    251. Chandramohan D, Maude GH, Rodrigues LC, Hayes RJ. Verbal autopsies for adult deaths: their development and validation in a multicentre study. Trop Med Int Health. 1998 Jun; 3(6):436-46. PMID: 9657505.
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    252. Schellenberg JA, Newell JN, Snow RW, Mung'ala V, Marsh K, Smith PG, Hayes RJ. An analysis of the geographical distribution of severe malaria in children in Kilifi District, Kenya. Int J Epidemiol. 1998 Apr; 27(2):323-9. PMID: 9602418.
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    253. Alonso PL, Lopez MC, Bordmann G, Smith TA, Aponte JJ, Weiss NA, Urassa H, Armstrong-Schellenberg JR, Kitua AY, Masanja H, Thomas MC, Oettli A, Hurt N, Hayes R, Kilama WL, Tanner M. Immune responses to Plasmodium falciparum antigens during a malaria vaccine trial in Tanzanian children. Parasite Immunol. 1998 Feb; 20(2):63-71. PMID: 9572049.
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    254. Mayaud P, Mosha F, Todd J, Balira R, Mgara J, West B, Rusizoka M, Mwijarubi E, Gabone R, Gavyole A, Grosskurth H, Hayes R, Mabey D. Improved treatment services significantly reduce the prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases in rural Tanzania: results of a randomized controlled trial. AIDS. 1997 Dec; 11(15):1873-80. PMID: 9412707.
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    255. Hayes R, Wawer M, Gray R, Whitworth J, Grosskurth H, Mabey D. Randomised trials of STD treatment for HIV prevention: report of an international workshop. HIV/STD Trials Workshop Group. Genitourin Med. 1997 Dec; 73(6):432-43. PMID: 9582456.
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    256. Gilson L, Mkanje R, Grosskurth H, Mosha F, Picard J, Gavyole A, Todd J, Mayaud P, Swai R, Fransen L, Mabey D, Mills A, Hayes R. Cost-effectiveness of improved treatment services for sexually transmitted diseases in preventing HIV-1 infection in Mwanza Region, Tanzania. Lancet. 1997 Dec 20-27; 350(9094):1805-9. PMID: 9428251.
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    257. Grant AD, Djomand G, Smets P, Kadio A, Coulibaly M, Kakou A, Maurice C, Whitaker JP, Sylla-Koko F, Bonard D, Wiktor SZ, Hayes RJ, De Cock KM, Greenberg AE. Profound immunosuppression across the spectrum of opportunistic disease among hospitalized HIV-infected adults in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire. AIDS. 1997 Sep; 11(11):1357-64. PMID: 9302446.
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    258. Figueroa JP, Ward E, Morris J, Brathwaite AR, Peruga A, Blattner W, Vermund SH, Hayes R. Incidence of HIV and HTLV-1 infection among sexually transmitted disease clinic attenders in Jamaica. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1997 Jul 01; 15(3):232-7. PMID: 9257658.
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    259. Munguti K, Grosskurth H, Newell J, Senkoro K, Mosha F, Todd J, Mayaud P, Gavyole A, Quigley M, Hayes R. Patterns of sexual behaviour in a rural population in north-western Tanzania. Soc Sci Med. 1997 May; 44(10):1553-61. PMID: 9160444.
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    260. Todd J, Balira R, Grosskurth H, Mayaud P, Mosha F, ka-Gina G, Klokke A, Gabone R, Gavyole A, Mabey D, Hayes R. HIV-associated adult mortality in a rural Tanzanian population. AIDS. 1997 May; 11(6):801-7. PMID: 9143613.
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    261. Urassa M, Todd J, Boerma JT, Hayes R, Isingo R. Male circumcision and susceptibility to HIV infection among men in Tanzania. AIDS. 1997 Mar; 11(3):73-80. PMID: 9147445.
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    262. Robinson NJ, Mulder DW, Auvert B, Hayes RJ. Proportion of HIV infections attributable to other sexually transmitted diseases in a rural Ugandan population: simulation model estimates. Int J Epidemiol. 1997 Feb; 26(1):180-9. PMID: 9126519.
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    263. Quigley M, Munguti K, Grosskurth H, Todd J, Mosha F, Senkoro K, Newell J, Mayaud P, ka-Gina G, Klokke A, Mabey D, Gavyole A, Hayes R. Sexual behaviour patterns and other risk factors for HIV infection in rural Tanzania: a case-control study. AIDS. 1997 Feb; 11(2):237-48. PMID: 9030372.
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    264. Urassa M, Todd J, Boerma JT, Hayes R, Isingo R. Male circumcision and susceptibility to HIV infection among men in Tanzania. AIDS. 1997 Jan; 11(1):73-9. PMID: 9110078.
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    265. ka-Gina G, Grosskurth H, Hayes R. Prevention of HIV spread in developing countries. Lancet. 1996 Dec 21-28; 348(9043):1742. PMID: 8973464.
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    266. Alonso PL, Smith TA, Armstrong-Schellenberg JR, Kitua AY, Masanja H, Hayes R, Hurt N, Font F, Menendez C, Kilama WL, Tanner M. Duration of protection and age-dependence of the effects of the SPf66 malaria vaccine in African children exposed to intense transmission of Plasmodium falciparum. J Infect Dis. 1996 Aug; 174(2):367-72. PMID: 8699068.
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    267. Schulz KF, Grimes DA, Altman DG, Hayes RJ. Blinding and exclusions after allocation in randomised controlled trials: survey of published parallel group trials in obstetrics and gynaecology. BMJ. 1996 Mar 23; 312(7033):742-4. PMID: 8605459.
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    268. Grosskurth H, Mayaud P, Mosha F, Todd J, Senkoro K, Newell J, Gabone R, Changalucha J, West B, Hayes R, et al. Asymptomatic gonorrhoea and chlamydial infection in rural Tanzanian men. BMJ. 1996 Feb 03; 312(7026):277-80. PMID: 8611782.
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    269. Robinson NJ, Mulder DW, Auvert B, Hayes RJ. Modelling the impact of alternative HIV intervention strategies in rural Uganda. AIDS. 1995 Nov; 9(11):1263-70. PMID: 8561980.
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    270. Hayes R. Improved STD treatment: a message of hope. Special report: Tanzania. AIDS Anal Afr. 1995 Oct; 5(5):10-1. PMID: 12290452.
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    271. Hayes R, Mosha F, Nicoll A, Grosskurth H, Newell J, Todd J, Killewo J, Rugemalila J, Mabey D. A community trial of the impact of improved sexually transmitted disease treatment on the HIV epidemic in rural Tanzania: 1. Design. AIDS. 1995 Aug; 9(8):919-26. PMID: 7576328.
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    272. Mulder D, Hayes R. Community infection ratio as indicator for tuberculosis control. Lancet. 1995 May 20; 345(8960):1310-1. PMID: 7746082.
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    273. Figueroa JP, Morris J, Brathwaite A, Ward E, Peruga A, Hayes R, Vermund SH, Blattner W. Risk factors for HTLV-I among heterosexual STD clinic attenders. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1995 May 01; 9(1):81-8. PMID: 7712238.
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    274. Hayes RJ, Schulz KF, Plummer FA. The cofactor effect of genital ulcers on the per-exposure risk of HIV transmission in sub-Saharan Africa. J Trop Med Hyg. 1995 Feb; 98(1):1-8. PMID: 7861474.
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    275. Schulz KF, Chalmers I, Hayes RJ, Altman DG. Empirical evidence of bias. Dimensions of methodological quality associated with estimates of treatment effects in controlled trials. JAMA. 1995 Feb 01; 273(5):408-12. PMID: 7823387.
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    276. Elliott AM, Halwiindi B, Hayes RJ, Luo N, Mwinga AG, Tembo G, Machiels L, Steenbergen G, Pobee JO, Nunn PP, et al. The impact of human immunodeficiency virus on response to treatment and recurrence rate in patients treated for tuberculosis: two-year follow-up of a cohort in Lusaka, Zambia. J Trop Med Hyg. 1995 Feb; 98(1):9-21. PMID: 7861484.
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    277. Elliott AM, Halwiindi B, Hayes RJ, Luo N, Mwinga AG, Tembo G, Machiels L, Steenbergen G, Pobee JO, Nunn P. The impact of human immunodeficiency virus on mortality of patients treated for tuberculosis in a cohort study in Zambia. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1995 Jan-Feb; 89(1):78-82. PMID: 7747316.
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    278. Mayaud P, Grosskurth H, Changalucha J, Todd J, West B, Gabone R, Senkoro K, Rusizoka M, Laga M, Hayes R, et al. Risk assessment and other screening options for gonorrhoea and chlamydial infections in women attending rural Tanzanian antenatal clinics. Bull World Health Organ. 1995; 73(5):621-30. PMID: 8846488.
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    279. Duncan LE, Elliott AM, Hayes RJ, Hira SK, Tembo G, Mumba GT, Ebrahim SH, Quigley M, Pobee JO, McAdam KP. Tuberculin sensitivity and HIV-1 status of patients attending a sexually transmitted diseases clinic in Lusaka, Zambia: a cross-sectional study. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1995 Jan-Feb; 89(1):37-40. PMID: 7747304.
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    280. Buvé A, Caraël M, Hayes R, Robinson NJ. Variations in HIV prevalence between urban areas in sub-Saharan Africa: do we understand them? AIDS. 1995; 9 Suppl A:S103-9. PMID: 8819576.
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    281. Smith T, Schellenberg JA, Hayes R. Attributable fraction estimates and case definitions for malaria in endemic areas. Stat Med. 1994 Nov 30; 13(22):2345-58. PMID: 7855468.
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    282. Hayes RJ, Pereira VC, McQuillin A, Buck KW. Localization of functional regions of the cucumber mosaic virus RNA replicase using monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies. J Gen Virol. 1994 Nov; 75 ( Pt 11):3177-84. PMID: 7525862.
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    283. Schellenberg JR, Smith T, Alonso PL, Hayes RJ. What is clinical malaria? Finding case definitions for field research in highly endemic areas. Parasitol Today. 1994 Nov; 10(11):439-42. PMID: 15275531.
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    284. Hayes RJ, Pereira VC, Buck KW. Plant proteins that bind to the 3'-terminal sequences of the negative-strand RNA of three diverse positive-strand RNA plant viruses. FEBS Lett. 1994 Oct 03; 352(3):331-4. PMID: 7925996.
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    285. Ricard D, Wilkins A, N'Gum PT, Hayes R, Morgan G, Da Silva AP, Whittle H. The effects of HIV-2 infection in a rural area of Guinea-Bissau. AIDS. 1994 Jul; 8(7):977-82. PMID: 7946109.
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    286. Robinson NJ, Auvert B, Mulder D, Hayes R. Home testing for HIV. Lancet. 1994 May 21; 343(8908):1294. PMID: 7910299.
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    287. Gröning BR, Hayes RJ, Buck KW. Simultaneous regulation of tomato golden mosaic virus coat protein and AL1 gene expression: expression of the AL4 gene may contribute to suppression of the AL1 gene. J Gen Virol. 1994 Apr; 75 ( Pt 4):721-6. PMID: 8151290.
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    288. Chandramohan D, Maude GH, Rodrigues LC, Hayes RJ. Verbal autopsies for adult deaths: issues in their development and validation. Int J Epidemiol. 1994 Apr; 23(2):213-22. PMID: 8082945.
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    289. Teuscher T, Schellenberg JR, Bastos de Azevedo I, Hurt N, Smith T, Hayes R, Masanja H, Silva Y, Lopez MC, Kitua A, et al. SPf66, a chemically synthesized subunit malaria vaccine, is safe and immunogenic in Tanzanians exposed to intense malaria transmission. Vaccine. 1994 Mar; 12(4):328-36. PMID: 8178555.
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    290. Figueroa JP, Brathwaite A, Morris J, Ward E, Peruga A, Blattner W, Vermund SH, Hayes R. Rising HIV-1 prevalence among sexually transmitted disease clinic attenders in Jamaica: traumatic sex and genital ulcers as risk factors. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1994 Mar; 7(3):310-6. PMID: 8106971.
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    291. Alonso PL, Tanner M, Smith T, Hayes RJ, Schellenberg JA, Lopez MC, Bastos de Azevedo I, Menendez C, Lyimo E, Weiss N, et al. A trial of the synthetic malaria vaccine SPf66 in Tanzania: rationale and design. Vaccine. 1994 Feb; 12(2):181-6. PMID: 8147101.
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    292. Elliott AM, Hayes RJ, Luo N, Pobee JO, McAdam KP. Tuberculosis and immunodeficiency in HIV-1-infected patients in Africa. Lancet. 1993 Oct 23; 342(8878):1053. PMID: 8105284.
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    293. Robinson NJ, Hayes R, Mulder D. Using condoms to prevent transmission of HIV. BMJ. 1993 Oct 16; 307(6910):1007. PMID: 8241889.
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    294. Pickering H, Quigley M, Hayes RJ, Todd J, Wilkins A. Determinants of condom use in 24,000 prostitute/client contacts in The Gambia. AIDS. 1993 Aug; 7(8):1093-8. PMID: 8397946.
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    295. Del Fante P, Jenniskens F, Lush L, Morona D, Moeller B, Lanata CF, Hayes R. HIV, breast-feeding and under-5 mortality: modelling the impact of policy decisions for or against breast-feeding. J Trop Med Hyg. 1993 Aug; 96(4):203-11. PMID: 8345538.
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    296. Elliott AM, Hayes RJ, Halwiindi B, Luo N, Tembo G, Pobee JO, Nunn PP, McAdam KP. The impact of HIV on infectiousness of pulmonary tuberculosis: a community study in Zambia. AIDS. 1993 Jul; 7(7):981-7. PMID: 8357557.
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    297. Elliott AM, Namaambo K, Allen BW, Luo N, Hayes RJ, Pobee JO, McAdam KP. Negative sputum smear results in HIV-positive patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in Lusaka, Zambia. Tuber Lung Dis. 1993 Jun; 74(3):191-4. PMID: 8369514.
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    298. Thömmes P, Osman TA, Hayes RJ, Buck KW. TGMV replication protein AL1 preferentially binds to single-stranded DNA from the common region. FEBS Lett. 1993 Mar 15; 319(1-2):95-9. PMID: 8454066.
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    299. Elliott AM, Halwiindi B, Hayes RJ, Luo N, Tembo G, Machiels L, Bem C, Steenbergen G, Pobee JO, Nunn PP, et al. The impact of human immunodeficiency virus on presentation and diagnosis of tuberculosis in a cohort study in Zambia. J Trop Med Hyg. 1993 Feb; 96(1):1-11. PMID: 8429569.
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    300. Doenhoff MJ, Butterworth AE, Hayes RJ, Sturrock RF, Ouma JH, Koech D, Prentice M, Bain J. Seroepidemiology and serodiagnosis of schistosomiasis in Kenya using crude and purified egg antigens of Schistosoma mansoni in ELISA. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1993 Jan-Feb; 87(1):42-8. PMID: 8465393.
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    301. Mayaud P, Changalucha J, Grosskurth H, Ka-Gina G, Rugemalila J, Nduba J, Newell J, Hayes R, Mabey D. The value of urine specimens in screening for male urethritis and its microbial aetiologies in Tanzania. Genitourin Med. 1992 Dec; 68(6):361-5. PMID: 1487256.
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    302. Elliott AM, Halwiindi B, Bagshawe A, Hayes RJ, Luo N, Pobee JO, McAdam KP. Use of prednisolone in the treatment of HIV-positive tuberculosis patients. Q J Med. 1992 Nov-Dec; 85(307-308):855-60. PMID: 1484947.
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    303. Armstrong JR, Hayes RJ. Estimating prevalence of injecting drug use in an urban population: limitations of the three-sample estimation procedure. Int J Epidemiol. 1992 Jun; 21(3):613-4. PMID: 1634325.
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    304. Hayes RJ, Marsh K, Snow RW. Case-control studies of severe malaria. J Trop Med Hyg. 1992 Jun; 95(3):157-66. PMID: 1597871.
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    305. Hayes RJ, Tousch D, Jacquemond M, Pereira VC, Buck KW, Tepfer M. Complete replication of a satellite RNA in vitro by a purified RNA-dependent RNA polymerase. J Gen Virol. 1992 Jun; 73 ( Pt 6):1597-600. PMID: 1376771.
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    306. Nunn P, Gicheha C, Hayes R, Gathua S, Brindle R, Kibuga D, Mutie T, Kamunyi R, Omwega M, Were J, et al. Cross-sectional survey of HIV infection among patients with tuberculosis in Nairobi, Kenya. Tuber Lung Dis. 1992 Feb; 73(1):45-51. PMID: 1381970.
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    307. Osman TA, Hayes RJ, Buck KW. Cooperative binding of the red clover necrotic mosaic virus movement protein to single-stranded nucleic acids. J Gen Virol. 1992 Feb; 73 ( Pt 2):223-7. PMID: 1538188.
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    308. Wilkins A, Hayes R, Alonso P, Baldeh S, Berry N, Cham K, Hughes A, Jaiteh K, Oelman B, Tedder R, et al. Risk factors for HIV-2 infection in The Gambia. AIDS. 1991 Sep; 5(9):1127-32. PMID: 1930776.
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    309. Serraino D, Franceschi S, Vaccher E, Diodato S, Santini GF, La Vecchia C, Hayes R, Tirelli U. Risk factors for human immunodeficiency virus infection in 581 intravenous drug users, northeast Italy, 1984-1988. The AIDS and Related Syndromes Study Group. Int J Epidemiol. 1991 Mar; 20(1):264-70. PMID: 2066233.
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    310. Smith PG, Hayes RJ, Mulder DW. Epidemiological and public health considerations in the design of HIV vaccine trials. AIDS. 1991; 5 Suppl 2:S105-11. PMID: 1845042.
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    311. Hayes RJ, Buck KW. Infectious cucumber mosaic virus RNA transcribed in vitro from clones obtained from cDNA amplified using the polymerase chain reaction. J Gen Virol. 1990 Nov; 71 ( Pt 11):2503-8. PMID: 2254748.
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    312. Hayes RJ, Buck KW. Complete replication of a eukaryotic virus RNA in vitro by a purified RNA-dependent RNA polymerase. Cell. 1990 Oct 19; 63(2):363-8. PMID: 2208291.
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    313. Ross DA, Taylor N, Hayes R, McLean M. Measuring malnutrition in famines: are weight-for-height and arm circumference interchangeable? Int J Epidemiol. 1990 Sep; 19(3):636-45. PMID: 2262258.
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    314. Elliott AM, Luo N, Tembo G, Halwiindi B, Steenbergen G, Machiels L, Pobee J, Nunn P, Hayes RJ, McAdam KP. Impact of HIV on tuberculosis in Zambia: a cross sectional study. BMJ. 1990 Sep 01; 301(6749):412-5. PMID: 2282396.
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    315. Everard CO, Maude GH, Hayes RJ. Leptospiral infection: a household serosurvey in urban and rural communities in Barbados and Trinidad. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 1990 Jun; 84(3):255-66. PMID: 2222028.
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    316. Greenwood BM, Bradley AK, Byass P, Greenwood AM, Menon A, Snow RW, Hayes RJ, Hatib-N'Jie AB. Evaluation of a primary health care programme in The Gambia. II. Its impact on mortality and morbidity in young children. J Trop Med Hyg. 1990 Apr; 93(2):87-97. PMID: 2325198.
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    317. Mertens TE, Hayes RJ, Smith PG. Epidemiological methods to study the interaction between HIV infection and other sexually transmitted diseases. AIDS. 1990 Jan; 4(1):57-65. PMID: 2180435.
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    318. Hayes RJ, Buck KW. Replication of tomato golden mosaic virus DNA B in transgenic plants expressing open reading frames (ORFs) of DNA A: requirement of ORF AL2 for production of single-stranded DNA. Nucleic Acids Res. 1989 Dec 25; 17(24):10213-22. PMID: 2602150.
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    319. Greenwood BM, Byass P, Greenwood AM, Hayes RJ, Menon A, Shenton FC, Stephens J, Snow RW. Lack of an association between acute gastroenteritis, acute respiratory infections and malaria in young Gambian children. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1989 Sep-Oct; 83(5):595-8. PMID: 2559509.
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    320. Everard CO, Hayes RJ, Edwards CN. Leptospiral infection in school-children from Trinidad and Barbados. Epidemiol Infect. 1989 Aug; 103(1):143-56. PMID: 2789146.
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    321. Hayes R. Surveillance for AIDS in Uganda. WHO AIDS Tech Bull. 1989 Jun; 2:85-6. PMID: 12342466.
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    322. Marsh K, Otoo L, Hayes RJ, Carson DC, Greenwood BM. Antibodies to blood stage antigens of Plasmodium falciparum in rural Gambians and their relation to protection against infection. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1989 May-Jun; 83(3):293-303. PMID: 2694458.
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    323. Hayes RJ, Coutts RH, Buck KW. Stability and expression of bacterial genes in replicating geminivirus vectors in plants. Nucleic Acids Res. 1989 Apr 11; 17(7):2391-403. PMID: 2541407.
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    324. Tomkins AM, Dunn DT, Hayes RJ. Nutritional status and risk of morbidity among young Gambian children allowing for social and environmental factors. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1989 Mar-Apr; 83(2):282-7. PMID: 2609387.
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    325. Hayes RJ. Methods for assessing whether change depends on initial value. Stat Med. 1988 Sep; 7(9):915-27. PMID: 3175391.
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    326. Greenwood BM, Greenwood AM, Bradley AK, Snow RW, Byass P, Hayes RJ, N'Jie AB. Comparison of two strategies for control of malaria within a primary health care programme in the Gambia. Lancet. 1988 May 21; 1(8595):1121-7. PMID: 2896957.
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    327. Walker GJ, Ashley DE, Hayes RJ. The quality of care is related to death rates: hospital inpatient management of infants with acute gastroenteritis in Jamaica. Am J Public Health. 1988 Feb; 78(2):149-52. PMID: 3337327.
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    328. Hanlon P, Byass P, Yamuah M, Hayes R, Bennett S, M'Boge BH. Factors influencing vaccination compliance in peri-urban Gambian children. J Trop Med Hyg. 1988 Feb; 91(1):29-33. PMID: 3346933.
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    329. Maude GH, Hayes RJ, Serjeant GR. The haematology of steady state homozygous sickle cell disease: interrelationships between haematological indices. Br J Haematol. 1987 Aug; 66(4):549-58. PMID: 2444245.
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    330. Hayes RJ, Smith PG. Seropositivity to HIV-1 and HIV-2. Lancet. 1987 May 23; 1(8543):1199-200. PMID: 2883506.
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    331. Greenwood BM, Greenwood AM, Bradley AK, Williams K, Hassan-King M, Shenton FC, Wall RA, Hayes RJ. Factors influencing susceptibility to meningococcal disease during an epidemic in The Gambia, West Africa. J Infect. 1987 Mar; 14(2):167-84. PMID: 3106507.
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    332. Wilkins HA, Blumenthal UJ, Hagan P, Hayes RJ, Tulloch S. Resistance to reinfection after treatment of urinary schistosomiasis. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1987; 81(1):29-35. PMID: 3127957.
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    333. Pickering H, Hayes RJ, Tomkins AM, Carson D, Dunn DT. Alternative measures of diarrhoeal morbidity and their association with social and environmental factors in urban children in The Gambia. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1987; 81(5):853-9. PMID: 3450010.
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    334. Greenwood BM, Bradley AK, Greenwood AM, Byass P, Jammeh K, Marsh K, Tulloch S, Oldfield FS, Hayes R. Mortality and morbidity from malaria among children in a rural area of The Gambia, West Africa. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1987; 81(3):478-86. PMID: 3318021.
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    335. Williams EH, Hayes RJ, Smith PG. Admissions to a rural hospital in the West Nile District of Uganda over a 27 year period. J Trop Med Hyg. 1986 Aug; 89(4):193-211. PMID: 3783813.
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    336. Pickering H, Hayes RJ, Ng'andu N, Smith PG. Social and environmental factors associated with the risk of child mortality in a peri-urban community in The Gambia. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1986; 80(2):311-6. PMID: 3787693.
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    337. Hayes RJ, Beckford M, Grandison Y, Mason K, Serjeant BE, Serjeant GR. The haematology of steady state homozygous sickle cell disease: frequency distributions, variation with age and sex, longitudinal observations. Br J Haematol. 1985 Feb; 59(2):369-82. PMID: 2578806.
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    338. Everard CO, Hayes RJ, Fraser-Chanpong GM. A serosurvey for leptospirosis in Trinidad among urban and rural dwellers and persons occupationally at risk. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1985; 79(1):96-105. PMID: 3992647.
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    339. de Ceulaer K, Higgs DR, Weatherall DJ, Hayes RJ, Serjeant BE, Serjeant GR. alpha-Thalassemia reduces the hemolytic rate in homozygous sickle-cell disease. N Engl J Med. 1983 Jul 21; 309(3):189-90. PMID: 6866027.
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    340. Mason KP, Grandison Y, Hayes RJ, Serjeant BE, Serjeant GR, Vaidya S, Wood WG. Post-natal decline of fetal haemoglobin in homozygous sickle cell disease: relationship to parenteral Hb F levels. Br J Haematol. 1982 Nov; 52(3):455-63. PMID: 6181802.
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    341. Higgs DR, Aldridge BE, Lamb J, Clegg JB, Weatherall DJ, Hayes RJ, Grandison Y, Lowrie Y, Mason KP, Serjeant BE, Serjeant GR. The interaction of alpha-thalassemia and homozygous sickle-cell disease. N Engl J Med. 1982 Jun 17; 306(24):1441-6. PMID: 6176865.
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    342. Hayes RJ, Condon PI, Serjeant GR. Haematological factors associated with proliferative retinopathy in sickle cell-haemoglobin C disease. Br J Ophthalmol. 1981 Oct; 65(10):712-7. PMID: 7317324.
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    343. Hayes RJ, Condon PI, Serjeant GR. Haematological factors associated with proliferative retinopathy in homozygous sickle cell disease. Br J Ophthalmol. 1981 Jan; 65(1):29-35. PMID: 6160870.
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    344. Hayes RJ. Incidental appendectomies. Current teaching. JAMA. 1977 Jul 04; 238(1):31. PMID: 577258.
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