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Emeritus Professor Françoise Portaels

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Eddyani M, Vandelannoote K, Meehan CJ, Bhuju S, Porter JL, Aguiar J, Seemann T, Jarek M, Singh M, Portaels F, Stinear TP, de Jong BC. A Genomic Approach to Resolving Relapse versus Reinfection among Four Cases of Buruli Ulcer. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2015 Nov; 9(11):e0004158. PMID: 26618509; PMCID: PMC4664471.
    2. Yemoa A, Gbenou J, Affolabi D, Moudachirou M, Bigot A, Anagonou S, Portaels F, Martin A, Quetin-Leclercq J. Beninese Medicinal Plants as a Source of Antimycobacterial Agents: Bioguided Fractionation and In Vitro Activity of Alkaloids Isolated from Holarrhena floribunda Used in Traditional Treatment of Buruli Ulcer. Biomed Res Int. 2015; 2015:835767. PMID: 26180813; PMCID: PMC4477427.
    3. Ablordey AS, Vandelannoote K, Frimpong IA, Ahortor EK, Amissah NA, Eddyani M, Durnez L, Portaels F, de Jong BC, Leirs H, Porter JL, Mangas KM, Lam MM, Buultjens A, Seemann T, Tobias NJ, Stinear TP. Correction: Whole Genome Comparisons Suggest Random Distribution of Mycobacterium ulcerans Genotypes in a Buruli Ulcer Endemic Region of Ghana. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2015 May; 9(5):e0003798. PMID: 25970176; PMCID: PMC4430544.
    4. Ablordey AS, Vandelannoote K, Frimpong IA, Ahortor EK, Amissah NA, Eddyani M, Durnez L, Portaels F, de Jong BC, Leirs H, Porter JL, Mangas KM, Lam MM, Buultjens A, Seemann T, Tobias NJ, Stinear TP. Whole genome comparisons suggest random distribution of Mycobacterium ulcerans genotypes in a Buruli ulcer endemic region of Ghana. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2015 Mar; 9(3):e0003681. PMID: 25826332; PMCID: PMC4380315.
    5. Walsh DS, De Jong BC, Meyers WM, Portaels F. Leprosy and Buruli ulcer: similarities suggest combining control and prevention of disability strategies in countries endemic for both diseases. Lepr Rev. 2015 Mar; 86(1):1-5. PMID: 26065143.
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    6. Faber WR, de Jong B, de Vries HJ, Zeegelaar JE, Portaels F. Buruli ulcer in traveler from Suriname, South America, to the Netherlands. Emerg Infect Dis. 2015 Mar; 21(3):497-9. PMID: 25695367; PMCID: PMC4344276.
    7. Kibadi K, Tiendrebeogo A, Ekoue Kinvi B, De Jong B, Boelaert M, Portaels F. [Buruli ulcer in the health districts of the Democratic Republic of Congo from 1950 to 2013: literature review and new distribution map]. Med Sante Trop. 2014 Oct-Dec; 24(4):420-9. PMID: 25547784.
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    8. Amissah NA, Gryseels S, Tobias NJ, Ravadgar B, Suzuki M, Vandelannoote K, Durnez L, Leirs H, Stinear TP, Portaels F, Ablordey A, Eddyani M. Investigating the role of free-living amoebae as a reservoir for Mycobacterium ulcerans. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2014 Sep; 8(9):e3148. PMID: 25188535; PMCID: PMC4154674.
    9. Eddyani M, Lavender C, de Rijk WB, Bomans P, Fyfe J, de Jong B, Portaels F. Multicenter external quality assessment program for PCR detection of Mycobacterium ulcerans in clinical and environmental specimens. PLoS One. 2014; 9(2):e89407. PMID: 24586755; PMCID: PMC3931755.
    10. Mavinga Phanzu D, Suykerbuyk P, Saunderson P, Ngwala Lukanu P, Masamba Minuku JB, Imposo DB, Mbadu Diengidi B, Kayinua M, Tamfum Muyembe JJ, Tshindele Lutumba P, de Jong BC, Portaels F, Boelaert M. Burden of Mycobacterium ulcerans disease (Buruli ulcer) and the underreporting ratio in the territory of Songololo, Democratic Republic of Congo. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2013; 7(12):e2563. PMID: 24340112; PMCID: PMC3855042.
    11. Vandelannoote K, Jordaens K, Bomans P, Leirs H, Durnez L, Affolabi D, Sopoh G, Aguiar J, Phanzu DM, Kibadi K, Eyangoh S, Manou LB, Phillips RO, Adjei O, Ablordey A, Rigouts L, Portaels F, Eddyani M, de Jong BC. Insertion sequence element single nucleotide polymorphism typing provides insights into the population structure and evolution of Mycobacterium ulcerans across Africa. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2014 Feb; 80(3):1197-209. PMID: 24296504; PMCID: PMC3911215.
    12. Bayonne Manou LS, Portaels F, Eddyani M, Book AU, Vandelannoote K, de Jong BC. [Mycobacterium ulcerans disease (Buruli ulcer) in Gabon: 2005-2011]. Med Sante Trop. 2013 Oct-Dec; 23(4):450-7. PMID: 24413612.
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    13. Broutin V, Bañuls AL, Aubry A, Keck N, Choisy M, Bernardet JF, Michel C, Raymond JC, Libert C, Barnaud A, Stragier P, Portaels F, Terru D, Belon C, Dereure O, Gutierrez C, Boschiroli ML, Van De Perre P, Cambau E, Godreuil S. Genetic diversity and population structure of Mycobacterium marinum: new insights into host and environmental specificities. J Clin Microbiol. 2012 Nov; 50(11):3627-34. PMID: 22952269; PMCID: PMC3486196.
    14. Gryseels S, Amissah D, Durnez L, Vandelannoote K, Leirs H, De Jonckheere J, Silva MT, Portaels F, Ablordey A, Eddyani M. Amoebae as potential environmental hosts for Mycobacterium ulcerans and other mycobacteria, but doubtful actors in Buruli ulcer epidemiology. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2012; 6(8):e1764. PMID: 22880141; PMCID: PMC3413716.
    15. Doig KD, Holt KE, Fyfe JA, Lavender CJ, Eddyani M, Portaels F, Yeboah-Manu D, Pluschke G, Seemann T, Stinear TP. On the origin of Mycobacterium ulcerans, the causative agent of Buruli ulcer. BMC Genomics. 2012 Jun 19; 13:258. PMID: 22712622; PMCID: PMC3434033.
    16. Merle CS, Sismanidis C, Sow OB, Gninafon M, Horton J, Lapujade O, Lo MB, Mitchinson DA, Perronne C, Portaels F, Odhiambo J, Olliaro P, Rustomjee R, Lienhardt C, Fielding K. A pivotal registration phase III, multicenter, randomized tuberculosis controlled trial: design issues and lessons learnt from the Gatifloxacin for TB (OFLOTUB) project. Trials. 2012 May 18; 13:61. PMID: 22607233; PMCID: PMC3528451.
    17. Fraga AG, Martins TG, Torrado E, Huygen K, Portaels F, Silva MT, Castro AG, Pedrosa J. Cellular immunity confers transient protection in experimental Buruli ulcer following BCG or mycolactone-negative Mycobacterium ulcerans vaccination. PLoS One. 2012; 7(3):e33406. PMID: 22413022; PMCID: PMC3297633.
    18. Affolabi D, Sanoussi N, Vandelannoote K, Odoun M, Faïhun F, Sopoh G, Anagonou S, Portaels F, Eddyani M. Effects of decontamination, DNA extraction, and amplification procedures on the molecular diagnosis of Mycobacterium ulcerans disease (Buruli ulcer). J Clin Microbiol. 2012 Apr; 50(4):1195-8. PMID: 22259213; PMCID: PMC3318535.
    19. Sajduda A, Martin A, Portaels F, Palomino JC. hsp65 PCR-restriction analysis (PRA) with capillary electrophoresis for species identification and differentiation of Mycobacterium kansasii and Mycobacterium chelonae-Mycobacterium abscessus group. Int J Infect Dis. 2012 Mar; 16(3):e193-7. PMID: 22240012.
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    20. Vincent V, Rigouts L, Nduwamahoro E, Holmes B, Cunningham J, Guillerm M, Nathanson CM, Moussy F, De Jong B, Portaels F, Ramsay A. The TDR Tuberculosis Strain Bank: a resource for basic science, tool development and diagnostic services. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2012 Jan; 16(1):24-31. PMID: 22236841.
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    21. Phanzu DM, Suykerbuyk P, Imposo DB, Lukanu PN, Minuku JB, Lehman LF, Saunderson P, de Jong BC, Lutumba PT, Portaels F, Boelaert M. Effect of a control project on clinical profiles and outcomes in buruli ulcer: a before/after study in Bas-Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2011 Dec; 5(12):e1402. PMID: 22216362; PMCID: PMC3246436.
    22. Phanzu DM, Mahema RL, Suykerbuyk P, Imposo DH, Lehman LF, Nduwamahoro E, Meyers WM, Boelaert M, Portaels F. Mycobacterium ulcerans infection (Buruli ulcer) on the face: a comparative analysis of 13 clinically suspected cases from the Democratic Republic of Congo. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2011 Dec; 85(6):1100-5. PMID: 22144452; PMCID: PMC3225160.
    23. Proaño-Pérez F, Benítez-Ortiz W, Portaels F, Rigouts L, Linden A. Situation of bovine tuberculosis in Ecuador. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2011 Sep; 30(3):279-86. PMID: 22069076.
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    24. Proaño-Pérez F, Benitez-Ortiz W, Desmecht D, Coral M, Ortiz J, Ron L, Portaels F, Rigouts L, Linden A. Post-mortem examination and laboratory-based analysis for the diagnosis of bovine tuberculosis among dairy cattle in Ecuador. Prev Vet Med. 2011 Aug 01; 101(1-2):65-72. PMID: 21645934.
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    25. Durnez L, Katakweba A, Sadiki H, Katholi CR, Kazwala RR, Machang'u RR, Portaels F, Leirs H. Mycobacteria in terrestrial small mammals on cattle farms in Tanzania. Vet Med Int. 2011; 2011:495074. PMID: 21785686; PMCID: PMC3139188.
    26. Smith NH, Berg S, Dale J, Allen A, Rodriguez S, Romero B, Matos F, Ghebremichael S, Karoui C, Donati C, Machado Ada C, Mucavele C, Kazwala RR, Hilty M, Cadmus S, Ngandolo BN, Habtamu M, Oloya J, Muller A, Milian-Suazo F, Andrievskaia O, Projahn M, Barandiarán S, Macías A, Müller B, Zanini MS, Ikuta CY, Rodriguez CA, Pinheiro SR, Figueroa A, Cho SN, Mosavari N, Chuang PC, Jou R, Zinsstag J, van Soolingen D, Costello E, Aseffa A, Proaño-Perez F, Portaels F, Rigouts L, Cataldi AA, Collins DM, Boschiroli ML, Hewinson RG, Ferreira Neto JS, Surujballi O, Tadyon K, Botelho A, Zárraga AM, Buller N, Skuce R, Michel A, Aranaz A, Gordon SV, Jeon BY, Källenius G, Niemann S, Boniotti MB, van Helden PD, Harris B, Zumárraga MJ, Kremer K. European 1: a globally important clonal complex of Mycobacterium bovis. Infect Genet Evol. 2011 Aug; 11(6):1340-51. PMID: 21571099.
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    27. Yemoa A, Gbenou J, Affolabi D, Moudachirou M, Bigot A, Anagonou S, Portaels F, Quetin-Leclercq J, Martin A. Buruli ulcer: a review of in vitro tests to screen natural products for activity against Mycobacterium ulcerans. Planta Med. 2011 Apr; 77(6):641-6. PMID: 21240839.
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    28. Walsh DS, Portaels F, Meyers WM. Buruli ulcer: Advances in understanding Mycobacterium ulcerans infection. Dermatol Clin. 2011 Jan; 29(1):1-8. PMID: 21095521.
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    29. Sopoh GE, Johnson RC, Anagonou SY, Barogui YT, Dossou AD, Houézo JG, Phanzu DM, Tente BH, Meyers WM, Portaels F. Buruli ulcer prevalence and altitude, Benin. Emerg Infect Dis. 2011 Jan; 17(1):153-4. PMID: 21192889; PMCID: PMC3204629.
    30. Berg S, Garcia-Pelayo MC, Müller B, Hailu E, Asiimwe B, Kremer K, Dale J, Boniotti MB, Rodriguez S, Hilty M, Rigouts L, Firdessa R, Machado A, Mucavele C, Ngandolo BN, Bruchfeld J, Boschiroli L, Müller A, Sahraoui N, Pacciarini M, Cadmus S, Joloba M, van Soolingen D, Michel AL, Djønne B, Aranaz A, Zinsstag J, van Helden P, Portaels F, Kazwala R, Källenius G, Hewinson RG, Aseffa A, Gordon SV, Smith NH. African 2, a clonal complex of Mycobacterium bovis epidemiologically important in East Africa. J Bacteriol. 2011 Feb; 193(3):670-8. PMID: 21097608; PMCID: PMC3021238.
    31. Fraga AG, Cruz A, Martins TG, Torrado E, Saraiva M, Pereira DR, Meyers WM, Portaels F, Silva MT, Castro AG, Pedrosa J. Mycobacterium ulcerans triggers T-cell immunity followed by local and regional but not systemic immunosuppression. Infect Immun. 2011 Jan; 79(1):421-30. PMID: 20974825; PMCID: PMC3019874.
    32. Walsh DS, Portaels F, Meyers WM. Recent advances in leprosy and Buruli ulcer (Mycobacterium ulcerans infection). Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2010 Oct; 23(5):445-55. PMID: 20581668.
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    33. Sopoh GE, Dossou AD, Brun LV, Barogui YT, Houézo JG, Affolabi D, Anagonou SY, Johnson RC, Kestens L, Portaels F. Severe multifocal form of buruli ulcer after streptomycin and rifampin treatment: comments on possible dissemination mechanisms. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2010 Aug; 83(2):307-13. PMID: 20682873; PMCID: PMC2911176.
    34. Sopoh GE, Barogui YT, Johnson RC, Dossou AD, Makoutodé M, Anagonou SY, Kestens L, Portaels F. Family relationship, water contact and occurrence of Buruli ulcer in Benin. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2010 Jul 13; 4(7):e746. PMID: 20644620; PMCID: PMC2903473.
    35. Kibadi K, Boelaert M, Fraga AG, Kayinua M, Longatto-Filho A, Minuku JB, Mputu-Yamba JB, Muyembe-Tamfum JJ, Pedrosa J, Roux JJ, Meyers WM, Portaels F. Response to treatment in a prospective cohort of patients with large ulcerated lesions suspected to be Buruli Ulcer (Mycobacterium ulcerans disease). PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2010 Jul 06; 4(7):e736. PMID: 20625556; PMCID: PMC2897843.
    36. Mulenga C, Chonde A, Bwalya IC, Kapata N, Kakungu-Simpungwe M, Docx S, Fissette K, Shamputa IC, Portaels F, Rigouts L. Low Occurrence of Tuberculosis Drug Resistance among Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients from an Urban Setting, with a Long-Running DOTS Program in Zambia. Tuberc Res Treat. 2010; 2010:938178. PMID: 22567261; PMCID: PMC3335559.
    37. Mulenga C, Shamputa IC, Mwakazanga D, Kapata N, Portaels F, Rigouts L. Diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis genotypes circulating in Ndola, Zambia. BMC Infect Dis. 2010 Jun 17; 10:177. PMID: 20565802; PMCID: PMC2906459.
    38. von Groll A, Martin A, Portaels F, da Silva PE, Palomino JC. Growth kinetics of Mycobacterium tuberculosis measured by quantitative resazurin reduction assay: a tool for fitness studies. Braz J Microbiol. 2010 Apr; 41(2):300-3. PMID: 24031495; PMCID: PMC3768668.
    39. Durnez L, Suykerbuyk P, Nicolas V, Barrière P, Verheyen E, Johnson CR, Leirs H, Portaels F. Terrestrial small mammals as reservoirs of Mycobacterium ulcerans in benin. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2010 Jul; 76(13):4574-7. PMID: 20435759; PMCID: PMC2897467.
    40. von Groll A, Martin A, Stehr M, Singh M, Portaels F, da Silva PE, Palomino JC. Fitness of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains of the W-Beijing and Non-W-Beijing genotype. PLoS One. 2010 Apr 16; 5(4):e10191. PMID: 20419138; PMCID: PMC2855714.
    41. Kibadi K, Colebunders R, Muyembe-Tamfum JJ, Meyers WM, Portaels F. Buruli ulcer lesions in HIV-positive patient. Emerg Infect Dis. 2010 Apr; 16(4):738-9. PMID: 20350411; PMCID: PMC3321952.
    42. Phanzu MD, Bafende AE, Imposo BB, Meyers WM, Portaels F. Under treated necrotizing fasciitis masquerading as ulcerated edematous Mycobacterium ulcerans infection (Buruli ulcer). Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2010 Mar; 82(3):478-81. PMID: 20207877; PMCID: PMC2829913.
    43. Vandelannoote K, Durnez L, Amissah D, Gryseels S, Dodoo A, Yeboah S, Addo P, Eddyani M, Leirs H, Ablordey A, Portaels F. Application of real-time PCR in Ghana, a Buruli ulcer-endemic country, confirms the presence of Mycobacterium ulcerans in the environment. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2010 Mar; 304(2):191-4. PMID: 20146745.
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    44. Sajduda A, Martin A, Portaels F, Palomino JC. hsp65 PCR-restriction analysis (PRA) with capillary electrophoresis in comparison to three other methods for identification of Mycobacterium species. J Microbiol Methods. 2010 Feb; 80(2):190-7. PMID: 20045714.
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    45. Proaño-Perez F, Benitez-Ortiz W, Celi-Erazo M, Ron-Garrido L, Benitez-Capistros R, Portaels F, Rigouts L, Linden A. Comparative intradermal tuberculin test in dairy cattle in the north of Ecuador and risk factors associated with bovine tuberculosis. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2009 Dec; 81(6):1103-9. PMID: 19996444.
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    46. Walsh DS, Eyase F, Onyango D, Odindo A, Otieno W, Waitumbi JN, Bulimo WD, Schnabel DC, Meyers WM, Portaels F. Short report: Clinical and molecular evidence for a case of Buruli ulcer (Mycobacterium ulcerans infection) in Kenya. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2009 Dec; 81(6):1110-3. PMID: 19996445.
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    47. Matthys F, Rigouts L, Sizaire V, Vezhnina N, Lecoq M, Golubeva V, Portaels F, Van der Stuyft P, Kimerling M. Outcomes after chemotherapy with WHO category II regimen in a population with high prevalence of drug resistant tuberculosis. PLoS One. 2009 Nov 23; 4(11):e7954. PMID: 19956770; PMCID: PMC2776350.
    48. Silva MT, Portaels F, Pedrosa J. Pathogenetic mechanisms of the intracellular parasite Mycobacterium ulcerans leading to Buruli ulcer. Lancet Infect Dis. 2009 Nov; 9(11):699-710. PMID: 19850228.
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    49. Suykerbuyk P, Wambacq J, Phanzu DM, Haruna H, Nakazawa Y, Ooms K, Kamango K, Stragier P, Singa JN, Ekwanzala F, De Herdt E, De Maeyer P, Kestens L, Portaels F. Persistence of Mycobacterium ulcerans disease (Buruli Ulcer) in the historical focus of Kasongo Territory, the Democratic Republic of Congo. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2009 Nov; 81(5):888-94. PMID: 19861627.
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    50. Martin A, Paasch F, Von Groll A, Fissette K, Almeida P, Varaine F, Portaels F, Palomino JC. Thin-layer agar for detection of resistance to rifampicin, ofloxacin and kanamycin in Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2009 Oct; 13(10):1301-4. PMID: 19793437.
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    51. Von Groll A, Martin A, Felix C, Prata PF, Honscha G, Portaels F, Vandame P, da Silva PE, Palomino JC. Fitness study of the RDRio lineage and Latin American-Mediterranean family of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the city of Rio Grande, Brazil. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 2010 Feb; 58(1):119-27. PMID: 19889037.
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    52. Jugheli L, Bzekalava N, de Rijk P, Fissette K, Portaels F, Rigouts L. High level of cross-resistance between kanamycin, amikacin, and capreomycin among Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from Georgia and a close relation with mutations in the rrs gene. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2009 Dec; 53(12):5064-8. PMID: 19752274; PMCID: PMC2786337.
    53. Von Groll A, Martin A, Jureen P, Hoffner S, Vandamme P, Portaels F, Palomino JC, da Silva PA. Fluoroquinolone resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis and mutations in gyrA and gyrB. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2009 Oct; 53(10):4498-500. PMID: 19687244; PMCID: PMC2764174.
    54. Ortiz RH, Leon DA, Estevez HO, Martin A, Herrera JL, Romo LF, Portaels F, Pando RH. Differences in virulence and immune response induced in a murine model by isolates of Mycobacterium ulcerans from different geographic areas. Clin Exp Immunol. 2009 Aug; 157(2):271-81. PMID: 19604267; PMCID: PMC2730853.
    55. Webb BJ, Hauck FR, Houp E, Portaels F. Buruli ulcer in West Africa: strategies for early detection and treatment in the antibiotic era. East Afr J Public Health. 2009 Aug; 6(2):144-7. PMID: 20000019.
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    56. Affolabi D, Faïhun F, Sanoussi N, Anyo G, Shamputa IC, Rigouts L, Kestens L, Anagonou S, Portaels F. Possible outbreak of streptomycin-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis Beijing in Benin. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009 Jul; 15(7):1123-5. PMID: 19624936; PMCID: PMC2744252.
    57. Kibadi K, Boelaert M, Kayinua M, Minuku JB, Muyembe-Tamfum JJ, Portaels F, Lefèvre P. Therapeutic itineraries of patients with ulcerated forms of Mycobacterium ulcerans (Buruli ulcer) disease in a rural health zone in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Trop Med Int Health. 2009 Sep; 14(9):1110-6. PMID: 19563476.
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    58. Martin A, Munga Waweru P, Babu Okatch F, Amondi Ouma N, Bonte L, Varaine F, Portaels F. Implementation of the thin layer agar method for diagnosis of smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis in a setting with a high prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus infection in Homa Bay, Kenya. J Clin Microbiol. 2009 Aug; 47(8):2632-4. PMID: 19494065; PMCID: PMC2725698.
    59. Durnez L, Sadiki H, Katakweba A, Machang'u RR, Kazwala RR, Leirs H, Portaels F. The prevalence of Mycobacterium bovis-infection and atypical mycobacterioses in cattle in and around Morogoro, Tanzania. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2009 Dec; 41(8):1653-9. PMID: 19437127.
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    60. Martin A, Fissette K, Varaine F, Portaels F, Palomino JC. Thin layer agar compared to BACTEC MGIT 960 for early detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. J Microbiol Methods. 2009 Jul; 78(1):107-8. PMID: 19427881.
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    61. Portaels F, Silva MT, Meyers WM. Buruli ulcer. Clin Dermatol. 2009 May-Jun; 27(3):291-305. PMID: 19362692.
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    62. Eddyani M, Fraga AG, Schmitt F, Uwizeye C, Fissette K, Johnson C, Aguiar J, Sopoh G, Barogui Y, Meyers WM, Pedrosa J, Portaels F. Fine-needle aspiration, an efficient sampling technique for bacteriological diagnosis of nonulcerative Buruli ulcer. J Clin Microbiol. 2009 Jun; 47(6):1700-4. PMID: 19386847; PMCID: PMC2691074.
    63. Affolabi D, Anyo G, Faïhun F, Sanoussi N, Shamputa IC, Rigouts L, Kestens L, Anagonou S, Portaels F. First molecular epidemiological study of tuberculosis in Benin. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2009 Mar; 13(3):317-22. PMID: 19275790.
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    64. Huygen K, Adjei O, Affolabi D, Bretzel G, Demangel C, Fleischer B, Johnson RC, Pedrosa J, Phanzu DM, Phillips RO, Pluschke G, Siegmund V, Singh M, van der Werf TS, Wansbrough-Jones M, Portaels F. Buruli ulcer disease: prospects for a vaccine. Med Microbiol Immunol. 2009 May; 198(2):69-77. PMID: 19198877.
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    65. Dossou AD, Sopoh GE, Johnson CR, Barogui YT, Affolabi D, Anagonou SY, Zohoun T, Portaels F, Asiedu K. Management of Mycobacterium ulcerans infection in a pregnant woman in Benin using rifampicin and clarithromycin. Med J Aust. 2008 Nov 03; 189(9):532-3. PMID: 18976206.
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    66. Kibadi K, Panda M, Tamfum JJ, Fraga AG, Longatto Filho A, Anyo G, Pedrosa J, Nakazawa Y, Suykerbuyk P, Meyers WM, Portaels F. New foci of Buruli ulcer, Angola and Democratic Republic of Congo. Emerg Infect Dis. 2008 Nov; 14(11):1790-2. PMID: 18976574; PMCID: PMC2630729.
    67. Martin A, von Groll A, Fissette K, Palomino JC, Varaine F, Portaels F. Rapid detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis resistance to second-line drugs by use of the manual mycobacterium growth indicator tube system. J Clin Microbiol. 2008 Dec; 46(12):3952-6. PMID: 18945838; PMCID: PMC2593252.
    68. Durnez L, Stragier P, Roebben K, Ablordey A, Leirs H, Portaels F. A comparison of DNA extraction procedures for the detection of Mycobacterium ulcerans, the causative agent of Buruli ulcer, in clinical and environmental specimens. J Microbiol Methods. 2009 Feb; 76(2):152-8. PMID: 18973778.
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    69. Eddyani M, De Jonckheere JF, Durnez L, Suykerbuyk P, Leirs H, Portaels F. Occurrence of free-living amoebae in communities of low and high endemicity for Buruli ulcer in southern Benin. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2008 Nov; 74(21):6547-53. PMID: 18776024; PMCID: PMC2576719.
    70. Stragier P, Hermans K, Stinear T, Portaels F. First report of a mycolactone-producing Mycobacterium infection in fish agriculture in Belgium. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2008 Sep; 286(1):93-5. PMID: 18631185.
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    71. Affolabi D, Odoun M, Sanoussi N, Martin A, Palomino JC, Kestens L, Anagonou S, Portaels F. Rapid and inexpensive detection of multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis with the nitrate reductase assay using liquid medium and direct application to sputum samples. J Clin Microbiol. 2008 Oct; 46(10):3243-5. PMID: 18753346; PMCID: PMC2566092.
    72. Affolabi D, Sanoussi N, Odoun M, Martin A, Koukpemedji L, Palomino JC, Kestens L, Anagonou S, Portaels F. Rapid detection of multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Cotonou (Benin) using two low-cost colorimetric methods: resazurin and nitrate reductase assays. J Med Microbiol. 2008 Aug; 57(Pt 8):1024-7. PMID: 18628506.
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    73. Walsh DS, Portaels F, Meyers WM. Buruli ulcer (Mycobacterium ulcerans infection). Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2008 Oct; 102(10):969-78. PMID: 18657836.
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    74. Affolabi D, Odoun M, Sanoussi CN, Tanimomo-Kledjo B, Saïzonou D, Soumaïla K, Kestens L, Anagonou SY, Portaels F. Bulk staining of smears: no demonstrated risk of bacilli transfer from a positive to a negative smear. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2008 Jun; 12(6):683-5. PMID: 18492337.
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    75. Jugheli L, Rigouts L, Shamputa IC, Bram de Rijk W, Portaels F. High levels of resistance to second-line anti-tuberculosis drugs among prisoners with pulmonary tuberculosis in Georgia. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2008 May; 12(5):561-6. PMID: 18419893.
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    76. Johnson RC, Nackers F, Glynn JR, de Biurrun Bakedano E, Zinsou C, Aguiar J, Tonglet R, Portaels F. Association of HIV infection and Mycobacterium ulcerans disease in Benin. AIDS. 2008 Apr 23; 22(7):901-3. PMID: 18427211.
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    77. Martin A, Panaiotov S, Portaels F, Hoffner S, Palomino JC, Angeby K. The nitrate reductase assay for the rapid detection of isoniazid and rifampicin resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2008 Jul; 62(1):56-64. PMID: 18407918.
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    78. Kibadi K, Stragier P, Muyembe-Tamfum JJ, Pedrosa J, Portaels F. [Follow-up of the first case of Mycobacterium ulcerans infection documented by PCR, genotyping and culture in the Republic of Congo-Brazzaville]. Med Trop (Mars). 2008 Apr; 68(2):137-43. PMID: 18630045.
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    79. Portaels F, Meyers WM, Ablordey A, Castro AG, Chemlal K, de Rijk P, Elsen P, Fissette K, Fraga AG, Lee R, Mahrous E, Small PL, Stragier P, Torrado E, Van Aerde A, Silva MT, Pedrosa J. First cultivation and characterization of Mycobacterium ulcerans from the environment. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2008 Mar 26; 2(3):e178. PMID: 18365032; PMCID: PMC2268003.
    80. Affolabi D, Tanimomo-Kledjo B, Anyo G, Johnson RC, Anagonou SY, Portaels F. Setting up a national reference laboratory for Buruli ulcer: the case of Benin. Trop Med Int Health. 2008 Mar; 13(3):365-8. PMID: 18397399.
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    81. Guerra H, Palomino JC, Falconí E, Bravo F, Donaires N, Van Marck E, Portaels F. Mycobacterium ulcerans disease, Peru. Emerg Infect Dis. 2008 Mar; 14(3):373-7. PMID: 18325248; PMCID: PMC2570831.
    82. Affolabi D, Bankolé H, Ablordey A, Hounnouga J, Koutchakpo P, Sopoh G, Aguiar J, Dossou A, Johnson RC, Anagonou S, Portaels F. Effects of grinding surgical tissue specimens and smear staining methods on Buruli ulcer microscopic diagnosis. Trop Med Int Health. 2008 Feb; 13(2):187-90. PMID: 18304264.
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    83. Pouillot R, Matias G, Wondje CM, Portaels F, Valin N, Ngos F, Njikap A, Marsollier L, Fontanet A, Eyangoh S. Risk factors for buruli ulcer: a case control study in Cameroon. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2007 Dec 19; 1(3):e101. PMID: 18160977; PMCID: PMC2154388.
    84. Durnez L, Eddyani M, Mgode GF, Katakweba A, Katholi CR, Machang'u RR, Kazwala RR, Portaels F, Leirs H. First detection of mycobacteria in African rodents and insectivores, using stratified pool screening. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2008 Feb; 74(3):768-73. PMID: 18065608; PMCID: PMC2227704.
    85. Phanzu DM, Ablordey A, Imposo DB, Lefevre L, Mahema RL, Suykerbuyk P, Meyers WM, Portaels F. Short report: edematous Mycobacterium ulcerans infection (Buruli ulcer) on the face: a case report. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2007 Dec; 77(6):1099-102. PMID: 18165530.
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    86. Eddyani M, Debacker M, Martin A, Aguiar J, Johnson CR, Uwizeye C, Fissette K, Portaels F. Primary culture of Mycobacterium ulcerans from human tissue specimens after storage in semisolid transport medium. J Clin Microbiol. 2008 Jan; 46(1):69-72. PMID: 17989199; PMCID: PMC2224267.
    87. Affolabi D, Adjagba OA, Tanimomo-Kledjo B, Gninafon M, Anagonou SY, Portaels F. Anti-tuberculosis drug resistance among new and previously treated pulmonary tuberculosis patients in Cotonou, Benin. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2007 Nov; 11(11):1221-4. PMID: 17958985.
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    88. Martin A, Cubillos-Ruiz A, Von Groll A, Del Portillo P, Portaels F, Palomino JC. Nitrate reductase assay for the rapid detection of pyrazinamide resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis using nicotinamide. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2008 Jan; 61(1):123-7. PMID: 17981833.
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    89. Nackers F, Johnson RC, Glynn JR, Zinsou C, Tonglet R, Portaels F. Environmental and health-related risk factors for Mycobacterium ulcerans disease (Buruli ulcer) in Benin. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2007 Nov; 77(5):834-6. PMID: 17984337.
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    90. Umubyeyi A, Rigouts L, Shamputa IC, Dediste A, Struelens M, Portaels F. Low levels of second-line drug resistance among multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from Rwanda. Int J Infect Dis. 2008 Mar; 12(2):152-6. PMID: 17950021.
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    91. Kabedi MJ, Kashongwe M, Kayembe JM, Mumba Ngoyi D, Mampasi P, Mbaya P, Fissette K, Verhaegen J, Portaels F, Muyembe-Tamfum JJ. [Primary resistance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to anti-tuberculosis drugs in Kinshasa, (DRC)]. Bull Soc Pathol Exot. 2007 Oct; 100(4):275-6. PMID: 17982858.
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    92. Rahim Z, Zaman K, van der Zanden AG, Möllers MJ, van Soolingen D, Raqib R, Zaman K, Begum V, Rigouts L, Portaels F, Rastogi N, Sola C. Assessment of population structure and major circulating phylogeographical clades of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in Bangladesh suggests a high prevalence of a specific subclade of ancient M. tuberculosis genotypes. J Clin Microbiol. 2007 Nov; 45(11):3791-4. PMID: 17804653; PMCID: PMC2168514.
    93. Sopoh GE, Johnson RC, Chauty A, Dossou AD, Aguiar J, Salmon O, Portaels F, Asiedu K. Buruli ulcer surveillance, Benin, 2003-2005. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007 Sep; 13(9):1374-6. PMID: 18252113; PMCID: PMC2857274.
    94. Eddyani M, Portaels F. Survival of Mycobacterium ulcerans at 37 degrees C. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2007 Oct; 13(10):1033-5. PMID: 17697005.
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    95. Umubyeyi AN, Shamputa IC, Rigouts L, Dediste A, Karita E, Struelens MJ, Portaels F. Molecular investigation of recurrent tuberculosis in patients from Rwanda. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2007 Aug; 11(8):860-7. PMID: 17705951.
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    96. Martin A, Uwizeye C, Fissette K, De Rijk P, Palomino JC, Leao S, Portaels F. Application of the hsp65 PRA method for the rapid identification of mycobacteria isolated from clinical samples in Belgium. J Microbiol Methods. 2007 Oct; 71(1):39-43. PMID: 17719666.
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    97. Stragier P, Ablordey A, Durnez L, Portaels F. VNTR analysis differentiates Mycobacterium ulcerans and IS2404 positive mycobacteria. Syst Appl Microbiol. 2007 Nov; 30(7):525-30. PMID: 17629651.
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    98. Quezada CM, Kamanzi E, Mukamutara J, De Rijk P, Rigouts L, Portaels F, Ben Amor Y. Implementation validation performed in Rwanda to determine whether the INNO-LiPA Rif.TB line probe assay can be used for detection of multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis in low-resource countries. J Clin Microbiol. 2007 Sep; 45(9):3111-4. PMID: 17626172; PMCID: PMC2045290.
    99. Rondini S, Käser M, Stinear T, Tessier M, Mangold C, Dernick G, Naegeli M, Portaels F, Certa U, Pluschke G. Ongoing genome reduction in Mycobacterium ulcerans. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007 Jul; 13(7):1008-15. PMID: 18214172; PMCID: PMC2878211.
    100. Shamputa IC, Van Deun A, Salim MA, Hossain MA, Fissette K, de Rijk P, Rigouts L, Portaels F. Endogenous reactivation and true treatment failure as causes of recurrent tuberculosis in a high incidence setting with a low HIV infection. Trop Med Int Health. 2007 Jun; 12(6):700-8. PMID: 17550467.
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    101. Rivoire N, Ravololonandriana P, Rasolonavalona T, Martin A, Portaels F, Ramarokoto H, Rasolofo Razanamparany V. Evaluation of the resazurin assay for the detection of multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Madagascar. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2007 Jun; 11(6):683-8. PMID: 17519102.
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    102. Kibadi K, Aujoulat I, Meyers WM, Mokassa L, Muyembe T, Portaels F. [Study of names and folklore associated with Mycobacterium ulcerans infection in various endemic countries in Africa]. Med Trop (Mars). 2007 Jun; 67(3):241-8. PMID: 17784675.
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    103. Affolabi D, Odoun M, Martin A, Palomino JC, Anagonou S, Portaels F. Evaluation of direct detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis rifampin resistance by a nitrate reductase assay applied to sputum samples in Cotonou, Benin. J Clin Microbiol. 2007 Jul; 45(7):2123-5. PMID: 17475759; PMCID: PMC1932981.
    104. Chukwuekezie O, Ampadu E, Sopoh G, Dossou A, Tiendrebeogo A, Sadiq L, Portaels F, Asiedu K. Buruli ulcer, Nigeria. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007 May; 13(5):782-3. PMID: 18044041; PMCID: PMC2738446.
    105. Suykerbuyk P, Vleminckx K, Pasmans F, Stragier P, Ablordey A, Tran HT, Hermans K, Fleetwood M, Meyers WM, Portaels F. Mycobacterium liflandii infection in European colony of Silurana tropicalis. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007 May; 13(5):743-6. PMID: 17553255; PMCID: PMC2738465.
    106. Ablordey A, Fonteyne PA, Stragier P, Vandamme P, Portaels F. Identification of a new variable number tandem repeat locus in Mycobacterium ulcerans for potential strain discrimination among African isolates. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2007 Jul; 13(7):734-6. PMID: 17403131.
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    107. Umubyeyi AN, Rigouts L, Zissis G, Kamanzi E, Pauwels P, Gasana M, Vandebriel G, Struelens M, Portaels F. [Primary and acquired resistance to antituberculous drugs in strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolated in Rwanda]. Med Trop (Mars). 2007 Apr; 67(2):149-53. PMID: 17691433.
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    108. Nackers F, Tonglet R, Slachmuylder V, Johnson RC, Robert A, Zinsou C, Glynn JR, Portaels F, Gala JL. Association between haemoglobin variants S and C and Mycobacterium ulcerans disease (Buruli ulcer): a case-control study in Benin. Trop Med Int Health. 2007 Apr; 12(4):511-8. PMID: 17445142.
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    109. Palomino JC, Martin A, Portaels F. Rapid drug resistance detection in Mycobacterium tuberculosis: a review of colourimetric methods. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2007 Aug; 13(8):754-62. PMID: 17378933.
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    110. Umubyeyi A, Shamputa IC, Rigouts L, Dediste A, Struelens M, Portaels F. Evidence of 'amplifier effect' in pulmonary multidrug-resistant tuberculosis: report of three cases. Int J Infect Dis. 2007 Nov; 11(6):508-12. PMID: 17376726.
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    111. Shah NS, Wright A, Bai GH, Barrera L, Boulahbal F, Martín-Casabona N, Drobniewski F, Gilpin C, Havelková M, Lepe R, Lumb R, Metchock B, Portaels F, Rodrigues MF, Rüsch-Gerdes S, Van Deun A, Vincent V, Laserson K, Wells C, Cegielski JP. Worldwide emergence of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007 Mar; 13(3):380-7. PMID: 17552090; PMCID: PMC2725916.
    112. Umubyeyi AN, Rigouts L, Shamputa IC, Fissette K, Elkrim Y, de Rijk PW, Struelens MJ, Portaels F. Limited fluoroquinolone resistance among Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from Rwanda: results of a national survey. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2007 May; 59(5):1031-3. PMID: 17329272.
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    113. Umubyeyi AN, Vandebriel G, Gasana M, Basinga P, Zawadi JP, Gatabazi J, Pauwels P, Nzabintwali F, Nyiramasarabwe L, Fissette K, Rigouts L, Struelens MJ, Portaels F. Results of a national survey on drug resistance among pulmonary tuberculosis patients in Rwanda. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2007 Feb; 11(2):189-94. PMID: 17263290.
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    114. Silva MT, Portaels F, Pedrosa J. Aquatic insects and Mycobacterium ulcerans: an association relevant to Buruli ulcer control? PLoS Med. 2007 Feb; 4(2):e63. PMID: 17326706; PMCID: PMC1805625.
    115. Vansnick E, de Rijk P, Vercammen F, Rigouts L, Portaels F, Geysen D. A DNA sequence capture extraction method for detection of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis in feces and tissue samples. Vet Microbiol. 2007 May 16; 122(1-2):166-71. PMID: 17329043.
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    116. Walsh DS, Dela Cruz EC, Abalos RM, Tan EV, Walsh GP, Portaels F, Meyers WM. Clinical and histologic features of skin lesions in a cynomolgus monkey experimentally infected with mycobacterium ulcerans (Buruli ulcer) by intradermal inoculation. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2007 Jan; 76(1):132-4. PMID: 17255241.
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    117. Aziz MA, Wright A, Laszlo A, De Muynck A, Portaels F, Van Deun A, Wells C, Nunn P, Blanc L, Raviglione M. Epidemiology of antituberculosis drug resistance (the Global Project on Anti-tuberculosis Drug Resistance Surveillance): an updated analysis. Lancet. 2006 Dec 16; 368(9553):2142-54. PMID: 17174706.
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    118. Yip MJ, Porter JL, Fyfe JA, Lavender CJ, Portaels F, Rhodes M, Kator H, Colorni A, Jenkin GA, Stinear T. Evolution of Mycobacterium ulcerans and other mycolactone-producing mycobacteria from a common Mycobacterium marinum progenitor. J Bacteriol. 2007 Mar; 189(5):2021-9. PMID: 17172337; PMCID: PMC1855710.
    119. Torrado E, Fraga AG, Castro AG, Stragier P, Meyers WM, Portaels F, Silva MT, Pedrosa J. Evidence for an intramacrophage growth phase of Mycobacterium ulcerans. Infect Immun. 2007 Feb; 75(2):977-87. PMID: 17145944; PMCID: PMC1828495.
    120. Martin A, Portaels F, Palomino JC. Colorimetric redox-indicator methods for the rapid detection of multidrug resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2007 Feb; 59(2):175-83. PMID: 17135182.
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    121. Rigouts L, Nolasco O, de Rijk P, Nduwamahoro E, Van Deun A, Ramsay A, Arevalo J, Portaels F. Newly developed primers for comprehensive amplification of the rpoB gene and detection of rifampin resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. J Clin Microbiol. 2007 Jan; 45(1):252-4. PMID: 17093024; PMCID: PMC1828994.
    122. Traore H, van Deun A, Shamputa IC, Rigouts L, Portaels F. Direct detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex DNA and rifampin resistance in clinical specimens from tuberculosis patients by line probe assay. J Clin Microbiol. 2006 Dec; 44(12):4384-8. PMID: 17035487; PMCID: PMC1698436.
    123. Nackers F, Dramaix M, Johnson RC, Zinsou C, Robert A, DE Biurrun Bakedano E, Glynn JR, Portaels F, Tonglet R. BCG vaccine effectiveness against Buruli ulcer: a case-control study in Benin. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2006 Oct; 75(4):768-74. PMID: 17038709.
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    124. Phanzu DM, Bafende EA, Dunda BK, Imposo DB, Kibadi AK, Nsiangana SZ, Singa JN, Meyers WM, Suykerbuyk P, Portaels F. Mycobacterium ulcerans disease (Buruli ulcer) in a rural hospital in Bas-Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, 2002-2004. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2006 Aug; 75(2):311-4. PMID: 16896139.
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    125. Proaño-Perez F, Rigouts L, Brandt J, Dorny P, Ron J, Chavez MA, Rodriguez R, Fissette K, Van Aerde A, Portaels F, Benitez-Ortiz W. Preliminary observations on Mycobacterium spp. in dairy cattle in Ecuador. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2006 Aug; 75(2):318-23. PMID: 16896141.
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    126. Shamputa IC, Jugheli L, Sadradze N, Willery E, Portaels F, Supply P, Rigouts L. Mixed infection and clonal representativeness of a single sputum sample in tuberculosis patients from a penitentiary hospital in Georgia. Respir Res. 2006 Jul 17; 7:99. PMID: 16846493; PMCID: PMC1538999.
    127. Lemus D, Montoro E, Echemendía M, Martin A, Portaels F, Palomino JC. Nitrate reductase assay for detection of drug resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis: simple and inexpensive method for low-resource laboratories. J Med Microbiol. 2006 Jul; 55(Pt 7):861-3. PMID: 16772412.
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    128. Umubyeyi AN, Martin A, Zissis G, Struelens M, Karita E, Portaels F. Evaluation of the resazurin microtiter assay for rapid detection of ofloxacin resistance in M. tuberculosis. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2006 Jul; 10(7):808-11. PMID: 16848345.
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    129. Nateche F, Martin A, Baraka S, Palomino JC, Khaled S, Portaels F. Application of the resazurin microtitre assay for detection of multidrug resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Algiers. J Med Microbiol. 2006 Jul; 55(Pt 7):857-60. PMID: 16772411.
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    130. Martin A, Takiff H, Vandamme P, Swings J, Palomino JC, Portaels F. A new rapid and simple colorimetric method to detect pyrazinamide resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis using nicotinamide. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2006 Aug; 58(2):327-31. PMID: 16751203.
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    131. Robledo JA, Mejía GI, Morcillo N, Chacón L, Camacho M, Luna J, Zurita J, Bodon A, Velasco M, Palomino JC, Martin A, Portaels F. Evaluation of a rapid culture method for tuberculosis diagnosis: a Latin American multi-center study. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2006 Jun; 10(6):613-9. PMID: 16776447.
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    132. Stragier P, Ablordey A, Bayonne LM, Lugor YL, Sindani IS, Suykerbuyk P, Wabinga H, Meyers WM, Portaels F. Heterogeneity among Mycobacterium ulcerans isolates from Africa. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006 May; 12(5):844-7. PMID: 16704851; PMCID: PMC3374444.
    133. Sizaire V, Nackers F, Comte E, Portaels F. Mycobacterium ulcerans infection: control, diagnosis, and treatment. Lancet Infect Dis. 2006 May; 6(5):288-96. PMID: 16631549.
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    134. Brudey K, Driscoll JR, Rigouts L, Prodinger WM, Gori A, Al-Hajoj SA, Allix C, Aristimuño L, Arora J, Baumanis V, Binder L, Cafrune P, Cataldi A, Cheong S, Diel R, Ellermeier C, Evans JT, Fauville-Dufaux M, Ferdinand S, Garcia de Viedma D, Garzelli C, Gazzola L, Gomes HM, Guttierez MC, Hawkey PM, van Helden PD, Kadival GV, Kreiswirth BN, Kremer K, Kubin M, Kulkarni SP, Liens B, Lillebaek T, Ho ML, Martin C, Martin C, Mokrousov I, Narvskaïa O, Ngeow YF, Naumann L, Niemann S, Parwati I, Rahim Z, Rasolofo-Razanamparany V, Rasolonavalona T, Rossetti ML, Rüsch-Gerdes S, Sajduda A, Samper S, Shemyakin IG, Singh UB, Somoskovi A, Skuce RA, van Soolingen D, Streicher EM, Suffys PN, Tortoli E, Tracevska T, Vincent V, Victor TC, Warren RM, Yap SF, Zaman K, Portaels F, Rastogi N, Sola C. Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex genetic diversity: mining the fourth international spoligotyping database (SpolDB4) for classification, population genetics and epidemiology. BMC Microbiol. 2006 Mar 06; 6:23. PMID: 16519816; PMCID: PMC1468417.
    135. Kiszewski AE, Becerril E, Aguilar LD, Kader IT, Myers W, Portaels F, Hernàndez Pando R. The local immune response in ulcerative lesions of Buruli disease. Clin Exp Immunol. 2006 Mar; 143(3):445-51. PMID: 16487243; PMCID: PMC1809619.
    136. Sajduda A, Dziadek J, Kotlowski R, Portaels F. Evaluation of multiple genetic markers for typing drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains from Poland. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2006 May; 55(1):59-64. PMID: 16490334.
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    137. Hilty M, Yeboah-Manu D, Boakye D, Mensah-Quainoo E, Rondini S, Schelling E, Ofori-Adjei D, Portaels F, Zinsstag J, Pluschke G. Genetic diversity in Mycobacterium ulcerans isolates from Ghana revealed by a newly identified locus containing a variable number of tandem repeats. J Bacteriol. 2006 Feb; 188(4):1462-5. PMID: 16452429; PMCID: PMC1367230.
    138. van der Werf TS, Stienstra Y, Johnson RC, Phillips R, Adjei O, Fleischer B, Wansbrough-Jones MH, Johnson PD, Portaels F, van der Graaf WT, Asiedu K. Mycobacterium ulcerans disease. Bull World Health Organ. 2005 Oct; 83(10):785-91. PMID: 16283056; PMCID: PMC2626418.
    139. Leão SC, Sampaio JL, Martin A, Palomino JC, Portaels F. Profiling Mycobacterium ulcerans with hsp65. Emerg Infect Dis. 2005 Nov; 11(11):1795-6. PMID: 16422007; PMCID: PMC3367343.
    140. Martin A, Montoro E, Lemus D, Simboli N, Morcillo N, Velasco M, Chauca J, Barrera L, Ritacco V, Portaels F, Palomino JC. Multicenter evaluation of the nitrate reductase assay for drug resistance detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. J Microbiol Methods. 2005 Nov; 63(2):145-50. PMID: 15893391.
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    141. Oliveira MS, Fraga AG, Torrado E, Castro AG, Pereira JP, Filho AL, Milanezi F, Schmitt FC, Meyers WM, Portaels F, Silva MT, Pedrosa J. Infection with Mycobacterium ulcerans induces persistent inflammatory responses in mice. Infect Immun. 2005 Oct; 73(10):6299-310. PMID: 16177301; PMCID: PMC1230890.
    142. Ablordey A, Hilty M, Stragier P, Swings J, Portaels F. Comparative nucleotide sequence analysis of polymorphic variable-number tandem-repeat Loci in Mycobacterium ulcerans. J Clin Microbiol. 2005 Oct; 43(10):5281-4. PMID: 16207997; PMCID: PMC1248468.
    143. Johnson RC, Sopoh GE, Boko M, Zinsou C, Gbovi J, Makoutode M, Portaels F. [Distribution of Mycobacterium ulcerans (Buruli ulcer) in the district of Lalo in Benin]. Trop Med Int Health. 2005 Sep; 10(9):863-71. PMID: 16135193.
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    144. Martin A, Morcillo N, Lemus D, Montoro E, Telles MA, Simboli N, Pontino M, Porras T, León C, Velasco M, Chacon L, Barrera L, Ritacco V, Portaels F, Palomino JC. Multicenter study of MTT and resazurin assays for testing susceptibility to first-line anti-tuberculosis drugs. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2005 Aug; 9(8):901-6. PMID: 16104638.
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    145. Martin A, Palomino JC, Portaels F. Rapid detection of ofloxacin resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis by two low-cost colorimetric methods: resazurin and nitrate reductase assays. J Clin Microbiol. 2005 Apr; 43(4):1612-6. PMID: 15814974; PMCID: PMC1081354.
    146. Ablordey A, Swings J, Hubans C, Chemlal K, Locht C, Portaels F, Supply P. Multilocus variable-number tandem repeat typing of Mycobacterium ulcerans. J Clin Microbiol. 2005 Apr; 43(4):1546-51. PMID: 15814964; PMCID: PMC1081385.
    147. Debacker M, Aguiar J, Steunou C, Zinsou C, Meyers WM, Portaels F. Buruli ulcer recurrence, Benin. Emerg Infect Dis. 2005 Apr; 11(4):584-9. PMID: 15829198; PMCID: PMC3320346.
    148. Porras TB, León CI, Guerrero MI, Martin A, Portaels F, Palomino JC. [Phenotypic and genotypic methods for detecting multidrug resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis]. Biomedica. 2005 Mar; 25(1):22-33. PMID: 15962899.
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    149. Johnson RC, Makoutodé M, Sopoh GE, Elsen P, Gbovi J, Pouteau LH, Meyers WM, Boko M, Portaels F. Buruli ulcer distribution in Benin. Emerg Infect Dis. 2005 Mar; 11(3):500-1. PMID: 15789490; PMCID: PMC3298242.
    150. Stragier P, Ablordey A, Meyers WM, Portaels F. Genotyping Mycobacterium ulcerans and Mycobacterium marinum by using mycobacterial interspersed repetitive units. J Bacteriol. 2005 Mar; 187(5):1639-47. PMID: 15716434; PMCID: PMC1064023.
    151. Montoro E, Lemus D, Echemendia M, Martin A, Portaels F, Palomino JC. Comparative evaluation of the nitrate reduction assay, the MTT test, and the resazurin microtitre assay for drug susceptibility testing of clinical isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2005 Apr; 55(4):500-5. PMID: 15731200.
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    152. Vaerewijck MJ, Huys G, Palomino JC, Swings J, Portaels F. Mycobacteria in drinking water distribution systems: ecology and significance for human health. FEMS Microbiol Rev. 2005 Nov; 29(5):911-34. PMID: 16219512.
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    153. Ablordey A, Kotlowski R, Swings J, Portaels F. PCR amplification with primers based on IS2404 and GC-rich repeated sequence reveals polymorphism in Mycobacterium ulcerans. J Clin Microbiol. 2005 Jan; 43(1):448-51. PMID: 15635012; PMCID: PMC540136.
    154. Leão SC, Bernardelli A, Cataldi A, Zumarraga M, Robledo J, Realpe T, Mejía GI, da Silva Telles MA, Chimara E, Velazco M, Fernandez J, Rodrigues PA, Guerrero MI, León CI, Porras TB, Rastogi N, Goh KS, Suffys P, da Silva Rocha A, dos Santos Netto D, Ritacco V, López B, Barrera L, Palomino JC, Martin A, Portaels F. Multicenter evaluation of mycobacteria identification by PCR restriction enzyme analysis in laboratories from Latin America and the Caribbean. J Microbiol Methods. 2005 May; 61(2):193-9. PMID: 15722145.
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    155. Palomino JC, Martin A, Portaels F. A microplate indicator-based method for determining the susceptibility of multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis to antimicrobial agents. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2004 Dec; 8(12):1510-1; author reply 1511. PMID: 15636501.
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    156. Shamputa IC, Rigouts L, Eyongeta LA, El Aila NA, van Deun A, Salim AH, Willery E, Locht C, Supply P, Portaels F. Genotypic and phenotypic heterogeneity among Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from pulmonary tuberculosis patients. J Clin Microbiol. 2004 Dec; 42(12):5528-36. PMID: 15583277; PMCID: PMC535260.
    157. Debacker M, Aguiar J, Steunou C, Zinsou C, Meyers WM, Scott JT, Dramaix M, Portaels F. Mycobacterium ulcerans disease: role of age and gender in incidence and morbidity. Trop Med Int Health. 2004 Dec; 9(12):1297-304. PMID: 15598261.
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    158. Sajduda A, Brzostek A, Poplawska M, Rastogi N, Sola C, Augustynowicz-Kopec E, Zwolska Z, Dziadek J, Portaels F. Molecular epidemiology of drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains isolated from patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in Poland: a 1-year study. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2004 Dec; 8(12):1448-57. PMID: 15636491.
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    159. Shamputa IC, Rigouts And L, Portaels F. Molecular genetic methods for diagnosis and antibiotic resistance detection of mycobacteria from clinical specimens. APMIS. 2004 Nov-Dec; 112(11-12):728-52. PMID: 15638836.
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    160. Martín-Casabona N, Bahrmand AR, Bennedsen J, Thomsen VO, Curcio M, Fauville-Dufaux M, Feldman K, Havelkova M, Katila ML, Köksalan K, Pereira MF, Rodrigues F, Pfyffer GE, Portaels F, Urgell JR, Rüsch-Gerdes S, Tortoli E, Vincent V, Watt B. Non-tuberculous mycobacteria: patterns of isolation. A multi-country retrospective survey. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2004 Oct; 8(10):1186-93. PMID: 15527150.
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    161. Eddyani M, Ofori-Adjei D, Teugels G, De Weirdt D, Boakye D, Meyers WM, Portaels F. Potential role for fish in transmission of Mycobacterium ulcerans disease (Buruli ulcer): an environmental study. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2004 Sep; 70(9):5679-81. PMID: 15345458; PMCID: PMC520906.
    162. van Rensburg HC, Meulemans H, Rigouts L, Heunis JC, van Rensburg EJ, Matebesi SZ, Van der Spoel A, Timmerman C, De Graeve D, Pauwels L, Portaels F, Gryseels B, van Houtte J. Social research as an intervention tool in tuberculosis control. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2004 Sep; 8(9):1127-9. PMID: 15455599.
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    163. Kotlowski R, Martin A, Ablordey A, Chemlal K, Fonteyne PA, Portaels F. One-tube cell lysis and DNA extraction procedure for PCR-based detection of Mycobacterium ulcerans in aquatic insects, molluscs and fish. J Med Microbiol. 2004 Sep; 53(Pt 9):927-33. PMID: 15314202.
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    164. Debacker M, Aguiar J, Steunou C, Zinsou C, Meyers WM, Guédénon A, Scott JT, Dramaix M, Portaels F. Mycobacterium ulcerans disease (Buruli ulcer) in rural hospital, Southern Benin, 1997-2001. Emerg Infect Dis. 2004 Aug; 10(8):1391-8. PMID: 15496239; PMCID: PMC3320395.
    165. Lemus D, Martin A, Montoro E, Portaels F, Palomino JC. Rapid alternative methods for detection of rifampicin resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2004 Jul; 54(1):130-3. PMID: 15190018.
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    166. Vansnick E, De Rijk P, Vercammen F, Geysen D, Rigouts L, Portaels F. Newly developed primers for the detection of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis. Vet Microbiol. 2004 Jun 03; 100(3-4):197-204. PMID: 15145498.
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    167. Noeske J, Kuaban C, Rondini S, Sorlin P, Ciaffi L, Mbuagbaw J, Portaels F, Pluschke G. Buruli ulcer disease in Cameroon rediscovered. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2004 May; 70(5):520-6. PMID: 15155984.
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    168. Van Deun A, Salim MA, Das AP, Bastian I, Portaels F. Results of a standardised regimen for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Bangladesh. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2004 May; 8(5):560-7. PMID: 15137531.
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    169. Scott JT, Johnson RC, Aguiar J, Debacker M, Kestens L, Guedenon A, Gryseels B, Portaels F. Schistosoma haematobium infection and Buruli ulcer. Emerg Infect Dis. 2004 Mar; 10(3):551-2. PMID: 15116714; PMCID: PMC3322796.
    170. Johnson RC, Makoutode M, Hougnihin R, Guedenon A, Ifebe D, Boko M, Portaels F. [Traditional treatment for Buruli ulcer in Benin]. Med Trop (Mars). 2004; 64(2):145-50. PMID: 15460142.
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    171. Portaels F, Aguiar J, Debacker M, Guédénon A, Steunou C, Zinsou C, Meyers WM. Mycobacterium bovis BCG vaccination as prophylaxis against Mycobacterium ulcerans osteomyelitis in Buruli ulcer disease. Infect Immun. 2004 Jan; 72(1):62-5. PMID: 14688081; PMCID: PMC343964.
    172. Kotlowski R, Shamputa IC, El Aila NA, Sajduda A, Rigouts L, van Deun A, Portaels F. PCR-based genotyping of Mycobacterium tuberculosis with new GC-rich repeated sequences and IS6110 inverted repeats used as primers. J Clin Microbiol. 2004 Jan; 42(1):372-7. PMID: 14715782; PMCID: PMC321654.
    173. Josse R, Tanimomo-Kledjo B, Johnson RC, Guedenon A, Anagonou S, Portaels F. [Buruli ulcer in 2004]. Med Trop (Mars). 2004; 64(2):133-5. PMID: 15460140.
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    174. Van Deun A, Salim AH, Daru P, Das AP, Aung KJ, Hossain MA, Rigouts L, Fissette K, Portaels F. Drug resistance monitoring: combined rates may be the best indicator of programme performance. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2004 Jan; 8(1):23-30. PMID: 14974742.
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    175. Portaels F. [Mycobacteria and tropical regions: from the environment to man]. Med Trop (Mars). 2004; 64(3):219-20. PMID: 15497317.
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    176. Martin A, Camacho M, Portaels F, Palomino JC. Resazurin microtiter assay plate testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis susceptibilities to second-line drugs: rapid, simple, and inexpensive method. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2003 Nov; 47(11):3616-9. PMID: 14576129; PMCID: PMC253784.
    177. Pszolla N, Sarkar MR, Strecker W, Kern P, Kinzl L, Meyers WM, Portaels F. Buruli ulcer: a systemic disease. Clin Infect Dis. 2003 Sep 15; 37(6):e78-82. PMID: 12955667.
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    178. Aujoulat I, Johnson C, Zinsou C, Guédénon A, Portaels F. Psychosocial aspects of health seeking behaviours of patients with Buruli ulcer in southern Benin. Trop Med Int Health. 2003 Aug; 8(8):750-9. PMID: 12869098.
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    179. Chemlal K, Portaels F. Molecular diagnosis of nontuberculous mycobacteria. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2003 Apr; 16(2):77-83. PMID: 12734439.
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    180. Debacker M, Zinsou C, Aguiar J, Meyers WM, Portaels F. First case of Mycobacterium ulcerans disease (Buruli ulcer) following a human bite. Clin Infect Dis. 2003 Mar 01; 36(5):e67-8. PMID: 12594656.
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    181. Mve-Obiang A, Lee RE, Portaels F, Small PL. Heterogeneity of mycolactones produced by clinical isolates of Mycobacterium ulcerans: implications for virulence. Infect Immun. 2003 Feb; 71(2):774-83. PMID: 12540557; PMCID: PMC145382.
    182. Mijs W, De Vreese K, Devos A, Pottel H, Valgaeren A, Evans C, Norton J, Parker D, Rigouts L, Portaels F, Reischl U, Watterson S, Pfyffer G, Rossau R. Evaluation of a commercial line probe assay for identification of mycobacterium species from liquid and solid culture. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2002 Nov; 21(11):794-802. PMID: 12461589.
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    183. Portaels F, Aguiar J, Debacker M, Steunou C, Zinsou C, Guédénon A, Meyers WM. Prophylactic effect of mycobacterium bovis BCG vaccination against osteomyelitis in children with Mycobacterium ulcerans disease (Buruli Ulcer). Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 2002 Nov; 9(6):1389-91. PMID: 12414782; PMCID: PMC130119.
    184. Gómez-Marin JE, Leon Franco CI, Inirida Guerrero M, Rigouts L, Portaels F. IS6110 fingerprinting of sensitive and resistant strains (1991-1992) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Colombia. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 2002 Oct; 97(7):1005-8. PMID: 12471428.
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    185. Mijs W, de Haas P, Rossau R, Van der Laan T, Rigouts L, Portaels F, van Soolingen D. Molecular evidence to support a proposal to reserve the designation Mycobacterium avium subsp. avium for bird-type isolates and 'M. avium subsp. hominissuis' for the human/porcine type of M. avium. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2002 Sep; 52(Pt 5):1505-18. PMID: 12361252.
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    186. Johnson RC, Ifebe D, Hans-Moevi A, Kestens L, Houessou R, Guédénon A, Meyers WM, Portaels F. Disseminated Mycobacterium ulcerans disease in an HIV-positive patient: a case study. AIDS. 2002 Aug 16; 16(12):1704-5. PMID: 12172103.
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    187. Palomino JC, Martin A, Camacho M, Guerra H, Swings J, Portaels F. Resazurin microtiter assay plate: simple and inexpensive method for detection of drug resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2002 Aug; 46(8):2720-2. PMID: 12121966; PMCID: PMC127336.
    188. Chemlal K, Huys G, Laval F, Vincent V, Savage C, Gutierrez C, Laneelle MA, Swings J, Meyers WM, Daffe M, Portaels F. Characterization of an unusual Mycobacterium: a possible missing link between Mycobacterium marinum and Mycobacterium ulcerans. J Clin Microbiol. 2002 Jul; 40(7):2370-80. PMID: 12089250; PMCID: PMC120612.
    189. Espey DK, Djomand G, Diomande I, Dosso M, Saki MZ, Kanga JM, Spiegel RA, Marston BJ, Gorelkin L, Meyers WM, Portaels F, Deming MS, Horsburgh CR. A pilot study of treatment of Buruli ulcer with rifampin and dapsone. Int J Infect Dis. 2002 Mar; 6(1):60-5. PMID: 12044304.
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    190. Suffys PN, da Silva Rocha A, de Oliveira M, Campos CE, Barreto AM, Portaels F, Rigouts L, Wouters G, Jannes G, van Reybroeck G, Mijs W, Vanderborght B. Rapid identification of Mycobacteria to the species level using INNO-LiPA Mycobacteria, a reverse hybridization assay. J Clin Microbiol. 2001 Dec; 39(12):4477-82. PMID: 11724865; PMCID: PMC88569.
    191. Pfyffer GE, Strässle A, van Gorkum T, Portaels F, Rigouts L, Mathieu C, Mirzoyev F, Traore H, van Embden JD. Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in prison inmates, Azerbaijan. Emerg Infect Dis. 2001 Sep-Oct; 7(5):855-61. PMID: 11747699; PMCID: PMC2631864.
    192. Tanghe A, Content J, Van Vooren JP, Portaels F, Huygen K. Protective efficacy of a DNA vaccine encoding antigen 85A from Mycobacterium bovis BCG against Buruli ulcer. Infect Immun. 2001 Sep; 69(9):5403-11. PMID: 11500410; PMCID: PMC98650.
    193. Chemlal K, Huys G, Fonteyne PA, Vincent V, Lopez AG, Rigouts L, Swings J, Meyers WM, Portaels F. Evaluation of PCR-restriction profile analysis and IS2404 restriction fragment length polymorphism and amplified fragment length polymorphism fingerprinting for identification and typing of Mycobacterium ulcerans and M. marinum. J Clin Microbiol. 2001 Sep; 39(9):3272-8. PMID: 11526162; PMCID: PMC88330.
    194. Bastian I, Rigouts L, Palomino JC, Portaels F. Kanamycin susceptibility testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis using Mycobacterium Growth Indicator Tube and a colorimetric method. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2001 Jun; 45(6):1934-6. PMID: 11353658; PMCID: PMC90578.
    195. Chemlal K, De Ridder K, Fonteyne PA, Meyers WM, Swings J, Portaels F. The use of IS2404 restriction fragment length polymorphisms suggests the diversity of Mycobacterium ulcerans from different geographical areas. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2001 May-Jun; 64(5-6):270-3. PMID: 11463115.
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    196. Van Deun A, Salim AH, Rigouts L, Rahman M, Fissette K, Portaels F. Evaluation of tuberculosis control by periodic or routine susceptibility testing in previously treated cases. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2001 Apr; 5(4):329-38. PMID: 11334251.
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    197. Portaels F, Chemlal K, Elsen P, Johnson PD, Hayman JA, Hibble J, Kirkwood R, Meyers WM. Mycobacterium ulcerans in wild animals. Rev Sci Tech. 2001 Apr; 20(1):252-64. PMID: 11288515.
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    198. Goloubeva V, Lecocq M, Lassowsky P, Matthys F, Portaels F, Bastian I. Evaluation of mycobacteria growth indicator tube for direct and indirect drug susceptibility testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from respiratory specimens in a Siberian prison hospital. J Clin Microbiol. 2001 Apr; 39(4):1501-5. PMID: 11283077; PMCID: PMC87960.
    199. Gomez A, Mve-Obiang A, Vray B, Rudnicka W, Shamputa IC, Portaels F, Meyers WM, Fonteyne PA, Realini L. Detection of phospholipase C in nontuberculous mycobacteria and its possible role in hemolytic activity. J Clin Microbiol. 2001 Apr; 39(4):1396-401. PMID: 11283062; PMCID: PMC87945.
    200. Mve-Obiang A, Mestdagh M, Portaels F. DNA isolation from chloroform/methanol-treated mycobacterial cells without lysozyme and proteinase K. Biotechniques. 2001 Feb; 30(2):272-4, 276. PMID: 11233595.
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    201. Aerts A, Habouzit M, Mschiladze L, Malakmadze N, Sadradze N, Menteshashvili O, Portaels F, Sudre P. Pulmonary tuberculosis in prisons of the ex-USSR state Georgia: results of a nation-wide prevalence survey among sentenced inmates. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2000 Dec; 4(12):1104-10. PMID: 11144451.
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    202. Bonard D, Msellati P, Rigouts L, Combe P, Coulibaly D, Coulibaly IM, Portaels F. What is the meaning of repeated isolation of Mycobacterium africanum? Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2000 Dec; 4(12):1176-80. PMID: 11144462.
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    203. Abalos FM, Aguiar J, Guédénon A, Portaels F, Meyers WM. Mycobacterium ulcerans infection (Buruli ulcer): a case report of the disseminated nonulcerative form. Ann Diagn Pathol. 2000 Dec; 4(6):386-90. PMID: 11149971.
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    204. Huys G, Rigouts L, Chemlal K, Portaels F, Swings J. Evaluation of amplified fragment length polymorphism analysis for inter- and intraspecific differentiation of Mycobacterium bovis, M. tuberculosis, and M. ulcerans. J Clin Microbiol. 2000 Oct; 38(10):3675-80. PMID: 11015382; PMCID: PMC87455.
    205. Gaspar MM, Neves S, Portaels F, Pedrosa J, Silva MT, Cruz ME. Therapeutic efficacy of liposomal rifabutin in a Mycobacterium avium model of infection. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2000 Sep; 44(9):2424-30. PMID: 10952590; PMCID: PMC90080.
    206. Traore H, Fissette K, Bastian I, Devleeschouwer M, Portaels F. Detection of rifampicin resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from diverse countries by a commercial line probe assay as an initial indicator of multidrug resistance. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2000 May; 4(5):481-4. PMID: 10815743.
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    207. Gomez A, Mve-Obiang A, Vray B, Remacle J, Chemlal K, Meyers WM, Portaels F, Fonteyne PA. Biochemical and genetic evidence for phospholipase C activity in Mycobacterium ulcerans. Infect Immun. 2000 May; 68(5):2995-7. PMID: 10769001; PMCID: PMC97516.
    208. Faber WR, Arias-Bouda LM, Zeegelaar JE, Kolk AH, Fonteyne PA, Toonstra J, Portaels F. First reported case of Mycobacterium ulcerans infection in a patient from China. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2000 May-Jun; 94(3):277-9. PMID: 10974998.
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    209. Stinear T, Davies JK, Jenkin GA, Portaels F, Ross BC, Oppedisano F, Purcell M, Hayman JA, Johnson PD. A simple PCR method for rapid genotype analysis of Mycobacterium ulcerans. J Clin Microbiol. 2000 Apr; 38(4):1482-7. PMID: 10747130; PMCID: PMC86470.
    210. Van Deun A, Maug AK, Cooreman E, Hossain MA, Chambuganj N, Rema V, Marandi H, Kawria A, Portaels F. Bleach sedimentation method for increased sensitivity of sputum smear microscopy: does it work? Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2000 Apr; 4(4):371-6. PMID: 10777088.
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    211. Thangaraj HS, Adjei O, Allen BW, Portaels F, Evans MR, Banerjee DK, Wansbrough-Jones MH. In vitro activity of ciprofloxacin, sparfloxacin, ofloxacin, amikacin and rifampicin against Ghanaian isolates of Mycobacterium ulcerans. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2000 Feb; 45(2):231-3. PMID: 10660507.
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    212. Mestdagh M, Realini L, Fonteyne PA, Rossau R, Jannes G, Mijs W, DE Smet KA, Portaels F, Van den Eeckhout E. Correlation of pncA sequence with pyrazinamide resistance level in BACTEC for 21 mycobacterium tuberculosis clinical isolates. Microb Drug Resist. 2000; 6(4):283-7. PMID: 11272256.
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    213. Pelgrom J, Bastian I, Van den Enden E, Portaels F, Colebunders R. Cutaneous ulcer caused by Mycobacterium avium and recurrent genital herpes after highly active antiretroviral therapy. Arch Dermatol. 2000 Jan; 136(1):129. PMID: 10632226.
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    214. Lagarrigue V, Portaels F, Meyers WM, Aguiar J. [Buruli ulcer: risk of bone involvement! Apropos of 33 cases observed in Benin]. Med Trop (Mars). 2000; 60(3):262-6. PMID: 11258059.
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    215. Palomino JC, Portaels F. Microcolony detection for rapid diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2000 Jan; 4(1):91. PMID: 10654650.
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    216. Bastian I, Rigouts L, Van Deun A, Portaels F. Directly observed treatment, short-course strategy and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis: are any modifications required? Bull World Health Organ. 2000; 78(2):238-51. PMID: 10743297; PMCID: PMC2560681.
    217. Mve-Obiang A, Remacle J, Palomino JC, Houbion A, Portaels F. Growth and cytotoxic activity by Mycobacterium ulcerans in protein-free media. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1999 Dec 01; 181(1):153-7. PMID: 10564801.
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    218. Mestdagh M, Fonteyne PA, Realini L, Rossau R, Jannes G, Mijs W, De Smet KA, Portaels F, Van den Eeckhout E. Relationship between pyrazinamide resistance, loss of pyrazinamidase activity, and mutations in the pncA locus in multidrug-resistant clinical isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1999 Sep; 43(9):2317-9. PMID: 10471589; PMCID: PMC89471.
    219. Portaels F, Rigouts L, Bastian I. Addressing multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in penitentiary hospitals and in the general population of the former Soviet Union. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 1999 Jul; 3(7):582-8. PMID: 10423220.
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    220. Palomino JC, Portaels F. Simple procedure for drug susceptibility testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis using a commercial colorimetic assay. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 1999 May; 18(5):380-3. PMID: 10421050.
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    221. Realini L, De Ridder K, Hirschel B, Portaels F. Blood and charcoal added to acidified agar media promote the growth of Mycobacterium genavense. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 1999 May; 34(1):45-50. PMID: 10342107.
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    222. Kimerling ME, Kluge H, Vezhnina N, Iacovazzi T, Demeulenaere T, Portaels F, Matthys F. Inadequacy of the current WHO re-treatment regimen in a central Siberian prison: treatment failure and MDR-TB. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 1999 May; 3(5):451-3. PMID: 10331736.
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    223. Palomino JC, Traore H, Fissette K, Portaels F. Evaluation of Mycobacteria Growth Indicator Tube (MGIT) for drug susceptibility testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 1999 Apr; 3(4):344-8. PMID: 10206506.
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    224. Portaels F, Elsen P, Guimaraes-Peres A, Fonteyne PA, Meyers WM. Insects in the transmission of Mycobacterium ulcerans infection. Lancet. 1999 Mar 20; 353(9157):986. PMID: 10459918.
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    225. Van Deun A, Aung KJ, Chowdhury S, Saha S, Pankaj A, Ashraf A, Rigouts L, Fissette K, Portaels F. Drug susceptibility of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in a rural area of Bangladesh and its relevance to the national treatment regimens. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 1999 Feb; 3(2):143-8. PMID: 10091880.
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    226. Guimaraes-Peres A, Portaels F, de Rijk P, Fissette K, Pattyn SR, van Vooren J, Fonteyne P. Comparison of two PCRs for detection of Mycobacterium ulcerans. J Clin Microbiol. 1999 Jan; 37(1):206-8. PMID: 9854092; PMCID: PMC84208.
    227. Palomino JC, Obiang AM, Realini L, Meyers WM, Portaels F. Effect of oxygen on growth of Mycobacterium ulcerans in the BACTEC system. J Clin Microbiol. 1998 Nov; 36(11):3420-2. PMID: 9774612; PMCID: PMC105348.
    228. Van Deun A, Portaels F. Limitations and requirements for quality control of sputum smear microscopy for acid-fast bacilli. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 1998 Sep; 2(9):756-65. PMID: 9755931.
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    229. Realini L, De Ridder K, Palomino J, Hirschel B, Portaels F. Microaerophilic conditions promote growth of Mycobacterium genavense. J Clin Microbiol. 1998 Sep; 36(9):2565-70. PMID: 9705393; PMCID: PMC105163.
    230. Portaels F, Traore H, De Ridder K, Meyers WM. In vitro susceptibility of Mycobacterium ulcerans to clarithromycin. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1998 Aug; 42(8):2070-3. PMID: 9687409; PMCID: PMC105863.
    231. Cellier C, De Beenhouwer H, Berger A, Penna C, Carbonnel F, Parc R, Cugnenc PH, Le Quintrec Y, Gendre JP, Barbier JP, Portaels F. Mycobacterium paratuberculosis and Mycobacterium avium subsp. silvaticum DNA cannot be detected by PCR in Crohn's disease tissue. Gastroenterol Clin Biol. 1998 Aug-Sep; 22(8-9):675-8. PMID: 9823555.
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    232. van Soolingen D, van der Zanden AG, de Haas PE, Noordhoek GT, Kiers A, Foudraine NA, Portaels F, Kolk AH, Kremer K, van Embden JD. Diagnosis of Mycobacterium microti infections among humans by using novel genetic markers. J Clin Microbiol. 1998 Jul; 36(7):1840-5. PMID: 9650922; PMCID: PMC104938.
    233. Vandercam B, Gala JL, Gerain J, Degraux J, Bourlond A, Colebunders B, Pirard C, Portaels F. About two cases of Mycobacterium simiae infection in AIDS: review of the pathogenicity. Acta Clin Belg. 1998 Jun; 53(3):206-12. PMID: 9701858.
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    234. Coninx R, Pfyffer GE, Mathieu C, Savina D, Debacker M, Jafarov F, Jabrailov I, Ismailov A, Mirzoev F, de Haller R, Portaels F. Drug resistant tuberculosis in prisons in Azerbaijan: case study. BMJ. 1998 May 09; 316(7142):1423-5. PMID: 9572751; PMCID: PMC28539.
    235. Bär W, Rüsch-Gerdes S, Richter E, Marquéz de Bär G, Dittmer C, Papsdorf H, Stosiek P, de Rijk PB, Meyers WM, Portaels F. Mycobacterium ulcerans infection in a child from Angola: diagnosis by direct detection and culture. Trop Med Int Health. 1998 Mar; 3(3):189-96. PMID: 9593357.
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    236. Palomino JC, Portaels F. Effects of decontamination methods and culture conditions on viability of Mycobacterium ulcerans in the BACTEC system. J Clin Microbiol. 1998 Feb; 36(2):402-8. PMID: 9466749; PMCID: PMC104550.
    237. Realini L, Van Der Stuyft P, De Ridder K, Hirschel B, Portaels F. Inhibitory effects of polyoxyethylene stearate, PANTA, and neutral pH on growth of Mycobacterium genavense in BACTEC primary cultures. J Clin Microbiol. 1997 Nov; 35(11):2791-4. PMID: 9350735; PMCID: PMC230063.
    238. van Soolingen D, Hoogenboezem T, de Haas PE, Hermans PW, Koedam MA, Teppema KS, Brennan PJ, Besra GS, Portaels F, Top J, Schouls LM, van Embden JD. A novel pathogenic taxon of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, Canetti: characterization of an exceptional isolate from Africa. Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1997 Oct; 47(4):1236-45. PMID: 9336935.
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    239. Rossau R, Traore H, De Beenhouwer H, Mijs W, Jannes G, De Rijk P, Portaels F. Evaluation of the INNO-LiPA Rif. TB assay, a reverse hybridization assay for the simultaneous detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex and its resistance to rifampin. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1997 Oct; 41(10):2093-8. PMID: 9333031; PMCID: PMC164076.
    240. Drowart A, Cambiaso CL, Huygen K, Serruys E, Portaels F, Jann E, Van Vooren JP. Detection of rifampicin and isoniazid resistances of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains by particle counting immunoassay (PACIA). Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 1997 Jun; 1(3):284-8. PMID: 9432378.
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    241. Portaels F, Agular J, Fissette K, Fonteyne PA, De Beenhouwer H, de Rijk P, Guédénon A, Lemans R, Steunou C, Zinsou C, Dumonceau JM, Meyers WM. Direct detection and identification of Mycobacterium ulcerans in clinical specimens by PCR and oligonucleotide-specific capture plate hybridization. J Clin Microbiol. 1997 May; 35(5):1097-100. PMID: 9114387; PMCID: PMC232709.
    242. Dumonceau JM, Van Gossum A, Adler M, Van Vooren JP, Fonteyne PA, De Beenhouwer H, Portaels F. Detection of fastidious mycobacteria in human intestines by the polymerase chain reaction. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 1997 May; 16(5):358-63. PMID: 9228475.
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    243. Fonteyne PA, Kunze ZM, De Beenhouwer H, Dumonceau JM, Dawson DJ, McFadden JJ, Portaels F. Characterization of Mycobacterium avium complex related mycobacteria isolated from an African environment and patients with AIDS. Trop Med Int Health. 1997 Feb; 2(2):200-7. PMID: 9472306.
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    244. Ledru S, Cauchoix B, Yaméogo M, Zoubga A, Lamandé-Chiron J, Portaels F, Chiron JP. Impact of short-course therapy on tuberculosis drug resistance in South-West Burkina Faso. Tuber Lung Dis. 1996 Oct; 77(5):429-36. PMID: 8959147.
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    245. Rigouts L, Maregeya B, Traore H, Collart JP, Fissette K, Portaels F. Use of DNA restriction fragment typing in the differentiation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex isolates from animals and humans in Burundi. Tuber Lung Dis. 1996 Jun; 77(3):264-8. PMID: 8758111.
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    246. Meyers WM, Tignokpa N, Priuli GB, Portaels F. Mycobacterium ulcerans infection (Buruli ulcer): first reported patients in Togo. Br J Dermatol. 1996 Jun; 134(6):1116-21. PMID: 8763437.
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    247. Portaels F, Fonteyene PA, de Beenhouwer H, de Rijk P, Guédénon A, Hayman J, Meyers MW. Variability in 3' end of 16S rRNA sequence of Mycobacterium ulcerans is related to geographic origin of isolates. J Clin Microbiol. 1996 Apr; 34(4):962-5. PMID: 8815117; PMCID: PMC228926.
    248. Portaels F, Realini L, Bauwens L, Hirschel B, Meyers WM, de Meurichy W. Mycobacteriosis caused by Mycobacterium genavense in birds kept in a zoo: 11-year survey. J Clin Microbiol. 1996 Feb; 34(2):319-23. PMID: 8789007; PMCID: PMC228789.
    249. Dumonceau JM, Van Gossum A, Adler M, Fonteyne PA, Van Vooren JP, Deviere J, Portaels F. No Mycobacterium paratuberculosis found in Crohn's disease using polymerase chain reaction. Dig Dis Sci. 1996 Feb; 41(2):421-6. PMID: 8601392.
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    250. Portaels F, Serruys E, De Beenhouwer H, Degraux J, De Ridder K, Fissette K, Gomez-Marin J, Goossens H, Mühlberger F, Pattyn SR, Nturanye F, Pouthier F, Van Deun A. Evaluation of the Gen-Probe amplified Mycobacterium tuberculosis direct test for the routine diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis. Acta Clin Belg. 1996; 51(3):144-9. PMID: 8766213.
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    251. Wanlin M, Fauville-Dufaux M, Pattyn S, Portaels F, Simonet L, Uydebrouck M. [Tuberculosis: multidrug-resistance in Belgium in 1992 and 1993]. Acta Clin Belg. 1996; 51(3):150-5. PMID: 8766214.
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    252. Vandercam B, Gala J, Vandeweghe B, Degraux J, Wauters G, Larsson L, Bourlond A, Portaels F. Mycobacterium simiae disseminated infection in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Infection. 1996 Jan-Feb; 24(1):49-51. PMID: 8852465.
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    253. Colebunders R, De Roo A, Verstraeten T, Van den Abbeele K, Ieven M, Hauben E, Van Marck E, Schaal K, Portaels F. Rhodococcus equi infection in 3 AIDS patients. Acta Clin Belg. 1996; 51(2):101-5. PMID: 8693866.
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    254. van Soolingen D, Qian L, de Haas PE, Douglas JT, Traore H, Portaels F, Qing HZ, Enkhsaikan D, Nymadawa P, van Embden JD. Predominance of a single genotype of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in countries of east Asia. J Clin Microbiol. 1995 Dec; 33(12):3234-8. PMID: 8586708; PMCID: PMC228679.
    255. Carpels G, Fissette K, Limbana V, Van Deun A, Vandenbulcke W, Portaels F. Drug resistant tuberculosis in sub-Saharan Africa: an estimation of incidence and cost for the year 2000. Tuber Lung Dis. 1995 Dec; 76(6):480-6. PMID: 8593367.
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    256. De Beenhouwer H, Liang Z, De Rijk P, Van Eekeren C, Portaels F. Detection and identification of mycobacteria by DNA amplification and oligonucleotide-specific capture plate hybridization. J Clin Microbiol. 1995 Nov; 33(11):2994-8. PMID: 8576360; PMCID: PMC228621.
    257. De Beenhouwer H, Lhiang Z, Jannes G, Mijs W, Machtelinckx L, Rossau R, Traore H, Portaels F. Rapid detection of rifampicin resistance in sputum and biopsy specimens from tuberculosis patients by PCR and line probe assay. Tuber Lung Dis. 1995 Oct; 76(5):425-30. PMID: 7496004.
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    258. Dumonceau JM, Fonteyne PA, Realini L, Van Gossum A, Van Vooren JP, Portaels F. Species-specific Mycobacterium genavense DNA in intestinal tissues of individuals not infected with human immunodeficiency virus. J Clin Microbiol. 1995 Sep; 33(9):2514-5. PMID: 7494064; PMCID: PMC228463.
    259. Gómez Marín JE, Rigouts L, Villegas Londoño LE, Portaels F. Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis and tuberculosis epidemiology. Bull Pan Am Health Organ. 1995 Sep; 29(3):226-36. PMID: 8520608.
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    260. Gómez Marín JE, Rigouts L, Villegas Londoño LE, Portaels F. [Analysis of restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) in epidemiology of tuberculosis]. Bol Oficina Sanit Panam. 1995 Jul; 119(1):1-10. PMID: 7654295.
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    261. Guédénom A, Zinsou C, Josse R, Andélé K, Pritze S, Portaels F, Meyers WM. Traditional treatment of Buruli ulcer in Bénin. Arch Dermatol. 1995 Jun; 131(6):741-2. PMID: 7778939.
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    262. Hermans PW, Messadi F, Guebrexabher H, van Soolingen D, de Haas PE, Heersma H, de Neeling H, Ayoub A, Portaels F, Frommel D, et al. Analysis of the population structure of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Ethiopia, Tunisia, and The Netherlands: usefulness of DNA typing for global tuberculosis epidemiology. J Infect Dis. 1995 Jun; 171(6):1504-13. PMID: 7769285.
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    263. Portaels F. Epidemiology of mycobacterial diseases. Clin Dermatol. 1995 May-Jun; 13(3):207-22. PMID: 8521363.
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    264. Portaels F, Larsson L, Jenkins PA. Isolation of Mycobacterium malmoense from the environment in Zaire. Tuber Lung Dis. 1995 Apr; 76(2):160-2. PMID: 7780099.
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    265. Perriëns JH, St Louis ME, Mukadi YB, Brown C, Prignot J, Pouthier F, Portaels F, Willame JC, Mandala JK, Kaboto M, et al. Pulmonary tuberculosis in HIV-infected patients in Zaire. A controlled trial of treatment for either 6 or 12 months. N Engl J Med. 1995 Mar 23; 332(12):779-84. PMID: 7862181.
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    266. Mühlberger F, Nturanye F, Nasbimana J, Portaels F. [Ofloxacin-cycloserine-protionamide-INH combination against treatment refractory lung tuberculosis]. Pneumologie. 1995 Feb; 49(2):72-6. PMID: 7724506.
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    267. Josse R, Guedenon A, Darie H, Anagonou S, Portaels F, Meyers WM. [Mycobacterium ulcerans cutaneous infections: Buruli ulcers]. Med Trop (Mars). 1995; 55(4):363-73. PMID: 8830223.
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    268. Colebunders R, Dujardin B, Taelman H, Portaels F. Multi drug resistant tuberculosis: what will happen in developing countries? Ann Soc Belg Med Trop. 1994 Dec; 74(4):263-7. PMID: 7726660.
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    269. Pedrosa J, Flórido M, Kunze ZM, Castro AG, Portaels F, McFadden J, Silva MT, Appelberg R. Characterization of the virulence of Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) isolates in mice. Clin Exp Immunol. 1994 Nov; 98(2):210-6. PMID: 7955524; PMCID: PMC1534398.
    270. Williams DL, Waguespack C, Eisenach K, Crawford JT, Portaels F, Salfinger M, Nolan CM, Abe C, Sticht-Groh V, Gillis TP. Characterization of rifampin-resistance in pathogenic mycobacteria. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1994 Oct; 38(10):2380-6. PMID: 7840574; PMCID: PMC284748.
    271. Rigouts L, Kubín M, Havelková M, Portaels F. DNA fingerprint analysis of drug resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains isolated in the Czech Republic. Cent Eur J Public Health. 1994 Jun; 2(1):58-9. PMID: 7812250.
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    272. Hartmann S, Minnikin DE, Mallet AI, Ridell M, Rigouts L, Portaels F. Fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry of mycobacterial phenolic glycolipids. Biol Mass Spectrom. 1994 Jun; 23(6):362-8. PMID: 8038230.
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    273. Alugupalli S, Portaels F, Larsson L. Systematic study of the 3-hydroxy fatty acid composition of mycobacteria. J Bacteriol. 1994 May; 176(10):2962-9. PMID: 8188597; PMCID: PMC205452.
    274. Rigouts L, Portaels F. DNA fingerprints of Mycobacterium tuberculosis do not change during the development of resistance to various antituberculous drugs. Tuber Lung Dis. 1994 Apr; 75(2):160. PMID: 7913347.
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    275. Rigouts L, Portaels F. Restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of drug resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains isolated in Belgium. Acta Clin Belg. 1994; 49(1):5-11. PMID: 7910712.
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    276. Vaneechoutte M, De Beenhouwer H, Claeys G, Verschraegen G, De Rouck A, Paepe N, Elaichouni A, Portaels F. Identification of Mycobacterium species by using amplified ribosomal DNA restriction analysis. J Clin Microbiol. 1993 Aug; 31(8):2061-5. PMID: 8396586; PMCID: PMC265696.
    277. Mukadi Y, Perriëns JH, St Louis ME, Brown C, Prignot J, Willame JC, Pouthier F, Kaboto M, Ryder RW, Portaels F, et al. Spectrum of immunodeficiency in HIV-1-infected patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in Zaire. Lancet. 1993 Jul 17; 342(8864):143-6. PMID: 8101257.
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    278. Portaels F, Dawson DJ, Larsson L, Rigouts L. Biochemical properties and fatty acid composition of Mycobacterium haemophilum: study of 16 isolates from Australian patients. J Clin Microbiol. 1993 Jan; 31(1):26-30. PMID: 8417029; PMCID: PMC262615.
    279. Barihuta T, Rigouts L, Barette M, Collart JP, De Bruyn J, Kadende P, Kamamfu G, Douglas JT, Portaels F. Rapid, early and specific diagnosis of tuberculosis and other mycobacterial diseases in Burundi. Ann Soc Belg Med Trop. 1993; 73 Suppl 1:41-51. PMID: 8129478.
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    280. Stappaerts I, Portaels F, Van Schil L. Long-term follow-up of pulmonary disease caused by Mycobacterium avium in a previously healthy patient. Acta Clin Belg. 1993; 48(3):202-8. PMID: 8396302.
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    281. Kunze ZM, Portaels F, McFadden JJ. Biologically distinct subtypes of Mycobacterium avium differ in possession of insertion sequence IS901. J Clin Microbiol. 1992 Sep; 30(9):2366-72. PMID: 1328288; PMCID: PMC265507.
    282. McFadden JJ, Kunze ZM, Portaels F, Labrousse V, Rastogi N. Epidemiological and genetic markers, virulence factors and intracellular growth of Mycobacterium avium in AIDS. Res Microbiol. 1992 May; 143(4):423-30, discussion 430-6. PMID: 1360693.
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    283. Lévy-Frébault VV, Portaels F. Proposed minimal standards for the genus Mycobacterium and for description of new slowly growing Mycobacterium species. Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1992 Apr; 42(2):315-23. PMID: 1581193.
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    284. Portaels F, Denef M, Larsson L. Pulmonary disease caused by Mycobacterium malmoense. Comments on the possible origin of infection and methods for laboratory diagnosis. Tubercle. 1991 Sep; 72(3):218-22. PMID: 1771683.
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    285. Kunze ZM, Wall S, Appelberg R, Silva MT, Portaels F, McFadden JJ. IS901, a new member of a widespread class of atypical insertion sequences, is associated with pathogenicity in Mycobacterium avium. Mol Microbiol. 1991 Sep; 5(9):2265-72. PMID: 1685008.
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    286. Colebunders R, Nembunzu M, Portaels F, Lusakumunu K, Kapita B, Piot P. Isolation of mycobacteria from stools and intestinal biopsies from HIV seropositive and HIV seronegative patients with and without diarrhea in Kinshasa, Zaïre. Preliminary results. Ann Soc Belg Med Trop. 1990 Dec; 70(4):303-9. PMID: 2291696.
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    287. Williams DL, Gillis TP, Portaels F. Geographically distinct isolates of Mycobacterium leprae exhibit no genotypic diversity by restriction fragment-length polymorphism analysis. Mol Microbiol. 1990 Oct; 4(10):1653-9. PMID: 1981802.
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    288. Hackel C, Houard S, Portaels F, van Elsen A, Herzog A, Bollen A. Specific identification of Mycobacterium leprae by the polymerase chain reaction. Mol Cell Probes. 1990 Jun; 4(3):205-10. PMID: 2199822.
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    289. Larsson L, Jimenez J, Sonesson A, Portaels F. Two-dimensional gas chromatography with electron capture detection for the sensitive determination of specific mycobacterial lipid constituents. J Clin Microbiol. 1989 Oct; 27(10):2230-3. PMID: 2685023; PMCID: PMC267000.
    290. Portaels F. [Epidemiology of ulcers due to Mycobacterium ulcerans]. Ann Soc Belg Med Trop. 1989 Jun; 69(2):91-103. PMID: 2679452.
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    291. Silva MT, Portaels F, Macedo PM. New data on the ultrastructure of the membrane of Mycobacterium leprae. Int J Lepr Other Mycobact Dis. 1989 Mar; 57(1):54-64. PMID: 2471759.
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    292. Hampson SJ, Portaels F, Thompson J, Green EP, Moss MT, Hermon-Taylor J, McFadden JJ. DNA probes demonstrate a single highly conserved strain of Mycobacterium avium infecting AIDS patients. Lancet. 1989 Jan 14; 1(8629):65-8. PMID: 2562881.
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    293. Portaels F, Fissette K, De Ridder K, Macedo PM, De Muynck A, Silva MT. Effects of freezing and thawing on the viability and the ultrastructure of in vivo grown mycobacteria. Int J Lepr Other Mycobact Dis. 1988 Dec; 56(4):580-7. PMID: 3065421.
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    294. Portaels F. The importance and evaluation of mycobacterial diseases as assessed by a mycobacteriological laboratory. Bull Int Union Tuberc Lung Dis. 1988 Dec; 63(4):13-6. PMID: 3067791.
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    295. Portaels F, Larsson L, Smeets P. Isolation of mycobacteria from healthy persons' stools. Int J Lepr Other Mycobact Dis. 1988 Sep; 56(3):468-71. PMID: 3418210.
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    296. Portaels F, De Muynck A, Sylla MP. Selective isolation of mycobacteria from soil: a statistical analysis approach. J Gen Microbiol. 1988 Mar; 134(3):849-55. PMID: 3183623.
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    297. Valero-Guillén P, Martín-Luengo F, Larsson L, Jimenez J, Juhlin I, Portaels F. Fatty and mycolic acids of Mycobacterium malmoense. J Clin Microbiol. 1988 Jan; 26(1):153-4. PMID: 3343309; PMCID: PMC266231.
    298. Gengoux P, Portaels F, Lachapelle JM, Minnikin DE, Tennstedt D, Tamigneau P. Skin granulomas due to Mycobacterium gordonae. Int J Dermatol. 1987 Apr; 26(3):181-4. PMID: 3570593.
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    299. Portaels F, Larsson L, Jimenez J, Cierkens C. Biochemical characteristics and fatty acid compositions of some armadillo-derived mycobacteria and their relation to Mycobacterium gordonae. J Gen Microbiol. 1987 Mar; 133(3):739-44. PMID: 3655731.
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    300. Portaels F, Silva MT. [The leprosy bacillus: expectations for culturing and vaccination]. Bull Mem Acad R Med Belg. 1987; 142(8-10):416-25. PMID: 3331128.
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    301. Portaels F, Asselineau C, Baess I, Daffé M, Dobson G, Draper P, Gregory D, Hall RM, Imaeda T, Jenkins PA, et al. A cooperative taxonomic study of mycobacteria isolated from armadillos infected with Mycobacterium leprae. J Gen Microbiol. 1986 Oct; 132(10):2693-707. PMID: 3305778.
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    302. Ridell M, Portaels F. Immunodiffusion analyses of environmental mycobacteria isolated in Zaire. Zentralbl Bakteriol Mikrobiol Hyg A. 1985 Oct; 260(2):286-92. PMID: 3936310.
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    303. Larsson L, Draper P, Portaels F. Use of gas chromatography to differentiate Mycobacterium leprae from cultivable armadillo-derived mycobacteria, M. avium/intracellulare, and M. lepraemurium by analysis of secondary alcohols. Int J Lepr Other Mycobact Dis. 1985 Sep; 53(3):441-6. PMID: 3900251.
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    304. Kolk AH, Ho ML, Klatser PR, Eggelte TA, Portaels F. Production of monoclonal antibodies against Mycobacterium leprae and armadillo-derived mycobacteria. Ann Inst Pasteur Microbiol (1985). 1985 Sep-Oct; 136B(2):217-24. PMID: 3909933.
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    305. Portaels F, De Ridder K, Pattyn SR. Cultivable mycobacteria isolated from organs of armadillos uninoculated and inoculated with Mycobacterium leprae. Ann Inst Pasteur Microbiol (1985). 1985 Mar-Apr; 136A(2):181-90. PMID: 3890695.
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    306. Silva MT, Macedo PM, Portaels F, Pattyn SR. Correlation viability/morphology in Mycobacterium leprae. Acta Leprol. 1984 Oct-Dec; 2(2-4):281-91. PMID: 6398588.
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    307. Portaels F, Daffé M, Lanéelle MA, Asselineau C. [Lipid composition of cultivable Mycobacteria isolated from livers of armadillos infected by Mycobacterium leprae]. Ann Microbiol (Paris). 1984 May-Jun; 135A(3):457-65. PMID: 6380370.
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    308. Minnikin DE, Minnikin SM, Dobson G, Goodfellow M, Portaels F, van den Breen L, Sesardic D. Mycolic acid patterns of four vaccine strains of Mycobacterium bovis BCG. J Gen Microbiol. 1983 Mar; 129(3):889-91. PMID: 6348209.
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    309. Portaels F, Pattyn SR. Isolation of fastidiously growing mycobacteria from armadillo livers infected with Mycobacterium leprae. Int J Lepr Other Mycobact Dis. 1982 Sep; 50(3):370-4. PMID: 6890545.
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    310. Gill BS, Devriese LA, Portaels F, van den Breen L, Coussement W. Branched Mycobacterium-like organisms from swine lymph nodes. Vet Microbiol. 1982 May; 7(2):157-64. PMID: 7112895.
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    311. Demoulin L, Bassleer J, Boisvert H, Desmecht M, Moens R, Nyabenda J, Portaels F, Truffot C, Viallier J, Viallier G. [A case of pulmonary mycobacteriosis due to Mycobacterium intracellulare (author's transl)]. Pathol Biol (Paris). 1982 Feb; 30(2):102-5. PMID: 7045772.
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    312. Portaels F, Goodfellow M, Minnikin DE, Minnikin SM, Hutchinson IG. Nocardia-like mycobacteria isolated from natural habitats in Zaire. Ann Soc Belg Med Trop. 1981 Dec; 61(4):477-87. PMID: 7344632.
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    313. Pattyn SR, Portaels F, Van Loo G, Van den Breen L. Activity of the combination of isoniazid, protionamide and dapsone against Mycobacterium leprae and some other mycobacteria. Arzneimittelforschung. 1981; 31(12):2155-7. PMID: 7037011.
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    314. Portaels F. Study of unclassified dapsone sensitive mycobacteria isolated from the environment in Zaire. Ann Soc Belg Med Trop. 1980 Dec; 60(4):381-6. PMID: 7235758.
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    315. Pattyn SR, Portaels F. In vitro cultivation and characterization of Mycobacterium lepraemurium. Int J Lepr Other Mycobact Dis. 1980 Mar; 48(1):7-14. PMID: 6988351.
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    316. Portaels F. [Isolation and distribution of Nocardiae in the Bas-Zaire]. Ann Soc Belg Med Trop. 1976; 56(2):73-83. PMID: 1015881.
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    317. Portaels F. [Environmental mycobacteria in Lower Zaire]. Ann Soc Belg Med Trop. 1973; 53(4):373-87. PMID: 4578846.
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    318. Stanford JL, Pattyn SR, Portaels F, Gunthorpe WJ. Studies on Mycobacterium chelonei. J Med Microbiol. 1972 May; 5(2):177-82. PMID: 4624295.
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    319. Pattyn SR, Portaels F. Identificaion and clinical significance of Mycobacteria. Zentralbl Bakteriol Orig A. 1972 Jan; 219(1):114-40. PMID: 4113669.
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    320. Pattyn SR, Portaels F, Boivin A, Van den Breen L. Mycobacteria isolated from the aquaria of the Antwerp Zoo. Acta Zool Pathol Antverp. 1971 May; 52:65-72. PMID: 5163285.
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    321. Pattyn SR, Vandepitte J, Portaels F, De Muynck A. Cases of Mycobacterium borstelense and M. abscessus infection observed in Belgium. J Med Microbiol. 1971 Feb; 4(1):145-9. PMID: 5548599.
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    322. Portaels F, Pattyn SR. Resistance to ethambutol as an aid to the identification of Mycobacterium friedmannii (abscessus) and M. borstelense. J Med Microbiol. 1970 Nov; 3(4):674-6. PMID: 5505024.
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    323. Pattyn SR, Portaels F, Spanoghe L, Magos J. Further studies on African strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis: comparison with M. bovis and M. microti. Ann Soc Belges Med Trop Parasitol Mycol. 1970; 50(2):211-27. PMID: 4996738.
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