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Professor John Hargrove

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Vale GA, Hargrove JW, Cullis NA, Chamisa A, Torr SJ. Efficacy of Electrocuting Devices to Catch Tsetse Flies (Glossinidae) and Other Diptera. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2015 Oct; 9(10):e0004169. PMID: 26505202; PMCID: PMC4631496.
    2. Hargrove JW, Ackley SF. Mortality estimates from ovarian age distributions of the tsetse fly Glossina pallidipes Austen sampled in Zimbabwe suggest the need for new analytical approaches. Bull Entomol Res. 2015 Jun; 105(3):294-304. PMID: 25804211; PMCID: PMC4838657.
    3. Vale GA, Hargrove JW, Lehane MJ, Solano P, Torr SJ. Optimal strategies for controlling riverine tsetse flies using targets: a modelling study. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2015 Mar; 9(3):e0003615. PMID: 25803871; PMCID: PMC4372285.
    4. Hargrove JW, Muzari MO. Artificial warthog burrows used to sample adult and immature tsetse (Glossina spp) in the Zambezi Valley of Zimbabwe. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2015 Mar; 9(3):e0003565. PMID: 25786253; PMCID: PMC4364979.
    5. Vale GA, Hargrove JW, Chamisa A, Grant IF, Torr SJ. Pyrethroid treatment of cattle for tsetse control: reducing its impact on dung fauna. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2015 Mar; 9(3):e0003560. PMID: 25738836; PMCID: PMC4349886.
    6. Vale GA, Hargrove JW, Solano P, Courtin F, Rayaisse JB, Lehane MJ, Esterhuizen J, Tirados I, Torr SJ. Explaining the host-finding behavior of blood-sucking insects: computerized simulation of the effects of habitat geometry on tsetse fly movement. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2014 Jun; 8(6):e2901. PMID: 24921243; PMCID: PMC4055578.
    7. Kajunguri D, Hargrove JW, Ouifki R, Mugisha JY, Coleman PG, Welburn SC. Modelling the use of insecticide-treated cattle to control tsetse and Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense in a multi-host population. Bull Math Biol. 2014 Mar; 76(3):673-96. PMID: 24584715.
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    8. Hargrove J. An example from the world of tsetse flies. Math Biosci Eng. 2013 Jun; 10(3):691-704. PMID: 23906144.
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    9. Vale GA, Hargrove JW, Chamisa A, Hall DR, Mangwiro C, Torr SJ. Factors affecting the propensity of tsetse flies to enter houses and attack humans inside: increased risk of sleeping sickness in warmer climates. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2013; 7(4):e2193. PMID: 23638209; PMCID: PMC3636123.
    10. Hargrove J, Eastwood H, Mahiane G, van Schalkwyk C. How should we best estimate the mean recency duration for the BED method? PLoS One. 2012; 7(11):e49661. PMID: 23166743; PMCID: PMC3500313.
    11. Hargrove JW, Ouifki R, Kajunguri D, Vale GA, Torr SJ. Modeling the control of trypanosomiasis using trypanocides or insecticide-treated livestock. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2012; 6(5):e1615. PMID: 22616017; PMCID: PMC3352824.
    12. Hargrove J, van Schalkwyk C, Eastwood H. BED estimates of HIV incidence: resolving the differences, making things simpler. PLoS One. 2012; 7(1):e29736. PMID: 22235334; PMCID: PMC3250478.
    13. Delva W, Verguet S, Hargrove J, Williams B, Sheneberger R, Stander T, Welte A. Treatment-centred prevention: an integrated biomedical and social approach to HIV prevention. AIDS. 2011 Jul 17; 25(11):1435-7; author reply 1435. PMID: 21712655.
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    14. Williams B, Wood R, Dukay V, Delva W, Ginsburg D, Hargrove J, Stander M, Sheneberger R, Montaner J, Welte A. Treatment as prevention: preparing the way. J Int AIDS Soc. 2011 Jul 06; 14 Suppl 1:S6. PMID: 21967920; PMCID: PMC3194151.
    15. Uys P, Marais BJ, Johnstone-Robertson S, Hargrove J, Wood R. Transmission elasticity in communities hyperendemic for tuberculosis. Clin Infect Dis. 2011 Jun 15; 52(12):1399-404. PMID: 21628479.
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    16. Welte A, Hargrove J, Delva W, Williams B, Stander T. How different are the costs and consequences of delayed versus immediate HIV treatment? S Afr Med J. 2011 May 25; 101(6):377-8, 380. PMID: 21920069.
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    17. Marinda ET, Moulton LH, Humphrey JH, Hargrove JW, Ntozini R, Mutasa K, Levin J. In utero and intra-partum HIV-1 transmission and acute HIV-1 infection during pregnancy: using the BED capture enzyme-immunoassay as a surrogate marker for acute infection. Int J Epidemiol. 2011 Aug; 40(4):945-54. PMID: 21471020; PMCID: PMC3156369.
    18. Hargrove JW, Ouifki R, Ameh JE. A general model for mortality in adult tsetse (Glossina spp.). Med Vet Entomol. 2011 Dec; 25(4):385-94. PMID: 21414021.
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    19. Kim AA, Hallett T, Stover J, Gouws E, Musinguzi J, Mureithi PK, Bunnell R, Hargrove J, Mermin J, Kaiser RK, Barsigo A, Ghys PD. Estimating HIV incidence among adults in Kenya and Uganda: a systematic comparison of multiple methods. PLoS One. 2011 Mar 07; 6(3):e17535. PMID: 21408182; PMCID: PMC3049787.
    20. Hargrove JW, Humphrey JH, Mahomva A, Williams BG, Chidawanyika H, Mutasa K, Marinda E, Mbizvo MT, Nathoo KJ, Iliff PJ, Mugurungi O. Declining HIV prevalence and incidence in perinatal women in Harare, Zimbabwe. Epidemics. 2011 Jun; 3(2):88-94. PMID: 21624779.
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    21. Dunbar R, Lawrence K, Verver S, Enarson DA, Lombard C, Hargrove J, Caldwell J, Beyers N, Barnes JM. Accuracy and completeness of recording of confirmed tuberculosis in two South African communities. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2011 Mar; 15(3):337-43. PMID: 21333100.
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    22. Johnstone-Robertson SP, Hargrove J, Williams BG. Antiretroviral therapy initiated soon after HIV diagnosis as standard care: potential to save lives? HIV AIDS (Auckl). 2011; 3:9-17. PMID: 22096403; PMCID: PMC3218708.
    23. Bett B, Randolph TF, Irungu P, Nyamwaro SO, Kitala P, Gathuma J, Grace D, Vale G, Hargrove J, McDermott J. Field trial of a synthetic tsetse-repellent technology developed for the control of bovine trypanosomosis in Kenya. Prev Vet Med. 2010 Dec 01; 97(3-4):220-7. PMID: 20980070.
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    24. Parekh BS, Hanson DL, Hargrove J, Branson B, Green T, Dobbs T, Constantine N, Overbaugh J, McDougal JS. Determination of mean recency period for estimation of HIV type 1 Incidence with the BED-capture EIA in persons infected with diverse subtypes. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2011 Mar; 27(3):265-73. PMID: 20954834.
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    25. Kim AA, McDougal JS, Hargrove J, Rehle T, Pillay-Van Wyk V, Puren A, Ekra A, Borget-Alloue MY, Adje-Toure C, Abdullahi AS, Odawo L, Marum L, Parekh BS. Evaluating the BED capture enzyme immunoassay to estimate HIV incidence among adults in three countries in sub-Saharan Africa. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2010 Oct; 26(10):1051-61. PMID: 20849299.
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    26. Hargrove J, Humphrey J. Short communication: Simplified estimation of the long-term specificity of the BED assay to improve estimates of HIV incidence. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2010 Sep; 26(9):977-9. PMID: 20718627.
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    27. Wood R, Johnstone-Robertson S, Uys P, Hargrove J, Middelkoop K, Lawn SD, Bekker LG. Tuberculosis transmission to young children in a South African community: modeling household and community infection risks. Clin Infect Dis. 2010 Aug 15; 51(4):401-8. PMID: 20604716; PMCID: PMC3101801.
    28. Williams BG, Hargrove JW, Humphrey JH. The benefits of early treatment for HIV. AIDS. 2010 Jul 17; 24(11):1790-1. PMID: 20588108.
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    29. Gregson S, Gonese E, Hallett TB, Taruberekera N, Hargrove JW, Lopman B, Corbett EL, Dorrington R, Dube S, Dehne K, Mugurungi O. HIV decline in Zimbabwe due to reductions in risky sex? Evidence from a comprehensive epidemiological review. Int J Epidemiol. 2010 Oct; 39(5):1311-23. PMID: 20406793; PMCID: PMC2972436.
    30. Marinda ET, Hargrove J, Preiser W, Slabbert H, van Zyl G, Levin J, Moulton LH, Welte A, Humphrey J. Significantly diminished long-term specificity of the BED capture enzyme immunoassay among patients with HIV-1 with very low CD4 counts and those on antiretroviral therapy. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2010 Apr 01; 53(4):496-9. PMID: 20306555.
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    31. Hargrove JW, Humphrey JH. Mortality among HIV-positive postpartum women with high CD4 cell counts in Zimbabwe. AIDS. 2010 Jan 28; 24(3):F11-4. PMID: 20095074.
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    32. Guy R, Gold J, Calleja JM, Kim AA, Parekh B, Busch M, Rehle T, Hargrove J, Remis RS, Kaldor JM. Accuracy of serological assays for detection of recent infection with HIV and estimation of population incidence: a systematic review. Lancet Infect Dis. 2009 Dec; 9(12):747-59. PMID: 19926035.
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    33. Williams BG, Welte A, Auvert B, Hargrove J. Consequences of early treatment for individuals at risk of human immunodeficiency virus infection. Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Oct 01; 49(7):1135-6. PMID: 19739963.
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    34. Hargrove JW. BED estimates of HIV incidence must be adjusted. AIDS. 2009 Sep 24; 23(15):2061-2; author reply 2066-8. PMID: 19755864.
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    35. Ferrand RA, Corbett EL, Wood R, Hargrove J, Ndhlovu CE, Cowan FM, Gouws E, Williams BG. AIDS among older children and adolescents in Southern Africa: projecting the time course and magnitude of the epidemic. AIDS. 2009 Sep 24; 23(15):2039-46. PMID: 19684508; PMCID: PMC3408596.
    36. Uys PW, van Helden PD, Hargrove JW. Tuberculosis reinfection rate as a proportion of total infection rate correlates with the logarithm of the incidence rate: a mathematical model. J R Soc Interface. 2009 Jan 06; 6(30):11-5. PMID: 18577502; PMCID: PMC2610322.
    37. Cowan FM, Pascoe SJ, Barlow KL, Langhaug LF, Jaffar S, Hargrove JW, Robinson NJ, Bassett MT, Wilson D, Brown DW, Hayes RJ. A randomised placebo-controlled trial to explore the effect of suppressive therapy with acyclovir on genital shedding of HIV-1 and herpes simplex virus type 2 among Zimbabwean sex workers. Sex Transm Infect. 2008 Dec; 84(7):548-53. PMID: 18684855.
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    38. Millen SJ, Uys PW, Hargrove J, van Helden PD, Williams BG. The effect of diagnostic delays on the drop-out rate and the total delay to diagnosis of tuberculosis. PLoS One. 2008 Apr 09; 3(4):e1933. PMID: 18398459; PMCID: PMC2276686.
    39. Hargrove JW, Humphrey JH, Mutasa K, Parekh BS, McDougal JS, Ntozini R, Chidawanyika H, Moulton LH, Ward B, Nathoo K, Iliff PJ, Kopp E. Improved HIV-1 incidence estimates using the BED capture enzyme immunoassay. AIDS. 2008 Feb 19; 22(4):511-8. PMID: 18301064.
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    40. Humphrey JH, Nathoo KJ, Hargrove JW, Iliff PJ, Mutasa KE, Moulton LH, Chidawanyika H, Malaba LC, Zijenah LS, Zvandasara P, Ntozini R, Zunguza CD, Ward BJ. HIV-1 and HIV-2 prevalence and associated risk factors among postnatal women in Harare, Zimbabwe. Epidemiol Infect. 2007 Aug; 135(6):933-42. PMID: 17217549; PMCID: PMC2870654.
    41. Tavengwa NV, Piwoz EG, Iliff PJ, Moulton LH, Zunguza CD, Nathoo KJ, Hargrove JW. Adoption of safer infant feeding and postpartum sexual practices and their relationship to maternal HIV status and risk of acquiring HIV in Zimbabwe. Trop Med Int Health. 2007 Jan; 12(1):97-106. PMID: 17207153.
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    42. Zvandasara P, Hargrove JW, Ntozini R, Chidawanyika H, Mutasa K, Iliff PJ, Moulton LH, Mzengeza F, Malaba LC, Ward BJ, Nathoo KJ, Zijenah LS, Mbizvo M, Zunguza C, Humphrey JH. Mortality and morbidity among postpartum HIV-positive and HIV-negative women in Zimbabwe: risk factors, causes, and impact of single-dose postpartum vitamin A supplementation. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2006 Sep; 43(1):107-16. PMID: 16885772.
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    43. Williams BG, Lloyd-Smith JO, Gouws E, Hankins C, Getz WM, Hargrove J, de Zoysa I, Dye C, Auvert B. The potential impact of male circumcision on HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa. PLoS Med. 2006 Jul; 3(7):e262. PMID: 16822094; PMCID: PMC1489185.
    44. Humphrey JH, Hargrove JW, Malaba LC, Iliff PJ, Moulton LH, Mutasa K, Zvandasara P, Nathoo KJ, Mzengeza F, Chidawanyika H, Zijenah LS, Ward BJ. HIV incidence among post-partum women in Zimbabwe: risk factors and the effect of vitamin A supplementation. AIDS. 2006 Jun 26; 20(10):1437-46. PMID: 16791019.
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    45. Mahomva A, Greby S, Dube S, Mugurungi O, Hargrove J, Rosen D, Dehne KL, Gregson S, St Louis M, Hader S. HIV prevalence and trends from data in Zimbabwe, 1997-2004. Sex Transm Infect. 2006 Apr; 82 Suppl 1:i42-7. PMID: 16581759; PMCID: PMC2593074.
    46. Cowan FF, Pascoe SJ, Barlow KL, Langhaug LF, Jaffar S, Hargrove JW, Robinson NJ, Latif AS, Bassett MT, Wilson D, Brown DW, Hayes RJ. Association of genital shedding of herpes simplex virus type 2 and HIV-1 among sex workers in rural Zimbabwe. AIDS. 2006 Jan 09; 20(2):261-7. PMID: 16511420.
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    47. Lajoie J, Hargrove J, Zijenah LS, Humphrey JH, Ward BJ, Roger M. Genetic variants in nonclassical major histocompatibility complex class I human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-E and HLA-G molecules are associated with susceptibility to heterosexual acquisition of HIV-1. J Infect Dis. 2006 Jan 15; 193(2):298-301. PMID: 16362895.
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    48. Cowan FM, Langhaug LF, Hargrove JW, Jaffar S, Mhuriyengwe L, Swarthout TD, Peeling R, Latif A, Basset MT, Brown DW, Mabey D, Hayes RJ, Wilson D. Is sexual contact with sex workers important in driving the HIV epidemic among men in rural Zimbabwe? J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2005 Nov 01; 40(3):371-6. PMID: 16249714.
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    49. Torr SJ, Hargrove JW, Vale GA. Towards a rational policy for dealing with tsetse. Trends Parasitol. 2005 Nov; 21(11):537-41. PMID: 16140579.
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    50. Muzari MO, Hargrove JW. Artificial larviposition sites for field collections of the puparia of tsetse flies Glossina pallidipes and G. m. morsitans (Diptera: Glossinidae). Bull Entomol Res. 2005 Jun; 95(3):221-9. PMID: 15960876.
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    51. Hargrove JW. Extinction probabilities and times to extinction for populations of tsetse flies Glossina spp. (Diptera: Glossinidae) subjected to various control measures. Bull Entomol Res. 2005 Feb; 95(1):13-21. PMID: 15705210.
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    52. Barclay HJ, Hargrove JW. Probability models to facilitate a declaration of pest-free status, with special reference to tsetse (Diptera: Glossinidae). Bull Entomol Res. 2005 Feb; 95(1):1-11. PMID: 15705209.
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    53. Cowan FM, Hargrove JW, Langhaug LF, Jaffar S, Mhuriyengwe L, Swarthout TD, Peeling R, Latif A, Bassett MT, Brown DW, Mabey D, Hayes RJ, Wilson D. The appropriateness of core group interventions using presumptive periodic treatment among rural Zimbabwean women who exchange sex for gifts or money. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2005 Feb 01; 38(2):202-7. PMID: 15671806.
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    54. Hargrove JW, Torr SJ, Kindness HM. Insecticide-treated cattle against tsetse (Diptera: Glossinidae): what governs success? Bull Entomol Res. 2003 Jun; 93(3):203-17. PMID: 12762862.
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    55. Hargrove JW. Optimized simulation of the control of tsetse flies Glossina pallidipes and G. m. morsitans (Diptera: Glossinidae) using odour-baited targets in Zimbabwe. Bull Entomol Res. 2003 Feb; 93(1):19-29. PMID: 12593679.
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    56. Cowan FM, Langhaug LF, Mashungupa GP, Nyamurera T, Hargrove J, Jaffar S, Peeling RW, Brown DW, Power R, Johnson AM, Stephenson JM, Bassett MT, Hayes RJ. School based HIV prevention in Zimbabwe: feasibility and acceptability of evaluation trials using biological outcomes. AIDS. 2002 Aug 16; 16(12):1673-8. PMID: 12172089.
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    57. Hargrove JW. The effect of temperature and saturation deficit on mortality in populations of male Glossina m. morsitans (Diptera: Glossinidae) in Zimbabwe and Tanzania. Bull Entomol Res. 2001 Apr; 91(2):79-86. PMID: 11260721.
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    58. Hargrove JW. Mark-recapture and Moran curve estimates of the survival probabilities of an island population of tsetse flies Glossina morsitans morsitans (Diptera: Glossinidae). Bull Entomol Res. 2001 Feb; 91(1):25-35. PMID: 11228585.
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    59. Hargrove JW. A theoretical study of the invasion of cleared areas by tsetse flies (Diptera: Glossinidae). Bull Entomol Res. 2000 Jun; 90(3):201-9. PMID: 10996861.
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    60. Hargrove JW, Omolo S, Msalilwa JS, Fox B. Insecticide-treated cattle for tsetse control: the power and the problems. Med Vet Entomol. 2000 Jun; 14(2):123-30. PMID: 10872856.
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    61. Hargrove JW. Lifetime changes in the nutritional characteristics of female tsetse Glossina pallidipes caught in odour-baited traps. Med Vet Entomol. 1999 May; 13(2):165-76. PMID: 10484162.
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    62. Hargrove JW. Nutritional levels of female tsetse Glossina pallidipes from artificial refuges. Med Vet Entomol. 1999 May; 13(2):150-64. PMID: 10484161.
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    63. Lord CC, Barnard B, Day K, Hargrove JW, McNamara JJ, Paul RE, Trenholme K, Woolhouse ME. Aggregation and distribution of strains in microparasites. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 1999 Apr 29; 354(1384):799-807. PMID: 10365405; PMCID: PMC1692560.
    64. Torr SJ, Hargrove JW. Factors affecting the landing and feeding responses of the tsetse fly Glossina pallidipes to a stationary ox. Med Vet Entomol. 1998 Apr; 12(2):196-207. PMID: 9622375.
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    65. Woolhouse ME, Hargrove JW. On the interpretation of age-prevalence curves for trypanosome infections of tsetse flies. Parasitology. 1998 Feb; 116 ( Pt 2):149-56. PMID: 9509024.
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    66. Woolhouse ME, McNamara JJ, Hargrove JW, Bealby KA. Distribution and abundance of trypanosome (subgenus Nannomonas) infections of the tsetse fly Glossina pallidipes in southern Africa. Mol Ecol. 1996 Feb; 5(1):11-18. PMID: 9147687.
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    67. Hargrove JW, Williams BG. A cost-benefit analysis of feeding in female tsetse. Med Vet Entomol. 1995 Apr; 9(2):109-19. PMID: 7787217.
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    68. Woolhouse ME, Hargrove JW, McNamara JJ. Epidemiology of trypanosome infections of the tsetse fly Glossina pallidipes in the Zambezi Valley. Parasitology. 1993 Jun; 106 ( Pt 5):479-85. PMID: 8341584.
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    69. Hargrove JW. Tsetse: the limits to population growth. Med Vet Entomol. 1988 Jul; 2(3):203-17. PMID: 2980177.
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    70. Vale GA, Bursell E, Hargrove JW. Catching-out the tsetse fly. Parasitol Today. 1985 Oct; 1(4):106-10. PMID: 15275593.
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    71. Hargrove JW. Amino acid metabolism during flight in tsetse flies. J Insect Physiol. 1976; 22(2):309-13. PMID: 1249439.
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    72. Hargrove JW. Some changes in the flight apparatus of tsetse flies, Glossina morsitans and G. pallidipes, during maturation. J Insect Physiol. 1975 Aug; 21(8):1485-9. PMID: 1159309.
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    73. Hargrove JW. The flight performance of tsetse flies. J Insect Physiol. 1975 Jul; 21(7):1385-95. PMID: 1159304.
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    74. Bursell E, Billing KC, Hargrove JW, McCabe CT, Slack E. Metabolism of the bloodmeal in tsetse flies (a review). Acta Trop. 1974; 31(4):297-30. PMID: 4155596.
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    75. Bursell E, Billing KJ, Hargrove JW, McCabe CT, Slack E. The supply of substrates to the flight muscle of tsetse flies. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1973; 67(2):296. PMID: 4784103.
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