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Dr Jorge Alvar

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    Collapse Bibliographic 
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Carrillo E, Carrasco-Antón N, López-Medrano F, Salto E, Fernández L, San Martín JV, Alvar J, Aguado JM, Moreno J. Cytokine Release Assays as Tests for Exposure to Leishmania, and for Confirming Cure from Leishmaniasis, in Solid Organ Transplant Recipients. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2015; 9(10):e0004179. PMID: 26496365; PMCID: PMC4619795.
    2. Kaur H, Seifert K, Hawkes GE, Coumbarides GS, Alvar J, Croft SL. Chemical and bioassay techniques to authenticate quality of the anti-leishmanial drug miltefosine. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2015 Jun; 92(6 Suppl):31-8. PMID: 25897058; PMCID: PMC4455076.
    3. Monge-Maillo B, Norman FF, Cruz I, Alvar J, López-Vélez R. Visceral leishmaniasis and HIV coinfection in the Mediterranean region. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2014 Aug; 8(8):e3021. PMID: 25144380; PMCID: PMC4140663.
    4. Chowdhury R, Mondal D, Chowdhury V, Faria S, Alvar J, Nabi SG, Boelaert M, Dash AP. How far are we from visceral leishmaniasis elimination in Bangladesh? An assessment of epidemiological surveillance data. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2014 Aug; 8(8):e3020. PMID: 25144317; PMCID: PMC4140646.
    5. Abubakar A, Ruiz-Postigo JA, Pita J, Lado M, Ben-Ismail R, Argaw D, Alvar J. Visceral leishmaniasis outbreak in South Sudan 2009-2012: epidemiological assessment and impact of a multisectoral response. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2014 Mar; 8(3):e2720. PMID: 24675573; PMCID: PMC3967947.
    6. Babuadze G, Alvar J, Argaw D, de Koning HP, Iosava M, Kekelidze M, Tsertsvadze N, Tsereteli D, Chakhunashvili G, Mamatsashvili T, Beria N, Kalandadze I, Ejov M, Imnadze P. Epidemiology of visceral leishmaniasis in Georgia. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2014 Mar; 8(3):e2725. PMID: 24603768; PMCID: PMC3945224.
    7. Mondal D, Alvar J, Hasnain MG, Hossain MS, Ghosh D, Huda MM, Nabi SG, Sundar S, Matlashewski G, Arana B. Efficacy and safety of single-dose liposomal amphotericin B for visceral leishmaniasis in a rural public hospital in Bangladesh: a feasibility study. Lancet Glob Health. 2014 Jan; 2(1):e51-7. PMID: 25104636.
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    8. Argaw D, Mulugeta A, Herrero M, Nombela N, Teklu T, Tefera T, Belew Z, Alvar J, Bern C. Risk factors for visceral Leishmaniasis among residents and migrants in Kafta-Humera, Ethiopia. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2013 Nov; 7(11):e2543. PMID: 24244778; PMCID: PMC3820755.
    9. Alvar J, Croft SL, Kaye P, Khamesipour A, Sundar S, Reed SG. Case study for a vaccine against leishmaniasis. Vaccine. 2013 Apr 18; 31 Suppl 2:B244-9. PMID: 23598489.
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    10. Olliaro P, Vaillant M, Arana B, Grogl M, Modabber F, Magill A, Lapujade O, Buffet P, Alvar J. Methodology of clinical trials aimed at assessing interventions for cutaneous leishmaniasis. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2013; 7(3):e2130. PMID: 23556016; PMCID: PMC3605149.
    11. Yangzom T, Cruz I, Bern C, Argaw D, den Boer M, Vélez ID, Bhattacharya SK, Molina R, Alvar J. Endemic transmission of visceral leishmaniasis in Bhutan. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2012 Dec; 87(6):1028-37. PMID: 23091191; PMCID: PMC3516070.
    12. Alvar J, Vélez ID, Bern C, Herrero M, Desjeux P, Cano J, Jannin J, den Boer M. Leishmaniasis worldwide and global estimates of its incidence. PLoS One. 2012; 7(5):e35671. PMID: 22693548; PMCID: PMC3365071.
    13. Gil-Prieto R, Walter S, Alvar J, de Miguel AG. Epidemiology of leishmaniasis in Spain based on hospitalization records (1997-2008). Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2011 Nov; 85(5):820-5. PMID: 22049034; PMCID: PMC3205626.
    14. den Boer M, Argaw D, Jannin J, Alvar J. Leishmaniasis impact and treatment access. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2011 Oct; 17(10):1471-7. PMID: 21933305.
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    15. Matlashewski G, Arana B, Kroeger A, Battacharya S, Sundar S, Das P, Sinha PK, Rijal S, Mondal D, Zilberstein D, Alvar J. Visceral leishmaniasis: elimination with existing interventions. Lancet Infect Dis. 2011 Apr; 11(4):322-5. PMID: 21453873.
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    16. Gelanew T, Cruz I, Kuhls K, Alvar J, Cañavate C, Hailu A, Schönian G. Multilocus microsatellite typing revealed high genetic variability of Leishmania donovani strains isolated during and after a Kala-azar epidemic in Libo Kemkem district, northwest Ethiopia. Microbes Infect. 2011 Jun; 13(6):595-601. PMID: 21382503.
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    17. Cañavate C, Herrero M, Nieto J, Cruz I, Chicharro C, Aparicio P, Mulugeta A, Argaw D, Blackstock AJ, Alvar J, Bern C. Evaluation of two rK39 dipstick tests, direct agglutination test, and indirect fluorescent antibody test for diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis in a new epidemic site in highland Ethiopia. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2011 Jan; 84(1):102-6. PMID: 21212210; PMCID: PMC3005501.
    18. Aagaard-Hansen J, Nombela N, Alvar J. Population movement: a key factor in the epidemiology of neglected tropical diseases. Trop Med Int Health. 2010 Nov; 15(11):1281-8. PMID: 20976871.
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    19. González U, Pinart M, Reveiz L, Rengifo-Pardo M, Tweed J, Macaya A, Alvar J. Designing and reporting clinical trials on treatments for cutaneous leishmaniasis. Clin Infect Dis. 2010 Aug 15; 51(4):409-19. PMID: 20624067.
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    20. Hendrickx D, Dujardin JC, Pickering J, Alvar J. The leishmaniasis e-compendium: a geo-referenced bibliographic tool. Trends Parasitol. 2010 Nov; 26(11):515-6. PMID: 20634139.
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    21. Valdivieso E, Rangel A, Moreno J, Saugar JM, Cañavate C, Alvar J, Dagger F. Effects of HIV aspartyl-proteinase inhibitors on Leishmania sp. Exp Parasitol. 2010 Dec; 126(4):557-63. PMID: 20566367.
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    22. van Griensven J, Balasegaram M, Meheus F, Alvar J, Lynen L, Boelaert M. Combination therapy for visceral leishmaniasis. Lancet Infect Dis. 2010 Mar; 10(3):184-94. PMID: 20185097.
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    23. Bern C, Courtenay O, Alvar J. Of cattle, sand flies and men: a systematic review of risk factor analyses for South Asian visceral leishmaniasis and implications for elimination. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2010 Feb 09; 4(2):e599. PMID: 20161727; PMCID: PMC2817719.
    24. den Boer ML, Alvar J, Davidson RN, Ritmeijer K, Balasegaram M. Developments in the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis. Expert Opin Emerg Drugs. 2009 Sep; 14(3):395-410. PMID: 19708817.
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    25. Herrero M, Orfanos G, Argaw D, Mulugeta A, Aparicio P, Parreño F, Bernal O, Rubens D, Pedraza J, Lima MA, Flevaud L, Palma PP, Bashaye S, Alvar J, Bern C. Natural history of a visceral leishmaniasis outbreak in highland Ethiopia. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2009 Sep; 81(3):373-7. PMID: 19706898.
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    26. Bashaye S, Nombela N, Argaw D, Mulugeta A, Herrero M, Nieto J, Chicharro C, Cañavate C, Aparicio P, Vélez ID, Alvar J, Bern C. Risk factors for visceral leishmaniasis in a new epidemic site in Amhara Region, Ethiopia. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2009 Jul; 81(1):34-9. PMID: 19556563.
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    27. González U, Pinart M, Rengifo-Pardo M, Macaya A, Alvar J, Tweed JA. Interventions for American cutaneous and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009 Apr 15; (2):CD004834. PMID: 19370612.
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    28. Bern C, Maguire JH, Alvar J. Complexities of assessing the disease burden attributable to leishmaniasis. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2008; 2(10):e313. PMID: 18958165; PMCID: PMC2569207.
    29. González U, Pinart M, Reveiz L, Alvar J. Interventions for Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008 Oct 08; (4):CD005067. PMID: 18843677.
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    30. Alvar J, Aparicio P, Aseffa A, Den Boer M, Cañavate C, Dedet JP, Gradoni L, Ter Horst R, López-Vélez R, Moreno J. The relationship between leishmaniasis and AIDS: the second 10 years. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2008 Apr; 21(2):334-59, table of contents. PMID: 18400800; PMCID: PMC2292576.
    31. Carrillo E, Crusat M, Nieto J, Chicharro C, Thomas Mdel C, Martínez E, Valladares B, Cañavate C, Requena JM, López MC, Alvar J, Moreno J. Immunogenicity of HSP-70, KMP-11 and PFR-2 leishmanial antigens in the experimental model of canine visceral leishmaniasis. Vaccine. 2008 Mar 28; 26(15):1902-11. PMID: 18321614.
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    32. Chappuis F, Sundar S, Hailu A, Ghalib H, Rijal S, Peeling RW, Alvar J, Boelaert M. Visceral leishmaniasis: what are the needs for diagnosis, treatment and control? Nat Rev Microbiol. 2007 Nov; 5(11):873-82. PMID: 17938629.
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    33. Alvar J, Bashaye S, Argaw D, Cruz I, Aparicio P, Kassa A, Orfanos G, Parreño F, Babaniyi O, Gudeta N, Cañavate C, Bern C. Kala-azar outbreak in Libo Kemkem, Ethiopia: epidemiologic and parasitologic assessment. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2007 Aug; 77(2):275-82. PMID: 17690399.
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    34. Moreno J, Nieto J, Masina S, Cañavate C, Cruz I, Chicharro C, Carrillo E, Napp S, Reymond C, Kaye PM, Smith DF, Fasel N, Alvar J. Immunization with H1, HASPB1 and MML Leishmania proteins in a vaccine trial against experimental canine leishmaniasis. Vaccine. 2007 Jul 20; 25(29):5290-300. PMID: 17576026; PMCID: PMC2695600.
    35. Alvar J, Yactayo S, Bern C. Leishmaniasis and poverty. Trends Parasitol. 2006 Dec; 22(12):552-7. PMID: 17023215.
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    36. Bern C, Adler-Moore J, Berenguer J, Boelaert M, den Boer M, Davidson RN, Figueras C, Gradoni L, Kafetzis DA, Ritmeijer K, Rosenthal E, Royce C, Russo R, Sundar S, Alvar J. Liposomal amphotericin B for the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis. Clin Infect Dis. 2006 Oct 01; 43(7):917-24. PMID: 16941377.
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    37. Cruz I, Chicharro C, Nieto J, Bailo B, Cañavate C, Figueras MC, Alvar J. Comparison of new diagnostic tools for management of pediatric Mediterranean visceral leishmaniasis. J Clin Microbiol. 2006 Jul; 44(7):2343-7. PMID: 16825347; PMCID: PMC1489479.
    38. Savioli L, Engels D, Daumerie D, Jannin J, Alvar J, Asiedu K, Gastellu-Etchegorry M, Simarro P, Mariotti SP. Response from Savioli and colleagues from the Department of Neglected Tropical Diseases, World Health Organization. PLoS Med. 2006 Jun; 3(6):e283. PMID: 16789805; PMCID: PMC1481645.
    39. Cruz I, Nieto J, Moreno J, Cañavate C, Desjeux P, Alvar J. Leishmania/HIV co-infections in the second decade. Indian J Med Res. 2006 Mar; 123(3):357-88. PMID: 16778317.
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    40. Alvar J, Croft S, Olliaro P. Chemotherapy in the treatment and control of leishmaniasis. Adv Parasitol. 2006; 61:223-74. PMID: 16735166.
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    41. Chamizo C, Moreno J, Alvar J. Semi-quantitative analysis of cytokine expression in asymptomatic canine leishmaniasis. Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 2005 Jan 10; 103(1-2):67-75. PMID: 15626462.
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    42. Rivas L, Moreno J, Cañavate C, Alvar J. Virulence and disease in leishmaniasis: what is relevant for the patient? Trends Parasitol. 2004 Jul; 20(7):297-301. PMID: 15193556.
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    43. López-Vélez R, Videla S, Márquez M, Boix V, Jiménez-Mejías ME, Górgolas M, Arribas JR, Salas A, Laguna F, Sust M, Cañavate C, Alvar J. Amphotericin B lipid complex versus no treatment in the secondary prophylaxis of visceral leishmaniasis in HIV-infected patients. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2004 Mar; 53(3):540-3. PMID: 14739148.
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    44. Alvar J, Cañavate C, Molina R, Moreno J, Nieto J. Canine leishmaniasis. Adv Parasitol. 2004; 57:1-88. PMID: 15504537.
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    45. Aparicio P, Rodríguez E, Gárate T, Molina R, Soto A, Alvar J. [Antiparasite therapy]. Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin. 2003 Dec; 21(10):579-92; quiz 593-4, 604. PMID: 14642258.
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    46. Chicharro C, Alvar J. Lower trypanosomatids in HIV/AIDS patients. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2003 Oct; 97 Suppl 1:75-8. PMID: 14678635.
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    47. Chicharro C, Jiménez MI, Alvar J. Iso-enzymatic variability of Leishmania infantum in Spain. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2003 Oct; 97 Suppl 1:57-64. PMID: 14678633.
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    48. Molina R, Gradoni L, Alvar J. HIV and the transmission of Leishmania. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2003 Oct; 97 Suppl 1:29-45. PMID: 14678631.
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    49. Desjeux P, Alvar J. Leishmania/HIV co-infections: epidemiology in Europe. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2003 Oct; 97 Suppl 1:3-15. PMID: 14678629.
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    50. Nieto J, Alvar J, Mullen AB, Carter KC, Rodríguez C, San Andrés MI, San Andrés MD, Baillie AJ, González F. Pharmacokinetics, toxicities, and efficacies of sodium stibogluconate formulations after intravenous administration in animals. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2003 Sep; 47(9):2781-7. PMID: 12936974; PMCID: PMC182616.
    51. Laguna F, Videla S, Jiménez-Mejías ME, Sirera G, Torre-Cisneros J, Ribera E, Prados D, Clotet B, Sust M, López-Vélez R, Alvar J. Amphotericin B lipid complex versus meglumine antimoniate in the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis in patients infected with HIV: a randomized pilot study. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2003 Sep; 52(3):464-8. PMID: 12888588.
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    52. Moreno J, Alvar J. Canine leishmaniasis: epidemiological risk and the experimental model. Trends Parasitol. 2002 Sep; 18(9):399-405. PMID: 12377257.
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    53. Pérez-Castiñeira JR, Alvar J, Ruiz-Pérez LM, Serrano A. Evidence for a wide occurrence of proton-translocating pyrophosphatase genes in parasitic and free-living protozoa. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2002 Jun 14; 294(3):567-73. PMID: 12056804.
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    54. Morales MA, Cruz I, Rubio JM, Chicharro C, Cañavate C, Laguna F, Alvar J. Relapses versus reinfections in patients coinfected with Leishmania infantum and human immunodeficiency virus type 1. J Infect Dis. 2002 May 15; 185(10):1533-7. PMID: 11992294.
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    55. Cruz I, Cañavate C, Rubio JM, Morales MA, Chicharro C, Laguna F, Jiménez-Mejías M, Sirera G, Videla S, Alvar J. A nested polymerase chain reaction (Ln-PCR) for diagnosing and monitoring Leishmania infantum infection in patients co-infected with human immunodeficiency virus. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2002 Apr; 96 Suppl 1:S185-9. PMID: 12055836.
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    56. Cañavate C, el Bali M, Montoya Y, Barker DC, Alvar J. Isolation and characterization of Leishmania infantum cDNA encoding a protein homologous to eukaryotic elongation factor 1 gamma. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2002 Apr; 96 Suppl 1:S41-7. PMID: 12055850.
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    57. Chicharro C, Morales MA, Serra T, Ares M, Salas A, Alvar J. Molecular epidemiology of Leishmania infantum on the island of Majorca: a comparison of phenotypic and genotypic tools. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2002 Apr; 96 Suppl 1:S93-9. PMID: 12055859.
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    58. Cruz I, Morales MA, Noguer I, Rodríguez A, Alvar J. Leishmania in discarded syringes from intravenous drug users. Lancet. 2002 Mar 30; 359(9312):1124-5. PMID: 11943264.
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    59. Chamizo C, Rubio JM, Moreno J, Alvar J. Semi-quantitative analysis of multiple cytokines in canine peripheral blood mononuclear cells by [correction of zby] a single tube RT-PCR. Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 2001 Dec; 83(3-4):191-202. PMID: 11730929.
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    60. Fuentes I, Rubio JM, Ramírez C, Alvar J. Genotypic characterization of Toxoplasma gondii strains associated with human toxoplasmosis in Spain: direct analysis from clinical samples. J Clin Microbiol. 2001 Apr; 39(4):1566-70. PMID: 11283088; PMCID: PMC87971.
    61. Morales MA, Chicharro C, Ares M, Cañavate C, Barker DC, Alvar J. Molecular tracking of infections by Leishmania infantum. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2001 Jan-Feb; 95(1):104-7. PMID: 11280053.
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    62. Guarga JL, Moreno J, Lucientes J, Gracia MJ, Peribáñez MA, Alvar J, Castillo JA. Canine leishmaniasis transmission: higher infectivity amongst naturally infected dogs to sand flies is associated with lower proportions of T helper cells. Res Vet Sci. 2000 Dec; 69(3):249-53. PMID: 11124096.
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    63. Villanueva JL, Alarcón A, Bernabeu-Wittel M, Cordero E, Prados D, Regordán C, Alvar J. Prospective evaluation and follow-up of European patients with visceral leishmaniasis and HIV-1 coinfection in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2000 Oct; 19(10):798-801. PMID: 11117648.
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    64. Moreno J, Cañavate C, Chamizo C, Laguna F, Alvar J. HIV--Leishmania infantum co-infection: humoral and cellular immune responses to the parasite after chemotherapy. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2000 May-Jun; 94(3):328-32. PMID: 10975014.
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    65. Rubio JM, Benito A, Berzosa PJ, Roche J, Puente S, Subirats M, López-Vélez R, García L, Alvar J. Usefulness of seminested multiplex PCR in surveillance of imported malaria in Spain. J Clin Microbiol. 1999 Oct; 37(10):3260-4. PMID: 10488189; PMCID: PMC85544.
    66. Chicharro C, Sirera G, Ares M, Sans A, Videla S, Alvar J. Is Leishmania infantum zymodeme MON-253 involved in an outbreak among intravenous drug users? Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1999 Jul-Aug; 93(4):385-6. PMID: 10674082.
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    67. Laguna F, López-Vélez R, Pulido F, Salas A, Torre-Cisneros J, Torres E, Medrano FJ, Sanz J, Picó G, Gómez-Rodrigo J, Pasquau J, Alvar J. Treatment of visceral leishmaniasis in HIV-infected patients: a randomized trial comparing meglumine antimoniate with amphotericin B. Spanish HIV-Leishmania Study Group. AIDS. 1999 Jun 18; 13(9):1063-9. PMID: 10397536.
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    68. Alvar J, Roche J, Sarrión A, Ramos MC, Benito A. [Treatment of intestinal diseases caused by protozoa and coccidia]. Rev Esp Quimioter. 1999 Jun; 12(2):120-5. PMID: 10562672.
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    69. Rubio JM, Benito A, Roche J, Berzosa PJ, García ML, Micó M, Edú M, Alvar J. Semi-nested, multiplex polymerase chain reaction for detection of human malaria parasites and evidence of Plasmodium vivax infection in Equatorial Guinea. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1999 Feb; 60(2):183-7. PMID: 10072133.
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    70. Molina R, Lohse JM, Pulido F, Laguna F, López-Vélez R, Alvar J. Infection of sand flies by humans coinfected with Leishmania infantum and human immunodeficiency virus. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1999 Jan; 60(1):51-3. PMID: 9988321.
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    71. Medrano FJ, Rey C, Leal M, Cañavate C, Rubio A, Sánchez-Quijano A, Alvar J, Lissen E. Dynamics of serum cytokines in patients with visceral leishmaniasis and HIV-1 co-infection. Clin Exp Immunol. 1998 Dec; 114(3):403-7. PMID: 9844050; PMCID: PMC1905121.
    72. Medrano FJ, Cañavate C, Leal M, Rey C, Lissen E, Alvar J. The role of serology in the diagnosis and prognosis of visceral leishmaniasis in patients coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus type-1. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1998 Jul; 59(1):155-62. PMID: 9684645.
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    73. Lopez-Velez R, Perez-Molina JA, Guerrero A, Baquero F, Villarrubia J, Escribano L, Bellas C, Perez-Corral F, Alvar J. Clinicoepidemiologic characteristics, prognostic factors, and survival analysis of patients coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus and Leishmania in an area of Madrid, Spain. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1998 Apr; 58(4):436-43. PMID: 9574788.
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    74. Roustan G, Jiménez JA, Gutiérrez-Solar B, Gallego JL, Alvar J, Patrón M. Post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis with mucosal involvement in a kidney transplant recipient: treatment with liposomal amphotericin B. Br J Dermatol. 1998 Mar; 138(3):526-8. PMID: 9580814.
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    75. Laguna F, Adrados M, Alvar J, Soriano V, Valencia ME, Moreno V, Polo R, Verdejo J, Jiménez MI, Martínez P, Martínez ML, González-Lahoz JM. Visceral leishmaniasis in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 1997 Dec; 16(12):898-903. PMID: 9495670.
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    76. Jiménez M, Alvar J, Tibayrenc M. Leishmania infantum is clonal in AIDS patients too: epidemiological implications. AIDS. 1997 Apr; 11(5):569-73. PMID: 9108937.
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    77. Alvar J, Cañavate C, Gutiérrez-Solar B, Jiménez M, Laguna F, López-Vélez R, Molina R, Moreno J. Leishmania and human immunodeficiency virus coinfection: the first 10 years. Clin Microbiol Rev. 1997 Apr; 10(2):298-319. PMID: 9105756; PMCID: PMC172921.
    78. Molina R, Alvar J. A simple protocol for the indirect xenodiagnosis of Leishmania infantum in the blood of HIV-infected patients. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 1996 Dec; 90(6):639-40. PMID: 9039276.
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    79. Fuentes I, Rodriguez M, Domingo CJ, del Castillo F, Juncosa T, Alvar J. Urine sample used for congenital toxoplasmosis diagnosis by PCR. J Clin Microbiol. 1996 Oct; 34(10):2368-71. PMID: 8880481; PMCID: PMC229271.
    80. Alvar J, Gutiérrez-Solar B, Pachón I, Calbacho E, Ramírez M, Vallés R, Guillén JL, Cañavate C, Amela C. AIDS and Leishmania infantum. New approaches for a new epidemiological problem. Clin Dermatol. 1996 Sep-Oct; 14(5):541-6. PMID: 8889333.
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    81. Daudén E, Peñas PF, Rios L, Jimenez M, Fraga J, Alvar J, García-Diez A. Leishmaniasis presenting as a dermatomyositis-like eruption in AIDS. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1996 Aug; 35(2 Pt 2):316-9. PMID: 8698915.
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    82. Jiménez MI, López-Vélez R, Molina R, Cañavate C, Alvar J. HIV co-infection with a currently non-pathogenic flagellate. Lancet. 1996 Jan 27; 347(8996):264-5. PMID: 8551910.
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    83. Gutiérrez-Solar B, Smyth AJ, Alvar J, Barker DC. Leishmania infantum: sequence homology within minicircle classes regardless of geographical distance. Exp Parasitol. 1995 Nov; 81(3):416-9. PMID: 7498439.
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    84. Benito A, Roche J, Molina R, Amela C, Alvar J. In vitro susceptibility of Plasmodium falciparum to chloroquine, amodiaquine, quinine, mefloquine, and sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine in Equatorial Guinea. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1995 Nov; 53(5):526-31. PMID: 7485712.
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    85. López-Vélez R, Laguna F, Alvar J, Pérez-Molina JA, Molina R, Martinez P, Villarrubia J. Parasitic culture of buffy coat for diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients. J Clin Microbiol. 1995 Apr; 33(4):937-9. PMID: 7790464; PMCID: PMC228071.
    86. Amela C, Mendez I, Torcal JM, Medina G, Pachón I, Cañavate C, Alvar J. Epidemiology of canine leishmaniasis in the Madrid region, Spain. Eur J Epidemiol. 1995 Apr; 11(2):157-61. PMID: 7672069.
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    87. Jiménez MI, Laguna F, de la Torré F, Solís F, Pratlong F, Alvar J. New Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum zymodemes responsible for visceral leishmaniasis in patients co-infected with HIV in Spain. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1995 Jan-Feb; 89(1):33. PMID: 7747301.
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    88. Benito A, Roche J, Molina R, Amela C, Alvar J. Application and evaluation of QBC malaria diagnosis in a holoendemic area. Appl Parasitol. 1994 Nov; 35(4):266-72. PMID: 7812314.
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    89. Fuentes I, Cascales A, Ros JM, Sansano C, Gonzalez-Arribas JL, Alvar J. Human subcutaneous dirofilariasis caused by Dirofilaria repens in Ibiza, Spain. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1994 Oct; 51(4):401-4. PMID: 7943564.
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    90. Vallejo A, Benito A, Varela JM, Casado C, Roche J, Alvar J, García-Sáiz A. Human T-cell leukaemia virus-I/II infection in Equatorial Guinea. AIDS. 1994 Oct; 8(10):1501-3. PMID: 7818825.
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    91. Alvar J, Molina R, San Andrés M, Tesouro M, Nieto J, Vitutia M, González F, San Andrés MD, Boggio J, Rodriguez F, et al. Canine leishmaniasis: clinical, parasitological and entomological follow-up after chemotherapy. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 1994 Aug; 88(4):371-8. PMID: 7979624.
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    92. Molina R, Amela C, Nieto J, San-Andrés M, González F, Castillo JA, Lucientes J, Alvar J. Infectivity of dogs naturally infected with Leishmania infantum to colonized Phlebotomus perniciosus. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1994 Jul-Aug; 88(4):491-3. PMID: 7570854.
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    93. Jimenez M, Puente S, Gutierrez-Solar B, Martinez P, Alvar J. Visceral leishmaniasis in Angola due to Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1994 Jun; 50(6):687-92. PMID: 8024060.
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    94. Alvar J, Jiménez M. Could infected drug-users be potential Leishmania infantum reservoirs? AIDS. 1994 Jun; 8(6):854. PMID: 8086149.
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    95. Laguna F, López-Vélez R, Soriano V, Montilla P, Alvar J, González-Lahoz JM. Assessment of allopurinol plus meglumine antimoniate in the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis in patients infected with HIV. J Infect. 1994 May; 28(3):255-9. PMID: 8089514.
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    96. Alvar J. Leishmaniasis and AIDS co-infection: the Spanish example. Parasitol Today. 1994 Apr; 10(4):160-3. PMID: 15275487.
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    97. Molina R, Cañavate C, Cercenado E, Laguna F, López-Vélez R, Alvar J. Indirect xenodiagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis in 10 HIV-infected patients using colonized Phlebotomus perniciosus. AIDS. 1994 Feb; 8(2):277-9. PMID: 8043238.
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    98. Roche J, Benito A, Ayecaba S, Amela C, Molina R, Alvar J. Resistance of Plasmodium falciparum to antimalarial drugs in Equatorial Guinea. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 1993 Oct; 87(5):443-9. PMID: 8311568.
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    99. Molina R, Benito A, Roche J, Blanca F, Amela C, Sanchez A, Alvar J. Baseline entomological data for a pilot malaria control program in Equatorial Guinea. J Med Entomol. 1993 May; 30(3):622-4. PMID: 8510123.
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    100. Molina R, López-Vélez R, Gutiérrez-Solar B, Jiménez I, Alvar J. Isolation of Leishmania infantum from the blood of a patient with AIDS using sandflies. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1992 Sep-Oct; 86(5):516. PMID: 1475819.
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    101. Herrero C, Pelaz C, Alvar J, Molina R, Vázquez J, Anda P, Casal J, Martin-Bourgon C. Evidence of the presence of spotted fever group rickettsiae in dogs and dog ticks of the central provinces in Spain. Eur J Epidemiol. 1992 Jul; 8(4):575-9. PMID: 1397228.
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    102. Alvar J, Gutiérrez-Solar B, Molina R, López-Velez R, Garcia-Camacho A, Martinez P, Laguna F, Cercenado E, Galmes A. Prevalence of Leishmania infection among AIDS patients. Lancet. 1992 Jun 06; 339(8806):1427. PMID: 1350846.
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    103. Alvar J, Ballesteros JA, Soler R, Benito A, van Eys GJ, Schoone GJ, Cabrer B. Mucocutaneous leishmaniasis due to Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum: biochemical characterization. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1990 Dec; 43(6):614-8. PMID: 2267965.
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    104. Alvar J, Blazquez J, Najera R. Association of visceral leishmaniasis and human immunodeficiency virus infections. J Infect Dis. 1989 Sep; 160(3):560-1. PMID: 2760511.
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    105. van Eys GJ, Schoone GJ, Ligthart GS, Alvar J, Evans DA, Terpstra WJ. Identification of 'Old World' Leishmania by DNA recombinant probes. Mol Biochem Parasitol. 1989 Apr; 34(1):53-62. PMID: 2540434.
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    106. Verdejo J, Alvar J, Polo RM, González-Lahoz JM. Glucantime-resistant visceral leishmaniasis in immunocompromised patients. Am J Med. 1988 Jul; 85(1):128. PMID: 3389377.
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    107. Yebra M, Segovia J, Manzano L, Vargas JA, Bernaldo de Quirós L, Alvar J. Kala-azar and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) Ann Intern Med. 1988 Jun; 108(6):906. PMID: 3369782.
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    108. Yebra M, Segovia J, Manzano L, Vargas JA, Bernaldo de Quirós L, Alvar J. Disseminated-to-skin kala-azar and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Ann Intern Med. 1988 Mar; 108(3):490-1. PMID: 3341692.
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    109. Alvar J, Verdejo J, Osuna A, Nájera R. Visceral leishmaniasis in a patient seropositive for HIV. Eur J Clin Microbiol. 1987 Oct; 6(5):604-6. PMID: 3436325.
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    110. Alvar J, Puente S, Blázquez J. In vitro chloroquine-resistant falciparum malaria in Malabo, Equatorial Guinea: case reports. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 1987 May; 7(1):51-3. PMID: 3319372.
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    111. Verdejo J, Alvar J, Polo RM, González Lahoz JM. [Visceral leishmaniasis associated with positive anti-HTLV III antibody]. Rev Clin Esp. 1987 Mar; 180(4):221. PMID: 3647541.
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    112. Alvar J, Barreiros G, Benito A, Ortiz M, Martin-Fontelos P. [A case of chloroquine-resistant malaria of type R3 originating in Cameroon]. Bull Soc Pathol Exot Filiales. 1987; 80(3 Pt 2):459-60. PMID: 3319255.
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    113. Blázquez J, Alvar J, Nájera R. Leishmaniasis in a HIV (LAV/HTLV III) serologically positive patient. J Infect. 1987 Jan; 14(1):89-90. PMID: 3819462.
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    114. Alvar J, Blazquez J, Zubillaga G, Sagredo R, Larruscain F. Chloroquine-resistant falciparum malaria imported into Spain from Malawi. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1985; 79(3):419. PMID: 3898486.
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    115. de la Loma A, Manrique A, Rubio R, Jiménez MS, Alvar J, Palencia E, Nájera R. Generalised tuberculosis in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. J Infect. 1985 Jan; 10(1):57-9. PMID: 3981026.
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    116. de la Loma A, Alvar J, Martinez Galiano E, Blázquez J, Alcalá Muñoz A, Nájera R. Leishmaniasis or AIDS? Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1985; 79(3):421-2. PMID: 4035745.
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