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Dr Kenneth Douglas Shortman

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Shortman K. How does batf3 determine dendritic cell development? Immunol Cell Biol. 2015 Sep; 93(8):681-2. PMID: 26303209.
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    2. Kato Y, Zaid A, Davey GM, Mueller SN, Nutt SL, Zotos D, Tarlinton DM, Shortman K, Lahoud MH, Heath WR, Caminschi I. Targeting Antigen to Clec9A Primes Follicular Th Cell Memory Responses Capable of Robust Recall. J Immunol. 2015 Aug 01; 195(3):1006-14. PMID: 26101322.
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    3. Vremec D, Shortman K. What's in a Name? Some Early and Current Issues in Dendritic Cell Nomenclature. Front Immunol. 2015; 6:267. PMID: 26074925; PMCID: PMC4448511.
    4. Shortman K, Nicola NA, Ng AP. Professor Donald Metcalf (1929–2014). Immunity. 2015 Jan 20; 42(1):1-3. PMID: 25756140.
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    5. Lee CN, Lew AM, Shortman K, Wu L. NOD mice are functionally deficient in the capacity of cross-presentation. Immunol Cell Biol. 2015 Jul; 93(6):548-57. PMID: 25601275.
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    6. Li J, Ahmet F, Sullivan LC, Brooks AG, Kent SJ, De Rose R, Salazar AM, Reis e Sousa C, Shortman K, Lahoud MH, Heath WR, Caminschi I. Antibodies targeting Clec9A promote strong humoral immunity without adjuvant in mice and non-human primates. Eur J Immunol. 2015 Mar; 45(3):854-64. PMID: 25487143.
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    7. Vremec D, Hansen J, Strasser A, Acha-Orbea H, Zhan Y, O'Keeffe M, Shortman K. Maintaining dendritic cell viability in culture. Mol Immunol. 2015 Feb; 63(2):264-7. PMID: 25081090.
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    8. Sathe P, Metcalf D, Vremec D, Naik SH, Langdon WY, Huntington ND, Wu L, Shortman K. Lymphoid tissue and plasmacytoid dendritic cells and macrophages do not share a common macrophage-dendritic cell-restricted progenitor. Immunity. 2014 Jul 17; 41(1):104-15. PMID: 25035955.
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    9. Ko HJ, Brady JL, Ryg-Cornejo V, Hansen DS, Vremec D, Shortman K, Zhan Y, Lew AM. GM-CSF-responsive monocyte-derived dendritic cells are pivotal in Th17 pathogenesis. J Immunol. 2014 Mar 01; 192(5):2202-9. PMID: 24489100.
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    10. Ding Y, Wilkinson A, Idris A, Fancke B, O'Keeffe M, Khalil D, Ju X, Lahoud MH, Caminschi I, Shortman K, Rodwell R, Vuckovic S, Radford KJ. FLT3-ligand treatment of humanized mice results in the generation of large numbers of CD141+ and CD1c+ dendritic cells in vivo. J Immunol. 2014 Feb 15; 192(4):1982-9. PMID: 24453245.
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    11. Park HY, Light A, Lahoud MH, Caminschi I, Tarlinton DM, Shortman K. Evolution of B cell responses to Clec9A-targeted antigen. J Immunol. 2013 Nov 15; 191(10):4919-25. PMID: 24123689.
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    12. Shortman K, Sathe P. Another heritage for plasmacytoid dendritic cells. Immunity. 2013 May 23; 38(5):845-6. PMID: 23706662.
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    13. Shortman K, Sathe P, Vremec D, Naik S, O'Keeffe M. Plasmacytoid dendritic cell development. Adv Immunol. 2013; 120:105-26. PMID: 24070382.
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    14. Sathe P, Vremec D, Wu L, Corcoran L, Shortman K. Convergent differentiation: myeloid and lymphoid pathways to murine plasmacytoid dendritic cells. Blood. 2013 Jan 03; 121(1):11-9. PMID: 23053574.
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    15. Lahoud MH, Ahmet F, Zhang JG, Meuter S, Policheni AN, Kitsoulis S, Lee CN, O'Keeffe M, Sullivan LC, Brooks AG, Berry R, Rossjohn J, Mintern JD, Vega-Ramos J, Villadangos JA, Nicola NA, Nussenzweig MC, Stacey KJ, Shortman K, Heath WR, Caminschi I. DEC-205 is a cell surface receptor for CpG oligonucleotides. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Oct 02; 109(40):16270-5. PMID: 22988114; PMCID: PMC3479608.
    16. Shortman K. The remembrance of 56 years of research. Immunol Cell Biol. 2012 Jul; 90(6):565-7. PMID: 22763586.
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    17. Dresch C, Leverrier Y, Marvel J, Shortman K. Development of antigen cross-presentation capacity in dendritic cells. Trends Immunol. 2012 Aug; 33(8):381-8. PMID: 22677187.
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    18. Zhang JG, Czabotar PE, Policheni AN, Caminschi I, Wan SS, Kitsoulis S, Tullett KM, Robin AY, Brammananth R, van Delft MF, Lu J, O'Reilly LA, Josefsson EC, Kile BT, Chin WJ, Mintern JD, Olshina MA, Wong W, Baum J, Wright MD, Huang DC, Mohandas N, Coppel RL, Colman PM, Nicola NA, Shortman K, Lahoud MH. The dendritic cell receptor Clec9A binds damaged cells via exposed actin filaments. Immunity. 2012 Apr 20; 36(4):646-57. PMID: 22483802.
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    19. Caminschi I, Vremec D, Ahmet F, Lahoud MH, Villadangos JA, Murphy KM, Heath WR, Shortman K. Antibody responses initiated by Clec9A-bearing dendritic cells in normal and Batf3(-/-) mice. Mol Immunol. 2012 Feb; 50(1-2):9-17. PMID: 22209163.
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    20. Caminschi I, Shortman K. Boosting antibody responses by targeting antigens to dendritic cells. Trends Immunol. 2012 Feb; 33(2):71-7. PMID: 22153931.
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    21. Shortman K. Ralph Steinman and dendritic cells. Immunol Cell Biol. 2012 Jan; 90(1):1-2. PMID: 22024620.
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    22. Medzhitov R, Shevach EM, Trinchieri G, Mellor AL, Munn DH, Gordon S, Libby P, Hansson GK, Shortman K, Dong C, Gabrilovich D, Gabryšová L, Howes A, O'Garra A. Highlights of 10 years of immunology in Nature Reviews Immunology. Nat Rev Immunol. 2011 09 23; 11(10):693-702. PMID: 21941295; PMCID: PMC3703536.
    23. Desch AN, Randolph GJ, Murphy K, Gautier EL, Kedl RM, Lahoud MH, Caminschi I, Shortman K, Henson PM, Jakubzick CV. CD103+ pulmonary dendritic cells preferentially acquire and present apoptotic cell-associated antigen. J Exp Med. 2011 Aug 29; 208(9):1789-97. PMID: 21859845; PMCID: PMC3171085.
    24. Dresch C, Ackermann M, Vogt B, de Andrade Pereira B, Shortman K, Fraefel C. Thymic but not splenic CD8? DCs can efficiently cross-prime T cells in the absence of licensing factors. Eur J Immunol. 2011 Sep; 41(9):2544-55. PMID: 21748731.
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    25. Lahoud MH, Ahmet F, Kitsoulis S, Wan SS, Vremec D, Lee CN, Phipson B, Shi W, Smyth GK, Lew AM, Kato Y, Mueller SN, Davey GM, Heath WR, Shortman K, Caminschi I. Targeting antigen to mouse dendritic cells via Clec9A induces potent CD4 T cell responses biased toward a follicular helper phenotype. J Immunol. 2011 Jul 15; 187(2):842-50. PMID: 21677141.
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    26. Fuertes Marraco SA, Scott CL, Bouillet P, Ives A, Masina S, Vremec D, Jansen ES, O'Reilly LA, Schneider P, Fasel N, Shortman K, Strasser A, Acha-Orbea H. Type I interferon drives dendritic cell apoptosis via multiple BH3-only proteins following activation by PolyIC in vivo. PLoS One. 2011; 6(6):e20189. PMID: 21674051; PMCID: PMC3107228.
    27. Mittag D, Proietto AI, Loudovaris T, Mannering SI, Vremec D, Shortman K, Wu L, Harrison LC. Human dendritic cell subsets from spleen and blood are similar in phenotype and function but modified by donor health status. J Immunol. 2011 Jun 01; 186(11):6207-17. PMID: 21515786.
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    28. Sathe P, Pooley J, Vremec D, Mintern J, Jin JO, Wu L, Kwak JY, Villadangos JA, Shortman K. The acquisition of antigen cross-presentation function by newly formed dendritic cells. J Immunol. 2011 May 01; 186(9):5184-92. PMID: 21422244.
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    29. Lauterbach H, Bathke B, Gilles S, Traidl-Hoffmann C, Luber CA, Fejer G, Freudenberg MA, Davey GM, Vremec D, Kallies A, Wu L, Shortman K, Chaplin P, Suter M, O'Keeffe M, Hochrein H. Mouse CD8alpha+ DCs and human BDCA3+ DCs are major producers of IFN-lambda in response to poly IC. J Exp Med. 2010 Nov 22; 207(12):2703-17. PMID: 20975040; PMCID: PMC2989774.
    30. Ziegler-Heitbrock L, Ancuta P, Crowe S, Dalod M, Grau V, Hart DN, Leenen PJ, Liu YJ, MacPherson G, Randolph GJ, Scherberich J, Schmitz J, Shortman K, Sozzani S, Strobl H, Zembala M, Austyn JM, Lutz MB. Nomenclature of monocytes and dendritic cells in blood. Blood. 2010 Oct 21; 116(16):e74-80. PMID: 20628149.
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    31. Villadangos JA, Shortman K. Found in translation: the human equivalent of mouse CD8+ dendritic cells. J Exp Med. 2010 Jun 07; 207(6):1131-4. PMID: 20513744; PMCID: PMC2882838.
    32. Vremec D, O'Keeffe M, Wilson A, Ferrero I, Koch U, Radtke F, Scott B, Hertzog P, Villadangos J, Shortman K. Factors determining the spontaneous activation of splenic dendritic cells in culture. Innate Immun. 2011 Feb; 17(3):338-52. PMID: 20501515.
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    33. Shortman K, Heath WR. The CD8+ dendritic cell subset. Immunol Rev. 2010 Mar; 234(1):18-31. PMID: 20193009.
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    34. van Dommelen SL, Rizzitelli A, Chidgey A, Boyd R, Shortman K, Wu L. Regeneration of dendritic cells in aged mice. Cell Mol Immunol. 2010 Mar; 7(2):108-15. PMID: 20118970; PMCID: PMC4001893.
    35. Lahoud MH, Proietto AI, Ahmet F, Kitsoulis S, Eidsmo L, Wu L, Sathe P, Pietersz S, Chang HW, Walker ID, Maraskovsky E, Braley H, Lew AM, Wright MD, Heath WR, Shortman K, Caminschi I. The C-type lectin Clec12A present on mouse and human dendritic cells can serve as a target for antigen delivery and enhancement of antibody responses. J Immunol. 2009 Jun 15; 182(12):7587-94. PMID: 19494282.
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    36. Bedoui S, Whitney PG, Waithman J, Eidsmo L, Wakim L, Caminschi I, Allan RS, Wojtasiak M, Shortman K, Carbone FR, Brooks AG, Heath WR. Cross-presentation of viral and self antigens by skin-derived CD103+ dendritic cells. Nat Immunol. 2009 May; 10(5):488-95. PMID: 19349986.
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    37. Caminschi I, Lahoud MH, Shortman K. Enhancing immune responses by targeting antigen to DC. Eur J Immunol. 2009 Apr; 39(4):931-8. PMID: 19197943.
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    38. Shortman K, Lahoud MH, Caminschi I. Improving vaccines by targeting antigens to dendritic cells. Exp Mol Med. 2009 Feb 28; 41(2):61-6. PMID: 19287186; PMCID: PMC2679330.
    39. Proietto AI, van Dommelen S, Zhou P, Rizzitelli A, D'Amico A, Steptoe RJ, Naik SH, Lahoud MH, Liu Y, Zheng P, Shortman K, Wu L. Dendritic cells in the thymus contribute to T-regulatory cell induction. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Dec 16; 105(50):19869-74. PMID: 19073916; PMCID: PMC2604962.
    40. Young LJ, Wilson NS, Schnorrer P, Proietto A, ten Broeke T, Matsuki Y, Mount AM, Belz GT, O'Keeffe M, Ohmura-Hoshino M, Ishido S, Stoorvogel W, Heath WR, Shortman K, Villadangos JA. Differential MHC class II synthesis and ubiquitination confers distinct antigen-presenting properties on conventional and plasmacytoid dendritic cells. Nat Immunol. 2008 Nov; 9(11):1244-52. PMID: 18849989.
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    41. Sathe P, Shortman K. The steady-state development of splenic dendritic cells. Mucosal Immunol. 2008 Nov; 1(6):425-31. PMID: 19079209.
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    42. Caminschi I, Proietto AI, Ahmet F, Kitsoulis S, Shin Teh J, Lo JC, Rizzitelli A, Wu L, Vremec D, van Dommelen SL, Campbell IK, Maraskovsky E, Braley H, Davey GM, Mottram P, van de Velde N, Jensen K, Lew AM, Wright MD, Heath WR, Shortman K, Lahoud MH. The dendritic cell subtype-restricted C-type lectin Clec9A is a target for vaccine enhancement. Blood. 2008 Oct 15; 112(8):3264-73. PMID: 18669894; PMCID: PMC2569177.
    43. Vremec D, Shortman K. The isolation and identification of murine dendritic cell populations from lymphoid tissues and their production in culture. Methods Mol Biol. 2008; 415:163-78. PMID: 18370154.
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    44. Wilson NS, Young LJ, Kupresanin F, Naik SH, Vremec D, Heath WR, Akira S, Shortman K, Boyle J, Maraskovsky E, Belz GT, Villadangos JA. Normal proportion and expression of maturation markers in migratory dendritic cells in the absence of germs or Toll-like receptor signaling. Immunol Cell Biol. 2008 Feb; 86(2):200-5. PMID: 18026177.
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    45. Caminschi I, Ahmet F, Heger K, Brady J, Nutt SL, Vremec D, Pietersz S, Lahoud MH, Schofield L, Hansen DS, O'Keeffe M, Smyth MJ, Bedoui S, Davey GM, Villadangos JA, Heath WR, Shortman K. Putative IKDCs are functionally and developmentally similar to natural killer cells, but not to dendritic cells. J Exp Med. 2007 Oct 29; 204(11):2579-90. PMID: 17923506; PMCID: PMC2118479.
    46. Naik SH, Sathe P, Park HY, Metcalf D, Proietto AI, Dakic A, Carotta S, O'Keeffe M, Bahlo M, Papenfuss A, Kwak JY, Wu L, Shortman K. Development of plasmacytoid and conventional dendritic cell subtypes from single precursor cells derived in vitro and in vivo. Nat Immunol. 2007 Nov; 8(11):1217-26. PMID: 17922015.
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    47. Waithman J, Allan RS, Kosaka H, Azukizawa H, Shortman K, Lutz MB, Heath WR, Carbone FR, Belz GT. Skin-derived dendritic cells can mediate deletional tolerance of class I-restricted self-reactive T cells. J Immunol. 2007 Oct 01; 179(7):4535-41. PMID: 17878350.
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    48. Shortman K, Naik SH. Steady-state and inflammatory dendritic-cell development. Nat Rev Immunol. 2007 Jan; 7(1):19-30. PMID: 17170756.
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    49. Vremec D, O'Keeffe M, Hochrein H, Fuchsberger M, Caminschi I, Lahoud M, Shortman K. Production of interferons by dendritic cells, plasmacytoid cells, natural killer cells, and interferon-producing killer dendritic cells. Blood. 2007 Feb 01; 109(3):1165-73. PMID: 17038535.
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    50. Allan RS, Waithman J, Bedoui S, Jones CM, Villadangos JA, Zhan Y, Lew AM, Shortman K, Heath WR, Carbone FR. Migratory dendritic cells transfer antigen to a lymph node-resident dendritic cell population for efficient CTL priming. Immunity. 2006 Jul; 25(1):153-62. PMID: 16860764.
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    51. Lahoud MH, Proietto AI, Gartlan KH, Kitsoulis S, Curtis J, Wettenhall J, Sofi M, Daunt C, O'keeffe M, Caminschi I, Satterley K, Rizzitelli A, Schnorrer P, Hinohara A, Yamaguchi Y, Wu L, Smyth G, Handman E, Shortman K, Wright MD. Signal regulatory protein molecules are differentially expressed by CD8- dendritic cells. J Immunol. 2006 Jul 01; 177(1):372-82. PMID: 16785533.
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    52. Schnorrer P, Behrens GM, Wilson NS, Pooley JL, Smith CM, El-Sukkari D, Davey G, Kupresanin F, Li M, Maraskovsky E, Belz GT, Carbone FR, Shortman K, Heath WR, Villadangos JA. The dominant role of CD8+ dendritic cells in cross-presentation is not dictated by antigen capture. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 Jul 11; 103(28):10729-34. PMID: 16807294; PMCID: PMC1502299.
    53. Naik SH, Metcalf D, van Nieuwenhuijze A, Wicks I, Wu L, O'Keeffe M, Shortman K. Intrasplenic steady-state dendritic cell precursors that are distinct from monocytes. Nat Immunol. 2006 Jun; 7(6):663-71. PMID: 16680143.
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    54. Caminschi I, Corbett AJ, Zahra C, Lahoud M, Lucas KM, Sofi M, Vremec D, Gramberg T, Pöhlmann S, Curtis J, Handman E, van Dommelen SL, Fleming P, Degli-Esposti MA, Shortman K, Wright MD. Functional comparison of mouse CIRE/mouse DC-SIGN and human DC-SIGN. Int Immunol. 2006 May; 18(5):741-53. PMID: 16569675.
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    55. Caminschi I, Vandenabeele S, Sofi M, McKnight AJ, Ward N, Brodnicki TC, Toy T, Lahoud M, Maraskovsky E, Shortman K, Wright MD. Gene structure and transcript analysis of the human and mouse EGF-TM7 molecule, FIRE. DNA Seq. 2006 Feb; 17(1):8-14. PMID: 16753812.
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    56. Shortman K, Villadangos JA. Is it a DC, is it an NK? No, it's an IKDC. Nat Med. 2006 Feb; 12(2):167-8. PMID: 16462794.
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    57. Wilson NS, Behrens GM, Lundie RJ, Smith CM, Waithman J, Young L, Forehan SP, Mount A, Steptoe RJ, Shortman KD, de Koning-Ward TF, Belz GT, Carbone FR, Crabb BS, Heath WR, Villadangos JA. Systemic activation of dendritic cells by Toll-like receptor ligands or malaria infection impairs cross-presentation and antiviral immunity. Nat Immunol. 2006 Feb; 7(2):165-72. PMID: 16415871.
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    58. Rizzitelli A, Hawkins E, Todd H, Hodgkin PD, Shortman K. The proliferative response of CD4 T cells to steady-state CD8+ dendritic cells is restricted by post-activation death. Int Immunol. 2006 Mar; 18(3):415-23. PMID: 16415099.
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    59. Rizzitelli A, Vremec D, Villadangos JA, Mavaddat N, Wright MD, Shortman K. Switching from a restricted to an effective CD4 T cell response by activating CD8+ murine dendritic cells with a Toll-like receptor 9 ligand. Eur J Immunol. 2005 Nov; 35(11):3209-20. PMID: 16224811.
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    60. Corbett AJ, Caminschi I, McKenzie BS, Brady JL, Wright MD, Mottram PL, Hogarth PM, Hodder AN, Zhan Y, Tarlinton DM, Shortman K, Lew AM. Antigen delivery via two molecules on the CD8- dendritic cell subset induces humoral immunity in the absence of conventional "danger". Eur J Immunol. 2005 Oct; 35(10):2815-25. PMID: 16143986.
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    61. Wu L, Shortman K. Heterogeneity of thymic dendritic cells. Semin Immunol. 2005 Aug; 17(4):304-12. PMID: 15946853.
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    62. O'Keeffe M, Grumont RJ, Hochrein H, Fuchsberger M, Gugasyan R, Vremec D, Shortman K, Gerondakis S. Distinct roles for the NF-kappaB1 and c-Rel transcription factors in the differentiation and survival of plasmacytoid and conventional dendritic cells activated by TLR-9 signals. Blood. 2005 Nov 15; 106(10):3457-64. PMID: 16037393.
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    63. Belz GT, Shortman K, Bevan MJ, Heath WR. CD8alpha+ dendritic cells selectively present MHC class I-restricted noncytolytic viral and intracellular bacterial antigens in vivo. J Immunol. 2005 Jul 01; 175(1):196-200. PMID: 15972648; PMCID: PMC2778481.
    64. Naik SH, Proietto AI, Wilson NS, Dakic A, Schnorrer P, Fuchsberger M, Lahoud MH, O'Keeffe M, Shao QX, Chen WF, Villadangos JA, Shortman K, Wu L. Cutting edge: generation of splenic CD8+ and CD8- dendritic cell equivalents in Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 ligand bone marrow cultures. J Immunol. 2005 Jun 01; 174(11):6592-7. PMID: 15905497.
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    65. O'Keeffe M, Brodnicki TC, Fancke B, Vremec D, Morahan G, Maraskovsky E, Steptoe R, Harrison LC, Shortman K. Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 ligand administration overcomes a genetically determined dendritic cell deficiency in NOD mice and protects against diabetes development. Int Immunol. 2005 Mar; 17(3):307-14. PMID: 15684037.
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    66. Kissenpfennig A, Aït-Yahia S, Clair-Moninot V, Stössel H, Badell E, Bordat Y, Pooley JL, Lang T, Prina E, Coste I, Gresser O, Renno T, Winter N, Milon G, Shortman K, Romani N, Lebecque S, Malissen B, Saeland S, Douillard P. Disruption of the langerin/CD207 gene abolishes Birbeck granules without a marked loss of Langerhans cell function. Mol Cell Biol. 2005 Jan; 25(1):88-99. PMID: 15601833; PMCID: PMC538791.
    67. Schnurr M, Chen Q, Shin A, Chen W, Toy T, Jenderek C, Green S, Miloradovic L, Drane D, Davis ID, Villadangos J, Shortman K, Maraskovsky E, Cebon J. Tumor antigen processing and presentation depend critically on dendritic cell type and the mode of antigen delivery. Blood. 2005 Mar 15; 105(6):2465-72. PMID: 15546948.
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    68. Shortman K, Wu L. Are dendritic cells end cells? Nat Immunol. 2004 Nov; 5(11):1105-6. PMID: 15496948.
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    69. Vollstedt S, O'Keeffe M, Odermatt B, Beat R, Glanzmann B, Riesen M, Shortman K, Suter M. Treatment of neonatal mice with Flt3 ligand leads to changes in dendritic cell subpopulations associated with enhanced IL-12 and IFN-alpha production. Eur J Immunol. 2004 Jul; 34(7):1849-60. PMID: 15214033.
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    70. Belz GT, Smith CM, Kleinert L, Reading P, Brooks A, Shortman K, Carbone FR, Heath WR. Distinct migrating and nonmigrating dendritic cell populations are involved in MHC class I-restricted antigen presentation after lung infection with virus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Jun 08; 101(23):8670-5. PMID: 15163797; PMCID: PMC423253.
    71. Franchini M, Hefti H, Vollstedt S, Glanzmann B, Riesen M, Ackermann M, Chaplin P, Shortman K, Suter M. Dendritic cells from mice neonatally vaccinated with modified vaccinia virus Ankara transfer resistance against herpes simplex virus type I to naive one-week-old mice. J Immunol. 2004 May 15; 172(10):6304-12. PMID: 15128820.
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    72. Baldwin T, Henri S, Curtis J, O'Keeffe M, Vremec D, Shortman K, Handman E. Dendritic cell populations in Leishmania major-infected skin and draining lymph nodes. Infect Immun. 2004 Apr; 72(4):1991-2001. PMID: 15039319; PMCID: PMC375196.
    73. Belz GT, Smith CM, Eichner D, Shortman K, Karupiah G, Carbone FR, Heath WR. Cutting edge: conventional CD8 alpha+ dendritic cells are generally involved in priming CTL immunity to viruses. J Immunol. 2004 Feb 15; 172(4):1996-2000. PMID: 14764661.
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    74. Dakic A, Shao QX, D'Amico A, O'Keeffe M, Chen WF, Shortman K, Wu L. Development of the dendritic cell system during mouse ontogeny. J Immunol. 2004 Jan 15; 172(2):1018-27. PMID: 14707075.
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    75. Proietto AI, O'Keeffe M, Gartlan K, Wright MD, Shortman K, Wu L, Lahoud MH. Differential production of inflammatory chemokines by murine dendritic cell subsets. Immunobiology. 2004; 209(1-2):163-72. PMID: 15481150.
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    76. El-Sukkari D, Wilson NS, Hakansson K, Steptoe RJ, Grubb A, Shortman K, Villadangos JA. The protease inhibitor cystatin C is differentially expressed among dendritic cell populations, but does not control antigen presentation. J Immunol. 2003 Nov 15; 171(10):5003-11. PMID: 14607896.
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    77. Wilson NS, El-Sukkari D, Belz GT, Smith CM, Steptoe RJ, Heath WR, Shortman K, Villadangos JA. Most lymphoid organ dendritic cell types are phenotypically and functionally immature. Blood. 2003 Sep 15; 102(6):2187-94. PMID: 12791652.
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    78. Corcoran L, Ferrero I, Vremec D, Lucas K, Waithman J, O'Keeffe M, Wu L, Wilson A, Shortman K. The lymphoid past of mouse plasmacytoid cells and thymic dendritic cells. J Immunol. 2003 May 15; 170(10):4926-32. PMID: 12734335.
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    79. Jefford M, Schnurr M, Toy T, Masterman KA, Shin A, Beecroft T, Tai TY, Shortman K, Shackleton M, Davis ID, Parente P, Luft T, Chen W, Cebon J, Maraskovsky E. Functional comparison of DCs generated in vivo with Flt3 ligand or in vitro from blood monocytes: differential regulation of function by specific classes of physiologic stimuli. Blood. 2003 Sep 01; 102(5):1753-63. PMID: 12738673.
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    80. Smith CM, Belz GT, Wilson NS, Villadangos JA, Shortman K, Carbone FR, Heath WR. Cutting edge: conventional CD8 alpha+ dendritic cells are preferentially involved in CTL priming after footpad infection with herpes simplex virus-1. J Immunol. 2003 May 01; 170(9):4437-40. PMID: 12707318.
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    81. Naik S, Vremec D, Wu L, O'Keeffe M, Shortman K. CD8alpha+ mouse spleen dendritic cells do not originate from the CD8alpha- dendritic cell subset. Blood. 2003 Jul 15; 102(2):601-4. PMID: 12649155.
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    82. Tan PS, Gavin AL, Barnes N, Sears DW, Vremec D, Shortman K, Amigorena S, Mottram PL, Hogarth PM. Unique monoclonal antibodies define expression of Fc gamma RI on macrophages and mast cell lines and demonstrate heterogeneity among subcutaneous and other dendritic cells. J Immunol. 2003 Mar 01; 170(5):2549-56. PMID: 12594281.
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    83. O'Keeffe M, Hochrein H, Vremec D, Caminschi I, Miller JL, Anders EM, Wu L, Lahoud MH, Henri S, Scott B, Hertzog P, Tatarczuch L, Shortman K. Mouse plasmacytoid cells: long-lived cells, heterogeneous in surface phenotype and function, that differentiate into CD8(+) dendritic cells only after microbial stimulus. J Exp Med. 2002 Nov 18; 196(10):1307-19. PMID: 12438422; PMCID: PMC2193989.
    84. Belz GT, Behrens GM, Smith CM, Miller JF, Jones C, Lejon K, Fathman CG, Mueller SN, Shortman K, Carbone FR, Heath WR. The CD8alpha(+) dendritic cell is responsible for inducing peripheral self-tolerance to tissue-associated antigens. J Exp Med. 2002 Oct 21; 196(8):1099-104. PMID: 12391021; PMCID: PMC2194045.
    85. O'Keeffe M, Hochrein H, Vremec D, Scott B, Hertzog P, Tatarczuch L, Shortman K. Dendritic cell precursor populations of mouse blood: identification of the murine homologues of human blood plasmacytoid pre-DC2 and CD11c+ DC1 precursors. Blood. 2003 Feb 15; 101(4):1453-9. PMID: 12393665.
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    86. Kamath AT, Henri S, Battye F, Tough DF, Shortman K. Developmental kinetics and lifespan of dendritic cells in mouse lymphoid organs. Blood. 2002 Sep 01; 100(5):1734-41. PMID: 12176895.
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    87. Luft T, Jefford M, Luetjens P, Toy T, Hochrein H, Masterman KA, Maliszewski C, Shortman K, Cebon J, Maraskovsky E. Functionally distinct dendritic cell (DC) populations induced by physiologic stimuli: prostaglandin E(2) regulates the migratory capacity of specific DC subsets. Blood. 2002 Aug 15; 100(4):1362-72. PMID: 12149219.
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    88. Henri S, Curtis J, Hochrein H, Vremec D, Shortman K, Handman E. Hierarchy of susceptibility of dendritic cell subsets to infection by Leishmania major: inverse relationship to interleukin-12 production. Infect Immun. 2002 Jul; 70(7):3874-80. PMID: 12065531; PMCID: PMC128092.
    89. Belz GT, Vremec D, Febbraio M, Corcoran L, Shortman K, Carbone FR, Heath WR. CD36 is differentially expressed by CD8+ splenic dendritic cells but is not required for cross-presentation in vivo. J Immunol. 2002 Jun 15; 168(12):6066-70. PMID: 12055215.
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    90. Luft T, Luetjens P, Hochrein H, Toy T, Masterman KA, Rizkalla M, Maliszewski C, Shortman K, Cebon J, Maraskovsky E. IFN-alpha enhances CD40 ligand-mediated activation of immature monocyte-derived dendritic cells. Int Immunol. 2002 Apr; 14(4):367-80. PMID: 11934873.
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    91. Mintern JD, Sutherland RM, Lew AM, Shortman K, Carbone FR, Heath WR. Constitutive, but not inflammatory, cross-presentation is disabled in the pancreas of young mice. Eur J Immunol. 2002 Apr; 32(4):1044-51. PMID: 11920571.
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    92. O'Keeffe M, Hochrein H, Vremec D, Pooley J, Evans R, Woulfe S, Shortman K. Effects of administration of progenipoietin 1, Flt-3 ligand, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, and pegylated granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor on dendritic cell subsets in mice. Blood. 2002 Mar 15; 99(6):2122-30. PMID: 11877288.
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    93. Shortman K, Liu YJ. Mouse and human dendritic cell subtypes. Nat Rev Immunol. 2002 Mar; 2(3):151-61. PMID: 11913066.
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    94. Luft T, Jefford M, Luetjens P, Hochrein H, Masterman KA, Maliszewski C, Shortman K, Cebon J, Maraskovsky E. IL-1 beta enhances CD40 ligand-mediated cytokine secretion by human dendritic cells (DC): a mechanism for T cell-independent DC activation. J Immunol. 2002 Jan 15; 168(2):713-22. PMID: 11777965.
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    95. Wu L, D'Amico A, Hochrein H, O'Keeffe M, Shortman K, Lucas K. Development of thymic and splenic dendritic cell populations from different hemopoietic precursors. Blood. 2001 Dec 01; 98(12):3376-82. PMID: 11719377.
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    96. Shortman K, Heath WR. Immunity or tolerance? That is the question for dendritic cells. Nat Immunol. 2001 Nov; 2(11):988-9. PMID: 11685217.
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    97. Caminschi I, Lucas KM, O'Keeffe MA, Hochrein H, Laâbi Y, Köntgen F, Lew AM, Shortman K, Wright MD. Molecular cloning of F4/80-like-receptor, a seven-span membrane protein expressed differentially by dendritic cell and monocyte-macrophage subpopulations. J Immunol. 2001 Oct 01; 167(7):3570-6. PMID: 11564768.
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    98. Caminschi I, Lucas KM, O'Keeffe MA, Hochrein H, Laâbi Y, Brodnicki TC, Lew AM, Shortman K, Wright MD. Molecular cloning of a C-type lectin superfamily protein differentially expressed by CD8alpha(-) splenic dendritic cells. Mol Immunol. 2001 Sep; 38(5):365-73. PMID: 11684292.
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    99. Mori S, Shortman K, Wu L. Characterization of thymus-seeding precursor cells from mouse bone marrow. Blood. 2001 Aug 01; 98(3):696-704. PMID: 11468169.
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    100. Henri S, Vremec D, Kamath A, Waithman J, Williams S, Benoist C, Burnham K, Saeland S, Handman E, Shortman K. The dendritic cell populations of mouse lymph nodes. J Immunol. 2001 Jul 15; 167(2):741-8. PMID: 11441078.
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    101. Shortman K, Wu L. Parentage and heritage of dendritic cells. Blood. 2001 Jun 01; 97(11):3325. PMID: 11392324.
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    102. Villadangos JA, Cardoso M, Steptoe RJ, van Berkel D, Pooley J, Carbone FR, Shortman K. MHC class II expression is regulated in dendritic cells independently of invariant chain degradation. Immunity. 2001 Jun; 14(6):739-49. PMID: 11420044.
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    103. Hochrein H, Shortman K, Vremec D, Scott B, Hertzog P, O'Keeffe M. Differential production of IL-12, IFN-alpha, and IFN-gamma by mouse dendritic cell subsets. J Immunol. 2001 May 01; 166(9):5448-55. PMID: 11313382.
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    104. Pooley JL, Heath WR, Shortman K. Cutting edge: intravenous soluble antigen is presented to CD4 T cells by CD8- dendritic cells, but cross-presented to CD8 T cells by CD8+ dendritic cells. J Immunol. 2001 May 01; 166(9):5327-30. PMID: 11313367.
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    105. Kronin V, Fitzmaurice CJ, Caminschi I, Shortman K, Jackson DC, Brown LE. Differential effect of CD8(+) and CD8(-) dendritic cells in the stimulation of secondary CD4(+) T cells. Int Immunol. 2001 Apr; 13(4):465-73. PMID: 11282986.
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    106. Vandenabeele S, Hochrein H, Mavaddat N, Winkel K, Shortman K. Human thymus contains 2 distinct dendritic cell populations. Blood. 2001 Mar 15; 97(6):1733-41. PMID: 11238115.
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    107. Kelly KA, Lucas K, Hochrein H, Metcalf D, Wu L, Shortman K. Development of dendritic cells in culture from human and murine thymic precursor cells. Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand). 2001 Feb; 47(1):43-54. PMID: 11292259.
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    108. Kamath AT, Pooley J, O'Keeffe MA, Vremec D, Zhan Y, Lew AM, D'Amico A, Wu L, Tough DF, Shortman K. The development, maturation, and turnover rate of mouse spleen dendritic cell populations. J Immunol. 2000 Dec 15; 165(12):6762-70. PMID: 11120796.
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    109. Burnham K, Robb L, Scott CL, O'Keeffe M, Shortman K. Effect of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor on the generation of epidermal Langerhans cells. J Interferon Cytokine Res. 2000 Dec; 20(12):1071-6. PMID: 11152573.
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    110. Hochrein H, O'Keeffe M, Luft T, Vandenabeele S, Grumont RJ, Maraskovsky E, Shortman K. Interleukin (IL)-4 is a major regulatory cytokine governing bioactive IL-12 production by mouse and human dendritic cells. J Exp Med. 2000 Sep 18; 192(6):823-33. PMID: 10993913; PMCID: PMC2193283.
    111. Daro E, Pulendran B, Brasel K, Teepe M, Pettit D, Lynch DH, Vremec D, Robb L, Shortman K, McKenna HJ, Maliszewski CR, Maraskovsky E. Polyethylene glycol-modified GM-CSF expands CD11b(high)CD11c(high) but notCD11b(low)CD11c(high) murine dendritic cells in vivo: a comparative analysis with Flt3 ligand. J Immunol. 2000 Jul 01; 165(1):49-58. PMID: 10861034.
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    112. Kronin V, Hochrein H, Shortman K, Kelso A. Regulation of T cell cytokine production by dendritic cells. Immunol Cell Biol. 2000 Jun; 78(3):214-23. PMID: 10849109.
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    113. Kronin V, Wu L, Gong S, Nussenzweig MC, Shortman K. DEC-205 as a marker of dendritic cells with regulatory effects on CD8 T cell responses. Int Immunol. 2000 May; 12(5):731-5. PMID: 10784619.
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    114. Shortman K. Burnet oration: dendritic cells: multiple subtypes, multiple origins, multiple functions. Immunol Cell Biol. 2000 Apr; 78(2):161-5. PMID: 10762417.
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    115. Vremec D, Pooley J, Hochrein H, Wu L, Shortman K. CD4 and CD8 expression by dendritic cell subtypes in mouse thymus and spleen. J Immunol. 2000 Mar 15; 164(6):2978-86. PMID: 10706685.
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    116. Wu L, Shortman K. Isolation and characterization of murine early intrathymic precursor populations. Methods Mol Biol. 2000; 134:25-35. PMID: 10730245.
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    117. Wu L, D'Amico A, Winkel KD, Suter M, Lo D, Shortman K. RelB is essential for the development of myeloid-related CD8alpha- dendritic cells but not of lymphoid-related CD8alpha+ dendritic cells. Immunity. 1998 Dec; 9(6):839-47. PMID: 9881974.
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    118. Shortman K, Maraskovsky E. Developmental options. Science. 1998 Oct 16; 282(5388):424-5. PMID: 9841399.
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    119. Shortman K, Vremec D, Corcoran LM, Georgopoulos K, Lucas K, Wu L. The linkage between T-cell and dendritic cell development in the mouse thymus. Immunol Rev. 1998 Oct; 165:39-46. PMID: 9850850.
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    120. Lucas K, Vremec D, Wu L, Shortman K. A linkage between dendritic cell and T-cell development in the mouse thymus: the capacity of sequential T-cell precursors to form dendritic cells in culture. Dev Comp Immunol. 1998 May-Jun; 22(3):339-49. PMID: 9700463.
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    121. Gugasyan R, Coward A, O'Connor L, Shortman K, Scollay R. Emigration of mature T cells from the thymus is inhibited by the imidazole-based compound 2-acetyl-4-tetrahydroxybutylimidazole. Immunology. 1998 Mar; 93(3):398-404. PMID: 9640251; PMCID: PMC1364089.
    122. Kronin V, Vremec D, Shortman K. Does the IL-2 receptor alpha chain induced on dendritic cells have a biological function? Int Immunol. 1998 Feb; 10(2):237-40. PMID: 9533452.
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    123. Winkel KD, Kronin V, Krummel MF, Shortman K. The nature of the signals regulating CD8 T cell proliferative responses to CD8alpha+ or CD8alpha- dendritic cells. Eur J Immunol. 1997 Dec; 27(12):3350-9. PMID: 9464823.
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    124. Wu L, Nichogiannopoulou A, Shortman K, Georgopoulos K. Cell-autonomous defects in dendritic cell populations of Ikaros mutant mice point to a developmental relationship with the lymphoid lineage. Immunity. 1997 Oct; 7(4):483-92. PMID: 9354469.
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    125. Vremec D, Shortman K. Dendritic cell subtypes in mouse lymphoid organs: cross-correlation of surface markers, changes with incubation, and differences among thymus, spleen, and lymph nodes. J Immunol. 1997 Jul 15; 159(2):565-73. PMID: 9218570.
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    126. Kronin V, Vremec D, Winkel K, Classon BJ, Miller RG, Mak TW, Shortman K, Süss G. Are CD8+ dendritic cells (DC) veto cells? The role of CD8 on DC in DC development and in the regulation of CD4 and CD8 T cell responses. Int Immunol. 1997 Jul; 9(7):1061-4. PMID: 9237115.
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    127. Shortman K, Caux C. Dendritic cell development: multiple pathways to nature's adjuvants. Stem Cells. 1997; 15(6):409-19. PMID: 9402653.
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    128. Kronin V, Süss G, Winkel K, Shortman K. The regulation of T cell responses by a subpopulation of CD8+DEC205+ murine dendritic cells. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1997; 417:239-48. PMID: 9286368.
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    129. Shortman K, Wu L, Süss G, Kronin V, Winkel K, Saunders D, Vremec D. Dendritic cells and T lymphocytes: developmental and functional interactions. Ciba Found Symp. 1997; 204:130-8; discussion 138-41. PMID: 9107416.
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    130. Maraskovsky E, Pulendran B, Brasel K, Teepe M, Roux ER, Shortman K, Lyman SD, McKenna HJ. Dramatic numerical increase of functionally mature dendritic cells in FLT3 ligand-treated mice. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1997; 417:33-40. PMID: 9286334.
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    131. Vremec D, Lieschke GJ, Dunn AR, Robb L, Metcalf D, Shortman K. The influence of granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor on dendritic cell levels in mouse lymphoid organs. Eur J Immunol. 1997 Jan; 27(1):40-4. PMID: 9021996.
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    132. Saunders D, Lucas K, Ismaili J, Wu L, Maraskovsky E, Dunn A, Shortman K. Dendritic cell development in culture from thymic precursor cells in the absence of granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor. J Exp Med. 1996 Dec 01; 184(6):2185-96. PMID: 8976174; PMCID: PMC2196371.
    133. Kronin V, Winkel K, Süss G, Kelso A, Heath W, Kirberg J, von Boehmer H, Shortman K. A subclass of dendritic cells regulates the response of naive CD8 T cells by limiting their IL-2 production. J Immunol. 1996 Nov 01; 157(9):3819-27. PMID: 8892611.
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    134. Maraskovsky E, Brasel K, Teepe M, Roux ER, Lyman SD, Shortman K, McKenna HJ. Dramatic increase in the numbers of functionally mature dendritic cells in Flt3 ligand-treated mice: multiple dendritic cell subpopulations identified. J Exp Med. 1996 Nov 01; 184(5):1953-62. PMID: 8920882; PMCID: PMC2192888.
    135. Wu L, Li CL, Shortman K. Thymic dendritic cell precursors: relationship to the T lymphocyte lineage and phenotype of the dendritic cell progeny. J Exp Med. 1996 Sep 01; 184(3):903-11. PMID: 9064350; PMCID: PMC2192802.
    136. Metcalf D, Shortman K, Vremec D, Mifsud S, Di Rago L. Effects of excess GM-CSF levels on hematopoiesis and leukemia development in GM-CSF/max 41 double transgenic mice. Leukemia. 1996 Apr; 10(4):713-9. PMID: 8618452.
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    137. Cameron PU, Lowe MG, Sotzik F, Coughlan AF, Crowe SM, Shortman K. The interaction of macrophage and non-macrophage tropic isolates of HIV-1 with thymic and tonsillar dendritic cells in vitro. J Exp Med. 1996 Apr 01; 183(4):1851-6. PMID: 8666941; PMCID: PMC2192540.
    138. Süss G, Shortman K. A subclass of dendritic cells kills CD4 T cells via Fas/Fas-ligand-induced apoptosis. J Exp Med. 1996 Apr 01; 183(4):1789-96. PMID: 8666935; PMCID: PMC2192509.
    139. Shortman K, Wu L. Early T lymphocyte progenitors. Annu Rev Immunol. 1996; 14:29-47. PMID: 8717506.
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    140. Kydd R, Lundberg K, Vremec D, Harris AW, Shortman K. Intermediate steps in thymic positive selection. Generation of CD4-8+ T cells in culture from CD4+8+, CD4int8+, and CD4+8int thymocytes with up-regulated levels of TCR-CD3. J Immunol. 1995 Oct 15; 155(8):3806-14. PMID: 7561086.
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    141. Saunders DJ, Georgiou HM, Wu L, Shortman K. Induction of limited growth and differentiation of early thymic precursor cells by thymic epithelial cell lines. Immunol Lett. 1995 Jul-Aug; 47(1-2):45-51. PMID: 8537100.
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    142. Dozmorov I, Kalinichenko V, Süss G, Shortman K. Regulatory cellular interactions in the primary mixed lymphocyte reaction. Immunol Lett. 1995 May; 46(1-2):43-8. PMID: 7590926.
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    143. Lundberg K, Heath W, Köntgen F, Carbone FR, Shortman K. Intermediate steps in positive selection: differentiation of CD4+8int TCRint thymocytes into CD4-8+TCRhi thymocytes. J Exp Med. 1995 May 01; 181(5):1643-51. PMID: 7722444; PMCID: PMC2191983.
    144. Wu L, Vremec D, Ardavin C, Winkel K, Süss G, Georgiou H, Maraskovsky E, Cook W, Shortman K. Mouse thymus dendritic cells: kinetics of development and changes in surface markers during maturation. Eur J Immunol. 1995 Feb; 25(2):418-25. PMID: 7875203.
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    145. Cameron PU, Lowe MG, Sotzik F, Coughlan AF, Crowe SM, Shortman K. Preferential entry and productive infection of CD4 expressing lymphoid dendritic cells by macrophage-tropic HIV-1. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1995; 378:429-33. PMID: 8526110.
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    146. Li CL, Wu L, Antica M, Shortman K, Johnson GR. Purified murine long-term in vivo hematopoietic repopulating cells are not prothymocytes. Exp Hematol. 1995 Jan; 23(1):21-5. PMID: 7995367.
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    147. Shortman K, Wu L, Ardavin C, Vremec D, Stozik F, Winkel K, Süss G. Thymic dendritic cells: surface phenotype, developmental origin and function. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1995; 378:21-9. PMID: 8526057.
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    148. Antica M, Wu L, Shortman K, Scollay R. Thymic stem cells in mouse bone marrow. Blood. 1994 Jul 01; 84(1):111-7. PMID: 8018910.
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    149. Winkel K, Sotzik F, Vremec D, Cameron PU, Shortman K. CD4 and CD8 expression by human and mouse thymic dendritic cells. Immunol Lett. 1994 May; 40(2):93-9. PMID: 8088877.
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    150. Lundberg K, Shortman K. Small cortical thymocytes are subject to positive selection. J Exp Med. 1994 May 01; 179(5):1475-83. PMID: 8163932; PMCID: PMC2191477.
    151. Sotzik F, Rosenberg Y, Boyd AW, Honeyman M, Metcalf D, Scollay R, Wu L, Shortman K. Assessment of CD4 expression by early T precursor cells and by dendritic cells in the human thymus. J Immunol. 1994 Apr 01; 152(7):3370-7. PMID: 7511645.
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    152. Antica M, Wu L, Shortman K, Scollay R. Intrathymic lymphoid precursor cells during fetal thymus development. J Immunol. 1993 Dec 01; 151(11):5887-95. PMID: 8245436.
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    153. Wu L, Kincade PW, Shortman K. The CD44 expressed on the earliest intrathymic precursor population functions as a thymus homing molecule but does not bind to hyaluronate. Immunol Lett. 1993 Sep; 38(1):69-75. PMID: 7507884.
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    154. Ardavín C, Wu L, Ferrero I, Shortman K. Mouse thymic dendritic cell subpopulations. Immunol Lett. 1993 Sep; 38(1):19-25. PMID: 8300149.
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    155. Venn A, Fairbridge D, Mason T, Marbrook J, Murray L, Anders R, Shortman K. Specificity variants in monoclonal antibodies reactive with peptide epitopes of the ring-infected erythrocyte surface antigen (RESA) of Plasmodium falciparum. Parasite Immunol. 1993 Aug; 15(8):455-64. PMID: 7694223.
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    156. Petrie HT, Livak F, Schatz DG, Strasser A, Crispe IN, Shortman K. Multiple rearrangements in T cell receptor alpha chain genes maximize the production of useful thymocytes. J Exp Med. 1993 Aug 01; 178(2):615-22. PMID: 8393478; PMCID: PMC2191132.
    157. Petrie HT, Strasser A, Harris AW, Hugo P, Shortman K. CD4+8- and CD4-8+ mature thymocytes require different post-selection processing for final development. J Immunol. 1993 Aug 01; 151(3):1273-9. PMID: 8101540.
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    158. Ardavin C, Wu L, Li CL, Shortman K. Thymic dendritic cells and T cells develop simultaneously in the thymus from a common precursor population. Nature. 1993 Apr 22; 362(6422):761-3. PMID: 8469288.
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    159. Sotzik F, Boyd A, Shortman K. Surface antigens of human thymocyte populations defined by CD3, CD4 and CD8 expression: CD1a is expressed by mature thymocytes but not peripheral T cells. Immunol Lett. 1993 Apr; 36(1):101-6. PMID: 7688345.
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    160. Lahoud M, Vremec D, Boyd RL, Shortman K. Characterization of thymic nurse-cell lymphocytes, using an improved procedure for nurse-cell isolation. Dev Immunol. 1993; 3(2):103-12. PMID: 7905310; PMCID: PMC2275925.
    161. Petrie HT, Scollay R, Shortman K. Commitment to the T cell receptor-alpha beta or -gamma delta lineages can occur just prior to the onset of CD4 and CD8 expression among immature thymocytes. Eur J Immunol. 1992 Aug; 22(8):2185-8. PMID: 1386319.
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    162. Vremec D, Zorbas M, Scollay R, Saunders DJ, Ardavin CF, Wu L, Shortman K. The surface phenotype of dendritic cells purified from mouse thymus and spleen: investigation of the CD8 expression by a subpopulation of dendritic cells. J Exp Med. 1992 Jul 01; 176(1):47-58. PMID: 1613465; PMCID: PMC2119290.
    163. Shortman K. Cellular aspects of early T-cell development. Curr Opin Immunol. 1992 Apr; 4(2):140-6. PMID: 1351392.
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    164. Ardavin C, Shortman K. Cell surface marker analysis of mouse thymic dendritic cells. Eur J Immunol. 1992 Mar; 22(3):859-62. PMID: 1347747.
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    165. Wu L, Antica M, Johnson GR, Scollay R, Shortman K. Developmental potential of the earliest precursor cells from the adult mouse thymus. J Exp Med. 1991 Dec 01; 174(6):1617-27. PMID: 1683894; PMCID: PMC2119056.
    166. Rogers LA, Zlotnik A, Lee F, Shortman K. The maintenance of lytic specificity during the development of clones of cytotoxic T lymphocytes from single precursor cells. J Immunol Methods. 1991 Oct 25; 143(2):241-50. PMID: 1682390.
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    167. Shortman K, Vremec D, Lees RK, MacDonald HR. Does negative selection involve accumulation of self-reactive thymocytes in thymic rosettes? Immunol Lett. 1991 Jun; 28(3):201-5. PMID: 1885217.
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    168. Fischer M, MacNeil I, Suda T, Cupp JE, Shortman K, Zlotnik A. Cytokine production by mature and immature thymocytes. J Immunol. 1991 May 15; 146(10):3452-6. PMID: 1827485.
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    169. Battye FL, Shortman K. Flow cytometry and cell-separation procedures. Curr Opin Immunol. 1991 Apr; 3(2):238-41. PMID: 2069751.
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    170. Rogers LA, Zlotnik A, Lee F, Shortman K. Lymphokine requirements for the development of specific cytotoxic T cells from single precursors. Eur J Immunol. 1991 Apr; 21(4):1069-72. PMID: 1902175.
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    171. Shortman K, Vremec D, Egerton M. The kinetics of T cell antigen receptor expression by subgroups of CD4+8+ thymocytes: delineation of CD4+8+3(2+) thymocytes as post-selection intermediates leading to mature T cells. J Exp Med. 1991 Feb 01; 173(2):323-32. PMID: 1824855; PMCID: PMC2118785.
    172. Wu L, Scollay R, Egerton M, Pearse M, Spangrude GJ, Shortman K. CD4 expressed on earliest T-lineage precursor cells in the adult murine thymus. Nature. 1991 Jan 03; 349(6304):71-4. PMID: 1702186.
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    173. Shortman K, Wu L, Kelly KA, Scollay R. The beginning and the end of the development of TCR gamma delta cells in the thymus. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol. 1991; 173:71-80. PMID: 1833162.
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    174. Shortman K, Vremec D. Different subpopulations of developing thymocytes are associated with adherent (macrophage) or nonadherent (dendritic) thymic rosettes. Dev Immunol. 1991; 1(3):225-35. PMID: 1840380; PMCID: PMC2275831.
    175. Petrie HT, Pearse M, Scollay R, Shortman K. Development of immature thymocytes: initiation of CD3, CD4, and CD8 acquisition parallels down-regulation of the interleukin 2 receptor alpha chain. Eur J Immunol. 1990 Dec; 20(12):2813-5. PMID: 2148525.
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    176. Petrie HT, Hugo P, Scollay R, Shortman K. Lineage relationships and developmental kinetics of immature thymocytes: CD3, CD4, and CD8 acquisition in vivo and in vitro. J Exp Med. 1990 Dec 01; 172(6):1583-8. PMID: 2147945; PMCID: PMC2188740.
    177. Venn AJ, Anders RF, Pike BL, Shortman K. Clonal repertoire analysis of murine B cells specific for repeat sequence antigens of Plasmodium falciparum. Parasite Immunol. 1990 Nov; 12(6):605-21. PMID: 1707507.
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    178. Egerton M, Scollay R, Shortman K. Kinetics of mature T-cell development in the thymus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1990 Apr; 87(7):2579-82. PMID: 2138780; PMCID: PMC53733.
    179. Shortman K, Egerton M, Spangrude GJ, Scollay R. The generation and fate of thymocytes. Semin Immunol. 1990 Jan; 2(1):3-12. PMID: 2129900.
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    180. Egerton M, Shortman K, Scollay R. The kinetics of immature murine thymocyte development in vivo. Int Immunol. 1990; 2(6):501-7. PMID: 2128186.
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    181. Maraskovsky E, Chen WF, Shortman K. IL-2 and IFN-gamma are two necessary lymphokines in the development of cytolytic T cells. J Immunol. 1989 Aug 15; 143(4):1210-4. PMID: 2501391.
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    182. Pilarski LM, Gillitzer R, Zola H, Shortman K, Scollay R. Definition of the thymic generative lineage by selective expression of high molecular weight isoforms of CD45 (T200). Eur J Immunol. 1989 Apr; 19(4):589-97. PMID: 2525097.
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    183. Pearse M, Wu L, Egerton M, Wilson A, Shortman K, Scollay R. A murine early thymocyte developmental sequence is marked by transient expression of the interleukin 2 receptor. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1989 Mar; 86(5):1614-8. PMID: 2493646; PMCID: PMC286749.
    184. Shortman K, Vremec D, D'Amico A, Battye F, Boyd R. Nature of the thymocytes associated with dendritic cells and macrophages in thymic rosettes. Cell Immunol. 1989 Mar; 119(1):85-100. PMID: 2493339.
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    185. Wilson A, Petrie HT, Scollay R, Shortman K. The acquisition of CD4 and CD8 during the differentiation of early thymocytes in short-term culture. Int Immunol. 1989; 1(6):605-12. PMID: 2518729.
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    186. Kelly K, Pilarski L, Shortman K, Scollay R. CD4+ CD8+ cells are rare among in vitro activated mouse or human T lymphocytes. Cell Immunol. 1988 Dec; 117(2):414-24. PMID: 3264216.
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    187. Wilson A, Day LM, Scollay R, Shortman K. Subpopulations of mature murine thymocytes: properties of CD4-CD8+ and CD4+CD8- thymocytes lacking the heat-stable antigen. Cell Immunol. 1988 Dec; 117(2):312-26. PMID: 2973844.
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    188. Shortman K, Wilson A, Pearse M, Gallagher P, Scollay R. Mouse strain differences in subset distribution and T cell antigen receptor expression among CD4-CD8- thymocytes. Immunol Cell Biol. 1988 Oct-Dec; 66 ( Pt 5-6):423-33. PMID: 2465267.
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    189. Kelly K, Shortman K, Scollay R. The surface phenotype of activated T lymphocytes. Immunol Cell Biol. 1988 Aug; 66 ( Pt 4):297-306. PMID: 2979010.
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    190. Pearse M, Gallagher P, Wilson A, Wu L, Fisicaro N, Miller JF, Scollay R, Shortman K. Molecular characterization of T-cell antigen receptor expression by subsets of CD4- CD8- murine thymocytes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1988 Aug; 85(16):6082-6. PMID: 2970635; PMCID: PMC281909.
    191. Scollay R, Wilson A, D'Amico A, Kelly K, Egerton M, Pearse M, Wu L, Shortman K. Developmental status and reconstitution potential of subpopulations of murine thymocytes. Immunol Rev. 1988 Aug; 104:81-120. PMID: 3049319.
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    192. Shortman K, Wilson A, Egerton M, Pearse M, Scollay R. Immature CD4- CD8+ murine thymocytes. Cell Immunol. 1988 May; 113(2):462-79. PMID: 2965990.
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    193. Wilson A, D'Amico A, Ewing T, Scollay R, Shortman K. Subpopulations of early thymocytes. A cross-correlation flow cytometric analysis of adult mouse Ly-2-L3T4-(CD8-CD4-) thymocytes using eight different surface markers. J Immunol. 1988 Mar 01; 140(5):1461-9. PMID: 2894393.
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    194. Wilson A, Ewing T, Owens T, Scollay R, Shortman K. T cell antigen receptor expression by subsets of Ly-2-L3T4- (CD8-CD4-) thymocytes. J Immunol. 1988 Mar 01; 140(5):1470-6. PMID: 2450128.
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    195. Ewing T, Egerton M, Wilson A, Scollay R, Shortman K. Subpopulations of CD4- CD8- murine thymocytes: differences in proliferation rate in vivo and proliferative responses in vitro. Eur J Immunol. 1988 Feb; 18(2):261-8. PMID: 2894996.
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    196. Chen WF, Ewing T, Scollay R, Shortman K. Growth of single T cells and single thymocytes in a high cloning efficiency filler-cell free microculture system. Thymus. 1988; 12(1):51-68. PMID: 2977453.
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    197. Shortman K, Wilson A, Van Ewijk W, Scollay R. Phenotype and localization of thymocytes expressing the homing receptor-associated antigen MEL-14: arguments for the view that most mature thymocytes are located in the medulla. J Immunol. 1987 Jan 15; 138(2):342-51. PMID: 3491849.
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    198. Wilson A, Scollay R, Reichert RA, Butcher EC, Weissman IL, Shortman K. The correlation of lectin-stimulated proliferation and cytotoxicity in murine thymocytes with expression of the MEL-14-defined homing receptor. J Immunol. 1987 Jan 15; 138(2):352-7. PMID: 3491850.
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    199. Shortman K, Wilson A. Degradation of specificity in cytolytic T lymphocyte clones. The separate YAC-1-type (NK-like) and P815-type broad specificity killing patterns are both restricted to the larger cells within a clone but may be expressed independently in clones from different mouse strains. J Immunol. 1986 Aug 01; 137(3):798-804. PMID: 2424983.
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    200. Denizot F, Wilson A, Battye F, Berke G, Shortman K. Clonal expansion of T cells: a cytotoxic T-cell response in vivo that involves precursor cell proliferation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1986 Aug; 83(16):6089-92. PMID: 3090549; PMCID: PMC386444.
    201. Andrews P, Boyd RL, Shortman K. The limited immunocompetence of thymocytes within murine thymic nurse cells. Eur J Immunol. 1985 Oct; 15(10):1043-8. PMID: 3876940.
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    202. Shortman K, Mandel T, Andrews P, Scollay R. Are any functionally mature cells of medullary phenotype located in the thymus cortex? Cell Immunol. 1985 Jul; 93(2):350-63. PMID: 3873994.
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    203. Scollay R, Shortman K. Identification of early stages of T lymphocyte development in the thymus cortex and medulla. J Immunol. 1985 Jun; 134(6):3632-42. PMID: 3886788.
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    204. Scollay R, Andrews P, Boyd R, Shortman K. The role of the thymic cortex and medulla in T cell differentiation. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1985; 186:229-34. PMID: 3876703.
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    205. Scollay R, Bartlett P, Shortman K. T cell development in the adult murine thymus: changes in the expression of the surface antigens Ly2, L3T4 and B2A2 during development from early precursor cells to emigrants. Immunol Rev. 1984 Dec; 82:79-103. PMID: 6442266.
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    206. Chen WF, Scollay R, Shortman K, Skinner M, Marbrook J. T-cell development in the absence of a thymus: the number, the phenotype, and the functional capacity of T lymphocytes in nude mice. Am J Anat. 1984 Jul; 170(3):339-47. PMID: 6332521.
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    207. Scollay R, Wilson A, Shortman K. Thymus cell migration: analysis of thymus emigrants with markers that distinguish medullary thymocytes from peripheral T cells. J Immunol. 1984 Mar; 132(3):1089-94. PMID: 6607278.
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    208. Shortman K, Wilson A, Scollay R. Loss of specificity in cytolytic T lymphocyte clones obtained by limit dilution culture of Ly-2+ T cells. J Immunol. 1984 Feb; 132(2):584-93. PMID: 6197466.
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    209. Scollay R, Chen WF, Shortman K. The functional capabilities of cells leaving the thymus. J Immunol. 1984 Jan; 132(1):25-30. PMID: 6197445.
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    210. Scollay R, Shortman K. Thymocyte subpopulations: an experimental review, including flow cytometric cross-correlations between the major murine thymocyte markers. Thymus. 1983 Sep; 5(5-6):245-95. PMID: 6362104.
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    211. Chen WF, Scollay R, Shortman K. The Ly phenotype of functional medullary thymocytes. Thymus. 1983 Apr; 5(3-4):197-207. PMID: 6224318.
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    212. Wilson A, Chen WF, Scollay R, Shortman K. Semi-automated limit-dilution assay and clonal expansion of all T-cell precursors of cytotoxic lymphocytes. J Immunol Methods. 1982 Aug 13; 52(3):283-306. PMID: 6982296.
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    213. Wei-Feng C, Scollay R, Shortman K. The functional capacity of thymus subpopulations: limit-dilution analysis of all precursors of cytotoxic lymphocytes and of all T cells capable of proliferation in subpopulations separated by the use of peanut agglutinin. J Immunol. 1982 Jul; 129(1):18-24. PMID: 6211480.
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    214. Jennings G, Shortman K. Antigen-initiated B lymphocyte differentiation. XX. Colony-forming B lymphocytes are not identical with the intermediate, "pre-progenitor" subset of primary or secondary B cells. J Immunol. 1982 May; 128(5):2095-100. PMID: 6120977.
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    215. Pike BL, Jennings G, Shortman K. A simple semi-automated plaque method for the detection of antibody-forming cell clones in microcultures. J Immunol Methods. 1982; 52(1):25-37. PMID: 6749990.
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    216. Layton JE, Baker J, Bartlett PF, Shortman K. Antigen-initiated B lymphocyte differentiation. XVIII. Pre-progenitor B cells that give primary adoptive responses are s-IgM+IgD-Ia+. J Immunol. 1981 Apr; 126(4):1227-33. PMID: 6970765.
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    217. Howard M, Baker J, Teale J, Shortman K. Antigen-initiated B-lymphocyte differentiation. XVII. The inhibitory effects of recent antigen prepriming on the subsequent responsiveness of 'pre-progenitor' B cells. Scand J Immunol. 1980; 11(3):327-34. PMID: 9537061.
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    218. McPhee D, Pye J, Shortman K. The differentiation of T lymphocytes. V. Evidence for intrathymic death of most thymocytes. Thymus. 1979 Nov; 1(3):151-62. PMID: 317932.
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    219. Shortman K, Golstein P. Target cell recognition by cytolytic T cells: different requirements for the formation of strong conjugates or for proceeding to lysis. J Immunol. 1979 Aug; 123(2):833-9. PMID: 110882.
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    220. Shortman K, Howard M, Teale J, Baker J. Antigen-initiated B lymphocyte differentiation. XVI. Primary and secondary adoptive responses involve two sequential stages, antigen nonspecific then antigen specific, in the generation of specific AFC. J Immunol. 1979 Jun; 122(6):2465-72. PMID: 87463.
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    221. Howard MC, Fidler JM, Baker J, Shortman K. Antigen-initiated B lymphocyte differentiation. XIII. Different B cell subsets give different AFC-production kinetics and respond in different functional assays. J Immunol. 1979 Jan; 122(1):309-19. PMID: 310834.
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    222. Shortman K, Howard MC, Baker JA. Antigen-initiated B lymphocyte differentiation. XIV. Nonspecific effects of antigen stimulation cause proliferation in the "pre-progenitor" subset of primary B cells. J Immunol. 1978 Nov; 121(5):2060-5. PMID: 81863.
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    223. Howard MC, Baker JA, Shortman K. Antigen-initiated B lymphocyte differentiation. XV. Existence of "pre-progenitor" and "direct progenitor" subsets among secondary B cells. J Immunol. 1978 Nov; 121(5):2066-9. PMID: 81864.
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    224. Howard MC, Fidler JM, Hamilton J, Shortman K. Antigen-initiated B lymphocyte differentiation. XII. Nonspecific effects of antigenic stimulation on the physical properties of AFC-progenitors. J Immunol. 1978 Mar; 120(3):911-20. PMID: 75931.
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    225. Shortman K, Dunkley M, Ryden A. Some requirements for a linear cell dose response in vitro assay for the T-cell progenitors of cytotoxic lymphocytes. J Immunol Methods. 1978; 19(4):369-85. PMID: 305452.
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    226. Hopper K, Ryden A, Shortman K. The differentiation of T lymphocytes. IV. Net increases in low theta cells, maintenance of biological activity and death of high theta cells during short-term culture of mouse thymocytes. Exp Cell Biol. 1978; 46(1-2):31-52. PMID: 304426.
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    227. Shortman K, Ryden A, Dunkley M, Von Boehmer H. Some requirements for the response of separated T-cell sub-populations to the mitogens phytohaemagglutinin and concanavalin A. Aust J Exp Biol Med Sci. 1977 Oct; 55(5):585-603. PMID: 304718.
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    228. Fidler JM, Howard M, Schlegel RA, Vadas M, Shortman K. Antigen-initiated B lymphocyte differentiation. IX. Characterization of memory AFC progenitors by buoyant density and sedimentation velocity separation. J Immunol. 1977 Mar; 118(3):1076-82. PMID: 300385.
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    229. Nossal GJ, Shortman K, Howard M, Pike BL. Current problem areas in the study of B lymphocyte differentiation. Immunol Rev. 1977; 37:187-209. PMID: 338465.
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    230. Hopper K, Shortman K. The differentiation of T-lymphocytes. III. The behaviour of subpopulations of mouse thymus cells in short-term cell culture. Cell Immunol. 1976 Dec; 27(2):256-73. PMID: 1087581.
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    231. Metcalf D, Wilson JW, Shortman K, Miller JF, Stocker J. The nature of the cells generating B-lymphocyte colonies in vitro. J Cell Physiol. 1976 May; 88(1):107-16. PMID: 1083394.
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    232. Shortman K, Fidler JM, Schlegel RA, Nossal GJ, Howard M, Lipp J, von Boehmer H. Subpopulations of B lymphocytes: physical separation of functionally distinct stages of B-cell differentiation. Contemp Top Immunobiol. 1976; 5:1-45. PMID: 61096.
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    233. Schlegel RA, Fidler JM, Howard M, Shortman K. Antigen-initiated B-lymphocyte differentiation. VII. Quantification of AFC progenitor levels in adoptive and culture responses to NIP-POL antigen. Immunology. 1975 Dec; 29(6):1029-40. PMID: 1081490; PMCID: PMC1446012.
    234. von Boehmer H, Shortman K. The differentiation of T lymphocytes. Density characterisation of thymic and peripheral T cells responding in syngeneic and allogenic mixed lymphocyte reactions. Aust J Exp Biol Med Sci. 1975 Aug; 53(4):281-95. PMID: 132923.
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    235. Schlegel RA, Shortman K. Antigen-initiated B lymphocyte differentiation. IV. The adherence properties of antibody-forming cell progenitors from primed and unprimed mice. J Immunol. 1975 Jul; 115(1):94-9. PMID: 1097508.
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    236. Metcalf D, Warner NL, Nossal GJ, Miller JF, Shortman K, Rabellino E. Growth of B lymphocyte colonies in vitro from mouse lymphoid organs. Nature. 1975 Jun 19; 255(5510):630-2. PMID: 1079572.
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    237. Schlegel RA, von Boehmer H, Shortman K. Antigen-initiated B lymphocyte differentiation. V. Electrophoretic separation of different subpopulations of AFC progenitors for unprimed IgM and memory IgG responses to the NIP determinant. Cell Immunol. 1975 Mar; 16(1):203-17. PMID: 46786.
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    238. Shortman K, Von Boehmer H, Lipp J, Hopper K. Subpopulations of T-lymphocytes. Physical separation, functional specialisation and differentiation pathways of sub-sets of thymocytes and thymus-dependent peripheral lymphocytes. Transplant Rev. 1975; 25:163-210. PMID: 1103380.
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    239. Dunkley M, Miller RG, Shortman K. A modified 51Cr release assay for cytotoxic lymphocytes. J Immunol Methods. 1974 Dec; 6(1-2):39-51. PMID: 4215833.
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    240. Shortman K, Jackson H. The differentiation of T lymphocytes. I. Proliferation kinetics and interrelationships of subpopulations of mouse thymus cells. Cell Immunol. 1974 May; 12(2):230-46. PMID: 4549190.
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    241. van Boehmer H, Shortman K, Nossal GJ. The separation of different cell classes from lymphoid organs. X. Preparative electrophoretic separation of lymphocyte sub-populations from mouse spleen and thoracic duct lymph. J Cell Physiol. 1974 Apr; 83(2):231-42. PMID: 4545022.
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    242. Shortman K. Separation methods for lymphocyte populations. Contemp Top Mol Immunol. 1974; 3:161-203. PMID: 4611686.
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    243. von Boehmer H, Shortman K. The separation of different cell classes from lymphoid organs. IX. A simple and rapid method for removal of damaged cells from lymphoid cell suspensions. J Immunol Methods. 1973 Apr; 2(3):293-301. PMID: 4540455.
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    244. Von Boehmer H, Shortman K, Adams P. Nature of the stimulating cell in the syngeneic and the allogeneic mixed lymphocyte reaction in mice. J Exp Med. 1972 Dec 01; 136(6):1648-60. PMID: 4539312; PMCID: PMC2139322.
    245. Shortman K, Cerottini JC, Brunner KT. The separation of sub-populations of T and B lymphocytes. Eur J Immunol. 1972 Aug; 2(4):313-9. PMID: 4563345.
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    246. Miller JJ, Shortman K, Byrt P. Studies of non-migrating, long-lived lymphocytes in rats. IV. Comparison of density distributions with flagellin-binding cells and antibody-forming cell precursors. J Immunol. 1972 Jun; 108(6):1591-6. PMID: 5064048.
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    247. Shortman K, Byrd W, Williams N, Brunner KT, Cerottini JC. The separation of different cell classes from lymphoid organs. The relationship between the adherence properties and the buoyant density of sub-populations of "B" and "T" lymphocytes. Aust J Exp Biol Med Sci. 1972 Jun; 50(3):323-36. PMID: 4540126.
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    248. Shortman K, Williams N, Adams P. The separation of different cell classes from lymphoid organs. V. Simple procedures for the removal of cell debris. Damaged cells and erythroid cells from lymphoid cell suspensions. J Immunol Methods. 1972 May; 1(3):273-87. PMID: 4672484.
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    249. Kraft N, Shortman K, Marchalonis J. Density distribution analysis of a primary antibody forming cell response. Immunology. 1971 Jun; 20(6):919-30. PMID: 5105044; PMCID: PMC1455948.
    250. Haskill JS, Legge DG, Shortman K. Density distribution analysis of cells forming 19S hemolytic antibody in the rat. J Immunol. 1969 Mar; 102(3):703-12. PMID: 5773319.
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