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Dr Luigi Gradoni

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Alten B, Maia C, Afonso MO, Campino L, Jiménez M, González E, Molina R, Bañuls AL, Prudhomme J, Vergnes B, Toty C, Cassan C, Rahola N, Thierry M, Sereno D, Bongiorno G, Bianchi R, Khoury C, Tsirigotakis N, Dokianakis E, Antoniou M, Christodoulou V, Mazeris A, Karakus M, Ozbel Y, Arserim SK, Erisoz Kasap O, Gunay F, Oguz G, Kaynas S, Tsertsvadze N, Tskhvaradze L, Giorgobiani E, Gramiccia M, Volf P, Gradoni L. Seasonal Dynamics of Phlebotomine Sand Fly Species Proven Vectors of Mediterranean Leishmaniasis Caused by Leishmania infantum. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2016 Feb; 10(2):e0004458. PMID: 26900688.
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    2. Aslan H, Oliveira F, Meneses C, Castrovinci P, Gomes R, Teixeira C, Derenge CA, Orandle M, Gradoni L, Oliva G, Fischer L, Valenzuela JG, Kamhawi S. New Insights Into the Transmissibility of Leishmania infantum From Dogs to Sand Flies: Experimental Vector-Transmission Reveals Persistent Parasite Depots at Bite Sites. J Infect Dis. 2016 Jun 01; 213(11):1752-61. PMID: 26768257.
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    3. Martin E, Bongiorno G, Giovati L, Montagna M, Crotti E, Damiani C, Gradoni L, Polonelli L, Ricci I, Favia G, Epis S. Isolation of a Wickerhamomyces anomalus yeast strain from the sandfly Phlebotomus perniciosus, displaying the killer phenotype. Med Vet Entomol. 2016 Mar; 30(1):101-6. PMID: 26542209.
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    4. Petrella V, Aceto S, Musacchia F, Colonna V, Robinson M, Benes V, Cicotti G, Bongiorno G, Gradoni L, Volf P, Salvemini M. De novo assembly and sex-specific transcriptome profiling in the sand fly Phlebotomus perniciosus (Diptera, Phlebotominae), a major Old World vector of Leishmania infantum. BMC Genomics. 2015 Oct 23; 16:847. PMID: 26493315.
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    5. Di Muccio T, Scalone A, Bruno A, Marangi M, Grande R, Armignacco O, Gradoni L, Gramiccia M. Correction: Epidemiology of Imported Leishmaniasis in Italy: Implications for a European Endemic Country. PLoS One. 2015; 10(7):e0134885. PMID: 26230719.
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    6. Di Muccio T, Scalone A, Bruno A, Marangi M, Grande R, Armignacco O, Gradoni L, Gramiccia M. Epidemiology of Imported Leishmaniasis in Italy: Implications for a European Endemic Country. PLoS One. 2015; 10(6):e0129418. PMID: 26114938.
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    7. Kostalova T, Lestinova T, Sumova P, Vlkova M, Rohousova I, Berriatua E, Oliva G, Fiorentino E, Scalone A, Gramiccia M, Gradoni L, Volf P. Canine Antibodies against Salivary Recombinant Proteins of Phlebotomus perniciosus: A Longitudinal Study in an Endemic Focus of Canine Leishmaniasis. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2015; 9(6):e0003855. PMID: 26111018.
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    8. Gradoni L. Canine Leishmania vaccines: still a long way to go. Vet Parasitol. 2015 Feb 28; 208(1-2):94-100. PMID: 25620293.
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    9. Lisi O, D'Urso V, Vaccalluzzo V, Bongiorno G, Khoury C, Severini F, Di Muccio T, Gramiccia M, Gradoni L, Maroli M. Persistence of phlebotomine Leishmania vectors in urban sites of Catania (Sicily, Italy). Parasit Vectors. 2014 Dec 09; 7:560. PMID: 25487039.
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    10. Oliva G, Nieto J, Foglia Manzillo V, Cappiello S, Fiorentino E, Di Muccio T, Scalone A, Moreno J, Chicharro C, Carrillo E, Butaud T, Guegand L, Martin V, Cuisinier AM, McGahie D, Gueguen S, Cañavate C, Gradoni L. A randomised, double-blind, controlled efficacy trial of the LiESP/QA-21 vaccine in naïve dogs exposed to two leishmania infantum transmission seasons. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2014 Oct; 8(10):e3213. PMID: 25299614.
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    11. Remoli ME, Fortuna C, Marchi A, Bucci P, Argentini C, Bongiorno G, Maroli M, Gradoni L, Gramiccia M, Ciufolini MG. Viral isolates of a novel putative phlebovirus in the Marche Region of Italy. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2014 Apr; 90(4):760-3. PMID: 24534812.
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    12. Paparcone R, Fiorentino E, Cappiello S, Gizzarelli M, Gradoni L, Oliva G, Foglia Manzillo V. Sternal Aspiration of Bone Marrow in Dogs: A Practical Approach for Canine Leishmaniasis Diagnosis and Monitoring. J Vet Med. 2013; 2013:217314. PMID: 26464903.
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    13. Gradoni L. Epidemiological surveillance of leishmaniasis in the European Union: operational and research challenges. Euro Surveill. 2013 Jul 25; 18(30):20539. PMID: 23929176.
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    14. Gramiccia M, Scalone A, Di Muccio T, Orsini S, Fiorentino E, Gradoni L. The burden of visceral leishmaniasis in Italy from 1982 to 2012: a retrospective analysis of the multi-annual epidemic that occurred from 1989 to 2009. Euro Surveill. 2013 Jul 18; 18(29):20535. PMID: 23929120.
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    15. Varani S, Cagarelli R, Melchionda F, Attard L, Salvadori C, Finarelli AC, Gentilomi GA, Tigani R, Rangoni R, Todeschini R, Scalone A, Di Muccio T, Gramiccia M, Gradoni L, Viale P, Landini MP. Ongoing outbreak of visceral leishmaniasis in Bologna Province, Italy, November 2012 to May 2013. Euro Surveill. 2013 Jul 18; 18(29):20530. PMID: 23929116.
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    16. Bongiorno G, Paparcone R, Foglia Manzillo V, Oliva G, Cuisinier AM, Gradoni L. Vaccination with LiESP/QA-21 (CaniLeish®) reduces the intensity of infection in Phlebotomus perniciosus fed on Leishmania infantum infected dogs--a preliminary xenodiagnosis study. Vet Parasitol. 2013 Nov 08; 197(3-4):691-5. PMID: 23747102.
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    17. Roura X, Fondati A, Lubas G, Gradoni L, Maroli M, Oliva G, Paltrinieri S, Zatelli A, Zini E. Prognosis and monitoring of leishmaniasis in dogs: a working group report. Vet J. 2013 Oct; 198(1):43-7. PMID: 23680263.
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    18. Foglia Manzillo V, Di Muccio T, Cappiello S, Scalone A, Paparcone R, Fiorentino E, Gizzarelli M, Gramiccia M, Gradoni L, Oliva G. Prospective study on the incidence and progression of clinical signs in naïve dogs naturally infected by Leishmania infantum. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2013; 7(5):e2225. PMID: 23675551.
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    19. Maroli M, Feliciangeli MD, Bichaud L, Charrel RN, Gradoni L. Phlebotomine sandflies and the spreading of leishmaniases and other diseases of public health concern. Med Vet Entomol. 2013 Jun; 27(2):123-47. PMID: 22924419.
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    20. Franco AO, Davies CR, Mylne A, Dedet JP, Gállego M, Ballart C, Gramiccia M, Gradoni L, Molina R, Gálvez R, Morillas-Márquez F, Barón-López S, Pires CA, Afonso MO, Ready PD, Cox J. Predicting the distribution of canine leishmaniasis in western Europe based on environmental variables. Parasitology. 2011 Dec; 138(14):1878-91. PMID: 21914251.
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    21. Petrela R, Kuneshka L, Foto E, Zavalani F, Gradoni L. Pediatric visceral leishmaniasis in Albania: a retrospective analysis of 1,210 consecutive hospitalized patients (1995-2009). PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2010 Sep 07; 4(9). PMID: 20838650.
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    22. Paltrinieri S, Solano-Gallego L, Fondati A, Lubas G, Gradoni L, Castagnaro M, Crotti A, Maroli M, Oliva G, Roura X, Zatelli A, Zini E. Guidelines for diagnosis and clinical classification of leishmaniasis in dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2010 Jun 01; 236(11):1184-91. PMID: 20513195.
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    23. Oliva G, Roura X, Crotti A, Maroli M, Castagnaro M, Gradoni L, Lubas G, Paltrinieri S, Zatelli A, Zini E. Guidelines for treatment of leishmaniasis in dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2010 Jun 01; 236(11):1192-8. PMID: 20513197.
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    24. Maroli M, Gradoni L, Oliva G, Castagnaro M, Crotti A, Lubas G, Paltrinieri S, Roura X, Zini E, Zatelli A. Guidelines for prevention of leishmaniasis in dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2010 Jun 01; 236(11):1200-6. PMID: 20513198.
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    25. Gramiccia M, Di Muccio T, Fiorentino E, Scalone A, Bongiorno G, Cappiello S, Paparcone R, Foglia Manzillo V, Maroli M, Gradoni L, Oliva G. Longitudinal study on the detection of canine Leishmania infections by conjunctival swab analysis and correlation with entomological parameters. Vet Parasitol. 2010 Aug 04; 171(3-4):223-8. PMID: 20409639.
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    26. Paciello O, Wojcik S, Gradoni L, Oliva G, Trapani F, Iovane V, Politano L, Papparella S. Syrian hamster infected with Leishmania infantum: a new experimental model for inflammatory myopathies. Muscle Nerve. 2010 Mar; 41(3):355-61. PMID: 19813199.
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    27. Trotta T, Fasanella A, Scaltrito D, Gradoni L, Mitolo V, Brandonisio O, Acquafredda A, Panaro MA. Comparison between three adjuvants for a vaccine against canine leishmaniasis: In vitro evaluation of macrophage killing ability. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2010 Mar; 33(2):175-82. PMID: 20061026.
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    28. Bocedi A, Dawood KF, Fabrini R, Federici G, Gradoni L, Pedersen JZ, Ricci G. Trypanothione efficiently intercepts nitric oxide as a harmless iron complex in trypanosomatid parasites. FASEB J. 2010 Apr; 24(4):1035-42. PMID: 19952282.
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    29. Morosetti G, Bongiorno G, Beran B, Scalone A, Moser J, Gramiccia M, Gradoni L, Maroli M. Risk assessment for canine leishmaniasis spreading in the north of Italy. Geospat Health. 2009 Nov; 4(1):115-27. PMID: 19908194.
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    30. Maroli M, Jalouk L, Al Ahmed M, Bianchi R, Bongiorno G, Khoury C, Gradoni L. Aspects of the bionomics of Phlebotomus sergenti sandflies from an endemic area of anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in Aleppo Governorate, Syria. Med Vet Entomol. 2009 Jun; 23(2):148-54. PMID: 19493194.
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    31. Mekuzas Y, Gradoni L, Oliva G, Foglia Manzillo V, Baneth G. Ehrlichia canis and Leishmania infantum co-infection: a 3-year longitudinal study in naturally exposed dogs. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2009 Dec; 15 Suppl 2:30-1. PMID: 19416288.
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    32. Prigione I, Castagnola E, Imberti L, Gambini C, Gradoni L, Dianzani U, Ramenghi U, Giacopelli F, Moretta A, Moretta L, Plebani A, Fischer A, Pistoia V. Multiple relapses of visceral leishmaniasis in an adolescent with idiopathic CD4+ lymphocytopenia associated with novel immunophenotypic and molecular features. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2009 Feb; 28(2):161-3. PMID: 19106781.
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    33. Paciello O, Oliva G, Gradoni L, Manna L, Foglia Manzillo V, Wojcik S, Trapani F, Papparella S. Canine inflammatory myopathy associated with Leishmania Infantum infection. Neuromuscul Disord. 2009 Feb; 19(2):124-30. PMID: 19084398.
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    34. Foglia Manzillo V, Pagano A, Guglielmino R, Gradoni L, Restucci B, Oliva G. Extranodal gammadelta-T-cell lymphoma in a dog with leishmaniasis. Vet Clin Pathol. 2008 Sep; 37(3):298-301. PMID: 18761522.
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    35. Gradoni L, Soteriadou K, Louzir H, Dakkak A, Toz SO, Jaffe C, Dedet JP, Campino L, Cañavate C, Dujardin JC. Drug regimens for visceral leishmaniasis in Mediterranean countries. Trop Med Int Health. 2008 Oct; 13(10):1272-6. PMID: 18764817.
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    36. Dujardin JC, Campino L, Cañavate C, Dedet JP, Gradoni L, Soteriadou K, Mazeris A, Ozbel Y, Boelaert M. Spread of vector-borne diseases and neglect of Leishmaniasis, Europe. Emerg Infect Dis. 2008 Jul; 14(7):1013-8. PMID: 18598618.
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    37. Pagliano P, Costantini S, Gradoni L, Faella FS, Spasiano A, Mascarella G, Prossomariti L, Fusco U, Ricchi P. Distinguishing visceral leishmaniasis from intolerance to pegylated interferon-alpha in a thalassemic splenectomized patient treated for chronic hepatitis C. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2008 Jul; 79(1):9-11. PMID: 18606757.
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    38. Alvar J, Aparicio P, Aseffa A, Den Boer M, Cañavate C, Dedet JP, Gradoni L, Ter Horst R, López-Vélez R, Moreno J. The relationship between leishmaniasis and AIDS: the second 10 years. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2008 Apr; 21(2):334-59, table of contents. PMID: 18400800.
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    39. Maroli M, Rossi L, Baldelli R, Capelli G, Ferroglio E, Genchi C, Gramiccia M, Mortarino M, Pietrobelli M, Gradoni L. The northward spread of leishmaniasis in Italy: evidence from retrospective and ongoing studies on the canine reservoir and phlebotomine vectors. Trop Med Int Health. 2008 Feb; 13(2):256-64. PMID: 18304273.
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    40. Daprà F, Scalone A, Mignone W, Ferroglio E, Mannelli A, Biglino A, Zanatta R, Gradoni L, Rosati S. Validation of a recombinant based antibody ELISA for diagnosis of human and canine leishmaniasis. J Immunoassay Immunochem. 2008; 29(3):244-56. PMID: 18569373.
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    41. Rossi E, Bongiorno G, Ciolli E, Di Muccio T, Scalone A, Gramiccia M, Gradoni L, Maroli M. Seasonal phenology, host-blood feeding preferences and natural Leishmania infection of Phlebotomus perniciosus (Diptera, Psychodidae) in a high-endemic focus of canine leishmaniasis in Rome province, Italy. Acta Trop. 2008 Feb; 105(2):158-65. PMID: 18035329.
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    42. Pagliano P, Carannante N, Gramiccia M, Ascione T, Stornaiuolo G, Gradoni L, Faella FS, Gaeta GB. Visceral leishmaniasis causes fever and decompensation in patients with cirrhosis. Gut. 2007 Jun; 56(6):893-4. PMID: 17519500.
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    43. Rossi E, Rinaldi L, Musella V, Veneziano V, Carbone S, Gradoni L, Cringoli G, Maroli M. Mapping the main Leishmania phlebotomine vector in the endemic focus of the Mt. Vesuvius in southern Italy. Geospat Health. 2007 May; 1(2):191-8. PMID: 18686244.
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    44. Maroli M, Pennisi MG, Di Muccio T, Khoury C, Gradoni L, Gramiccia M. Infection of sandflies by a cat naturally infected with Leishmania infantum. Vet Parasitol. 2007 Apr 30; 145(3-4):357-60. PMID: 17174035.
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    45. Jalouk L, Al Ahmed M, Gradoni L, Maroli M. Insecticide-treated bednets to prevent anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in Aleppo Governorate, Syria: results from two trials. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2007 Apr; 101(4):360-7. PMID: 17097698.
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    46. Bern C, Adler-Moore J, Berenguer J, Boelaert M, den Boer M, Davidson RN, Figueras C, Gradoni L, Kafetzis DA, Ritmeijer K, Rosenthal E, Royce C, Russo R, Sundar S, Alvar J. Liposomal amphotericin B for the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis. Clin Infect Dis. 2006 Oct 01; 43(7):917-24. PMID: 16941377.
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    47. Bassetti M, Pizzorni C, Gradoni L, Del Bono V, Cutolo M, Viscoli C. Visceral leishmaniasis infection in a rheumatoid arthritis patient treated with adalimumab. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2006 Nov; 45(11):1446-8. PMID: 16887847.
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    48. Foglia Manzillo V, Oliva G, Pagano A, Manna L, Maroli M, Gradoni L. Deltamethrin-impregnated collars for the control of canine leishmaniasis: evaluation of the protective effect and influence on the clinical outcome of Leishmania infection in kennelled stray dogs. Vet Parasitol. 2006 Nov 30; 142(1-2):142-5. PMID: 16884851.
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    49. Bosnic S, Gradoni L, Khoury C, Maroli M. A review of leishmaniasis in Dalmatia (Croatia) and results from recent surveys on phlebotomine sandflies in three southern counties. Acta Trop. 2006 Aug; 99(1):42-9. PMID: 16876101.
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    50. Foglia Manzillo V, Restucci B, Pagano A, Gradoni L, Oliva G. Pathological changes in the bone marrow of dogs with leishmaniosis. Vet Rec. 2006 May 20; 158(20):690-4. PMID: 16714433.
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    51. Oliva G, Scalone A, Foglia Manzillo V, Gramiccia M, Pagano A, Di Muccio T, Gradoni L. Incidence and time course of Leishmania infantum infections examined by parasitological, serologic, and nested-PCR techniques in a cohort of naive dogs exposed to three consecutive transmission seasons. J Clin Microbiol. 2006 Apr; 44(4):1318-22. PMID: 16597857.
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    52. Ascenzi P, Bocedi A, Gradoni L. Do neuroglobin and myoglobin protect Toxoplasma gondii from nitrosative stress? IUBMB Life. 2005 Oct; 57(10):689-91. PMID: 16223709.
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    53. Gramiccia M, Gradoni L. The current status of zoonotic leishmaniases and approaches to disease control. Int J Parasitol. 2005 Oct; 35(11-12):1169-80. PMID: 16162348.
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    54. Gradoni L, Foglia Manzillo V, Pagano A, Piantedosi D, De Luna R, Gramiccia M, Scalone A, Di Muccio T, Oliva G. Failure of a multi-subunit recombinant leishmanial vaccine (MML) to protect dogs from Leishmania infantum infection and to prevent disease progression in infected animals. Vaccine. 2005 Nov 01; 23(45):5245-51. PMID: 16054272.
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    55. Boarino A, Scalone A, Gradoni L, Ferroglio E, Vitale F, Zanatta R, Giuffrida MG, Rosati S. Development of recombinant chimeric antigen expressing immunodominant B epitopes of Leishmania infantum for serodiagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 2005 May; 12(5):647-53. PMID: 15879027.
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    56. Velo E, Paparisto A, Bongiorno G, Di Muccio T, Khoury C, Bino S, Gramiccia M, Gradoni L, Maroli M. Entomological and parasitological study on phlebotomine sandflies in central and northern Albania. Parasite. 2005 Mar; 12(1):45-9. PMID: 15828581.
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    57. Polticelli F, Zaini G, Bolli A, Antonini G, Gradoni L, Ascenzi P. Probing the cruzain S2 recognition subsite: a kinetic and binding energy calculation study. Biochemistry. 2005 Mar 01; 44(8):2781-9. PMID: 15723522.
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    58. Foglia Manzillo V, Pagano A, Paciello O, Di Muccio T, Gradoni L, Oliva G. Papular-like glossitis in a dog with leishmaniosis. Vet Rec. 2005 Feb 12; 156(7):213-5. PMID: 15747661.
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    59. Pagliano P, Carannante N, Rossi M, Gramiccia M, Gradoni L, Faella FS, Gaeta GB. Visceral leishmaniasis in pregnancy: a case series and a systematic review of the literature. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2005 Feb; 55(2):229-33. PMID: 15649998.
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    60. Brega S, Meslin B, de Monbrison F, Severini C, Gradoni L, Udomsangpetch R, Sutanto I, Peyron F, Picot S. Identification of the Plasmodium vivax mdr-like gene (pvmdr1) and analysis of single-nucleotide polymorphisms among isolates from different areas of endemicity. J Infect Dis. 2005 Jan 15; 191(2):272-7. PMID: 15609238.
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    61. Ascenzi P, Bocedi A, Gentile M, Visca P, Gradoni L. Inactivation of parasite cysteine proteinases by the NO-donor 4-(phenylsulfonyl)-3-((2-(dimethylamino)ethyl)thio)-furoxan oxalate. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2004 Dec 01; 1703(1):69-77. PMID: 15588704.
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    62. Severini C, Menegon M, Di Luca M, Abdullaev I, Majori G, Razakov SA, Gradoni L. Risk of Plasmodium vivax malaria reintroduction in Uzbekistan: genetic characterization of parasites and status of potential malaria vectors in the Surkhandarya region. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2004 Oct; 98(10):585-92. PMID: 15289095.
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    63. Bianciardi P, Fasanella A, Foglia Manzillo V, Trotta T, Pagano A, Sorino S, Gradoni L, Oliva G. The efficacy of enrofloxacin, alone or combined with metronidazole, in the therapy of canine leishmaniasis. Parasitol Res. 2004 Aug; 93(6):486-92. PMID: 15278443.
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    64. Capelli G, Baldelli R, Ferroglio E, Genchi C, Gradoni L, Gramiccia M, Maroli M, Mortarino M, Pietrobelli M, Rossi L, Ruggiero M. [Monitoring of canine leishmaniasis in northern Italy: an update from a scientific network]. Parassitologia. 2004 Jun; 46(1-2):193-7. PMID: 15305715.
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    65. Gradoni L, Ascenzi P. [Nitric oxide and anti-protozoan chemotherapy]. Parassitologia. 2004 Jun; 46(1-2):101-3. PMID: 15305696.
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    66. di Martino L, Gramiccia M, Occorsio P, Di Muccio T, Scalone A, Gradoni L. [Infantile visceral leishmaniasis in the Campania region, Italy: experience from a Paediatric Referral Centre]. Parassitologia. 2004 Jun; 46(1-2):221-3. PMID: 15305721.
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    67. Gradoni L, Gramiccia M, Scalone A. [Change in human visceral leishmaniasis treatment in Italy: retrospective study of 630 patients]. Parassitologia. 2004 Jun; 46(1-2):199-201. PMID: 15305716.
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    68. Cascio A, di Martino L, Occorsio P, Giacchino R, Catania S, Gigliotti AR, Aiassa C, Iaria C, Giordano S, Colomba C, Polara VF, Titone L, Gradoni L, Gramiccia M, Antinori S. A 6 day course of liposomal amphotericin B in the treatment of infantile visceral leishmaniasis: the Italian experience. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2004 Jul; 54(1):217-20. PMID: 15150166.
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    69. Ascenzi P, Gradoni L, Visca P. Question. Do NOS2 promoter polymorphisms protect against malaria? IUBMB Life. 2004 Apr; 56(4):229-30. PMID: 15230351.
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    70. Bocedi A, Gradoni L, Menegatti E, Ascenzi P. Kinetics of parasite cysteine proteinase inactivation by NO-donors. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2004 Mar 12; 315(3):710-8. PMID: 14975759.
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    71. Gradoni L, Gramiccia M, Scalone A. Visceral leishmaniasis treatment, Italy. Emerg Infect Dis. 2003 Dec; 9(12):1617-20. PMID: 14720406.
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    72. Rosati S, Ortoffi M, Profiti M, Mannelli A, Mignone W, Bollo E, Gradoni L. Prokaryotic expression and antigenic characterization of three recombinant Leishmania antigens for serological diagnosis of canine leishmaniasis. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 2003 Nov; 10(6):1153-6. PMID: 14607883.
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    73. Ascenzi P, Bocedi A, Gradoni L. The anti-parasitic effects of nitric oxide. IUBMB Life. 2003 Oct-Nov; 55(10-11):573-8. PMID: 14711001.
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    74. Molina R, Gradoni L, Alvar J. HIV and the transmission of Leishmania. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2003 Oct; 97 Suppl 1:29-45. PMID: 14678631.
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    75. Ascenzi P, Bocedi A, Visca P, Antonini G, Gradoni L. Catalytic properties of cysteine proteinases from Trypanosoma cruzi and Leishmania infantum: a pre-steady-state and steady-state study. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003 Sep 26; 309(3):659-65. PMID: 12963041.
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    76. Precone DF, Stornaiuolo G, Galante D, Amato A, Gradoni L, Gaeta GB. Case report: effect of antileishmanial treatment on hepatitis C viraemia in a visceral leishmaniasis patient with chronic hepatitis C. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2003 Sep-Oct; 97(5):559-60. PMID: 15307426.
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    77. Pagliano P, Rossi M, Rescigno C, Altieri S, Coppola MG, Gramiccia M, Scalone A, Gradoni L, Faella F. Mediterranean visceral leishmaniasis in HIV-negative adults: a retrospective analysis of 64 consecutive cases (1995-2001). J Antimicrob Chemother. 2003 Aug; 52(2):264-8. PMID: 12865389.
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    78. Sannella A, Gradoni L, Persichini T, Ongini E, Venturini G, Colasanti M. Intracellular release of nitric oxide by NCX 972, an NO-releasing metronidazole, enhances in vitro killing of Entamoeba histolytica. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2003 Jul; 47(7):2303-6. PMID: 12821483.
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    79. Manganaro M, Mascellino MT, Gradoni L. Activity of D-carnitine and its derivatives on Trypanosoma infections in rats and mice. Parasite. 2003 Jun; 10(2):147-51. PMID: 12847922.
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    80. Velo E, Bino S, Kuli-Lito G, Pano K, Gradoni L, Maroli M, Velo E, Bino S, Kuli-Lito G, Pano K, Gradoni L, Maroli M. Recrudescence of visceral leishmaniasis in Albania: retrospective analysis of cases during 1997 to 2001 and results of an entomological survey carried out during 2001 in some districts. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2003 May-Jun; 97(3):288-90. PMID: 15228243.
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    81. Severini C, Menegon M, Gradoni L, Majori G. Use of the Plasmodium vivax merozoite surface protein 1 gene sequence analysis in the investigation of an introduced malaria case in Italy. Acta Trop. 2002 Nov; 84(2):151-7. PMID: 12429431.
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    82. Brandonisio O, Fumarola L, Spinelli R, Gradoni L. Unusual presentation of leishmaniasis as an adrenal cystic mass. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2002 Sep; 21(9):682-3. PMID: 12373503.
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    83. Ascenzi P, Fasano M, Gradoni L. Do hemoglobin and hemocyanin impair schistosoma killing by no? IUBMB Life. 2002 Jun; 53(6):287-8. PMID: 12625366.
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    84. Scalone A, De Luna R, Oliva G, Baldi L, Satta G, Vesco G, Mignone W, Turilli C, Mondesire RR, Simpson D, Donoghue AR, Frank GR, Gradoni L. Evaluation of the Leishmania recombinant K39 antigen as a diagnostic marker for canine leishmaniasis and validation of a standardized enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Vet Parasitol. 2002 Apr 02; 104(4):275-85. PMID: 11836028.
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    85. Ascenzi P, Gradoni L. Nitric oxide limits parasite development in vectors and in invertebrate intermediate hosts. IUBMB Life. 2002 Feb; 53(2):121-3. PMID: 12049194.
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    86. Colasanti M, Gradoni L, Mattu M, Persichini T, Salvati L, Venturini G, Ascenzi P. Molecular bases for the anti-parasitic effect of NO (Review). Int J Mol Med. 2002 Feb; 9(2):131-4. PMID: 11786922.
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    87. Maroli M, Mizzon V, Siragusa C, D'Oorazi A, Gradoni L. Evidence for an impact on the incidence of canine leishmaniasis by the mass use of deltamethrin-impregnated dog collars in southern Italy. Med Vet Entomol. 2001 Dec; 15(4):358-63. PMID: 11776454.
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    88. Colasanti M, Salvati L, Venturini G, Ascenzi P, Gradoni L. Cysteine protease as a target for nitric oxide in parasitic organisms. Trends Parasitol. 2001 Dec; 17(12):575. PMID: 11756039.
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    89. Gradoni L. An update on antileishmanial vaccine candidates and prospects for a canine Leishmania vaccine. Vet Parasitol. 2001 Sep 12; 100(1-2):87-103. PMID: 11522409.
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    90. Salvati L, Mattu M, Polticelli F, Tiberi F, Gradoni L, Venturini G, Bolognesi M, Ascenzi P. Modulation of the catalytic activity of cruzipain, the major cysteine proteinase from Trypanosoma cruzi, by temperature and pH. Eur J Biochem. 2001 Jun; 268(11):3253-8. PMID: 11389727.
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    91. Salvati L, Mattu M, Colasanti M, Scalone A, Venturini G, Gradoni L, Ascenzi P. NO donors inhibit Leishmania infantum cysteine proteinase activity. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2001 Feb 09; 1545(1-2):357-66. PMID: 11342060.
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    92. Paradisi M, Grosso MG, Angelo C, Gradoni L, Ludovisi A, N'Doni F, Puddu P. [A Pediatric case of lupoid leishmaniasis diagnosed by PCR]. Minerva Pediatr. 2001 Feb; 53(1):33-7. PMID: 11419394.
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    93. Gradoni L. [Recent findings on the treatment of leishmaniasis]. Ann Ist Super Sanita. 2001; 37(2):255-63. PMID: 11758284.
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    94. Ben Alaya Bouafif N, Ben Salah A, Louzir H, Zaâtour A, Bel Haj Hamida N, Mighri F, Gharbi A, Gramiccia M, Gradoni L, Dellagi K, Ben Ismaïl R. [Concordance of leishmaniasis cutaneous tests in Tunisia]. Arch Inst Pasteur Tunis. 2001; 78(1-4):11-6. PMID: 14658234.
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    95. Vuotto ML, De Luna R, Ielpo MT, De Sole P, Moscatiello V, Simeone I, Gradoni L, Mancino D. Chemiluminescence activity in whole blood phagocytes of dogs naturally infected with Leishmania infantum. Luminescence. 2000 Jul-Aug; 15(4):251-5. PMID: 10931638.
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    96. Venturini G, Salvati L, Muolo M, Colasanti M, Gradoni L, Ascenzi P. Nitric oxide inhibits cruzipain, the major papain-like cysteine proteinase from Trypanosoma cruzi. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2000 Apr 13; 270(2):437-41. PMID: 10753643.
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    97. De Luna R, Ferrante M, Severino L, Ambrosio R, Piantedosi D, Gradoni L, Lucisano A, Persechino A. Decreased lipid fluidity of the erythrocyte membrane in dogs with leishmaniasis-associated anaemia. J Comp Pathol. 2000 Feb-Apr; 122(2-3):213-6. PMID: 10684691.
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    98. Venturini G, Colasanti M, Salvati L, Gradoni L, Ascenzi P. Nitric oxide inhibits falcipain, the Plasmodium falciparum trophozoite cysteine protease. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2000 Jan 07; 267(1):190-3. PMID: 10623597.
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    99. Gaeta GB, Maisto A, Di Caprio D, Scalone A, Pasquale G, Felaco FM, Galante D, Gradoni L. Efficacy of amphotericin B colloidal dispersion in the treatment of Mediterranean visceral leishmaniasis in immunocompetent adult patients. Scand J Infect Dis. 2000; 32(6):675-7. PMID: 11200380.
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    100. De Luna R, Vuotto ML, Ielpo MT, Ambrosio R, Piantedosi D, Moscatiello V, Ciaramella P, Scalone A, Gradoni L, Mancino D. Early suppression of lymphoproliferative response in dogs with natural infection by Leishmania infantum. Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 1999 Sep 01; 70(1-2):95-103. PMID: 10507290.
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    101. Severini C, Silvestrini F, Sannella A, Barca S, Gradoni L, Alano P. The production of the osmiophilic body protein Pfg377 is associated with stage of maturation and sex in Plasmodium falciparum gametocytes. Mol Biochem Parasitol. 1999 May 25; 100(2):247-52. PMID: 10391388.
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    102. Houghton RL, Petrescu M, Benson DR, Skeiky YA, Scalone A, Badaró R, Reed SG, Gradoni L. A cloned antigen (recombinant K39) of Leishmania chagasi diagnostic for visceral leishmaniasis in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 patients and a prognostic indicator for monitoring patients undergoing drug therapy. J Infect Dis. 1998 May; 177(5):1339-44. PMID: 9593022.
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    103. Angarano G, Maggi P, Rollo MA, Larocca AM, Quarto M, Scalone A, Gradoni L. Diffuse necrotic hepatic lesions due to visceral leishmaniasis in AIDS. J Infect. 1998 Mar; 36(2):167-9. PMID: 9570648.
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    104. Oliva G, Gradoni L, Cortese L, Orsini S, Ciaramella P, Scalone A, de Luna R, Persechino A. Comparative efficacy of meglumine antimoniate and aminosidine sulphate, alone or in combination, in canine leishmaniasis. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 1998 Mar; 92(2):165-71. PMID: 9625912.
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    105. Ciaramella P, Oliva G, Luna RD, Gradoni L, Ambrosio R, Cortese L, Scalone A, Persechino A. A retrospective clinical study of canine leishmaniasis in 150 dogs naturally infected by Leishmania infantum. Vet Rec. 1997 Nov 22; 141(21):539-43. PMID: 9413121.
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    106. di Martino L, Davidson RN, Giacchino R, Scotti S, Raimondi F, Castagnola E, Tasso L, Cascio A, Gradoni L, Gramiccia M, Pettoello-Mantovani M, Bryceson AD. Treatment of visceral leishmaniasis in children with liposomal amphotericin B. J Pediatr. 1997 Aug; 131(2):271-7. PMID: 9290615.
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    107. Cascio A, Gradoni L, Scarlata F, Gramiccia M, Giordano S, Russo R, Scalone A, Camma C, Titone L. Epidemiologic surveillance of visceral leishmaniasis in Sicily, Italy. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1997 Jul; 57(1):75-8. PMID: 9242323.
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    108. Ascione R, Gradoni L, Maroli M. [Eco-epidemiological study of Phlebotomus perniciosus in foci of visceral leishmaniasis in Campania]. Parassitologia. 1996 Dec; 38(3):495-500. PMID: 9333749.
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    109. Davidson RN, di Martino L, Gradoni L, Giacchino R, Gaeta GB, Pempinello R, Scotti S, Cascio A, Castagnola E, Maisto A, Gramiccia M, di Caprio D, Wilkinson RJ, Bryceson AD. Short-course treatment of visceral leishmaniasis with liposomal amphotericin B (AmBisome). Clin Infect Dis. 1996 Jun; 22(6):938-43. PMID: 8783690.
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    110. Gradoni L, Scalone A, Gramiccia M, Troiani M. Epidemiological surveillance of leishmaniasis in HIV-1-infected individuals in Italy. AIDS. 1996 Jun; 10(7):785-91. PMID: 8805871.
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    111. Castagnola E, Davidson RN, Fiore P, Tasso L, Rossi G, Mangraviti S, Di Martino L, Scotti S, Cascio A, Pempinello R, Gradoni L, Giacchino R. Early efficacy of liposomal amphotericin B in the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1996 May-Jun; 90(3):317-8. PMID: 8758092.
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    112. Gradoni L, Pizzuti R, Scalone A, Russo M, Gramiccia M, di Martino L, Pempinello R, Gaeta GB. Recrudescence of visceral leishmaniasis unrelated to HIV infection in the Campania region of Italy. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1996 May-Jun; 90(3):234-5. PMID: 8758059.
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    113. Russo R, Nigro LC, Minniti S, Montineri A, Gradoni L, Caldeira L, Davidson RN. Visceral leishmaniasis in HIV infected patients: treatment with high dose liposomal amphotericin B (AmBisome). J Infect. 1996 Mar; 32(2):133-7. PMID: 8708370.
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    114. Scaglia M, Malfitano A, Douville H, Sacchi P, Gatti S, Gradoni L, Gramiccia M. Dermonodular and visceral leishmaniasis due to Leishmania infantum with a new isoenzyme pattern: report of a case involving a patient with AIDS. Clin Infect Dis. 1996 Feb; 22(2):376-7. PMID: 8838204.
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    115. Oliva G, Gradoni L, Ciaramella P, De Luna R, Cortese L, Orsini S, Davidson RN, Persechino A. Activity of liposomal amphotericin B (AmBisome) in dogs naturally infected with Leishmania infantum. J Antimicrob Chemother. 1995 Dec; 36(6):1013-9. PMID: 8821600.
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    116. Gramiccia M, Gradoni L, Troiani M. Heterogeneity among zymodemes of Leishmania infantum from HIV-positive patients with visceral leishmaniasis in south Italy. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1995 Apr 15; 128(1):33-8. PMID: 7744236.
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    117. Delfino D, Chiofalo MS, Riggio G, Angelici MC, Gramiccia M, Gradoni L, Iannello D. Induction of interleukin 1 alpha in murine macrophages infected in vitro with different species and strains of Leishmania. Microb Pathog. 1995 Feb; 18(2):73-80. PMID: 7643744.
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    118. Gradoni L, Bryceson A, Desjeux P. Treatment of Mediterranean visceral leishmaniasis. Bull World Health Organ. 1995; 73(2):191-7. PMID: 7743590.
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    119. Gradoni L, Guaraldi G, Codeluppi M, Scalone A, Rivasi F. Gastric localization of Leishmania in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. A case report. APMIS. 1995 Jan; 103(1):25-8. PMID: 7695888.
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    120. Maroli M, Gramiccia M, Gradoni L, Troiani M, Ascione R. Natural infection of Phlebotomus perniciosus with MON 72 zymodeme of Leishmania infantum in the Campania region of Italy. Acta Trop. 1994 Sep; 57(4):333-5. PMID: 7810389.
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    121. Gradoni L, Gramiccia M. Leishmania infantum tropism: strain genotype or host immune status? Parasitol Today. 1994 Jul; 10(7):264-7. PMID: 15275441.
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    122. Gaeta GB, Gradoni L, Gramiccia M, di Martino L, Pizzuti R, Pempinello R, Scotti S, Maisto A. [Visceral leishmaniasis in Italy. Its epidemiology, clinical picture and therapy]. Recenti Prog Med. 1994 Jun; 85(6):340-7. PMID: 8047684.
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    123. Guarino A, Castaldo A, Di Martino L, Rubino A, Gaeta GB, Gradoni L. Visceral leishmaniasis in a child with HIV-1 infection. Eur J Pediatr. 1994 Apr; 153(4):301-2. PMID: 8194570.
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    124. Gramiccia M, Gradoni L. Comparison between leishmanins. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1994 Mar-Apr; 88(2):255. PMID: 8036694.
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    125. Davidson RN, Di Martino L, Gradoni L, Giacchino R, Russo R, Gaeta GB, Pempinello R, Scott S, Raimondi F, Cascio A, et al. Liposomal amphotericin B (AmBisome) in Mediterranean visceral leishmaniasis: a multi-centre trial. Q J Med. 1994 Feb; 87(2):75-81. PMID: 8153291.
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    126. Ibrahim EA, Mustafa MB, al Amri SA, al-Seghayer SM, Hussein SM, Gradoni L. Meriones libycus (Rodentia: Gerbillidae), a possible reservoir host of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in Riyadh province, Saudi Arabia. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1994 Jan-Feb; 88(1):39. PMID: 8153994.
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    127. Gradoni L, Gaeta GB, Pellizzer G, Maisto A, Scalone A. Mediterranean visceral leishmaniasis in pregnancy. Scand J Infect Dis. 1994; 26(5):627-9. PMID: 7855563.
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    128. Mustafa MB, Hussein SM, Ibrahim EA, al-Seghayer SM, al Amri SA, Gradoni L. Phlebotomus papatasi (Scopoli), vector of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in Riyadh province, Saudi Arabia. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1994 Jan-Feb; 88(1):40. PMID: 8153996.
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    129. Saliba E, Saleh N, Bisharat Z, Oumeish O, Khoury S, Gramiccia M, Gradoni L. Cutaneous leishmaniasis due to Leishmania tropica in Jordan. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1993 Nov-Dec; 87(6):633. PMID: 8296360.
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    130. Gradoni L, Pizzuti R, di Martino L, Gramiccia M, Pempinello R, Gaeta GB, Ferrara M, Scotti S, Altieri S. The epidemiology and surveillance of visceral leishmaniasis in the Campania region of Italy. The value of zymodeme typing. Epidemiol Infect. 1993 Oct; 111(2):297-306. PMID: 8405156.
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    131. di Martino L, Raimondi F, Scotti S, Davidson RN, Gradoni L, Giacchino R. Efficacy and tolerability of liposomal amphotericin B in Italian infants with visceral leishmaniasis. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1993 Jul-Aug; 87(4):477. PMID: 8249088.
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    132. Arbaji AK, Gradoni L, Gramiccia M. Leishmanin skin test survey in a focus of high endemicity of Leishmania major in Jordan. Acta Trop. 1993 Jun; 54(1):77-9. PMID: 8103629.
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    133. de Lalla F, Pellizzer G, Gradoni L, Vespignani M, Franzetti M, Stecca C. Acute pancreatitis associated with the administration of meglumine antimonate for the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis. Clin Infect Dis. 1993 May; 16(5):730-1. PMID: 8507769.
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    134. Gradoni L, Davidson RN, Orsini S, Betto P, Giambenedetti M. Activity of liposomal amphotericin B (AmBisome) against Leishmania infantum and tissue distribution in mice. J Drug Target. 1993; 1(4):311-6. PMID: 8069573.
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    135. Gradoni L, Scalone A, Gramiccia M. HIV-Leishmania co-infections in Italy: serological data as an indication of the sequence of acquisition of the two infections. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1993 Jan-Feb; 87(1):94-6. PMID: 8465412.
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    136. Gramiccia M, Gradoni L, Orsini S. Decreased sensitivity to meglumine antimoniate (Glucantime) of Leishmania infantum isolated from dogs after several courses of drug treatment. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 1992 Dec; 86(6):613-20. PMID: 1304703.
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    137. Ghelli A, Crimi M, Orsini S, Gradoni L, Zannotti M, Lenaz G, Degli Esposti M. Cytochrome b of protozoan mitochondria: relationships between function and structure. Comp Biochem Physiol B. 1992 Oct; 103(2):329-38. PMID: 1330427.
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    138. Gramiccia M, Smith DF, Angelici MC, Ready PD, Gradoni L. A kinetoplast DNA probe diagnostic for Leishmania infantum. Parasitology. 1992 Aug; 105 ( Pt 1):29-34. PMID: 1331940.
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    139. Gramiccia M, Gradoni L, di Martino L, Romano R, Ercolini D. Two syntopic zymodemes of Leishmania infantum cause human and canine visceral leishmaniasis in the Naples area, Italy. Acta Trop. 1992 Apr; 50(4):357-9. PMID: 1356308.
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    140. Gramiccia M, Gradoni L, Troiani M. HIV-Leishmania co-infections in Italy. Isoenzyme characterization of Leishmania causing visceral leishmaniasis in HIV patients. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1992 Mar-Apr; 86(2):161-3. PMID: 1440776.
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    141. Borzoni F, Gradoni L, Gramiccia M, Maccioni A, Valdes E, Loddo S. A case of lingual and palatine localization of a viscerotropic Leishmania infantum zymodeme in Sardinia, Italy. Trop Med Parasitol. 1991 Sep; 42(3):193-4. PMID: 1801144.
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    142. Cona A, Federico R, Gramiccia M, Orsini S, Gradoni L. The amino aldehydes produced by spermine and spermidine oxidation with maize polyamine oxidase have anti-leishmanial effect. Biotechnol Appl Biochem. 1991 Aug; 14(1):54-9. PMID: 1654929.
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    143. Gramiccia M, Ben-Ismail R, Gradoni L, Ben Rachid MS, Ben Said M. A Leishmania infantum enzymatic variant, causative agent of cutaneous leishmaniasis in north Tunisia. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1991 May-Jun; 85(3):370-1. PMID: 1949140.
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    144. Gradoni L, Gramiccia M, Léger N, Pesson B, Madulo-Leblond G, Killick-Kendrick R, Killick-Kendrick M, Walton BC. Isoenzyme characterization of Leishmania from man, dog and sandflies in the Maltese islands. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1991 Mar-Apr; 85(2):217-9. PMID: 1887474.
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    145. Gatta F, Gradoni L, Lupardini E, Gramiccia M, Orsini S. Synthesis and antileishmanial activity of some 1- or 2-(dihydroxyalkyl) and 3-(dihydroxyalkoxy)pyrazolo [3,4-d] pyrimidines. Farmaco. 1991 Jan; 46(1):75-84. PMID: 2054043.
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    146. Majori G, Gradoni L, Gianzi FP, Carboni P, Cioppi A, Aureli G. Two imported malaria cases from Switzerland. Trop Med Parasitol. 1990 Dec; 41(4):439-40. PMID: 2075391.
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    147. Bettini S, Gramiccia M, Gradoni L, Biggio P, Loi R, Cottoni F, Pau M, Atzeni MC. Leishmaniasis in Sardinia. IV. Epidemiological appraisal of cutaneous leishmaniasis and biochemical characterization of isolates. J Trop Med Hyg. 1990 Aug; 93(4):262-9. PMID: 2391725.
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    148. di Martino L, Mantovani MP, Gradoni L, Gramiccia M, Guandalini S. Low dosage combination of meglumine antimoniate plus allopurinol as first choice treatment of infantile visceral leishmaniasis in Italy. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1990 Jul-Aug; 84(4):534-5. PMID: 2091347.
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    149. Gramiccia M, Bettini S, Gradoni L, Ciarmoli P, Verrilli ML, Loddo S, Cicalò C. Leishmaniasis in Sardinia. 5. Leishmanin reaction in the human population of a focus of low endemicity of canine leishmaniasis. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1990 May-Jun; 84(3):371-4. PMID: 2260172.
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    150. Gradoni L, Gramiccia M, Betti F. Fatal visceral disease caused by a dermotropic Leishmania in a patient with human immunodeficiency virus infection. J Infect. 1990 Mar; 20(2):180-2. PMID: 2319157.
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    151. Angelici MC, Gramiccia M, Gradoni L. Study on genetic polymorphism of Leishmania infantum through the analysis of restriction enzyme digestion patterns of kinetoplast DNA. Parasitology. 1989 Dec; 99 Pt 3:301-9. PMID: 2558337.
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    152. Gradoni L, Iorio MA, Gramiccia M, Orsini S. In vivo effect of eflornithine (DFMO) and some related compounds on Leishmania infantum preliminary communication. Farmaco. 1989 Dec; 44(12):1157-66. PMID: 2517472.
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    153. Gramiccia M, Gradoni L. Successful in vitro isolation and cultivation of Italian dermotropic strains of Leishmania infantum sensu lato. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1989 Jan-Feb; 83(1):76. PMID: 2603211.
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    154. Léger N, Gramiccia M, Gradoni L, Madulo-Leblond G, Pesson B, Ferté H, Boulanger N, Killick-Kendrick R, Killick-Kendrick M. Isolation and typing of Leishmania infantum from Phlebotomus neglectus on the island of Corfu, Greece. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1988; 82(3):419-20. PMID: 3232178.
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    155. Gradoni L, Gramiccia M, Mancianti F, Pieri S. Studies on canine leishmaniasis control. 2. Effectiveness of control measures against canine leishmaniasis in the Isle of Elba, Italy. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1988; 82(4):568-71. PMID: 3256109.
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    156. Mancianti F, Gramiccia M, Gradoni L, Pieri S. Studies on canine leishmaniasis control. 1. Evolution of infection of different clinical forms of canine leishmaniasis following antimonial treatment. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1988; 82(4):566-7. PMID: 3076714.
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    157. Maroli M, Gramiccia M, Gradoni L, Ready PD, Smith DF, Aquino C. Natural infections of phlebotomine sandflies with Trypanosomatidae in central and south Italy. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1988; 82(2):227-8. PMID: 3188148.
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    158. Ben-Ismail R, Ben Rachid MS, Gradoni L, Gramiccia M, Helal H, Bach-Hamba D. [Zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in Tunisia: study of the disease reservoir in the Douara area]. Ann Soc Belg Med Trop. 1987 Dec; 67(4):335-43. PMID: 3447519.
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    159. Gradoni L, Maroli M, Gramiccia M, Mancianti F. Leishmania infantum infection rates in Phlebotomus perniciosus fed on naturally infected dogs under antimonial treatment. Med Vet Entomol. 1987 Oct; 1(4):339-42. PMID: 2979550.
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    160. Gradoni L, Gramiccia M, Pettoello M, Di Martino L, Nocerino A. A new Leishmania infantum enzymatic variant, agent of an urban visceral case unresponsive to drugs. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1987; 81(6):927-8. PMID: 3503411.
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    161. Maroli M, Gramiccia M, Gradoni L. Natural infection of Phlebotomus perfiliewi with Leishmania infantum in a cutaneous leishmaniasis focus of the Abruzzi region, Italy. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1987; 81(4):596-8. PMID: 3445341.
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    162. Gramiccia M, Gradoni L, Pozio E. Leishmania infantum sensu lato as an agent of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Abruzzi region (Italy). Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1987; 81(2):235-7. PMID: 3617184.
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    163. Ben Ismail R, Gramiccia M, Gradoni L, Helal H, Ben Rachid MS. Isolation of Leishmania major from Phlebotomus papatasi in Tunisia. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1987; 81(5):749. PMID: 3449994.
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    164. Mancianti F, Gradoni L, Gramiccia M, Pieri S, Marconcini A. Canine leishmaniasis in the Isle of Elba, Italy. Trop Med Parasitol. 1986 Jun; 37(2):110-2. PMID: 3529337.
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    165. Ben Ismail R, Gradoni L, Gramiccia M, Bettini S, Ben Rachid MS, Garraoui A. Epidemic cutaneous leishmaniasis in Tunisia: biochemical characterization of parasites. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1986; 80(4):669-70. PMID: 3810806.
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    166. Bettini S, Gramiccia M, Gradoni L, Atzeni MC. Leishmaniasis in Sardinia: II. Natural infection of Phlebotomus perniciosus Newstead, 1911, by Leishmania infantum Nicolle, 1908, in the province of Cagliari. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1986; 80(3):458-9. PMID: 3798544.
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    167. Pozio E, Gradoni L, Gramiccia M. [Isolation and in vivo behavior of the etiologic agent of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Italy]. Parassitologia. 1985 Dec; 27(3):203-10. PMID: 3870640.
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    168. Gramiccia M, Gradoni L, Pozio E. [The genus Leishmania in Italy]. Parassitologia. 1985 Dec; 27(3):187-201. PMID: 3870639.
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    169. Gradoni L, Gramiccia M, Pozio E, Amerio P. [Recent advances with regard to the etiology of cutaneous leishmaniasis]. G Ital Dermatol Venereol. 1985 Jul-Aug; 120(4):243-6. PMID: 4044001.
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    170. Pozio E, Maroli M, Gradoni L, Gramiccia M. Laboratory transmission of Leishmania infantum to Rattus rattus by the bite of experimentally infected Phlebotomus perniciosus. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1985; 79(4):524-6. PMID: 4082264.
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    171. Pozio E, Gramiccia M, Gradoni L, Amerio P. Isolation of the agent causing cutaneous leishmaniasis in Italy and its visceralization in inbred hamsters. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1985; 79(2):260-1. PMID: 4039860.
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    172. Pozio E, Gradoni L, Gramiccia M. [Canine leishmaniasis in Italy from 1910 to 1993]. Ann Parasitol Hum Comp. 1985; 60(5):543-53. PMID: 4083681.
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    173. Maroli M, Gradoni L, Gramiccia M, Pozio E. Man-bait catch of Phlebotomus perniciosus (Diptera, Psycodidae) in a human and canine leishmaniasis focus in central Italy. Parassitologia. 1984 Dec; 26(3):269-72. PMID: 6599999.
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    174. Gradoni L, Gramiccia M, Pozio E. [Status of the taxonomy of Leishmania from the Mediterranean basin]. Parassitologia. 1984 Dec; 26(3):289-97. PMID: 6600002.
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    175. Biocca M, Giovannini A, Gradoni L, Gramiccia M, Mantovani A, Pozio E, Mantovani A, Procicchiani I. [Public health problems related to stray and wild dogs]. Ann Ist Super Sanita. 1984; 20(4):275-86. PMID: 6546275.
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    176. Pozio E, Gramiccia M, Gradoni L, Maroli M. Hemoflagellates in Cyrtodactylus kotschyi (Steindachner, 1870) (Reptilia, Gekkonidae) in Italy. Acta Trop. 1983 Dec; 40(4):399-400. PMID: 6142639.
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    177. Bettini S, Coni V, Contini C, Gradoni L, Gramiccia M, Maroli MN, Pozio E. Leishmaniasis in Sardinia: an introductory note. Bull Soc Pathol Exot Filiales. 1983 Nov; 76(5):549-52. PMID: 6673847.
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    178. Gradoni L, Gramiccia M, Maroli M, Pozio E, Bettini S. A contribution to the technique of cloning Leishmania. Ann Parasitol Hum Comp. 1983; 58(3):301-3. PMID: 6614750.
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    179. Bettini S, Gramiccia M, Gradoni L, Pozio E, Mugnai S, Maroli M. Leishmaniasis in Tuscany (Italy): VIII. Human population response to leishmanin in the focus of Monte Argentario (Grosseto) and epidemiological evaluation. Ann Parasitol Hum Comp. 1983; 58(6):539-47. PMID: 6673641.
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    180. Gradoni L, Pozio E, Gramiccia M, Maroli M, Bettini S. Leishmaniasis in Tuscany (Italy): VII. Studies on the role of the black rat, Rattus rattus, in the epidemiology of visceral leishmaniasis. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1983; 77(4):427-31. PMID: 6636269.
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    181. Gramiccia M, Maazoun R, Lanotte G, Rioux JA, le Blancq S, Evans DA, Peters W, Bettini S, Gradoni L, Pozio E. [Enzymatic typing of 11 strains of Leishmania isolated in mainland Italy from the visceral murine, canine and vulpine forms. Demonstration of an enzymatic variant in the fox (Vulpes vulpes) and the dog]. Ann Parasitol Hum Comp. 1982; 57(6):527-31. PMID: 7168524.
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    182. Pozio E, Gradoni L, Bettini S, Gramiccia M. Leishmaniasis in Tuscany (Italy): VI. Canine leishmaniasis in the focus of Monte Argentario (Grosseto). Acta Trop. 1981 Dec; 38(4):383-93. PMID: 6123246.
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    183. Pozio E, Gradoni L, Bettini S, Gramiccia M. Leishmaniasis in Tuscany (Italy) V. Further isolation of Leishmania from Rattus rattus in the Province of Grosseto. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 1981 Aug; 75(4):393-5. PMID: 7305507.
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    184. Bettini S, Maroli M, Gradoni L. Leishmaniasis in Tuscany (Italy): (IV) An analysis of all recorded human cases. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1981; 75(3):338-44. PMID: 7324100.
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    185. Gradoni L, Pozio E, Maroli M. [Filariasis in foxes in the Province of Grosseto]. Ann Ist Super Sanita. 1980; 16(2):251-6. PMID: 6112940.
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    186. Bettini S, Pozio E, Gradoni L. Leishmaniasis in Tuscany (Italy): (II) Leishmania form wild Bodentia and Carnivora in a human and canine leishmaniasis focus. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1980; 74(1):77-83. PMID: 7434419.
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    187. Gradoni L, Pozio E, Bettini S, Gramiccia M. Leishmaniasis in Tuscany (Italy). (III) The prevalence of canine leishmaniasis in two foci of Grosseto Province. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1980; 74(3):421-2. PMID: 7434444.
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    188. Bettini S, Gradoni L, Pozio E. Isolation of Leishmania strains from Rattus rattus in Italy. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1978; 72(4):441-2. PMID: 705851.
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