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Professor Robert Lazarus Modlin

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Modlin RL. Response to Comment on "IL-1ß Induces the Rapid Secretion of the Antimicrobial Protein IL-26 from Th17 Cells". J Immunol. 2019 Dec 15; 203(12):3093. PMID: 31818921.
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    2. Weiss DI, Ma F, Merleev AA, Maverakis E, Gilliet M, Balin SJ, Bryson BD, Ochoa MT, Pellegrini M, Bloom BR, Modlin RL. IL-1ß Induces the Rapid Secretion of the Antimicrobial Protein IL-26 from Th17 Cells. J Immunol. 2019 Aug 15; 203(4):911-921. PMID: 31235553.
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    3. Montoya DJ, Andrade P, Silva BJA, Teles RMB, Ma F, Bryson B, Sadanand S, Noel T, Lu J, Sarno E, Arnvig KB, Young D, Lahiri R, Williams DL, Fortune S, Bloom BR, Pellegrini M, Modlin RL. Dual RNA-Seq of Human Leprosy Lesions Identifies Bacterial Determinants Linked to Host Immune Response. Cell Rep. 2019 03 26; 26(13):3574-3585.e3. PMID: 30917313.
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    4. Balin SJ, Pellegrini M, Klechevsky E, Won ST, Weiss DI, Choi AW, Hakimian J, Lu J, Ochoa MT, Bloom BR, Lanier LL, Stenger S, Modlin RL. Human antimicrobial cytotoxic T lymphocytes, defined by NK receptors and antimicrobial proteins, kill intracellular bacteria. Sci Immunol. 2018 08 31; 3(26). PMID: 30171080.
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    5. Keegan C, Krutzik S, Schenk M, Scumpia PO, Lu J, Pang YLJ, Russell BS, Lim KS, Shell S, Prestwich E, Su D, Elashoff D, Hershberg RM, Bloom BR, Belisle JT, Fortune S, Dedon PC, Pellegrini M, Modlin RL. Mycobacterium tuberculosis Transfer RNA Induces IL-12p70 via Synergistic Activation of Pattern Recognition Receptors within a Cell Network. J Immunol. 2018 05 01; 200(9):3244-3258. PMID: 29610140.
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    6. Schenk M, Mahapatra S, Le P, Kim HJ, Choi AW, Brennan PJ, Belisle JT, Modlin RL. Human NOD2 Recognizes Structurally Unique Muramyl Dipeptides from Mycobacterium leprae. Infect Immun. 2016 09; 84(9):2429-38. PMID: 27297389.
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    7. Demaria O, De Gassart A, Coso S, Gestermann N, Di Domizio J, Flatz L, Gaide O, Michielin O, Hwu P, Petrova TV, Martinon F, Modlin RL, Speiser DE, Gilliet M. STING activation of tumor endothelial cells initiates spontaneous and therapeutic antitumor immunity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Dec 15; 112(50):15408-13. PMID: 26607445.
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    8. Meller S, Di Domizio J, Voo KS, Friedrich HC, Chamilos G, Ganguly D, Conrad C, Gregorio J, Le Roy D, Roger T, Ladbury JE, Homey B, Watowich S, Modlin RL, Kontoyiannis DP, Liu YJ, Arold ST, Gilliet M. T(H)17 cells promote microbial killing and innate immune sensing of DNA via interleukin 26. Nat Immunol. 2015 Sep; 16(9):970-9. PMID: 26168081.
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    9. Teles RMB, Kelly-Scumpia KM, Sarno EN, Rea TH, Ochoa MT, Cheng G, Modlin RL. IL-27 Suppresses Antimicrobial Activity in Human Leprosy. J Invest Dermatol. 2015 Oct; 135(10):2410-2417. PMID: 26030183.
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    10. Cappuccio A, Zollinger R, Schenk M, Walczak A, Servant N, Barillot E, Hupé P, Modlin RL, Soumelis V. Combinatorial code governing cellular responses to complex stimuli. Nat Commun. 2015 Apr 21; 6:6847. PMID: 25896517.
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    11. Bourgeois EA, Subramaniam S, Cheng TY, De Jong A, Layre E, Ly D, Salimi M, Legaspi A, Modlin RL, Salio M, Cerundolo V, Moody DB, Ogg G. Bee venom processes human skin lipids for presentation by CD1a. J Exp Med. 2015 Feb 09; 212(2):149-63. PMID: 25584012.
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    12. Kim HJ, Brennan PJ, Heaslip D, Udey MC, Modlin RL, Belisle JT. Carbohydrate-dependent binding of langerin to SodC, a cell wall glycoprotein of Mycobacterium leprae. J Bacteriol. 2015 Feb; 197(3):615-25. PMID: 25422308.
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    13. Montoya D, Inkeles MS, Liu PT, Realegeno S, Teles RM, Vaidya P, Munoz MA, Schenk M, Swindell WR, Chun R, Zavala K, Hewison M, Adams JS, Horvath S, Pellegrini M, Bloom BR, Modlin RL. IL-32 is a molecular marker of a host defense network in human tuberculosis. Sci Transl Med. 2014 Aug 20; 6(250):250ra114. PMID: 25143364.
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    14. Inkeles MS, Scumpia PO, Swindell WR, Lopez D, Teles RMB, Graeber TG, Meller S, Homey B, Elder JT, Gilliet M, Modlin RL, Pellegrini M. Comparison of molecular signatures from multiple skin diseases identifies mechanisms of immunopathogenesis. J Invest Dermatol. 2015 Jan; 135(1):151-159. PMID: 25111617.
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    15. Chun RF, Liu PT, Modlin RL, Adams JS, Hewison M. Impact of vitamin D on immune function: lessons learned from genome-wide analysis. Front Physiol. 2014; 5:151. PMID: 24795646.
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    16. Schenk M, Fabri M, Krutzik SR, Lee DJ, Vu DM, Sieling PA, Montoya D, Liu PT, Modlin RL. Interleukin-1ß triggers the differentiation of macrophages with enhanced capacity to present mycobacterial antigen to T cells. Immunology. 2014 Feb; 141(2):174-80. PMID: 24032597.
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    17. Modlin RL, Bloom BR. TB or not TB: that is no longer the question. Sci Transl Med. 2013 Nov 27; 5(213):213sr6. PMID: 24285487.
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    18. Klug-Micu GM, Stenger S, Sommer A, Liu PT, Krutzik SR, Modlin RL, Fabri M. CD40 ligand and interferon-? induce an antimicrobial response against Mycobacterium tuberculosis in human monocytes. Immunology. 2013 May; 139(1):121-8. PMID: 23289765.
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    19. Teles RM, Graeber TG, Krutzik SR, Montoya D, Schenk M, Lee DJ, Komisopoulou E, Kelly-Scumpia K, Chun R, Iyer SS, Sarno EN, Rea TH, Hewison M, Adams JS, Popper SJ, Relman DA, Stenger S, Bloom BR, Cheng G, Modlin RL. Type I interferon suppresses type II interferon-triggered human anti-mycobacterial responses. Science. 2013 Mar 22; 339(6126):1448-53. PMID: 23449998.
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    20. Fitz-Gibbon S, Tomida S, Chiu BH, Nguyen L, Du C, Liu M, Elashoff D, Erfe MC, Loncaric A, Kim J, Modlin RL, Miller JF, Sodergren E, Craft N, Weinstock GM, Li H. Propionibacterium acnes strain populations in the human skin microbiome associated with acne. J Invest Dermatol. 2013 Sep; 133(9):2152-60. PMID: 23337890.
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    21. Chung AW, Sieling PA, Schenk M, Teles RM, Krutzik SR, Hsu DK, Liu FT, Sarno EN, Rea TH, Stenger S, Modlin RL, Lee DJ. Galectin-3 regulates the innate immune response of human monocytes. J Infect Dis. 2013 Mar 15; 207(6):947-56. PMID: 23255567.
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    22. Friedman AJ, Phan J, Schairer DO, Champer J, Qin M, Pirouz A, Blecher-Paz K, Oren A, Liu PT, Modlin RL, Kim J. Antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activity of chitosan-alginate nanoparticles: a targeted therapy for cutaneous pathogens. J Invest Dermatol. 2013 May; 133(5):1231-9. PMID: 23190896.
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    23. Parvatiyar K, Zhang Z, Teles RM, Ouyang S, Jiang Y, Iyer SS, Zaver SA, Schenk M, Zeng S, Zhong W, Liu ZJ, Modlin RL, Liu YJ, Cheng G. The helicase DDX41 recognizes the bacterial secondary messengers cyclic di-GMP and cyclic di-AMP to activate a type I interferon immune response. Nat Immunol. 2012 Dec; 13(12):1155-61. PMID: 23142775.
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    24. Jacobs-Sera D, Marinelli LJ, Bowman C, Broussard GW, Guerrero Bustamante C, Boyle MM, Petrova ZO, Dedrick RM, Pope WH. On the nature of mycobacteriophage diversity and host preference. Virology. 2012 Dec 20; 434(2):187-201. PMID: 23084079.
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    25. Marinelli LJ, Fitz-Gibbon S, Hayes C, Bowman C, Inkeles M, Loncaric A, Russell DA, Jacobs-Sera D, Cokus S, Pellegrini M, Kim J, Miller JF, Hatfull GF, Modlin RL. Propionibacterium acnes bacteriophages display limited genetic diversity and broad killing activity against bacterial skin isolates. mBio. 2012; 3(5). PMID: 23015740.
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    26. Bruns H, Stegelmann F, Fabri M, Döhner K, van Zandbergen G, Wagner M, Skinner M, Modlin RL, Stenger S. Abelson tyrosine kinase controls phagosomal acidification required for killing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in human macrophages. J Immunol. 2012 Oct 15; 189(8):4069-78. PMID: 22988030.
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    27. Chamilos G, Gregorio J, Meller S, Lande R, Kontoyiannis DP, Modlin RL, Gilliet M. Cytosolic sensing of extracellular self-DNA transported into monocytes by the antimicrobial peptide LL37. Blood. 2012 Nov 01; 120(18):3699-707. PMID: 22927244.
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    28. Torrelles JB, Sieling PA, Zhang N, Keen MA, McNeil MR, Belisle JT, Modlin RL, Brennan PJ, Chatterjee D. Isolation of a distinct Mycobacterium tuberculosis mannose-capped lipoarabinomannan isoform responsible for recognition by CD1b-restricted T cells. Glycobiology. 2012 Aug; 22(8):1118-27. PMID: 22534567.
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    29. Schenk M, Krutzik SR, Sieling PA, Lee DJ, Teles RM, Ochoa MT, Komisopoulou E, Sarno EN, Rea TH, Graeber TG, Kim S, Cheng G, Modlin RL. NOD2 triggers an interleukin-32-dependent human dendritic cell program in leprosy. Nat Med. 2012 Mar 25; 18(4):555-63. PMID: 22447076.
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    30. Bickers DR, Modlin RL. A review of the Journal of Investigative Dermatology's most cited publications over the past 25 years and the use of developing bibliometric methodologies to assess journal quality. J Invest Dermatol. 2012 Mar; 132(3 Pt 2):1050-60. PMID: 22330274.
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    31. Hou W, Gibbs JS, Lu X, Brooke CB, Roy D, Modlin RL, Bennink JR, Yewdell JW. Viral infection triggers rapid differentiation of human blood monocytes into dendritic cells. Blood. 2012 Mar 29; 119(13):3128-31. PMID: 22310910.
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    32. Liu PT, Wheelwright M, Teles R, Komisopoulou E, Edfeldt K, Ferguson B, Mehta MD, Vazirnia A, Rea TH, Sarno EN, Graeber TG, Modlin RL. MicroRNA-21 targets the vitamin D-dependent antimicrobial pathway in leprosy. Nat Med. 2012 Jan 29; 18(2):267-73. PMID: 22286305.
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    33. Modlin RL. Innate immunity: ignored for decades, but not forgotten. J Invest Dermatol. 2012 Mar; 132(3 Pt 2):882-6. PMID: 22158552.
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    34. Realegeno S, Modlin RL. Shedding light on the vitamin D-tuberculosis-HIV connection. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Nov 22; 108(47):18861-2. PMID: 22084116.
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    35. Fabri M, Stenger S, Shin DM, Yuk JM, Liu PT, Realegeno S, Lee HM, Krutzik SR, Schenk M, Sieling PA, Teles R, Montoya D, Iyer SS, Bruns H, Lewinsohn DM, Hollis BW, Hewison M, Adams JS, Steinmeyer A, Zügel U, Cheng G, Jo EK, Bloom BR, Modlin RL. Vitamin D is required for IFN-gamma-mediated antimicrobial activity of human macrophages. Sci Transl Med. 2011 Oct 12; 3(104):104ra102. PMID: 21998409.
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    36. Torrelles JB, Sieling PA, Arcos J, Knaup R, Bartling C, Rajaram MV, Stenger S, Modlin RL, Schlesinger LS. Structural differences in lipomannans from pathogenic and nonpathogenic mycobacteria that impact CD1b-restricted T cell responses. J Biol Chem. 2011 Oct 14; 286(41):35438-46. PMID: 21859718.
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    37. Walker VP, Zhang X, Rastegar I, Liu PT, Hollis BW, Adams JS, Modlin RL. Cord blood vitamin D status impacts innate immune responses. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2011 Jun; 96(6):1835-43. PMID: 21470993.
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    38. Cruz D, Wang Z, Kibbie J, Modlin R, Kwon O. Diversity through phosphine catalysis identifies octahydro-1,6-naphthyridin-4-ones as activators of endothelium-driven immunity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Apr 26; 108(17):6769-74. PMID: 21383121.
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    39. Cho JS, Zussman J, Donegan NP, Ramos RI, Garcia NC, Uslan DZ, Iwakura Y, Simon SI, Cheung AL, Modlin RL, Kim J, Miller LS. Noninvasive in vivo imaging to evaluate immune responses and antimicrobial therapy against Staphylococcus aureus and USA300 MRSA skin infections. J Invest Dermatol. 2011 Apr; 131(4):907-15. PMID: 21191403.
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    40. Glimcher LH, Martinon F, Modlin RL. Editorial overview. Curr Opin Immunol. 2011 Feb; 23(1):1-2. PMID: 21185707.
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    41. Edfeldt K, Liu PT, Chun R, Fabri M, Schenk M, Wheelwright M, Keegan C, Krutzik SR, Adams JS, Hewison M, Modlin RL. T-cell cytokines differentially control human monocyte antimicrobial responses by regulating vitamin D metabolism. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Dec 28; 107(52):22593-8. PMID: 21149724.
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    42. Fabri M, Realegeno SE, Jo EK, Modlin RL. Role of autophagy in the host response to microbial infection and potential for therapy. Curr Opin Immunol. 2011 Feb; 23(1):65-70. PMID: 21071195.
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    43. Ochoa MT, Teles R, Haas BE, Zaghi D, Li H, Sarno EN, Rea TH, Modlin RL, Lee DJ. A role for interleukin-5 in promoting increased immunoglobulin M at the site of disease in leprosy. Immunology. 2010 Nov; 131(3):405-14. PMID: 20561085.
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    44. Teles RM, Krutzik SR, Ochoa MT, Oliveira RB, Sarno EN, Modlin RL. Interleukin-4 regulates the expression of CD209 and subsequent uptake of Mycobacterium leprae by Schwann cells in human leprosy. Infect Immun. 2010 Nov; 78(11):4634-43. PMID: 20713631.
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    45. Shin DM, Yuk JM, Lee HM, Lee SH, Son JW, Harding CV, Kim JM, Modlin RL, Jo EK. Mycobacterial lipoprotein activates autophagy via TLR2/1/CD14 and a functional vitamin D receptor signalling. Cell Microbiol. 2010 Nov; 12(11):1648-65. PMID: 20560977.
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    46. Chun RF, Lauridsen AL, Suon L, Zella LA, Pike JW, Modlin RL, Martineau AR, Wilkinson RJ, Adams J, Hewison M. Vitamin D-binding protein directs monocyte responses to 25-hydroxy- and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2010 Jul; 95(7):3368-76. PMID: 20427486.
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    47. Cho JS, Pietras EM, Garcia NC, Ramos RI, Farzam DM, Monroe HR, Magorien JE, Blauvelt A, Kolls JK, Cheung AL, Cheng G, Modlin RL, Miller LS. IL-17 is essential for host defense against cutaneous Staphylococcus aureus infection in mice. J Clin Invest. 2010 May; 120(5):1762-73. PMID: 20364087.
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    48. Lee DJ, Li H, Ochoa MT, Tanaka M, Carbone RJ, Damoiseaux R, Burdick A, Sarno EN, Rea TH, Modlin RL. Integrated pathways for neutrophil recruitment and inflammation in leprosy. J Infect Dis. 2010 Feb 15; 201(4):558-69. PMID: 20070238.
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    49. Modlin RL. The innate immune response in leprosy. Curr Opin Immunol. 2010 Feb; 22(1):48-54. PMID: 20060279.
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    50. Montoya D, Modlin RL. Learning from leprosy: insight into the human innate immune response. Adv Immunol. 2010; 105:1-24. PMID: 20510728.
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    51. Schenk M, Belisle JT, Modlin RL. TLR2 looks at lipoproteins. Immunity. 2009 Dec 18; 31(6):847-9. PMID: 20064441.
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    52. Montoya D, Cruz D, Teles RM, Lee DJ, Ochoa MT, Krutzik SR, Chun R, Schenk M, Zhang X, Ferguson BG, Burdick AE, Sarno EN, Rea TH, Hewison M, Adams JS, Cheng G, Modlin RL. Divergence of macrophage phagocytic and antimicrobial programs in leprosy. Cell Host Microbe. 2009 Oct 22; 6(4):343-53. PMID: 19837374.
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    53. Fabri M, Modlin RL. A vitamin for autophagy. Cell Host Microbe. 2009 Sep 17; 6(3):201-3. PMID: 19748462.
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    54. Modlin RL, Brenner MB. T cell responses in microbial infection. Curr Opin Immunol. 2009 Aug; 21(4):365-6. PMID: 19643590.
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    55. Tanaka M, Krutzik SR, Sieling PA, Lee DJ, Rea TH, Modlin RL. Activation of Fc gamma RI on monocytes triggers differentiation into immature dendritic cells that induce autoreactive T cell responses. J Immunol. 2009 Aug 15; 183(4):2349-55. PMID: 19635920.
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    56. Shin OS, Miller LS, Modlin RL, Akira S, Uematsu S, Hu LT. Downstream signals for MyD88-mediated phagocytosis of Borrelia burgdorferi can be initiated by TRIF and are dependent on PI3K. J Immunol. 2009 Jul 01; 183(1):491-8. PMID: 19542460.
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    57. Liu PT, Schenk M, Walker VP, Dempsey PW, Kanchanapoomi M, Wheelwright M, Vazirnia A, Zhang X, Steinmeyer A, Zügel U, Hollis BW, Cheng G, Modlin RL. Convergence of IL-1beta and VDR activation pathways in human TLR2/1-induced antimicrobial responses. PLoS One. 2009 Jun 05; 4(6):e5810. PMID: 19503839.
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    58. Walker VP, Modlin RL. The vitamin D connection to pediatric infections and immune function. Pediatr Res. 2009 May; 65(5 Pt 2):106R-113R. PMID: 19190532.
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    59. Bruns H, Meinken C, Schauenberg P, Härter G, Kern P, Modlin RL, Antoni C, Stenger S. Anti-TNF immunotherapy reduces CD8+ T cell-mediated antimicrobial activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis in humans. J Clin Invest. 2009 May; 119(5):1167-77. PMID: 19381021.
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    60. Adams JS, Ren S, Liu PT, Chun RF, Lagishetty V, Gombart AF, Borregaard N, Modlin RL, Hewison M. Vitamin d-directed rheostatic regulation of monocyte antibacterial responses. J Immunol. 2009 Apr 01; 182(7):4289-95. PMID: 19299728.
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    61. Lee DJ, Modlin RL. DNA transportation authority. Nat Med. 2008 Dec; 14(12):1319-20. PMID: 19057557.
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    62. Krutzik SR, Hewison M, Liu PT, Robles JA, Stenger S, Adams JS, Modlin RL. IL-15 links TLR2/1-induced macrophage differentiation to the vitamin D-dependent antimicrobial pathway. J Immunol. 2008 Nov 15; 181(10):7115-20. PMID: 18981132.
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    63. Cruz D, Watson AD, Miller CS, Montoya D, Ochoa MT, Sieling PA, Gutierrez MA, Navab M, Reddy ST, Witztum JL, Fogelman AM, Rea TH, Eisenberg D, Berliner J, Modlin RL. Host-derived oxidized phospholipids and HDL regulate innate immunity in human leprosy. J Clin Invest. 2008 Aug; 118(8):2917-28. PMID: 18636118.
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    64. Liu PT, Modlin RL. Human macrophage host defense against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Curr Opin Immunol. 2008 Aug; 20(4):371-6. PMID: 18602003.
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    65. Sieling PA, Hill PJ, Dobos KM, Brookman K, Kuhlman AM, Fabri M, Krutzik SR, Rea TH, Heaslip DG, Belisle JT, Modlin RL. Conserved mycobacterial lipoglycoproteins activate TLR2 but also require glycosylation for MHC class II-restricted T cell activation. J Immunol. 2008 May 01; 180(9):5833-42. PMID: 18424702.
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    66. Ochoa MT, Loncaric A, Krutzik SR, Becker TC, Modlin RL. "Dermal dendritic cells" comprise two distinct populations: CD1+ dendritic cells and CD209+ macrophages. J Invest Dermatol. 2008 Sep; 128(9):2225-31. PMID: 18337829.
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    67. Lee DJ, Sieling PA, Ochoa MT, Krutzik SR, Guo B, Hernandez M, Rea TH, Cheng G, Colonna M, Modlin RL. LILRA2 activation inhibits dendritic cell differentiation and antigen presentation to T cells. J Immunol. 2007 Dec 15; 179(12):8128-36. PMID: 18056355.
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    68. Adams JS, Chen H, Chun R, Ren S, Wu S, Gacad M, Nguyen L, Ride J, Liu P, Modlin R, Hewison M. Substrate and enzyme trafficking as a means of regulating 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D synthesis and action: the human innate immune response. J Bone Miner Res. 2007 Dec; 22 Suppl 2:V20-4. PMID: 18290716.
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    69. Bhandarkar SS, Cohen C, Kuruvila M, Rea TH, Mackelfresh JB, Lee DJ, Modlin RL, Arbiser JL. Angiogenesis in cutaneous lesions of leprosy: implications for treatment. Arch Dermatol. 2007 Dec; 143(12):1527-9. PMID: 18087002.
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    70. Miller LS, Pietras EM, Uricchio LH, Hirano K, Rao S, Lin H, O'Connell RM, Iwakura Y, Cheung AL, Cheng G, Modlin RL. Inflammasome-mediated production of IL-1beta is required for neutrophil recruitment against Staphylococcus aureus in vivo. J Immunol. 2007 Nov 15; 179(10):6933-42. PMID: 17982084.
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    71. Liu PT, Stenger S, Tang DH, Modlin RL. Cutting edge: vitamin D-mediated human antimicrobial activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis is dependent on the induction of cathelicidin. J Immunol. 2007 Aug 15; 179(4):2060-3. PMID: 17675463.
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    72. Adams JS, Liu PT, Chun R, Modlin RL, Hewison M. Vitamin D in defense of the human immune response. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2007 Nov; 1117:94-105. PMID: 17656563.
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    73. Niazi KR, Ochoa MT, Sieling PA, Rooke NE, Peter AK, Mollahan P, Dickey M, Rabizadeh S, Rea TH, Modlin RL. Activation of human CD4+ T cells by targeting MHC class II epitopes to endosomal compartments using human CD1 tail sequences. Immunology. 2007 Dec; 122(4):522-31. PMID: 17635609.
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    74. Miller LS, Modlin RL. Toll-like receptors in the skin. Semin Immunopathol. 2007 Apr; 29(1):15-26. PMID: 17621951.
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    75. Modlin R. The vitamin D receptor and its role in inflammation and host defence: interview with Dr Robert Modlin by Emma Quigley. Expert Opin Ther Targets. 2007 Apr; 11(4):431-3. PMID: 17373873.
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    76. Sieling PA, Legaspi A, Ochoa MT, Rea TH, Modlin RL. Regulation of human T-cell homing receptor expression in cutaneous bacterial infection. Immunology. 2007 Apr; 120(4):518-25. PMID: 17343614.
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    77. Hewison M, Burke F, Evans KN, Lammas DA, Sansom DM, Liu P, Modlin RL, Adams JS. Extra-renal 25-hydroxyvitamin D3-1alpha-hydroxylase in human health and disease. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2007 Mar; 103(3-5):316-21. PMID: 17368179.
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    78. Schauber J, Dorschner RA, Coda AB, Büchau AS, Liu PT, Kiken D, Helfrich YR, Kang S, Elalieh HZ, Steinmeyer A, Zügel U, Bikle DD, Modlin RL, Gallo RL. Injury enhances TLR2 function and antimicrobial peptide expression through a vitamin D-dependent mechanism. J Clin Invest. 2007 Mar; 117(3):803-11. PMID: 17290304.
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    79. Liu PT, Krutzik SR, Modlin RL. Therapeutic implications of the TLR and VDR partnership. Trends Mol Med. 2007 Mar; 13(3):117-24. PMID: 17276732.
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    80. Di Nardo A, Braff MH, Taylor KR, Na C, Granstein RD, McInturff JE, Krutzik S, Modlin RL, Gallo RL. Cathelicidin antimicrobial peptides block dendritic cell TLR4 activation and allergic contact sensitization. J Immunol. 2007 Feb 01; 178(3):1829-34. PMID: 17237433.
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    81. Miller LS, Modlin RL. Human keratinocyte Toll-like receptors promote distinct immune responses. J Invest Dermatol. 2007 Feb; 127(2):262-3. PMID: 17228303.
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    82. Winau F, Hegasy G, Weiskirchen R, Weber S, Cassan C, Sieling PA, Modlin RL, Liblau RS, Gressner AM, Kaufmann SH. Ito cells are liver-resident antigen-presenting cells for activating T cell responses. Immunity. 2007 Jan; 26(1):117-29. PMID: 17239632.
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    83. Sabet S, Ochoa MT, Sieling PA, Rea TH, Modlin RL. Functional characterization of a T-cell receptor BV6+ T-cell clone derived from a leprosy lesion. Immunology. 2007 Mar; 120(3):354-61. PMID: 17140401.
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    84. Chow EK, Castrillo A, Shahangian A, Pei L, O'Connell RM, Modlin RL, Tontonoz P, Cheng G. A role for IRF3-dependent RXRalpha repression in hepatotoxicity associated with viral infections. J Exp Med. 2006 Nov 27; 203(12):2589-602. PMID: 17074929.
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    85. Im JS, Tapinos N, Chae GT, Illarionov PA, Besra GS, DeVries GH, Modlin RL, Sieling PA, Rambukkana A, Porcelli SA. Expression of CD1d molecules by human schwann cells and potential interactions with immunoregulatory invariant NK T cells. J Immunol. 2006 Oct 15; 177(8):5226-35. PMID: 17015708.
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    86. Tan BH, Meinken C, Bastian M, Bruns H, Legaspi A, Ochoa MT, Krutzik SR, Bloom BR, Ganz T, Modlin RL, Stenger S. Macrophages acquire neutrophil granules for antimicrobial activity against intracellular pathogens. J Immunol. 2006 Aug 01; 177(3):1864-71. PMID: 16849498.
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    87. Renn CN, Sanchez DJ, Ochoa MT, Legaspi AJ, Oh CK, Liu PT, Krutzik SR, Sieling PA, Cheng G, Modlin RL. TLR activation of Langerhans cell-like dendritic cells triggers an antiviral immune response. J Immunol. 2006 Jul 01; 177(1):298-305. PMID: 16785525.
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    88. Hornell TM, Burster T, Jahnsen FL, Pashine A, Ochoa MT, Harding JJ, Macaubas C, Lee AW, Modlin RL, Mellins ED. Human dendritic cell expression of HLA-DO is subset specific and regulated by maturation. J Immunol. 2006 Mar 15; 176(6):3536-47. PMID: 16517722.
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    90. Miller LS, O'Connell RM, Gutierrez MA, Pietras EM, Shahangian A, Gross CE, Thirumala A, Cheung AL, Cheng G, Modlin RL. MyD88 mediates neutrophil recruitment initiated by IL-1R but not TLR2 activation in immunity against Staphylococcus aureus. Immunity. 2006 Jan; 24(1):79-91. PMID: 16413925.
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    92. McInturff JE, Wang SJ, Machleidt T, Lin TR, Oren A, Hertz CJ, Krutzik SR, Hart S, Zeh K, Anderson DH, Gallo RL, Modlin RL, Kim J. Granulysin-derived peptides demonstrate antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effects against Propionibacterium acnes. J Invest Dermatol. 2005 Aug; 125(2):256-63. PMID: 16098035.
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    93. Modlin RL, Sieling PA. Immunology. Now presenting: gammadelta T cells. Science. 2005 Jul 08; 309(5732):252-3. PMID: 16002604.
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    95. Miller LS, Sørensen OE, Liu PT, Jalian HR, Eshtiaghpour D, Behmanesh BE, Chung W, Starner TD, Kim J, Sieling PA, Ganz T, Modlin RL. TGF-alpha regulates TLR expression and function on epidermal keratinocytes. J Immunol. 2005 May 15; 174(10):6137-43. PMID: 15879109.
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    97. Liu PT, Krutzik SR, Kim J, Modlin RL. Cutting edge: all-trans retinoic acid down-regulates TLR2 expression and function. J Immunol. 2005 Mar 01; 174(5):2467-70. PMID: 15728448.
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    98. Sieling PA, Torrelles JB, Stenger S, Chung W, Burdick AE, Rea TH, Brennan PJ, Belisle JT, Porcelli SA, Modlin RL. The human CD1-restricted T cell repertoire is limited to cross-reactive antigens: implications for host responses against immunologically related pathogens. J Immunol. 2005 Mar 01; 174(5):2637-44. PMID: 15728470.
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    99. Lee DJ, Modlin RL. Breaking tolerance--another piece added to the vitiligo puzzle. J Invest Dermatol. 2005 Jan; 124(1):xiii-xv. PMID: 15654945.
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    100. Modlin RL, Cheng G. From plankton to pathogen recognition. Nat Med. 2004 Nov; 10(11):1173-4. PMID: 15516915.
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    101. Torrelles JB, Khoo KH, Sieling PA, Modlin RL, Zhang N, Marques AM, Treumann A, Rithner CD, Brennan PJ, Chatterjee D. Truncated structural variants of lipoarabinomannan in Mycobacterium leprae and an ethambutol-resistant strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. J Biol Chem. 2004 Sep 24; 279(39):41227-39. PMID: 15263002.
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    102. Hunger RE, Sieling PA, Ochoa MT, Sugaya M, Burdick AE, Rea TH, Brennan PJ, Belisle JT, Blauvelt A, Porcelli SA, Modlin RL. Langerhans cells utilize CD1a and langerin to efficiently present nonpeptide antigens to T cells. J Clin Invest. 2004 Mar; 113(5):701-8. PMID: 14991068.
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    103. Krutzik SR, Modlin RL. The role of Toll-like receptors in combating mycobacteria. Semin Immunol. 2004 Feb; 16(1):35-41. PMID: 14751762.
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    104. Winau F, Schwierzeck V, Hurwitz R, Remmel N, Sieling PA, Modlin RL, Porcelli SA, Brinkmann V, Sugita M, Sandhoff K, Kaufmann SH, Schaible UE. Saposin C is required for lipid presentation by human CD1b. Nat Immunol. 2004 Feb; 5(2):169-74. PMID: 14716313.
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    105. Doyle SE, O'Connell RM, Miranda GA, Vaidya SA, Chow EK, Liu PT, Suzuki S, Suzuki N, Modlin RL, Yeh WC, Lane TF, Cheng G. Toll-like receptors induce a phagocytic gene program through p38. J Exp Med. 2004 Jan 05; 199(1):81-90. PMID: 14699082.
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    106. Hertz CJ, Wu Q, Porter EM, Zhang YJ, Weismüller KH, Godowski PJ, Ganz T, Randell SH, Modlin RL. Activation of Toll-like receptor 2 on human tracheobronchial epithelial cells induces the antimicrobial peptide human beta defensin-2. J Immunol. 2003 Dec 15; 171(12):6820-6. PMID: 14662888.
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    107. Bleharski JR, Li H, Meinken C, Graeber TG, Ochoa MT, Yamamura M, Burdick A, Sarno EN, Wagner M, Röllinghoff M, Rea TH, Colonna M, Stenger S, Bloom BR, Eisenberg D, Modlin RL. Use of genetic profiling in leprosy to discriminate clinical forms of the disease. Science. 2003 Sep 12; 301(5639):1527-30. PMID: 12970564.
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    108. Schaible UE, Winau F, Sieling PA, Fischer K, Collins HL, Hagens K, Modlin RL, Brinkmann V, Kaufmann SH. Apoptosis facilitates antigen presentation to T lymphocytes through MHC-I and CD1 in tuberculosis. Nat Med. 2003 Aug; 9(8):1039-46. PMID: 12872166.
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    109. Walton KA, Cole AL, Yeh M, Subbanagounder G, Krutzik SR, Modlin RL, Lucas RM, Nakai J, Smart EJ, Vora DK, Berliner JA. Specific phospholipid oxidation products inhibit ligand activation of toll-like receptors 4 and 2. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2003 Jul 01; 23(7):1197-203. PMID: 12775576.
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    110. Arora T, Liu B, He H, Kim J, Murphy TL, Murphy KM, Modlin RL, Shuai K. PIASx is a transcriptional co-repressor of signal transducer and activator of transcription 4. J Biol Chem. 2003 Jun 13; 278(24):21327-30. PMID: 12716907.
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    111. Krutzik SR, Ochoa MT, Sieling PA, Uematsu S, Ng YW, Legaspi A, Liu PT, Cole ST, Godowski PJ, Maeda Y, Sarno EN, Norgard MV, Brennan PJ, Akira S, Rea TH, Modlin RL. Activation and regulation of Toll-like receptors 2 and 1 in human leprosy. Nat Med. 2003 May; 9(5):525-32. PMID: 12692544.
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    112. Bleharski JR, Kiessler V, Buonsanti C, Sieling PA, Stenger S, Colonna M, Modlin RL. A role for triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 in host defense during the early-induced and adaptive phases of the immune response. J Immunol. 2003 Apr 01; 170(7):3812-8. PMID: 12646648.
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    113. Gansert JL, Kiessler V, Engele M, Wittke F, Röllinghoff M, Krensky AM, Porcelli SA, Modlin RL, Stenger S. Human NKT cells express granulysin and exhibit antimycobacterial activity. J Immunol. 2003 Mar 15; 170(6):3154-61. PMID: 12626573.
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    114. Oliveira RB, Ochoa MT, Sieling PA, Rea TH, Rambukkana A, Sarno EN, Modlin RL. Expression of Toll-like receptor 2 on human Schwann cells: a mechanism of nerve damage in leprosy. Infect Immun. 2003 Mar; 71(3):1427-33. PMID: 12595460.
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    115. Anderson DH, Sawaya MR, Cascio D, Ernst W, Modlin R, Krensky A, Eisenberg D. Granulysin crystal structure and a structure-derived lytic mechanism. J Mol Biol. 2003 Jan 10; 325(2):355-65. PMID: 12488100.
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    116. Hertz CJ, Modlin RL. Role of toll-like receptors in response to bacterial infection. Contrib Microbiol. 2003; 10:149-63. PMID: 12530325.
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    120. Kim J, Ochoa MT, Krutzik SR, Takeuchi O, Uematsu S, Legaspi AJ, Brightbill HD, Holland D, Cunliffe WJ, Akira S, Sieling PA, Godowski PJ, Modlin RL. Activation of toll-like receptor 2 in acne triggers inflammatory cytokine responses. J Immunol. 2002 Aug 01; 169(3):1535-41. PMID: 12133981.
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    122. Stenger S, Modlin RL. Control of Mycobacterium tuberculosis through mammalian Toll-like receptors. Curr Opin Immunol. 2002 Aug; 14(4):452-7. PMID: 12088679.
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    124. Modlin RL. Mammalian toll-like receptors. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2002 Jun; 88(6):543-7; quiz 548-50, 583. PMID: 12086359.
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    126. Modlin RL. Learning from leprosy: insights into contemporary immunology from an ancient disease. Skin Pharmacol Appl Skin Physiol. 2002 Jan-Feb; 15(1):1-6. PMID: 11803252.
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    128. Modlin RL, Bloom BR. Chips, infections, and national security. Science. 2001 Nov 09; 294(5545):1279. PMID: 11702789.
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    132. Kim J, Uyemura K, Van Dyke MK, Legaspi AJ, Rea TH, Shuai K, Modlin RL. A role for IL-12 receptor expression and signal transduction in host defense in leprosy. J Immunol. 2001 Jul 15; 167(2):779-86. PMID: 11441083.
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    134. Hertz CJ, Kiertscher SM, Godowski PJ, Bouis DA, Norgard MV, Roth MD, Modlin RL. Microbial lipopeptides stimulate dendritic cell maturation via Toll-like receptor 2. J Immunol. 2001 Feb 15; 166(4):2444-50. PMID: 11160304.
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    135. Niazi K, Chiu M, Mendoza R, Degano M, Khurana S, Moody D, Melián A, Wilson I, Kronenberg M, Porcelli S, Modlin R. The A' and F' pockets of human CD1b are both required for optimal presentation of lipid antigens to T cells. J Immunol. 2001 Feb 15; 166(4):2562-70. PMID: 11160317.
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    143. Tan BH, Modlin RL. Drosophila, the savvy exterminator. Nat Immunol. 2000 Nov; 1(5):361. PMID: 11062488.
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    145. Melián A, Watts GF, Shamshiev A, De Libero G, Clatworthy A, Vincent M, Brenner MB, Behar S, Niazi K, Modlin RL, Almo S, Ostrov D, Nathenson SG, Porcelli SA. Molecular recognition of human CD1b antigen complexes: evidence for a common pattern of interaction with alpha beta TCRs. J Immunol. 2000 Oct 15; 165(8):4494-504. PMID: 11035089.
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    146. Bonish B, Jullien D, Dutronc Y, Huang BB, Modlin R, Spada FM, Porcelli SA, Nickoloff BJ. Overexpression of CD1d by keratinocytes in psoriasis and CD1d-dependent IFN-gamma production by NK-T cells. J Immunol. 2000 Oct 01; 165(7):4076-85. PMID: 11034419.
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    148. Brightbill HD, Modlin RL. Toll-like receptors: molecular mechanisms of the mammalian immune response. Immunology. 2000 Sep; 101(1):1-10. PMID: 11012747.
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    149. Yamauchi PS, Bleharski JR, Uyemura K, Kim J, Sieling PA, Miller A, Brightbill H, Schlienger K, Rea TH, Modlin RL. A role for CD40-CD40 ligand interactions in the generation of type 1 cytokine responses in human leprosy. J Immunol. 2000 Aug 01; 165(3):1506-12. PMID: 10903757.
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    150. Sieling PA, Ochoa MT, Jullien D, Leslie DS, Sabet S, Rosat JP, Burdick AE, Rea TH, Brenner MB, Porcelli SA, Modlin RL. Evidence for human CD4+ T cells in the CD1-restricted repertoire: derivation of mycobacteria-reactive T cells from leprosy lesions. J Immunol. 2000 May 01; 164(9):4790-6. PMID: 10779786.
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    151. Brightbill HD, Plevy SE, Modlin RL, Smale ST. A prominent role for Sp1 during lipopolysaccharide-mediated induction of the IL-10 promoter in macrophages. J Immunol. 2000 Feb 15; 164(4):1940-51. PMID: 10657644.
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    152. Naidenko OV, Maher JK, Ernst WA, Sakai T, Modlin RL, Kronenberg M. Binding and antigen presentation of ceramide-containing glycolipids by soluble mouse and human CD1d molecules. J Exp Med. 1999 Oct 18; 190(8):1069-80. PMID: 10523605.
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    154. Brightbill HD, Libraty DH, Krutzik SR, Yang RB, Belisle JT, Bleharski JR, Maitland M, Norgard MV, Plevy SE, Smale ST, Brennan PJ, Bloom BR, Godowski PJ, Modlin RL. Host defense mechanisms triggered by microbial lipoproteins through toll-like receptors. Science. 1999 Jul 30; 285(5428):732-6. PMID: 10426995.
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    155. Modlin RL, Brightbill HD, Godowski PJ. The toll of innate immunity on microbial pathogens. N Engl J Med. 1999 Jun 10; 340(23):1834-5. PMID: 10362831.
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    156. García VE, Uyemura K, Sieling PA, Ochoa MT, Morita CT, Okamura H, Kurimoto M, Rea TH, Modlin RL. IL-18 promotes type 1 cytokine production from NK cells and T cells in human intracellular infection. J Immunol. 1999 May 15; 162(10):6114-21. PMID: 10229854.
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    157. Sieling PA, Jullien D, Dahlem M, Tedder TF, Rea TH, Modlin RL, Porcelli SA. CD1 expression by dendritic cells in human leprosy lesions: correlation with effective host immunity. J Immunol. 1999 Feb 01; 162(3):1851-8. PMID: 9973451.
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    158. Stenger S, Modlin RL. T cell mediated immunity to Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Curr Opin Microbiol. 1999 Feb; 2(1):89-93. PMID: 10047556.
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    161. Porcelli SA, Modlin RL. The CD1 system: antigen-presenting molecules for T cell recognition of lipids and glycolipids. Annu Rev Immunol. 1999; 17:297-329. PMID: 10358761.
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    163. Stenger S, Niazi KR, Modlin RL. Down-regulation of CD1 on antigen-presenting cells by infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. J Immunol. 1998 Oct 01; 161(7):3582-8. PMID: 9759880.
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    164. Schlienger K, Uyemura K, Jullien D, Sieling PA, Rea TH, Linsley PS, Modlin RL. B7-1, but not CD28, is crucial for the maintenance of the CD4+ T cell responses in human leprosy. J Immunol. 1998 Sep 01; 161(5):2407-13. PMID: 9725237.
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    165. Stenger S, Modlin RL. Cytotoxic T cell responses to intracellular pathogens. Curr Opin Immunol. 1998 Aug; 10(4):471-7. PMID: 9722925.
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    166. Fairhurst RM, Wang CX, Sieling PA, Modlin RL, Braun J. CD1 presents antigens from a gram-negative bacterium, Haemophilus influenzae type B. Infect Immun. 1998 Aug; 66(8):3523-6. PMID: 9673229.
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    167. Fairhurst RM, Wang CX, Sieling PA, Modlin RL, Braun J. CD1-restricted T cells and resistance to polysaccharide-encapsulated bacteria. Immunol Today. 1998 Jun; 19(6):257-9. PMID: 9639989.
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    168. Abuladze N, Yanagawa N, Lee I, Jo OD, Newman D, Hwang J, Uyemura K, Pushkin A, Modlin RL, Kurtz I. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells express mutated NCCT mRNA in Gitelman's syndrome: evidence for abnormal thiazide-sensitive NaCl cotransport. J Am Soc Nephrol. 1998 May; 9(5):819-26. PMID: 9596079.
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    169. García VE, Jullien D, Song M, Uyemura K, Shuai K, Morita CT, Modlin RL. IL-15 enhances the response of human gamma delta T cells to nonpeptide [correction of nonpetide] microbial antigens. J Immunol. 1998 May 01; 160(9):4322-9. PMID: 9574535.
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    170. Fujieda S, Sieling PA, Modlin RL, Saxon A. CD1-restricted T-cells influence IgG subclass and IgE production. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1998 Apr; 101(4 Pt 1):545-51. PMID: 9564809.
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    172. Jackman RM, Stenger S, Lee A, Moody DB, Rogers RA, Niazi KR, Sugita M, Modlin RL, Peters PJ, Porcelli SA. The tyrosine-containing cytoplasmic tail of CD1b is essential for its efficient presentation of bacterial lipid antigens. Immunity. 1998 Mar; 8(3):341-51. PMID: 9529151.
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    173. Morita Y, Yamamura M, Nishida K, Harada S, Okamoto H, Inoue H, Ohmoto Y, Modlin RL, Makino H. Expression of interleukin-12 in synovial tissue from patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheum. 1998 Feb; 41(2):306-14. PMID: 9485089.
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    174. Gong J, Stenger S, Zack JA, Jones BE, Bristol GC, Modlin RL, Morrissey PJ, Barnes PF. Isolation of mycobacterium-reactive CD1-restricted T cells from patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection. J Clin Invest. 1998 Jan 15; 101(2):383-9. PMID: 9435310.
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    176. Moody DB, Reinhold BB, Guy MR, Beckman EM, Frederique DE, Furlong ST, Ye S, Reinhold VN, Sieling PA, Modlin RL, Besra GS, Porcelli SA. Structural requirements for glycolipid antigen recognition by CD1b-restricted T cells. Science. 1997 Oct 10; 278(5336):283-6. PMID: 9323206.
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    181. Jullien D, Stenger S, Ernst WA, Modlin RL. CD1 presentation of microbial nonpeptide antigens to T cells. J Clin Invest. 1997 May 01; 99(9):2071-4. PMID: 9151777.
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    182. Castle S, Uyemura K, Wong W, Modlin R, Effros R. Evidence of enhanced type 2 immune response and impaired upregulation of a type 1 response in frail elderly nursing home residents. Mech Ageing Dev. 1997 Mar; 94(1-3):7-16. PMID: 9147356.
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    183. Prigozy TI, Sieling PA, Clemens D, Stewart PL, Behar SM, Porcelli SA, Brenner MB, Modlin RL, Kronenberg M. The mannose receptor delivers lipoglycan antigens to endosomes for presentation to T cells by CD1b molecules. Immunity. 1997 Feb; 6(2):187-97. PMID: 9047240.
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    184. Jullien D, Sieling PA, Uyemura K, Mar ND, Rea TH, Modlin RL. IL-15, an immunomodulator of T cell responses in intracellular infection. J Immunol. 1997 Jan 15; 158(2):800-6. PMID: 8992997.
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    185. Libraty DH, Airan LE, Uyemura K, Jullien D, Spellberg B, Rea TH, Modlin RL. Interferon-gamma differentially regulates interleukin-12 and interleukin-10 production in leprosy. J Clin Invest. 1997 Jan 15; 99(2):336-41. PMID: 9006002.
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    186. Beckman EM, Melián A, Behar SM, Sieling PA, Chatterjee D, Furlong ST, Matsumoto R, Rosat JP, Modlin RL, Porcelli SA. CD1c restricts responses of mycobacteria-specific T cells. Evidence for antigen presentation by a second member of the human CD1 family. J Immunol. 1996 Oct 01; 157(7):2795-803. PMID: 8816382.
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    187. Porcelli SA, Morita CT, Modlin RL. T-cell recognition of non-peptide antigens. Curr Opin Immunol. 1996 Aug; 8(4):510-6. PMID: 8794014.
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    188. Jullien D, Brossay L, Sieling PA, Modlin RL, Kronenberg M. CD1: clues on a new antigen-presenting pathway. Res Immunol. 1996 Jun; 147(5):321-8. PMID: 8876060.
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    189. Uyemura K, Demer LL, Castle SC, Jullien D, Berliner JA, Gately MK, Warrier RR, Pham N, Fogelman AM, Modlin RL. Cross-regulatory roles of interleukin (IL)-12 and IL-10 in atherosclerosis. J Clin Invest. 1996 May 01; 97(9):2130-8. PMID: 8621803.
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    190. Gong JH, Zhang M, Modlin RL, Linsley PS, Iyer D, Lin Y, Barnes PF. Interleukin-10 downregulates Mycobacterium tuberculosis-induced Th1 responses and CTLA-4 expression. Infect Immun. 1996 Mar; 64(3):913-8. PMID: 8641800.
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    191. Barnes PF, Modlin RL. Human cellular immune responses to Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol. 1996; 215:197-219. PMID: 8791715.
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    192. Ohmen JD, Modlin RL. Evidence for a superantigen in the pathogenesis of tuberculosis. Springer Semin Immunopathol. 1996; 17(4):375-84. PMID: 8966662.
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    193. Porcelli SA, Modlin RL. CD1 and the expanding universe of T cell antigens. J Immunol. 1995 Oct 15; 155(8):3709-10. PMID: 7561071.
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    194. Huang M, Wang J, Lee P, Sharma S, Mao JT, Meissner H, Uyemura K, Modlin R, Wollman J, Dubinett SM. Human non-small cell lung cancer cells express a type 2 cytokine pattern. Cancer Res. 1995 Sep 01; 55(17):3847-53. PMID: 7641203.
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    195. Modlin RL, Barnes PF. IL12 and the human immune response to mycobacteria. Res Immunol. 1995 Sep-Oct; 146(7-8):526-31. PMID: 8839157.
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    196. Kim J, Modlin RL, Moy RL, Dubinett SM, McHugh T, Nickoloff BJ, Uyemura K. IL-10 production in cutaneous basal and squamous cell carcinomas. A mechanism for evading the local T cell immune response. J Immunol. 1995 Aug 15; 155(4):2240-7. PMID: 7636270.
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    197. Modlin RL. Cytokine responses in leprosy lesions. Nihon Rai Gakkai Zasshi. 1995 Jul; 64(2):85-8. PMID: 7592165.
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    198. Sieling PA, Sakimura L, Uyemura K, Yamamura M, Oliveros J, Nickoloff BJ, Rea TH, Modlin RL. IL-7 in the cell-mediated immune response to a human pathogen. J Immunol. 1995 Mar 15; 154(6):2775-83. PMID: 7876548.
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    199. Battistini L, Selmaj K, Kowal C, Ohmen J, Modlin RL, Raine CS, Brosnan CF. Multiple sclerosis: limited diversity of the V delta 2-J delta 3 T-cell receptor in chronic active lesions. Ann Neurol. 1995 Feb; 37(2):198-203. PMID: 7847861.
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    200. Ohmen JD, Moy RL, Zovich D, Lieberman A, Wyzykowski RJ, Sullivan L, Modlin RL, Uyemura K. Selective accumulation of T cells according to T-cell receptor V beta gene usage in skin cancer. J Invest Dermatol. 1994 Dec; 103(6):751-7. PMID: 7798611.
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    201. Zhang M, Gong J, Iyer DV, Jones BE, Modlin RL, Barnes PF. T cell cytokine responses in persons with tuberculosis and human immunodeficiency virus infection. J Clin Invest. 1994 Dec; 94(6):2435-42. PMID: 7989601.
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    202. Sieling PA, Wang XH, Gately MK, Oliveros JL, McHugh T, Barnes PF, Wolf SF, Golkar L, Yamamura M, Yogi Y, Uyemura K, Rea TH, Modlin RL. IL-12 regulates T helper type 1 cytokine responses in human infectious disease. J Immunol. 1994 Oct 15; 153(8):3639-47. PMID: 7930584.
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    203. Sieling PA, Modlin RL. Cytokine patterns at the site of mycobacterial infection. Immunobiology. 1994 Oct; 191(4-5):378-87. PMID: 7713551.
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    204. Tanaka Y, Sano S, Nieves E, De Libero G, Rosa D, Modlin RL, Brenner MB, Bloom BR, Morita CT. Nonpeptide ligands for human gamma delta T cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1994 Aug 16; 91(17):8175-9. PMID: 8058775.
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    205. Sieling PA, Modlin RL. Regulation of cytokine patterns in leprosy. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1994 Aug 15; 730:42-52. PMID: 7915896.
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    206. Modlin RL. Th1-Th2 paradigm: insights from leprosy. J Invest Dermatol. 1994 Jun; 102(6):828-32. PMID: 8006444.
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    207. Ohmen JD, Barnes PF, Grisso CL, Bloom BR, Modlin RL. Evidence for a superantigen in human tuberculosis. Immunity. 1994 Apr; 1(1):35-43. PMID: 7889397.
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    208. Zhang M, Gately MK, Wang E, Gong J, Wolf SF, Lu S, Modlin RL, Barnes PF. Interleukin 12 at the site of disease in tuberculosis. J Clin Invest. 1994 Apr; 93(4):1733-9. PMID: 7909320.
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    209. Uyemura K, Pirmez C, Sieling PA, Kiene K, Paes-Oliveira M, Modlin RL. CD4+ type 1 and CD8+ type 2 T cell subsets in human leishmaniasis have distinct T cell receptor repertoires. J Immunol. 1993 Dec 15; 151(12):7095-104. PMID: 7903101.
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    210. Wang X, Golkar L, Uyemura K, Ohmen JD, Villahermosa LG, Fajardo TT, Cellona RV, Walsh GP, Modlin RL. T cells bearing V beta 6 T cell receptors in the cell-mediated immune response to Mycobacterium leprae. J Immunol. 1993 Dec 15; 151(12):7105-16. PMID: 8258714.
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    211. Modlin RL, Bloom BR. Immune regulation: learning from leprosy. Hosp Pract (Off Ed). 1993 Nov 15; 28(11):71-4, 77-80, 83-4. PMID: 8227249.
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    212. Uyemura K, Yamamura M, Fivenson DF, Modlin RL, Nickoloff BJ. The cytokine network in lesional and lesion-free psoriatic skin is characterized by a T-helper type 1 cell-mediated response. J Invest Dermatol. 1993 Nov; 101(5):701-5. PMID: 7693825.
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    213. Modlin RL, Nutman TB. Type 2 cytokines and negative immune regulation in human infections. Curr Opin Immunol. 1993 Aug; 5(4):511-7. PMID: 8216926.
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    214. Barnes PF, Lu S, Abrams JS, Wang E, Yamamura M, Modlin RL. Cytokine production at the site of disease in human tuberculosis. Infect Immun. 1993 Aug; 61(8):3482-9. PMID: 8335379.
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    215. Sieling PA, Abrams JS, Yamamura M, Salgame P, Bloom BR, Rea TH, Modlin RL. Immunosuppressive roles for IL-10 and IL-4 in human infection. In vitro modulation of T cell responses in leprosy. J Immunol. 1993 Jun 15; 150(12):5501-10. PMID: 8515073.
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    216. Pirmez C, Yamamura M, Uyemura K, Paes-Oliveira M, Conceição-Silva F, Modlin RL. Cytokine patterns in the pathogenesis of human leishmaniasis. J Clin Invest. 1993 Apr; 91(4):1390-5. PMID: 8473490.
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    217. Cáceres-Dittmar G, Tapia FJ, Sánchez MA, Yamamura M, Uyemura K, Modlin RL, Bloom BR, Convit J. Determination of the cytokine profile in American cutaneous leishmaniasis using the polymerase chain reaction. Clin Exp Immunol. 1993 Mar; 91(3):500-5. PMID: 8443970.
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    218. Yamamura M, Modlin RL, Ohmen JD, Moy RL. Local expression of antiinflammatory cytokines in cancer. J Clin Invest. 1993 Mar; 91(3):1005-10. PMID: 8450029.
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    219. Wang XH, Ohmen JD, Uyemura K, Rea TH, Kronenberg M, Modlin RL. Selection of T lymphocytes bearing limited T-cell receptor beta chains in the response to a human pathogen. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1993 Jan 01; 90(1):188-92. PMID: 8419921.
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    220. Barnes PF, Abrams JS, Lu S, Sieling PA, Rea TH, Modlin RL. Patterns of cytokine production by mycobacterium-reactive human T-cell clones. Infect Immun. 1993 Jan; 61(1):197-203. PMID: 8418042.
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    221. Uyemura K, Ho CT, Ohmen JD, Rea TH, Modlin RL. Selective expansion of V delta 1 + T cells from leprosy skin lesions. J Invest Dermatol. 1992 Dec; 99(6):848-52. PMID: 1469299.
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    222. Uyemura K, Ohmen JD, Grisso CL, Sieling PA, Wyzykowski R, Reisinger DM, Rea TH, Modlin RL. Limited T-cell receptor beta-chain diversity of a T-helper cell type 1-like response to Mycobacterium leprae. Infect Immun. 1992 Nov; 60(11):4542-8. PMID: 1328060.
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    223. Yamamura M, Wang XH, Ohmen JD, Uyemura K, Rea TH, Bloom BR, Modlin RL. Cytokine patterns of immunologically mediated tissue damage. J Immunol. 1992 Aug 15; 149(4):1470-5. PMID: 1500726.
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    224. Barnes PF, Chatterjee D, Abrams JS, Lu S, Wang E, Yamamura M, Brennan PJ, Modlin RL. Cytokine production induced by Mycobacterium tuberculosis lipoarabinomannan. Relationship to chemical structure. J Immunol. 1992 Jul 15; 149(2):541-7. PMID: 1624801.
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    225. Barnes PF, Chatterjee D, Brennan PJ, Rea TH, Modlin RL. Tumor necrosis factor production in patients with leprosy. Infect Immun. 1992 Apr; 60(4):1441-6. PMID: 1548069.
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    226. Barnes PF, Mehra V, Rivoire B, Fong SJ, Brennan PJ, Voegtline MS, Minden P, Houghten RA, Bloom BR, Modlin RL. Immunoreactivity of a 10-kDa antigen of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. J Immunol. 1992 Mar 15; 148(6):1835-40. PMID: 1371791.
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    227. Barnes PF, Grisso CL, Abrams JS, Band H, Rea TH, Modlin RL. Gamma delta T lymphocytes in human tuberculosis. J Infect Dis. 1992 Mar; 165(3):506-12. PMID: 1538155.
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    228. Uyemura K, Klotz J, Pirmez C, Ohmen J, Wang XH, Ho C, Hoffman WL, Modlin RL. Microanatomic clonality of gamma delta T cells in human leishmaniasis lesions. J Immunol. 1992 Feb 15; 148(4):1205-11. PMID: 1531352.
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    229. Sieling PA, Modlin RL. T cell and cytokine patterns in leprosy skin lesions. Springer Semin Immunopathol. 1992; 13(3-4):413-26. PMID: 1411906.
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    230. Modlin RL, Lewis J, Uyemura K, Tigelaar RE. T lymphocytes bearing gamma-delta antigen receptors in skin. Chem Immunol. 1992; 53:61-74. PMID: 1534236.
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    231. Salgame P, Yamamura M, Bloom BR, Modlin RL. Evidence for functional subsets of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in human disease: lymphokine patterns in leprosy. Chem Immunol. 1992; 54:44-59. PMID: 1358110.
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    232. Bloom BR, Modlin RL, Salgame P. Stigma variations: observations on suppressor T cells and leprosy. Annu Rev Immunol. 1992; 10:453-88. PMID: 1534241.
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    233. Panchamoorthy G, McLean J, Modlin RL, Morita CT, Ishikawa S, Brenner MB, Band H. A predominance of the T cell receptor V gamma 2/V delta 2 subset in human mycobacteria-responsive T cells suggests germline gene encoded recognition. J Immunol. 1991 Nov 15; 147(10):3360-9. PMID: 1658147.
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    234. Ohmen JD, Barnes PF, Uyemura K, Lu SZ, Grisso CL, Modlin RL. The T cell receptors of human gamma delta T cells reactive to Mycobacterium tuberculosis are encoded by specific V genes but diverse V-J junctions. J Immunol. 1991 Nov 15; 147(10):3353-9. PMID: 1658146.
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    235. Sullivan L, Sano S, Pirmez C, Salgame P, Mueller C, Hofman F, Uyemura K, Rea TH, Bloom BR, Modlin RL. Expression of adhesion molecules in leprosy lesions. Infect Immun. 1991 Nov; 59(11):4154-60. PMID: 1718871.
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    236. Salgame P, Abrams JS, Clayberger C, Goldstein H, Convit J, Modlin RL, Bloom BR. Differing lymphokine profiles of functional subsets of human CD4 and CD8 T cell clones. Science. 1991 Oct 11; 254(5029):279-82. PMID: 1681588.
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    237. Yamamura M, Uyemura K, Deans RJ, Weinberg K, Rea TH, Bloom BR, Modlin RL. Defining protective responses to pathogens: cytokine profiles in leprosy lesions. Science. 1991 Oct 11; 254(5029):277-9. PMID: 1925582.
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    238. Pope RM, Landay A, Modlin RL, Lessard J, Koch AE. Gamma/delta T cell receptor positive T cells in the inflammatory joint: lack of association with response to soluble antigens. Cell Immunol. 1991 Oct 01; 137(1):127-38. PMID: 1909213.
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    239. Uyemura K, Deans RJ, Band H, Ohmen J, Panchamoorthy G, Morita CT, Rea TH, Modlin RL. Evidence for clonal selection of gamma/delta T cells in response to a human pathogen. J Exp Med. 1991 Sep 01; 174(3):683-92. PMID: 1651977.
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    240. Born WK, O'Brien RL, Modlin RL. Antigen specificity of gamma delta T lymphocytes. FASEB J. 1991 Sep; 5(12):2699-705. PMID: 1717333.
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    241. Rea TH, Modlin RL. Immunopathology of leprosy skin lesions. Semin Dermatol. 1991 Sep; 10(3):188-93. PMID: 1931567.
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    242. Grau GE, Modlin RL. Immune mechanisms in bacterial and parasitic diseases: protective immunity versus pathology. Curr Opin Immunol. 1991 Aug; 3(4):480-5. PMID: 1684508.
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    243. Born WK, Harshan K, Modlin RL, O'Brien RL. The role of gamma delta T lymphocytes in infection. Curr Opin Immunol. 1991 Aug; 3(4):455-9. PMID: 1836730.
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    244. Uyemura K, Band H, Ohmen J, Brenner MB, Rea TH, Modlin RL. Gamma delta T cells in leprosy lesions. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol. 1991; 173:203-7. PMID: 1833144.
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    245. Band H, Porcelli SA, Panchamoorthy G, McLean J, Morita CT, Ishikawa S, Modlin RL, Brenner MB. Antigens and antigen-presenting molecules for gamma delta T cells. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol. 1991; 173:229-34. PMID: 1833148.
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    246. Hershberg R, Eghtesady P, Sydora B, Brorson K, Cheroutre H, Modlin R, Kronenberg M. Expression of the thymus leukemia antigen in mouse intestinal epithelium. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1990 Dec; 87(24):9727-31. PMID: 2263622.
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    247. Pirmez C, Cooper C, Paes-Oliveira M, Schubach A, Torigian VK, Modlin RL. Immunologic responsiveness in American cutaneous leishmaniasis lesions. J Immunol. 1990 Nov 01; 145(9):3100-4. PMID: 1976709.
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    248. Band H, Panchamoorthy G, Mclean J, Morita CT, Ishikawa S, Modlin R, Brenner MB. Recognition of mycobacterial antigens by gamma delta T cells. Res Immunol. 1990 Sep; 141(7):645-51. PMID: 2151351.
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    249. Barnes PF, Fong SJ, Brennan PJ, Twomey PE, Mazumder A, Modlin RL. Local production of tumor necrosis factor and IFN-gamma in tuberculous pleuritis. J Immunol. 1990 Jul 01; 145(1):149-54. PMID: 2113553.
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    250. Mehra V, Modlin RL. T-lymphocytes in leprosy lesions. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol. 1990; 155:97-109. PMID: 2137768.
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    251. Barnes PF, Mehra V, Hirschfield GR, Fong SJ, Abou-Zeid C, Rook GA, Hunter SW, Brennan PJ, Modlin RL. Characterization of T cell antigens associated with the cell wall protein-peptidoglycan complex of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. J Immunol. 1989 Oct 15; 143(8):2656-62. PMID: 2507635.
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    252. Wong L, Salgame P, Torigian VK, Fu TH, Rea TH, Modlin RL. CD2 expression and function in lepromatous leprosy. Infect Immun. 1989 Sep; 57(9):2815-9. PMID: 2474503.
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    253. Adams JS, Modlin RL, Diz MM, Barnes PF. Potentiation of the macrophage 25-hydroxyvitamin D-1-hydroxylation reaction by human tuberculous pleural effusion fluid. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1989 Aug; 69(2):457-60. PMID: 2502557.
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    254. Modlin RL, Pirmez C, Hofman FM, Torigian V, Uyemura K, Rea TH, Bloom BR, Brenner MB. Lymphocytes bearing antigen-specific gamma delta T-cell receptors accumulate in human infectious disease lesions. Nature. 1989 Jun 15; 339(6225):544-8. PMID: 2471938.
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    255. Cooper CL, Mueller C, Sinchaisri TA, Pirmez C, Chan J, Kaplan G, Young SM, Weissman IL, Bloom BR, Rea TH, Modlin RL. Analysis of naturally occurring delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions in leprosy by in situ hybridization. J Exp Med. 1989 May 01; 169(5):1565-81. PMID: 2523952.
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    256. Barnes PF, Modlin RL, Bikle DD, Adams JS. Transpleural gradient of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D in tuberculous pleuritis. J Clin Invest. 1989 May; 83(5):1527-32. PMID: 2540219.
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    257. Hunter SW, McNeil M, Modlin RL, Mehra V, Bloom BR, Brennan PJ. Isolation and characterization of the highly immunogenic cell wall-associated protein of Mycobacterium leprae. J Immunol. 1989 Apr 15; 142(8):2864-72. PMID: 2649561.
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    258. Barnes PF, Mistry SD, Cooper CL, Pirmez C, Rea TH, Modlin RL. Compartmentalization of a CD4+ T lymphocyte subpopulation in tuberculous pleuritis. J Immunol. 1989 Feb 15; 142(4):1114-9. PMID: 2464638.
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    259. Rea TH, Modlin RL. Leprosy. Immunol Ser. 1989; 46:723-45. PMID: 2488876.
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    260. Bloom BR, Salgame P, Mehra V, Kato H, Modlin R, Rea T, Brennan P, Convit J, Lugozi L, Snapper S, et al. Vaccine development. On relating immunology to the Third World: some studies on leprosy. Immunol Suppl. 1989; 2:87-9; discussion 91-2. PMID: 2680926.
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    261. Salgame P, Modlin R, Bloom BR. On the mechanism of human T cell suppression. Int Immunol. 1989; 1(2):121-9. PMID: 2535060.
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    262. Ellner JJ, Barnes PF, Wallis RS, Modlin RL. The immunology of tuberculous pleurisy. Semin Respir Infect. 1988 Dec; 3(4):335-42. PMID: 2463656.
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    263. Barnes PF, Leedom JM, Chan LS, Wong SF, Shah J, Vachon LA, Overturf GD, Modlin RL. Predictors of short-term prognosis in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. J Infect Dis. 1988 Aug; 158(2):366-71. PMID: 3403993.
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    264. Melancon-Kaplan J, Hunter SW, McNeil M, Stewart C, Modlin RL, Rea TH, Convit J, Salgame P, Mehra V, Bloom BR, et al. Immunological significance of Mycobacterium leprae cell walls. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1988 Mar; 85(6):1917-21. PMID: 3279420.
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    265. Modlin RL, Melancon-Kaplan J, Young SM, Pirmez C, Kino H, Convit J, Rea TH, Bloom BR. Learning from lesions: patterns of tissue inflammation in leprosy. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1988 Feb; 85(4):1213-7. PMID: 3257577.
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    266. Bloom BR, Mehra V, Melancon-Kaplan J, Castes M, Convit J, Brennan PJ, Rea TH, Modlin RL. Mechanisms of immunological unresponsiveness in the spectra of leprosy and leishmaniasis. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1988; 239:263-78. PMID: 3059769.
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    267. Modlin RL, Rea TH. Immunopathology of leprosy granulomas. Springer Semin Immunopathol. 1988; 10(4):359-74. PMID: 3065952.
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    268. Modlin RL, Brenner MB, Krangel MS, Duby AD, Bloom BR. T-cell receptors of human suppressor cells. Nature. 1987 Oct 8-14; 329(6139):541-5. PMID: 2958712.
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    269. Shen JY, Hofman FM, Gunter JR, Modlin RL, Rea TH. In situ identification of activated Ta1+ T lymphocytes in human leprosy skin lesions. Int J Lepr Other Mycobact Dis. 1987 Sep; 55(3):494-8. PMID: 2443587.
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    270. Modlin RL, Rea TH. Leprosy: new insight into an ancient disease. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1987 Jul; 17(1):1-13. PMID: 2956292.
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    271. Fullmer MA, Shen JY, Modlin RL, Rea TH. Immunohistological evidence of lymphokine production and lymphocyte activation antigens in tuberculin reactions. Clin Exp Immunol. 1987 Feb; 67(2):383-90. PMID: 3038437.
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    272. Nelson EE, Wong L, Uyemura K, Rea TH, Modlin RL. Lepromin-induced suppressor cells in lepromatous leprosy. Cell Immunol. 1987 Jan; 104(1):99-104. PMID: 2948676.
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    273. Uyemura K, Dixon JF, Wong L, Rea TH, Modlin RL. Effect of cyclosporine A in erythema nodosum leprosum. J Immunol. 1986 Dec 01; 137(11):3620-3. PMID: 2946765.
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    274. Modlin RL, Gersuk GM, Nelson EE, Pattengale PK, Gunter JR, Chen L, Cooper CL, Bloom BR, Rea TH. T-lymphocyte clones from leprosy skin lesions. Lepr Rev. 1986 Dec; 57 Suppl 2:143-7. PMID: 2952855.
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    275. Modlin RL, Mehra V, Wong L, Fujimiya Y, Chang WC, Horwitz DA, Bloom BR, Rea TH, Pattengale PK. Suppressor T lymphocytes from lepromatous leprosy skin lesions. J Immunol. 1986 Nov 01; 137(9):2831-4. PMID: 2944966.
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    276. Rea TH, Shen JY, Modlin RL. Epidermal keratinocyte Ia expression, Langerhans cell hyperplasia and lymphocytic infiltration in skin lesions of leprosy. Clin Exp Immunol. 1986 Aug; 65(2):253-9. PMID: 2431817.
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    277. Modlin RL, Ormerod LD, Walsh GP, Rea TH, Meyers WM, Binford CH, Martin LN, Wolf RH, Gormus BJ. In situ characterization of T lymphocyte subpopulations in leprosy in the mangabey monkey. Clin Exp Immunol. 1986 Aug; 65(2):260-4. PMID: 3491704.
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    278. Modlin RL, Kato H, Mehra V, Nelson EE, Fan XD, Rea TH, Pattengale PK, Bloom BR. Genetically restricted suppressor T-cell clones derived from lepromatous leprosy lesions. Nature. 1986 Jul 31-Aug 6; 322(6078):459-61. PMID: 2942780.
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    279. Imam A, Mitchell MS, Modlin RL, Taylor CR, Kempf RA, Kan-Mitchell J. Human monoclonal antibodies that distinguish cutaneous malignant melanomas from benign nevi in fixed tissue sections. J Invest Dermatol. 1986 Feb; 86(2):145-8. PMID: 3528308.
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    280. Modlin RL, Mehra V, Jordan R, Bloom BR, Rea TH. In situ and in vitro characterization of the cellular immune response in erythema nodosum leprosum. J Immunol. 1986 Feb 01; 136(3):883-6. PMID: 2416837.
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    281. Lynch NR, Malavé C, Ifante RB, Modlin RL, Convit J. In situ detection of amastigotes in American cutaneous leishmaniasis, using monoclonal antibodies. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1986; 80(1):6-9. PMID: 3523865.
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    282. Dugan E, Modlin RL, Rea TH. An in situ immunohistological study of Mitsuda reactions. Int J Lepr Other Mycobact Dis. 1985 Sep; 53(3):404-9. PMID: 3900247.
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    283. Meyer PR, Ormerod LD, Osborn KG, Lowenstine LJ, Hendrickson RV, Modlin RL, Smith RE, Gardner MB, Taylor CR. An immunopathologic evaluation of lymph nodes from monkey and man with acquired immune deficiency syndrome and related conditions. Hematol Oncol. 1985 Jul-Sep; 3(3):199-210. PMID: 4043931.
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    284. Hofman FM, Modlin RL, Bhoopat L, Taylor CR. Distribution of cells bearing the Tac antigen during ontogeny of human lymphoid tissue. J Immunol. 1985 Jun; 134(6):3751-5. PMID: 2985695.
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    285. Modlin RL, Tapia FJ, Bloom BR, Gallinoto ME, Castes M, Rondon AJ, Rea TH, Convit J. In situ characterization of the cellular immune response in American cutaneous leishmaniasis. Clin Exp Immunol. 1985 May; 60(2):241-8. PMID: 3159527.
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    286. Modlin RL, Segal GP, Hofman FM, Walley MS, Johnson RH, Taylor CR, Rea TH. In situ localization of T lymphocytes in disseminated coccidioidomycosis. J Infect Dis. 1985 Feb; 151(2):314-9. PMID: 3155781.
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    287. Modlin RL, Bakke AC, Vaccaro SA, Horwitz DA, Taylor CR, Rea TH. Tissue and blood T-lymphocyte subpopulations in erythema nodosum leprosum. Arch Dermatol. 1985 Feb; 121(2):216-9. PMID: 3156560.
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    288. Modlin RL, Hofman FM, Sharma OP, Gottlieb B, Taylor CR, Rea TH. Demonstration in situ of subsets of T-lymphocytes in sarcoidosis. Am J Dermatopathol. 1984 Oct; 6(5):423-7. PMID: 6239559.
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    289. Modlin RL, Rowden G, Taylor CR, Rea TH. Comparison of S-100 and OKT6 antisera in human skin. J Invest Dermatol. 1984 Sep; 83(3):206-9. PMID: 6381607.
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    290. Rea TH, Bakke AC, Parker JW, Modlin RL, Horwitz DA. Peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets in leprosy. Int J Lepr Other Mycobact Dis. 1984 Sep; 52(3):311-7. PMID: 6332790.
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    291. Modlin RL, Horwitz DA, Jordan RR, Gebhard JF, Taylor CR, Rea TH. Immunopathologic demonstration of T lymphocyte subpopulations and interleukin 2 in granuloma annulare. Pediatr Dermatol. 1984 Jul; 2(1):26-32. PMID: 6438616.
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    292. Modlin RL, Hofman FM, Horwitz DA, Husmann LA, Gillis S, Taylor CR, Rea TH. In situ identification of cells in human leprosy granulomas with monoclonal antibodies to interleukin 2 and its receptor. J Immunol. 1984 Jun; 132(6):3085-90. PMID: 6327818.
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    293. Modlin RL, Vaccaro SA, Gottlieb B, Gebhard JF, Linden CE, Forni M, Meyer PR, Taylor CR, Rea TH. Granuloma annulare. Identification of cells in the cutaneous infiltrate by immunoperoxidase techniques. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 1984 May; 108(5):379-82. PMID: 6370193.
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    294. Modlin RL, Kempf RA, Mitchell MS, Taylor CR, Davis CR, Rea TH. Kaposi's sarcoma and autoimmune thrombocytopenia. Cancer Invest. 1984; 2(2):97-101. PMID: 6428708.
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    295. Modlin RL, Gottlieb B, Taylor C, Rea TH. Identification of cells lining pseudovascular spaces of benign pigmented nevi. Am J Dermatopathol. 1984; 6 Suppl:25-9. PMID: 6084957.
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    296. Modlin RL, Crissey JT, Rea TH. Kaposi's sarcoma. Int J Dermatol. 1983 Oct; 22(8):443-8. PMID: 6315608.
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    297. Modlin RL, Hofman FM, Meyer PR, Vaccaro SA, Ammann AJ, Conant MA, Rea TH, Taylor CR. Altered distribution of B and T lymphocytes in lymph-nodes from homosexual men with Kaposi's sarcoma. Lancet. 1983 Oct 01; 2(8353):768-71. PMID: 6137604.
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    298. Modlin RL, Meyer PR, Hofman FM, Mehlmauer M, Levy NB, Lukes RJ, Parker JW, Ammann AJ, Conant MA, Rea TH, Taylor CR. T-lymphocyte subsets in lymph nodes from homosexual men. JAMA. 1983 Sep 09; 250(10):1302-5. PMID: 6224027.
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    299. Meyer PR, Modlin RL, Powars D, Ewing N, Parker JW, Taylor CR. Altered distribution of T-lymphocyte subpopulations in lymph nodes from patients with acquired immunodeficiency-like syndrome and hemophilia. J Pediatr. 1983 Sep; 103(3):407-10. PMID: 6411884.
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    300. Modlin RL, Gebhard JF, Taylor CR, Rea TH. In situ characterization of T lymphocyte subsets in the reactional states of leprosy. Clin Exp Immunol. 1983 Jul; 53(1):17-24. PMID: 6223731.
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    301. Modlin RL. Dermatology-Important Advances in Clinical Medicine: Kaposi's Sarcoma: Current Trends. West J Med. 1983 Jun; 138(6):862-3. PMID: 18749381.
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    302. Taylor CR, Hofman FM, Modlin RL, Rea TH. Immunoperoxidase techniques applied to dermatopathology. J Cutan Pathol. 1983 Jun; 10(3):145-63. PMID: 6345613.
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    303. Modlin RL, Hofman FM, Kempf RA, Taylor CR, Conant MA, Rea TH. Kaposi's sarcoma in homosexual men: an immunohistochemical study. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1983 May; 8(5):620-7. PMID: 6408146.
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    304. Hofman FM, Meyer PR, Yanagihara E, Modlin RL, Rea TH, Parker JW, Lukes RJ, Taylor CR. Demonstration of a subpopulation of Ia+ T-helper cells in mycosis fungoides and the Sézary syndrome. Am J Dermatopathol. 1983 Apr; 5(2):135-43. PMID: 6224436.
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    305. Modlin RL, Hofman FM, Meyer PR, Sharma OP, Taylor CR, Rea TH. In situ demonstration of T lymphocyte subsets in granulomatous inflammation: leprosy, rhinoscleroma and sarcoidosis. Clin Exp Immunol. 1983 Mar; 51(3):430-8. PMID: 6221839.
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    306. Modlin RL, Hofman FM, Taylor CR, Rea TH. T lymphocyte subsets in the skin lesions of patients with leprosy. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1983 Feb; 8(2):182-9. PMID: 6219136.
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    307. Modlin RL, Hofman FM, Taylor CR, Rea TH. In situ characterization of T lymphocyte subsets in leprosy granulomas. Int J Lepr Other Mycobact Dis. 1982 Sep; 50(3):361-2. PMID: 6982876.
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    308. Gafni A, Modlin RL, Brand L. Analysis of fluorescence decay curves by means of the Laplace transformation. Biophys J. 1975 Mar; 15(3):263-80. PMID: 1122338.
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