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Professor Gabriel Anabwani

TitleConsultant Paediatrician
InstitutionPrincess Marina Hospital
DepartmentPaediatrics
AddressGaborone
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    Born in colonial Kenya in 1948, Dr Gabriel Anabwani - a trained paediatrician, paediatric cardiologist and clinical epidemiologist - has been involved in clinical and academic paediatrics and child health in Africa for over four decades. Since relocating from Kenya to Botswana in 1997 he has been immersed in HIV/AIDS work and was instrumental in the formulation and implementation of Botswana’s HIV Treatment and PMCT Guidelines, the first on the African continent. He served as Chair to the National HIV Treatment Guidelines Committee for ten years from 1997; and since 2003, has served as founding Executive Director of the Botswana-Baylor Children’s Clinical Centre of Excellence (BBCCCOE) and as Professor of Pediatrics at Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA. Under his leadership, the COE has received several national and international awards and recognitions in the field of HIV care, treatment and support: the Mama Africa Award (2007) for making a significant contributing towards innovative partnerships; the Vision 2016 Award (in 2010) for making a significant contribution towards achieving the goal of a compassionate and caring nation. Two COE innovations, In-reach (March 2010) and Teen-Club (Sep 2010), have been listed on the USAIDS AIDSTAR-One website as best practices. He also serves on a number of national, regional and international technical committees and boards. He has authored or co-authored over 55 articles in peer reviewed journals and published several book chapters and manuals. He is the recipient of several awards including Outstanding Contribution to HIV Medicine in Botswana (2009); IAS/Coalition for Children Affected by AIDS Prize for Excellence in Research Related to the Needs of Children Affected by AIDS (2012); and the Texas Children’s Hospital International Recognition Award for tireless compassionate dedication for building a global community of healthy children and educating health professionals throughout the world. Dr Anabwani is actively involved in clinical research and is currently Principal Investigator of a number of studies including the NIH-funded Collaborative African Genomics Network (CAfGEN). He is a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh


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    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Okatch H, Beiter K, Eby J, Chapman J, Marukutira T, Tshume O, Matshaba M, Anabwani GM, Gross R, Lowenthal E. Brief Report: Apparent Antiretroviral Overadherence by Pill Count is Associated With HIV Treatment Failure in Adolescents. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 Aug 15; 72(5):542-545. PMID: 26990822; PMCID: PMC4942380 [Available on 08/15/17].
    2. Lowenthal ED, Marukutira T, Tshume O, Chapman J, Anabwani GM, Gross R. Prediction of HIV Virologic Failure Among Adolescents Using the Pediatric Symptom Checklist. AIDS Behav. 2015 Nov; 19(11):2044-8. PMID: 25855047; PMCID: PMC4600009 [Available on 11/01/16].
    3. Lowenthal ED, Marukutira TC, Chapman J, Mokete K, Riva K, Tshume O, Eby J, Matshaba M, Anabwani GM, Gross R, Glanz K. Psychosocial assessments for HIV+ African adolescents: establishing construct validity and exploring under-appreciated correlates of adherence. PLoS One. 2014; 9(10):e109302. PMID: 25279938; PMCID: PMC4184864.
    4. Mendoza JA, Matshaba M, Makhanda J, Liu Y, Boitshwarelo M, Anabwani GM. Food insecurity and CD4% Among HIV+ children in Gaborone, Botswana. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2014 Aug 01; 66(4):414-8. PMID: 24798763; PMCID: PMC4205044.
    5. Joel DR, Mabikwa V, Makhanda J, Tolle MA, Anabwani GM, Ahmed SF. The prevalence and determinants of short stature in HIV-infected children. J Int Assoc Provid AIDS Care. 2014 Nov-Dec; 13(6):529-33. PMID: 24752886.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Joel DR, Steenhoff AP, Mullan PC, Phelps BR, Tolle MA, Ho-Foster A, Mabikwa V, Kgathi BG, Ncube R, Anabwani GM. Diagnosis of paediatric tuberculosis using sputum induction in Botswana: programme description and findings. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2014 Mar; 18(3):328-34. PMID: 24670571.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Macleod SM, Finch JK, Macharia WM, Anabwani GM. Better drug therapy for the children of Africa: current impediments to success and potential strategies for improvement. Paediatr Drugs. 2013 Aug; 15(4):259-69. PMID: 23580345.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Monyatsi G, Mullan PC, Phelps BR, Tolle MA, Machine EM, Gennari FF, Makosky J, Anabwani GM. HIV management by nurse prescribers compared with doctors at a paediatric centre in Gaborone, Botswana. S Afr Med J. 2011 Dec 14; 102(1):34-7. PMID: 22273135; PMCID: PMC3674816.
    9. Anabwani GM, Woldetsadik EA, Kline MW. Treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in children using antiretroviral drugs. Semin Pediatr Infect Dis. 2005 Apr; 16(2):116-24. PMID: 15825142.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Anabwani GM, Book W, Bonhoeffer P. Echocardiographic findings in Eldoret: retrospective study. East Afr Med J. 1996 Nov; 73(11):714-6. PMID: 8997859.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Esamai F, Anabwani GM. Prevalence of asthma, allergic rhinitis and dermatitis in primary school children in Uasin Gishu district, Kenya. East Afr Med J. 1996 Jul; 73(7):474-8. PMID: 8918014.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Anabwani GM, Mpanju-Shumbusho WF. Community health assessment index content and face validation studies. East Afr Med J. 1996 May; 73(5):330-2. PMID: 8756039.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Anabwani GM. Heart disease in Africa: what is known? East Afr Med J. 1996 Apr; 73(4):213-4. PMID: 8706600.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Anabwani GM, Bonhoeffer P. Prevalence of heart disease in school children in rural Kenya using colour-flow echocardiography. East Afr Med J. 1996 Apr; 73(4):215-7. PMID: 8706601.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Anabwani GM, Esamai FO, Menya DA. A randomised controlled trial to assess the relative efficacy of chloroquine, amodiaquine, halofantrine and Fansidar in the treatment of uncomplicated malaria in children. East Afr Med J. 1996 Mar; 73(3):155-8. PMID: 8698011.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Macharia WM, Anabwani GM, Owili DM. Clinical presentation of atopic dermatitis in Negroid children. Afr J Med Med Sci. 1993 Dec; 22(4):41-4. PMID: 7839928.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Dimiti AI, Anabwani GM. Anthropometric measurements in children with congenital heart disease at Kenyatta National Hospital (1985-1986). East Afr Med J. 1991 Oct; 68(10):757-64. PMID: 1813300.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Macharia WM, Anabwani GM, Owili DM. Effects of skin contactants on evolution of atopic dermatitis in children: a case control study. Trop Doct. 1991 Jul; 21(3):104-6. PMID: 1926547.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Anabwani GM, Amoa AB, Muita AK. Epidemiology of rheumatic heart disease among primary school children in western Kenya. Int J Cardiol. 1989 May; 23(2):249-52. PMID: 2785973.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Kahare AM, Anabwani GM, Mugambi M. Valvular heart disease as seen at cardiac catheterisation in Kenyatta National Hospital: a retrospective study. East Afr Med J. 1986 Dec; 63(12):803-6. PMID: 3503002.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Anabwani GM, Kinoti SN, Gatheru Z, Mirza N, Macharia W. Acrodermatitis enteropathica: case report and review of the literature. East Afr Med J. 1985 Dec; 62(12):900-4. PMID: 3835070.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Anabwani GM, Ngira JA, Dimiti G, Bryceson AD. Comparison of two dosage schedules of sodium stibogluconate in the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis in Kenya. Lancet. 1983 Jan 29; 1(8318):210-3. PMID: 6130246.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Anabwani GM, Bryceson AD. Visceral leishmaniasis in Kenyan children. Indian Pediatr. 1982 Oct; 19(10):819-22. PMID: 6298111.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Anabwani GM. Idiopathic gangrene in Nairobi children. East Afr Med J. 1974 Jul; 51(7):547-50. PMID: 4434875.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Wasunna AE, Wakhisi J, Anabwani GM, Mukuria JW, Roy AD. Experience with gastric acid tests. East Afr Med J. 1973 Aug; 50(8):444-8. PMID: 4761216.
      View in: PubMed
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