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Professor Stephen Squire

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Banda HT, Mortimer K, Bello GA, Mbera GB, Namakhoma I, Thomson R, Nyirenda MJ, Faragher B, Madan J, Malmborg R, Stenberg B, Mpunga J, Mwagomba B, Gama E, Piddock K, Squire SB. Informal Health Provider and Practical Approach to Lung Health interventions to improve the detection of chronic airways disease and tuberculosis at primary care level in Malawi: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials. 2015 Dec 17; 16:576. PMID: 26679768; PMCID: PMC4683704.
    2. Madan J, Lönnroth K, Laokri S, Squire SB. What can dissaving tell us about catastrophic costs? Linear and logistic regression analysis of the relationship between patient costs and financial coping strategies adopted by tuberculosis patients in Bangladesh, Tanzania and Bangalore, India. BMC Health Serv Res. 2015 Oct 22; 15:476. PMID: 26493155; PMCID: PMC4618866.
    3. Langley I, Squire SB, Dacombe R, Madan J, Lapa e Silva JR, Barreira D, Galliez R, Oliveira MM, Fujiwara PI, Kritski A. Developments in Impact Assessment of New Diagnostic Algorithms for Tuberculosis Control. Clin Infect Dis. 2015 Oct 15; 61Suppl 3:S126-34. PMID: 26409273.
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    4. du Toit E, Squire SB, Dunbar R, Machekano R, Madan J, Beyers N, Naidoo P. Comparing multidrug-resistant tuberculosis patient costs under molecular diagnostic algorithms in South Africa. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2015 Aug; 19(8):960-8. PMID: 26162363.
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    5. Moreira Ada S, Huf G, Vieira MA, Costa PA, Aguiar F, Marsico AG, Fonseca Lde S, Ricks M, Oliveira MM, Detjen A, Fujiwara PI, Squire SB, Kritski AL. Liquid vs Solid Culture Medium to Evaluate Proportion and Time to Change in Management of Suspects of Tuberculosis-A Pragmatic Randomized Trial in Secondary and Tertiary Health Care Units in Brazil. PLoS One. 2015; 10(6):e0127588. PMID: 26046532; PMCID: PMC4457845.
    6. Langley I, Lin HH, Squire SB. Cost-effectiveness of Xpert MTB/RIF and investing in health care in Africa. Lancet Glob Health. 2015 Feb; 3(2):e83-4. PMID: 25617201.
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    7. Gama E, Madan J, Banda H, Squire B, Thomson R, Namakhoma I. Economic evaluation of the practical approach to lung health and informal provider interventions for improving the detection of tuberculosis and chronic airways disease at primary care level in Malawi: study protocol for cost-effectiveness analysis. Implement Sci. 2015 Jan 08; 10:1. PMID: 25567289; PMCID: PMC4302070.
    8. Langley I, Lin HH, Egwaga S, Doulla B, Ku CC, Murray M, Cohen T, Squire SB. Assessment of the patient, health system, and population effects of Xpert MTB/RIF and alternative diagnostics for tuberculosis in Tanzania: an integrated modelling approach. Lancet Glob Health. 2014 Oct; 2(10):e581-91. PMID: 25304634.
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    9. Abouyannis M, Dacombe R, Dambe I, Mpunga J, Faragher B, Gausi F, Ndhlovu H, Kachiza C, Suarez P, Mundy C, Banda HT, Nyasulu I, Squire SB. Drug resistance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Malawi: a cross-sectional survey. Bull World Health Organ. 2014 Nov 01; 92(11):798-806. PMID: 25378741; PMCID: PMC4221759.
    10. Dowdy DW, Houben R, Cohen T, Pai M, Cobelens F, Vassall A, Menzies NA, Gomez GB, Langley I, Squire SB, White R. Impact and cost-effectiveness of current and future tuberculosis diagnostics: the contribution of modelling. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2014 Sep; 18(9):1012-8. PMID: 25189546; PMCID: PMC4436823.
    11. Naidoo P, du Toit E, Dunbar R, Lombard C, Caldwell J, Detjen A, Squire SB, Enarson DA, Beyers N. A comparison of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis treatment commencement times in MDRTBPlus line probe assay and Xpert® MTB/RIF-based algorithms in a routine operational setting in Cape Town. PLoS One. 2014; 9(7):e103328. PMID: 25079599; PMCID: PMC4117508.
    12. Langley I, Adams E, Doulla B, Squire SB. Operational modelling to guide implementation and scale-up of diagnostic tests within the health system: exploring opportunities for parasitic disease diagnostics based on example application for tuberculosis. Parasitology. 2014 Dec; 141(14):1795-802. PMID: 25035934.
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    13. MacPherson P, Lalloo DG, Webb EL, Maheswaran H, Choko AT, Makombe SD, Butterworth AE, van Oosterhout JJ, Desmond N, Thindwa D, Squire SB, Hayes RJ, Corbett EL. Effect of optional home initiation of HIV care following HIV self-testing on antiretroviral therapy initiation among adults in Malawi: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2014 Jul 23-30; 312(4):372-9. PMID: 25038356; PMCID: PMC4118051.
    14. Gospodarevskaya E, Tulloch O, Bunga C, Ferdous S, Jonas A, Islam S, Rahman M, Hussain MA, Haque MN, Egwaga S, Gardiner E, PrayGod G, Islam MA, Mann GH, Wells WA, Squire SB. Patient costs during tuberculosis treatment in Bangladesh and Tanzania: the potential of shorter regimens. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2014 Jul; 18(7):810-7. PMID: 24902557.
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    15. Munthali C, Taegtmeyer M, Garner PG, Lalloo DG, Squire SB, Corbett EL, Ford N, MacPherson P. Diagnostic accuracy of the WHO clinical staging system for defining eligibility for ART in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Int AIDS Soc. 2014; 17:18932. PMID: 24929097; PMCID: PMC4057784.
    16. Parris V, Michie K, Andrews T, Nsutebu EF, Squire SB, Miller AR, Beadsworth MB. Schistosomiasis japonicum diagnosed on liver biopsy in a patient with hepatitis B co-infection: a case report. J Med Case Rep. 2014 Feb 12; 8:45. PMID: 24521427; PMCID: PMC3930008.
    17. Macpherson P, Lalloo DG, Thindwa D, Webb EL, Squire SB, Chipungu GA, Desmond N, Makombe SD, Taegtmeyer M, Choko AT, Corbett EL. A novel community health worker tool outperforms WHO clinical staging for assessment of antiretroviral therapy eligibility in a resource-limited setting. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2014 Feb 01; 65(2):e74-8. PMID: 23846567; PMCID: PMC3966510.
    18. Theron G, Peter J, Dowdy D, Langley I, Squire SB, Dheda K. Do high rates of empirical treatment undermine the potential effect of new diagnostic tests for tuberculosis in high-burden settings? Lancet Infect Dis. 2014 Jun; 14(6):527-32. PMID: 24438820.
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    19. Waitt CJ, Joekes EC, Jesudason N, Waitt PI, Goodson P, Likumbo G, Kampondeni S, Faragher EB, Squire SB. The effect of a tuberculosis chest X-ray image reference set on non-expert reader performance. Eur Radiol. 2013 Sep; 23(9):2459-68. PMID: 23652843; PMCID: PMC3738845.
    20. MacPherson P, Corbett EL, Makombe SD, van Oosterhout JJ, Manda E, Choko AT, Thindwa D, Squire SB, Mann GH, Lalloo DG. Determinants and consequences of failure of linkage to antiretroviral therapy at primary care level in Blantyre, Malawi: a prospective cohort study. PLoS One. 2012; 7(9):e44794. PMID: 22984560; PMCID: PMC3439373.
    21. Ntinginya EN, Squire SB, Millington KA, Mtafya B, Saathoff E, Heinrich N, Rojas-Ponce G, Kowuor D, Maboko L, Reither K, Clowes P, Hoelscher M, Rachow A. Performance of the Xpert® MTB/RIF assay in an active case-finding strategy: a pilot study from Tanzania. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2012 Nov; 16(11):1468-70. PMID: 22964006.
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    22. Simwaka BN, Theobald S, Willets A, Salaniponi FM, Nkhonjera P, Bello G, Squire SB. Acceptability and effectiveness of the storekeeper-based TB referral system for TB suspects in sub-districts of Lilongwe in Malawi. PLoS One. 2012; 7(9):e39746. PMID: 22962575; PMCID: PMC3433456.
    23. Zumla A, Abubakar I, Raviglione M, Hoelscher M, Ditiu L, McHugh TD, Squire SB, Cox H, Ford N, McNerney R, Marais B, Grobusch M, Lawn SD, Migliori GB, Mwaba P, O'Grady J, Pletschette M, Ramsay A, Chakaya J, Schito M, Swaminathan S, Memish Z, Maeurer M, Atun R. Drug-resistant tuberculosis--current dilemmas, unanswered questions, challenges, and priority needs. J Infect Dis. 2012 May 15; 205 Suppl 2:S228-40. PMID: 22476720.
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    24. Cobelens F, van den Hof S, Pai M, Squire SB, Ramsay A, Kimerling ME. Which new diagnostics for tuberculosis, and when? J Infect Dis. 2012 May 15; 205 Suppl 2:S191-8. PMID: 22476716.
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    25. Abubakar I, Stagg HR, Cohen T, Mangtani P, Rodrigues LC, Pimpin L, Watson JM, Squire SB, Zumla A. Controversies and unresolved issues in tuberculosis prevention and control: a low-burden-country perspective. J Infect Dis. 2012 May 15; 205 Suppl 2:S293-300. PMID: 22448025.
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    26. MacPherson P, Lalloo DG, Choko AT, Mann GH, Squire SB, Mwale D, Manda E, Makombe SD, Desmond N, Heyderman R, Corbett EL. Suboptimal patterns of provider initiated HIV testing and counselling, antiretroviral therapy eligibility assessment and referral in primary health clinic attendees in Blantyre, Malawi. Trop Med Int Health. 2012 Apr; 17(4):507-17. PMID: 22296187; PMCID: PMC3378506.
    27. Alavi-Naini R, Cuevas LE, Squire SB, Mohammadi M, Davoudikia AA. Clinical and laboratory diagnosis of the patients with sputum smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis. Arch Iran Med. 2012 Jan; 15(1):22-6. PMID: 22208439.
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    28. Malmborg R, Mann G, Squire SB. A systematic assessment of the concept and practice of public-private mix for tuberculosis care and control. Int J Equity Health. 2011 Nov 10; 10:49. PMID: 22074377; PMCID: PMC3238294.
    29. Choko AT, Desmond N, Webb EL, Chavula K, Napierala-Mavedzenge S, Gaydos CA, Makombe SD, Chunda T, Squire SB, French N, Mwapasa V, Corbett EL. The uptake and accuracy of oral kits for HIV self-testing in high HIV prevalence setting: a cross-sectional feasibility study in Blantyre, Malawi. PLoS Med. 2011 Oct; 8(10):e1001102. PMID: 21990966; PMCID: PMC3186813.
    30. Lin HH, Langley I, Mwenda R, Doulla B, Egwaga S, Millington KA, Mann GH, Murray M, Squire SB, Cohen T. A modelling framework to support the selection and implementation of new tuberculosis diagnostic tools. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2011 Aug; 15(8):996-1004. PMID: 21740663.
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    31. Waitt CJ, Peter K Banda N, White SA, Kampmann B, Kumwenda J, Heyderman RS, Pirmohamed M, Squire SB. Early deaths during tuberculosis treatment are associated with depressed innate responses, bacterial infection, and tuberculosis progression. J Infect Dis. 2011 Aug 01; 204(3):358-62. PMID: 21742833; PMCID: PMC3132140.
    32. Cuevas LE, Yassin MA, Al-Sonboli N, Lawson L, Arbide I, Al-Aghbari N, Sherchand JB, Al-Absi A, Emenyonu EN, Merid Y, Okobi MI, Onuoha JO, Aschalew M, Aseffa A, Harper G, de Cuevas RM, Kremer K, van Soolingen D, Nathanson CM, Joly J, Faragher B, Squire SB, Ramsay A. A multi-country non-inferiority cluster randomized trial of frontloaded smear microscopy for the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis. PLoS Med. 2011 Jul; 8(7):e1000443. PMID: 21765808; PMCID: PMC3134460.
    33. Cuevas LE, Al-Sonboli N, Lawson L, Yassin MA, Arbide I, Al-Aghbari N, Sherchand JB, Al-Absi A, Emenyonu EN, Merid Y, Okobi MI, Onuoha JO, Aschalew M, Aseffa A, Harper G, de Cuevas RM, Theobald SJ, Nathanson CM, Joly J, Faragher B, Squire SB, Ramsay A. LED fluorescence microscopy for the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis: a multi-country cross-sectional evaluation. PLoS Med. 2011 Jul; 8(7):e1001057. PMID: 21765809; PMCID: PMC3134458.
    34. Squire SB, Ramsay AR, van den Hof S, Millington KA, Langley I, Bello G, Kritski A, Detjen A, Thomson R, Cobelens F, Mann GH. Making innovations accessible to the poor through implementation research. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2011 Jul; 15(7):862-70. PMID: 21682960.
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    35. Mann GH, Thomson R, Jin C, Phiri M, Vater MC, Sinanovic E, Squire SB. The role of health economics research in implementation research for health systems strengthening. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2011 Jun; 15(6):715-21. PMID: 21575290.
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    36. Waitt CJ, Squire SB. A systematic review of risk factors for death in adults during and after tuberculosis treatment. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2011 Jul; 15(7):871-85. PMID: 21496360.
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    37. Bates I, Taegtmeyer M, Squire SB, Ansong D, Nhlema-Simwaka B, Baba A, Theobald S. Indicators of sustainable capacity building for health research: analysis of four African case studies. Health Res Policy Syst. 2011 Mar 28; 9:14. PMID: 21443780; PMCID: PMC3078899.
    38. Mann G, Squire SB, Bissell K, Eliseev P, Du Toit E, Hesseling A, Nicol M, Detjen A, Kritski A. Beyond accuracy: creating a comprehensive evidence base for TB diagnostic tools. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2010 Dec; 14(12):1518-24. PMID: 21144235.
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    39. Theobald S, Taegtmeyer M, Squire SB, Crichton J, Simwaka BN, Thomson R, Makwiza I, Tolhurst R, Martineau T, Bates I. Towards building equitable health systems in Sub-Saharan Africa: lessons from case studies on operational research. Health Res Policy Syst. 2009 Nov 25; 7:26. PMID: 19939279; PMCID: PMC2789709.
    40. Ramsay A, Cuevas LE, Mundy CJ, Nathanson CM, Chirambo P, Dacombe R, Squire SB, Salaniponi FM, Munthali S. New policies, new technologies: modelling the potential for improved smear microscopy services in Malawi. PLoS One. 2009 Nov 10; 4(11):e7760. PMID: 19901989; PMCID: PMC2770123.
    41. Bell DJ, Dacombe R, Graham SM, Hicks A, Cohen D, Chikaonda T, French N, Molyneux ME, Zijlstra EE, Squire SB, Gordon SB. Simple measures are as effective as invasive techniques in the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in Malawi. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2009 Jan; 13(1):99-104. PMID: 19105886; PMCID: PMC2873674.
    42. Long Q, Li Y, Wang Y, Yue Y, Tang C, Tang S, Squire SB, Tolhurst R. Barriers to accessing TB diagnosis for rural-to-urban migrants with chronic cough in Chongqing, China: a mixed methods study. BMC Health Serv Res. 2008 Oct 02; 8:202. PMID: 18828929; PMCID: PMC2567973.
    43. Beadsworth MB, van Oosterhout JJ, Diver MJ, Faragher EB, Shenkin A, Mwandumba HC, Khoo S, O'Dempsey T, Squire SB, Zijlstra EE. Hypoadrenalism is not associated with early mortality during tuberculosis treatment in Malawi. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2008 Mar; 12(3):314-8. PMID: 18284838.
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    44. Ziganshina LE, Squire SB. Fluoroquinolones for treating tuberculosis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008 Jan 23; (1):CD004795. PMID: 18254061.
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    45. Liu X, Thomson R, Gong Y, Zhao F, Squire SB, Tolhurst R, Zhao X, Yan F, Tang S. How affordable are tuberculosis diagnosis and treatment in rural China? An analysis from community and tuberculosis patient perspectives. Trop Med Int Health. 2007 Dec; 12(12):1464-71. PMID: 18076553.
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    46. Taegtmeyer M, Beeching NJ, Scott J, Seddon K, Jamieson S, Squire SB, Mwandumba HC, Miller AR, Davies PD, Parry CM. The clinical impact of nucleic acid amplification tests on the diagnosis and management of tuberculosis in a British hospital. Thorax. 2008 Apr; 63(4):317-21. PMID: 18024540.
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    47. Kemp JR, Mann G, Simwaka BN, Salaniponi FM, Squire SB. Can Malawi's poor afford free tuberculosis services? Patient and household costs associated with a tuberculosis diagnosis in Lilongwe. Bull World Health Organ. 2007 Aug; 85(8):580-5. PMID: 17768515; PMCID: PMC2636388.
    48. Mwandumba HC, Squire SB, White SA, Nyirenda MH, Zijlstra EE, Molyneux ME, Russell DG, Rhoades ER. Alveolar macrophages from HIV-infected patients with pulmonary tuberculosis retain the capacity to respond to stimulation by lipopolysaccharide. Microbes Infect. 2007 Jul; 9(9):1053-60. PMID: 17644388.
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    49. Lawson L, Yassin MA, Ramsay A, Emenyonu EN, Thacher TD, Davies PD, Squire SB, Cuevas LE. Short-term bleach digestion of sputum in the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in patients co-infected with HIV. Tuberculosis (Edinb). 2007 Jul; 87(4):368-72. PMID: 17392025.
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    50. Douthwaite S, Yassin MA, Squire SB, Arbide I, Cuevas LE. Bleach-digested sputum smears for the diagnosis of TB in HIV-infected individuals. Trop Doct. 2007 Jan; 37(1):35-6. PMID: 17326886.
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    51. Nhlema Simwaka B, Benson T, Salaniponi FM, Theobald SJ, Squire SB, Kemp JR. Developing a socio-economic measure to monitor access to tuberculosis services in urban Lilongwe, Malawi. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2007 Jan; 11(1):65-71. PMID: 17217132.
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    52. Harries AD, Boxshall M, Phiri S, van Gorkom J, Zachariah R, Squire SB, Makombe SD, Kwanjana J, Gondwett M. Providing HIV care for tuberculosis patients in sub-Saharan Africa. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2006 Dec; 10(12):1306-11. PMID: 17167945.
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    53. Yan F, Thomson R, Tang S, Squire SB, Wang W, Liu X, Gong Y, Zhao F, Tolhurst R. Multiple perspectives on diagnosis delay for tuberculosis from key stakeholders in poor rural China: case study in four provinces. Health Policy. 2007 Jul; 82(2):186-99. PMID: 17055105.
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    54. Malmborg R, Mann G, Thomson R, Squire SB. Can public-private collaboration promote tuberculosis case detection among the poor and vulnerable? Bull World Health Organ. 2006 Sep; 84(9):752-8. PMID: 17128346; PMCID: PMC2627476.
    55. Nakaoka H, Lawson L, Squire SB, Coulter B, Ravn P, Brock I, Hart CA, Cuevas LE. Risk for tuberculosis among children. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006 Sep; 12(9):1383-8. PMID: 17073087; PMCID: PMC3294731.
    56. Sangala WT, Briggs P, Theobald S, Squire SB, Kemp J. Screening for pulmonary tuberculosis: an acceptable intervention for antenatal care clients and providers? Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2006 Jul; 10(7):789-94. PMID: 16848342.
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    57. Squire SB, Obasi A, Nhlema-Simwaka B. The Global Plan to Stop TB: a unique opportunity to address poverty and the Millennium Development Goals. Lancet. 2006 Mar 18; 367(9514):955-7. PMID: 16546551.
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    58. Ramsay A, Squire SB, Siddiqi K, Cunningham J, Perkins MD. The bleach microscopy method and case detection for tuberculosis control. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2006 Mar; 10(3):256-8. PMID: 16562703.
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    59. Cambanis A, Yassin MA, Ramsay A, Squire SB, Arbide I, Cuevas LE. A one-day method for the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in rural Ethiopia. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2006 Feb; 10(2):230-2. PMID: 16499267.
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    60. Theobald S, Tolhurst R, Squire SB. Gender, equity: new approaches for effective management of communicable diseases. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2006 Apr; 100(4):299-304. PMID: 16430933.
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    61. Lawson L, Yassin MA, Ramsay A, Olajide I, Thacher TD, Davies PD, Squire SB, Cuevas LE. Microbiological validation of smear microscopy after sputum digestion with bleach; a step closer to a one-stop diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis. Tuberculosis (Edinb). 2006 Jan; 86(1):34-40. PMID: 16263328.
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    62. Lawson L, Yassin MA, Ramsay A, Emenyonu NE, Squire SB, Cuevas LE. Comparison of scanty AFB smears against culture in an area with high HIV prevalence. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2005 Aug; 9(8):933-5. PMID: 16104643.
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    63. Ziganshina LE, Vizel AA, Squire SB. Fluoroquinolones for treating tuberculosis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005 Jul 20; (3):CD004795. PMID: 16034951.
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    64. Tang S, Squire SB. What lessons can be drawn from tuberculosis (TB) control in China in the 1990s? An analysis from a health system perspective. Health Policy. 2005 Apr; 72(1):93-104. PMID: 15760702.
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    65. Squire SB, Belaye AK, Kashoti A, Salaniponi FM, Mundy CJ, Theobald S, Kemp J. 'Lost' smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis cases: where are they and why did we lose them? Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2005 Jan; 9(1):25-31. PMID: 15675546.
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    66. Squire SB, Tang S. How much of China's success in tuberculosis control is really due to DOTS? Lancet. 2004 Jul 31-Aug 6; 364(9432):391-2. PMID: 15288717.
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    67. Bates I, Fenton C, Gruber J, Lalloo D, Lara AM, Squire SB, Theobald S, Thomson R, Tolhurst R. Vulnerability to malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV/AIDS infection and disease. Part II: Determinants operating at environmental and institutional level. Lancet Infect Dis. 2004 Jun; 4(6):368-75. PMID: 15172345.
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    68. Bates I, Fenton C, Gruber J, Lalloo D, Medina Lara A, Squire SB, Theobald S, Thomson R, Tolhurst R. Vulnerability to malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV/AIDS infection and disease. Part 1: determinants operating at individual and household level. Lancet Infect Dis. 2004 May; 4(5):267-77. PMID: 15120343.
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    69. Mwandumba HC, Russell DG, Nyirenda MH, Anderson J, White SA, Molyneux ME, Squire SB. Mycobacterium tuberculosis resides in nonacidified vacuoles in endocytically competent alveolar macrophages from patients with tuberculosis and HIV infection. J Immunol. 2004 Apr 01; 172(7):4592-8. PMID: 15034077.
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    70. Harries AD, Michongwe J, Nyirenda TE, Kemp JR, Squire SB, Ramsay AR, Godfrey-Faussett P, Salaniponi FM. Using a bus service for transporting sputum specimens to the Central Reference Laboratory: effect on the routine TB culture service in Malawi. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2004 Feb; 8(2):204-10. PMID: 15139449.
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    71. Salaniponi FM, Nyirenda TE, Kemp JR, Squire SB, Godfrey-Faussett P, Harries AD. Characteristics, management and outcome of patients with recurrent tuberculosis under routine programme conditions in Malawi. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2003 Oct; 7(10):948-52. PMID: 14552564.
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    72. Harries AD, Kumwenda J, Zijlstra EE, Broadhead RL, Squire SB, Salaniponi FM. Teaching tuberculosis control to medical undergraduates: the Malawi experience. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2003 Sep; 7(9):842-7. PMID: 12971667.
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    73. Yassin MA, Cuevas LE, Gebrexabher H, Squire SB. Efficacy and safety of short-term bleach digestion of sputum in case-finding for pulmonary tuberculosis in Ethiopia. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2003 Jul; 7(7):678-83. PMID: 12870690.
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    74. Mundy CJ, Bates I, Nkhoma W, Floyd K, Kadewele G, Ngwira M, Khuwi A, Squire SB, Gilks CF. The operation, quality and costs of a district hospital laboratory service in Malawi. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2003 Jul-Aug; 97(4):403-8. PMID: 15259467.
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    75. Dowling JJ, Whitty CJ, Chaponda M, Munthali C, Zijlstra EE, Gilks CF, Squire SB, Gordon MA. Are intestinal helminths a risk factor for non-typhoidal Salmonella bacteraemia in adults in Africa who are seropositive for HIV? A case-control study. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2002 Mar; 96(2):203-8. PMID: 12080982.
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    76. Mundy CJ, Harries AD, Banerjee A, Salaniponi FM, Gilks CF, Squire SB. Quality assessment of sputum transportation, smear preparation and AFB microscopy in a rural district in Malawi. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2002 Jan; 6(1):47-54. PMID: 11931401.
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    77. Hargreaves NJ, Kadzakumanja O, Whitty CJ, Salaniponi FM, Harries AD, Squire SB. 'Smear-negative' pulmonary tuberculosis in a DOTS programme: poor outcomes in an area of high HIV seroprevalence. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2001 Sep; 5(9):847-54. PMID: 11573897.
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    78. Bates I, Mundy C, Pendame R, Kadewele G, Gilks C, Squire S. Use of clinical judgement to guide administration of blood transfusions in Malawi. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2001 Sep-Oct; 95(5):510-2. PMID: 11706662.
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    79. Hargreaves NJ, Kadzakumanja O, Phiri S, Lee CH, Tang X, Salaniponi FM, Harries AD, Squire SB. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in patients being registered for smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis in Malawi. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2001 Jul-Aug; 95(4):402-8. PMID: 11579884.
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    80. Hargreaves NJ, Kadzakumanja O, Phiri S, Nyangulu DS, Salaniponi FM, Harries AD, Squire SB. What causes smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis in Malawi, an area of high HIV seroprevalence? Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2001 Feb; 5(2):113-22. PMID: 11258504.
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    81. Mwandumba HC, Squire SB. Fully intermittent dosing with drugs for treating tuberculosis in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2001; (4):CD000970. PMID: 11687088.
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    82. Mundy C, Ngwira M, Kadewele G, Bates I, Squire SB, Gilks CF. Evaluation of microscope condition in Malawi. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2000 Sep-Oct; 94(5):583-4. PMID: 11132396.
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    83. Wilkinson D, Newman W, Reid A, Squire SB, Sturm AW, Gilks CF. Trial-of-antibiotic algorithm for the diagnosis of tuberculosis in a district hospital in a developing country with high HIV prevalence. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2000 Jun; 4(6):513-8. PMID: 10864181.
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    84. Mwandumba HC, Squire SB. Fully intermittent dosing with drugs for tuberculosis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2000; (2):CD000970. PMID: 10796561.
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    85. Mwandumba HC, Squire SB. Fully intermittent dosing with drugs for tuberculosis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2000; (4):CD000970. PMID: 11034692.
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    86. Wilkinson D, Squire SB, Garner P. Effect of preventive treatment for tuberculosis in adults infected with HIV: systematic review of randomised placebo controlled trials. BMJ. 1998 Sep 05; 317(7159):625-9. PMID: 9727988; PMCID: PMC28654.
    87. Squire SB, Davies PD. Treatment for mycobacterial infections. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 1998 Apr; 11(2):159-62. PMID: 17033382.
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    88. Harries AD, Kamenya A, Subramanyam VR, Maher D, Squire SB, Wirima JJ, Nyangulu DS, Nunn P. Screening pulmonary tuberculosis suspects in Malawi: testing different strategies. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1997 Jul-Aug; 91(4):416-9. PMID: 9373637.
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    89. Squire SB. Tropical medicine. Can we stand the heat? Lancet. 1995 Dec 23-30; 346 Suppl:s25. PMID: 9454043.
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    90. Squire SB, Elford J, Bor R, Tilsed G, Salt H, Bagdades EK, Janossy G, Griffiths PD, Johnson MA. Open access clinic providing HIV-I antibody results on day of testing: the first twelve months. BMJ. 1991 Jun 08; 302(6789):1383-6. PMID: 1676319; PMCID: PMC1670043.
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