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Dr Shabbar Jaffar

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Jaffar S, Gill G. The crisis of diabetes in sub-Saharan Africa. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2017 08; 5(8):574-575. PMID: 28688820.
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    2. Jaffar S. Diabetes and other non-communicable diseases in Africa: a potential disaster in the waiting. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2016 11; 4(11):875-877. PMID: 27727122.
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    3. Mfinanga S, Chanda D, Kivuyo SL, Guinness L, Bottomley C, Simms V, Chijoka C, Masasi A, Kimaro G, Ngowi B, Kahwa A, Mwaba P, Harrison TS, Egwaga S, Jaffar S. Cryptococcal meningitis screening and community-based early adherence support in people with advanced HIV infection starting antiretroviral therapy in Tanzania and Zambia: an open-label, randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2015 May 30; 385(9983):2173-82. PMID: 25765698.
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    4. Pascoe SJ, Langhaug LF, Mavhu W, Hargreaves J, Jaffar S, Hayes R, Cowan FM. Poverty, food insufficiency and HIV infection and sexual behaviour among young rural Zimbabwean women. PLoS One. 2015; 10(1):e0115290. PMID: 25625868.
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    5. Lazarus JV, Safreed-Harmon K, Nicholson J, Jaffar S. Health service delivery models for the provision of antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review. Trop Med Int Health. 2014 Oct; 19(10):1198-215. PMID: 25065882.
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    6. Woodd SL, Grosskurth H, Levin J, Amuron B, Namara G, Birunghi J, Coutinho A, Jaffar S. Home-based versus clinic-based care for patients starting antiretroviral therapy with low CD4? cell counts: findings from a cluster-randomized trial. AIDS. 2014 Feb 20; 28(4):569-76. PMID: 24468997.
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    7. Jarvis JN, Bicanic T, Loyse A, Namarika D, Jackson A, Nussbaum JC, Longley N, Muzoora C, Phulusa J, Taseera K, Kanyembe C, Wilson D, Hosseinipour MC, Brouwer AE, Limmathurotsakul D, White N, van der Horst C, Wood R, Meintjes G, Bradley J, Jaffar S, Harrison T. Determinants of mortality in a combined cohort of 501 patients with HIV-associated Cryptococcal meningitis: implications for improving outcomes. Clin Infect Dis. 2014 Mar; 58(5):736-45. PMID: 24319084.
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    8. Simms V, Matiku S, Ngowi B, Chanda D, Lesikari S, Bottomley C, Egwaga S, Kahwa A, Guinness L, Mwaba P, Mfinanga S, Jaffar S. Integrating public health research trials into health systems in Africa: individual or cluster randomisation? Trop Med Int Health. 2014 Jan; 19(1):123-7. PMID: 24261940.
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    9. Mbonye M, Seeley J, Ssembajja F, Birungi J, Jaffar S. Adherence to antiretroviral therapy in Jinja, Uganda: a six-year follow-up study. PLoS One. 2013; 8(10):e78243. PMID: 24147126.
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    10. Mbonye M, Nakamanya S, Birungi J, King R, Seeley J, Jaffar S. Stigma trajectories among people living with HIV (PLHIV) embarking on a life time journey with antiretroviral drugs in Jinja, Uganda. BMC Public Health. 2013 Sep 05; 13:804. PMID: 24010761.
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    11. Cairncross S, van Asten H, Jaffar S, Junghanss T, Meyer CG, Van der Stuyft P. The ICMJE authorship criteria: a response from the editors. Trop Med Int Health. 2013 Oct; 18(10):1162-3. PMID: 23962362.
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    12. Atun R, Jaffar S, Nishtar S, Knaul FM, Barreto ML, Nyirenda M, Banatvala N, Piot P. Improving responsiveness of health systems to non-communicable diseases. Lancet. 2013 Feb 23; 381(9867):690-7. PMID: 23410609.
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    13. Ebrahim S, Pearce N, Smeeth L, Casas JP, Jaffar S, Piot P. Tackling non-communicable diseases in low- and middle-income countries: is the evidence from high-income countries all we need? PLoS Med. 2013; 10(1):e1001377. PMID: 23382655.
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    14. Jackson AT, Nussbaum JC, Phulusa J, Namarika D, Chikasema M, Kanyemba C, Jarvis JN, Jaffar S, Hosseinipour MC, van der Horst C, Harrison TS. A phase II randomized controlled trial adding oral flucytosine to high-dose fluconazole, with short-course amphotericin B, for cryptococcal meningitis. AIDS. 2012 Jul 17; 26(11):1363-70. PMID: 22526517.
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    15. Van Rompaye B, Jaffar S, Goetghebeur E. Estimation with Cox models: cause-specific survival analysis with misclassified cause of failure. Epidemiology. 2012 Mar; 23(2):194-202. PMID: 22317803.
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    16. Maher D, Harries AD, Nachega JB, Jaffar S. Methodology matters: what type of research is suitable for evaluating community treatment supporters for HIV and tuberculosis treatment? Trop Med Int Health. 2012 Mar; 17(3):264-71. PMID: 22171790.
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    17. Muzoora CK, Kabanda T, Ortu G, Ssentamu J, Hearn P, Mwesigye J, Longley N, Jarvis JN, Jaffar S, Harrison TS. Short course amphotericin B with high dose fluconazole for HIV-associated cryptococcal meningitis. J Infect. 2012 Jan; 64(1):76-81. PMID: 22079502.
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    18. Loyse A, Wilson D, Meintjes G, Jarvis JN, Bicanic T, Bishop L, Rebe K, Williams A, Jaffar S, Bekker LG, Wood R, Harrison TS. Comparison of the early fungicidal activity of high-dose fluconazole, voriconazole, and flucytosine as second-line drugs given in combination with amphotericin B for the treatment of HIV-associated cryptococcal meningitis. Clin Infect Dis. 2012 Jan 01; 54(1):121-8. PMID: 22052885.
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    19. Amuron B, Levin J, Birunghi J, Namara G, Coutinho A, Grosskurth H, Jaffar S. Mortality in an antiretroviral therapy programme in Jinja, south-east Uganda: a prospective cohort study. AIDS Res Ther. 2011 Oct 22; 8:39. PMID: 22018282.
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    20. Wamoyi J, Mbonye M, Seeley J, Birungi J, Jaffar S. Changes in sexual desires and behaviours of people living with HIV after initiation of ART: implications for HIV prevention and health promotion. BMC Public Health. 2011 Aug 08; 11:633. PMID: 21824410.
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    21. Gladstone BP, Ramani S, Mukhopadhya I, Muliyil J, Sarkar R, Rehman AM, Jaffar S, Gomara MI, Gray JJ, Brown DW, Desselberger U, Crawford SE, John J, Babji S, Estes MK, Kang G. Protective effect of natural rotavirus infection in an Indian birth cohort. N Engl J Med. 2011 Jul 28; 365(4):337-46. PMID: 21793745.
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    22. Togun T, Peterson I, Jaffar S, Oko F, Okomo U, Peterson K, Jaye A. Pre-treatment mortality and loss-to-follow-up in HIV-1, HIV-2 and HIV-1/HIV-2 dually infected patients eligible for antiretroviral therapy in The Gambia, West Africa. AIDS Res Ther. 2011 Jul 20; 8(1):24. PMID: 21774813.
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    23. Manno D, Kowa PK, Bwalya HK, Siame J, Grantham-McGregor S, Baisley K, De Stavola BL, Jaffar S, Filteau S. Rich micronutrient fortification of locally produced infant food does not improve mental and motor development of Zambian infants: a randomised controlled trial. Br J Nutr. 2012 Feb; 107(4):556-66. PMID: 21733297.
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    24. Montgomery ET, van der Straten A, Chidanyika A, Chipato T, Jaffar S, Padian N. The importance of male partner involvement for women's acceptability and adherence to female-initiated HIV prevention methods in Zimbabwe. AIDS Behav. 2011 Jul; 15(5):959-69. PMID: 20844946.
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    25. Jasseh M, Webb EL, Jaffar S, Howie S, Townend J, Smith PG, Greenwood BM, Corrah T. Reaching millennium development goal 4 - the Gambia. Trop Med Int Health. 2011 Oct; 16(10):1314-25. PMID: 21707875.
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    26. Allen C, Mbonye M, Seeley J, Birungi J, Wolff B, Coutinho A, Jaffar S. ABC for people with HIV: responses to sexual behaviour recommendations among people receiving antiretroviral therapy in Jinja, Uganda. Cult Health Sex. 2011 May; 13(5):529-43. PMID: 21390948.
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    27. Collins IJ, Jourdain G, Hansudewechakul R, Kanjanavanit S, Hongsiriwon S, Ngampiyasakul C, Sriminiphant S, Technakunakorn P, Ngo-Giang-Huong N, Duong T, Le Coeur S, Jaffar S, Lallemant M. Long-term survival of HIV-infected children receiving antiretroviral therapy in Thailand: a 5-year observational cohort study. Clin Infect Dis. 2010 Dec 15; 51(12):1449-57. PMID: 21054181.
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    28. Cowan FM, Pascoe SJ, Langhaug LF, Mavhu W, Chidiya S, Jaffar S, Mbizvo MT, Stephenson JM, Johnson AM, Power RM, Woelk G, Hayes RJ. The Regai Dzive Shiri project: results of a randomized trial of an HIV prevention intervention for youth. AIDS. 2010 Oct 23; 24(16):2541-52. PMID: 20881473.
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    29. Mgone C, Volmink J, Coles D, Makanga M, Jaffar S, Sewankambo N. Linking research and development to strengthen health systems in Africa. Trop Med Int Health. 2010 Dec; 15(12):1404-6. PMID: 20955373.
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    30. Lugada E, Levin J, Abang B, Mermin J, Mugalanzi E, Namara G, Gupta S, Grosskurth H, Jaffar S, Coutinho A, Bunnell R. Comparison of home and clinic-based HIV testing among household members of persons taking antiretroviral therapy in Uganda: results from a randomized trial. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2010 Oct; 55(2):245-52. PMID: 20714273.
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    31. Jaffar S, Lazarus JV, Onyebujoh P, Chakaya J, Garrib A, Mwaba P, Mboup S, Bellis K, Egwaga S, Corrah T, Coutinho A. Health services strengthening in Africa--research is a key component. Trop Med Int Health. 2010 Nov; 15(11):1270-3. PMID: 20731794.
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    32. van der Loeff MF, Larke N, Kaye S, Berry N, Ariyoshi K, Alabi A, van Tienen C, Leligdowicz A, Sarge-Njie R, da Silva Z, Jaye A, Ricard D, Vincent T, Jones SR, Aaby P, Jaffar S, Whittle H. Undetectable plasma viral load predicts normal survival in HIV-2-infected people in a West African village. Retrovirology. 2010 May 19; 7:46. PMID: 20482865.
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    33. Van Rompaye B, Goetghebeur E, Jaffar S. Design and testing for clinical trials faced with misclassified causes of death. Biostatistics. 2010 Jul; 11(3):546-58. PMID: 20212319.
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    34. Nussbaum JC, Jackson A, Namarika D, Phulusa J, Kenala J, Kanyemba C, Jarvis JN, Jaffar S, Hosseinipour MC, Kamwendo D, van der Horst CM, Harrison TS. Combination flucytosine and high-dose fluconazole compared with fluconazole monotherapy for the treatment of cryptococcal meningitis: a randomized trial in Malawi. Clin Infect Dis. 2010 Feb 01; 50(3):338-44. PMID: 20038244.
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    35. Gladstone BP, Das AR, Rehman AM, Jaffar S, Estes MK, Muliyil J, Kang G, Bose A. Burden of illness in the first 3 years of life in an Indian slum. J Trop Pediatr. 2010 Aug; 56(4):221-6. PMID: 20028725.
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    36. Wolff B, Mbonye M, Coutinho A, Amuron B, Nkabala R, Jaffar S, Grosskurth H. High levels of psychosocial readiness for ART in an African population at the onset of treatment. SAHARA J. 2009 Dec; 6(4):188-94. PMID: 20485858.
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    37. Jaffar S, Amuron B, Foster S, Birungi J, Levin J, Namara G, Nabiryo C, Ndembi N, Kyomuhangi R, Opio A, Bunnell R, Tappero JW, Mermin J, Coutinho A, Grosskurth H. Rates of virological failure in patients treated in a home-based versus a facility-based HIV-care model in Jinja, southeast Uganda: a cluster-randomised equivalence trial. Lancet. 2009 Dec 19; 374(9707):2080-2089. PMID: 19939445.
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    38. Rehman AM, Gladstone BP, Verghese VP, Muliyil J, Jaffar S, Kang G. Chronic growth faltering amongst a birth cohort of Indian children begins prior to weaning and is highly prevalent at three years of age. Nutr J. 2009 Sep 29; 8:44. PMID: 19788734.
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    39. Bicanic T, Muzoora C, Brouwer AE, Meintjes G, Longley N, Taseera K, Rebe K, Loyse A, Jarvis J, Bekker LG, Wood R, Limmathurotsakul D, Chierakul W, Stepniewska K, White NJ, Jaffar S, Harrison TS. Independent association between rate of clearance of infection and clinical outcome of HIV-associated cryptococcal meningitis: analysis of a combined cohort of 262 patients. Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Sep 01; 49(5):702-9. PMID: 19613840.
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    40. Amuron B, Namara G, Birungi J, Nabiryo C, Levin J, Grosskurth H, Coutinho A, Jaffar S. Mortality and loss-to-follow-up during the pre-treatment period in an antiretroviral therapy programme under normal health service conditions in Uganda. BMC Public Health. 2009 Aug 11; 9:290. PMID: 19671185.
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    41. Bicanic T, Meintjes G, Rebe K, Williams A, Loyse A, Wood R, Hayes M, Jaffar S, Harrison T. Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in HIV-associated cryptococcal meningitis: a prospective study. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2009 Jun 01; 51(2):130-4. PMID: 19365271.
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    42. Bicanic T, Brouwer AE, Meintjes G, Rebe K, Limmathurotsakul D, Chierakul W, Teparrakkul P, Loyse A, White NJ, Wood R, Jaffar S, Harrison T. Relationship of cerebrospinal fluid pressure, fungal burden and outcome in patients with cryptococcal meningitis undergoing serial lumbar punctures. AIDS. 2009 Mar 27; 23(6):701-6. PMID: 19279443.
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    43. Longley N, Muzoora C, Taseera K, Mwesigye J, Rwebembera J, Chakera A, Wall E, Andia I, Jaffar S, Harrison TS. Dose response effect of high-dose fluconazole for HIV-associated cryptococcal meningitis in southwestern Uganda. Clin Infect Dis. 2008 Dec 15; 47(12):1556-61. PMID: 18990067.
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    44. Al-Taiar A, Assabri A, Al-Habori M, Azazy A, Algabri A, Alganadi M, Whitty CJ, Jaffar S. Socioeconomic and environmental factors important for acquiring non-severe malaria in children in Yemen: a case-control study. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2009 Jan; 103(1):72-8. PMID: 18950826.
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    45. Cowan FM, Pascoe SJ, Langhaug LF, Dirawo J, Chidiya S, Jaffar S, Mbizvo M, Stephenson JM, Johnson AM, Power RM, Woelk G, Hayes RJ. The Regai Dzive Shiri Project: a cluster randomised controlled trial to determine the effectiveness of a multi-component community-based HIV prevention intervention for rural youth in Zimbabwe--study design and baseline results. Trop Med Int Health. 2008 Oct; 13(10):1235-44. PMID: 18778329.
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    46. Jaffar S, Munderi P, Grosskurth H. Adherence to antiretroviral therapy in Africa: how high is it really? Trop Med Int Health. 2008 Sep; 13(9):1096-7. PMID: 18664239.
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    47. Bicanic T, Wood R, Meintjes G, Rebe K, Brouwer A, Loyse A, Bekker LG, Jaffar S, Harrison T. High-dose amphotericin B with flucytosine for the treatment of cryptococcal meningitis in HIV-infected patients: a randomized trial. Clin Infect Dis. 2008 Jul 01; 47(1):123-30. PMID: 18505387.
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    48. Al-Taiar A, Jaffar S, Assabri A, Al-Habori M, Azazy A, Al-Gabri A, Al-Ganadi M, Attal B, Whitty CJ. Who develops severe malaria? Impact of access to healthcare, socio-economic and environmental factors on children in Yemen: a case-control study. Trop Med Int Health. 2008 Jun; 13(6):762-70. PMID: 18410250.
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    49. Jaffar S, Amuron B, Birungi J, Namara G, Nabiryo C, Coutinho A, Grosskurth H. Integrating research into routine service delivery in an antiretroviral treatment programme: lessons learnt from a cluster randomized trial comparing strategies of HIV care in Jinja, Uganda. Trop Med Int Health. 2008 Jun; 13(6):795-800. PMID: 18363588.
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    50. Jaffar S, Birungi J, Grosskurth H, Amuron B, Namara G, Nabiryo C, Coutinho A. Use of WHO clinical stage for assessing patient eligibility to antiretroviral therapy in a routine health service setting in Jinja, Uganda. AIDS Res Ther. 2008 Feb 28; 5:4. PMID: 18307778.
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    51. Amuron B, Coutinho A, Grosskurth H, Nabiryo C, Birungi J, Namara G, Levin J, Smith PG, Jaffar S. A cluster-randomised trial to compare home-based with health facility-based antiretroviral treatment in Uganda: study design and baseline findings. Open AIDS J. 2007; 1:21-7. PMID: 18923692.
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    52. Jaffar S, Mbidde E, Robb A, Coutinho A, Muwanga M, Obermeyer CM, Weller I, Hart G, Smith PG, Haines A, Grosskurth H. Scale-up of antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa: priorities for public health research. Trop Med Int Health. 2007 Sep; 12(9):1009-10. PMID: 17875011.
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    53. Welz T, Hosegood V, Jaffar S, Bätzing-Feigenbaum J, Herbst K, Newell ML. Continued very high prevalence of HIV infection in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: a population-based longitudinal study. AIDS. 2007 Jul 11; 21(11):1467-72. PMID: 17589193.
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    54. Mwaluko G, Wringe A, Todd J, Glynn JR, Crampin AC, Jaffar S, Kalluvya S, Zaba B. Use of data from HIV counselling and testing services for HIV surveillance in Africa. Lancet. 2007 Feb 17; 369(9561):612-3. PMID: 17307108.
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    55. Banerjee I, Gladstone BP, Le Fevre AM, Ramani S, Iturriza-Gomara M, Gray JJ, Brown DW, Estes MK, Muliyil JP, Jaffar S, Kang G. Neonatal infection with G10P[11] rotavirus did not confer protection against subsequent rotavirus infection in a community cohort in Vellore, South India. J Infect Dis. 2007 Mar 01; 195(5):625-32. PMID: 17262703.
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    56. Garrib A, Jaffar S, Knight S, Bradshaw D, Bennish ML. Rates and causes of child mortality in an area of high HIV prevalence in rural South Africa. Trop Med Int Health. 2006 Dec; 11(12):1841-8. PMID: 17176349.
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    57. Ramani S, Banerjee I, Gladstone BP, Sarkar R, Selvapandian D, Le Fevre AM, Jaffar S, Iturriza-Gomara M, Gray JJ, Estes MK, Brown DW, Kang G. Geographic information systems and genotyping in identification of rotavirus G12 infections in residents of an urban slum with subsequent detection in hospitalized children: emergence of G12 genotype in South India. J Clin Microbiol. 2007 Feb; 45(2):432-7. PMID: 17135437.
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    58. Al-Taiar A, Jaffar S, Assabri A, Al-Habori M, Azazy A, Al-Mahdi N, Ameen K, Greenwood BM, Whitty CJ. Severe malaria in children in Yemen: two site observational study. BMJ. 2006 Oct 21; 333(7573):827. PMID: 17053235.
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    59. Chu K, Jiamton S, Pepin J, Cowan F, Mahakkanukrauh B, Suttent R, Robinson NJ, Deslandes S, Frost E, Chaisilwattana P, Suthipinittharm P, Grosskurth H, Brown D, Jaffar S. Association between HSV-2 and HIV-1 viral load in semen, cervico-vaginal secretions and genital ulcers of Thai men and women. Int J STD AIDS. 2006 Oct; 17(10):681-6. PMID: 17059638.
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    60. Banerjee I, Ramani S, Primrose B, Moses P, Iturriza-Gomara M, Gray JJ, Jaffar S, Monica B, Muliyil JP, Brown DW, Estes MK, Kang G. Comparative study of the epidemiology of rotavirus in children from a community-based birth cohort and a hospital in South India. J Clin Microbiol. 2006 Jul; 44(7):2468-74. PMID: 16825366.
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    61. Cross P, Doua F, Jaffar S. The risk factors for relapse among patients with African trypanosomiasis in Daloa, Cote d'Ivoire. Trop Doct. 2006 Apr; 36(2):90-3. PMID: 16611441.
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    62. Cowan FF, Pascoe SJ, Barlow KL, Langhaug LF, Jaffar S, Hargrove JW, Robinson NJ, Latif AS, Bassett MT, Wilson D, Brown DW, Hayes RJ. Association of genital shedding of herpes simplex virus type 2 and HIV-1 among sex workers in rural Zimbabwe. AIDS. 2006 Jan 09; 20(2):261-7. PMID: 16511420.
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    63. Cowan FM, Langhaug LF, Hargrove JW, Jaffar S, Mhuriyengwe L, Swarthout TD, Peeling R, Latif A, Basset MT, Brown DW, Mabey D, Hayes RJ, Wilson D. Is sexual contact with sex workers important in driving the HIV epidemic among men in rural Zimbabwe? J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2005 Nov 01; 40(3):371-6. PMID: 16249714.
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    64. Chandramohan D, Owusu-Agyei S, Carneiro I, Awine T, Amponsa-Achiano K, Mensah N, Jaffar S, Baiden R, Hodgson A, Binka F, Greenwood B. Cluster randomised trial of intermittent preventive treatment for malaria in infants in area of high, seasonal transmission in Ghana. BMJ. 2005 Oct 01; 331(7519):727-33. PMID: 16195288.
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    65. Jaffar S, Van der Loeff MS, Eugen-Olsen J, Vincent T, Sarje-Njie R, Ngom P, Meyer AM, Berry N, Aaby P, Whittle H. Immunological predictors of survival in HIV type 2-infected rural villagers in Guinea-Bissau. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2005 Jun; 21(6):560-4. PMID: 15989461.
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    66. Jaffar S, Govender T, Garrib A, Welz T, Grosskurth H, Smith PG, Whittle H, Bennish ML. Antiretroviral treatment in resource-poor settings: public health research priorities. Trop Med Int Health. 2005 Apr; 10(4):295-9. PMID: 15807791.
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    67. Siddiqui AA, Brouwer AE, Wuthiekanun V, Jaffar S, Shattock R, Irving D, Sheldon J, Chierakul W, Peacock S, Day N, White NJ, Harrison TS. IFN-gamma at the site of infection determines rate of clearance of infection in cryptococcal meningitis. J Immunol. 2005 Feb 01; 174(3):1746-50. PMID: 15661940.
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    68. Cowan FM, Hargrove JW, Langhaug LF, Jaffar S, Mhuriyengwe L, Swarthout TD, Peeling R, Latif A, Bassett MT, Brown DW, Mabey D, Hayes RJ, Wilson D. The appropriateness of core group interventions using presumptive periodic treatment among rural Zimbabwean women who exchange sex for gifts or money. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2005 Feb 01; 38(2):202-7. PMID: 15671806.
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    69. Jiamto S, Chaisilwattana P, Pepin J, Suttent R, Mahakkanukrauh B, Filteau S, Suthipinittharm P, Jaffar S. A randomized placebo-controlled trial of the impact of multiple micronutrient supplementation on HIV-1 genital shedding among Thai subjects. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2004 Sep 01; 37(1):1216-8. PMID: 15319683.
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    70. Alloueche A, Bailey W, Barton S, Bwika J, Chimpeni P, Falade CO, Fehintola FA, Horton J, Jaffar S, Kanyok T, Kremsner PG, Kublin JG, Lang T, Missinou MA, Mkandala C, Oduola AM, Premji Z, Robertson L, Sowunmi A, Ward SA, Winstanley PA. Comparison of chlorproguanil-dapsone with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine for the treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria in young African children: double-blind randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2004 Jun 05; 363(9424):1843-8. PMID: 15183620.
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    71. Jaffar S, Grant AD, Whitworth J, Smith PG, Whittle H. The natural history of HIV-1 and HIV-2 infections in adults in Africa: a literature review. Bull World Health Organ. 2004 Jun; 82(6):462-9. PMID: 15356940.
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    72. Jiamton S, Pepin J, Suttent R, Filteau S, Mahakkanukrauh B, Hanshaoworakul W, Chaisilwattana P, Suthipinittharm P, Shetty P, Jaffar S. A randomized trial of the impact of multiple micronutrient supplementation on mortality among HIV-infected individuals living in Bangkok. AIDS. 2003 Nov 21; 17(17):2461-9. PMID: 14600517.
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    73. Ariyoshi K, Berry N, Cham F, Jaffar S, Schim van der Loeff M, Jobe O, N'Gom PT, Larsen O, Andersson S, Aaby P, Whittle H. Quantification of Human T-lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) provirus load in a rural West African population: no enhancement of human immunodeficiency virus type 2 pathogenesis, but HTLV-I provirus load relates to mortality. J Infect Dis. 2003 Dec 01; 188(11):1648-51. PMID: 14639534.
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    74. Alabi AS, Jaffar S, Ariyoshi K, Blanchard T, Schim van der Loeff M, Awasana AA, Corrah T, Sabally S, Sarge-Njie R, Cham-Jallow F, Jaye A, Berry N, Whittle H. Plasma viral load, CD4 cell percentage, HLA and survival of HIV-1, HIV-2, and dually infected Gambian patients. AIDS. 2003 Jul 04; 17(10):1513-20. PMID: 12824789.
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    75. Jaffar S, Leach A, Smith PG, Cutts F, Greenwood B. Effects of misclassification of causes of death on the power of a trial to assess the efficacy of a pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in The Gambia. Int J Epidemiol. 2003 Jun; 32(3):430-6. PMID: 12777432.
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    76. Rodger A, Jaffar S, Paynter S, Hayward A, Carless J, Maguire H. Delay in the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis, London, 1998-2000: analysis of surveillance data. BMJ. 2003 Apr 26; 326(7395):909-10. PMID: 12714470.
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    77. Berry N, Jaffar S, Schim van der Loeff M, Ariyoshi K, Harding E, N'Gom PT, Dias F, Wilkins A, Ricard D, Aaby P, Tedder R, Whittle H. Low level viremia and high CD4% predict normal survival in a cohort of HIV type-2-infected villagers. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2002 Nov 01; 18(16):1167-73. PMID: 12487822.
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    78. Obaro SK, Enwere GC, Deloria M, Jaffar S, Goldblatt D, Brainsby K, Hallander H, McInnes P, Greenwood BM, McAdam KP. Safety and immunogenicity of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in combination with diphtheria, tetanus toxoid, pertussis and Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2002 Oct; 21(10):940-7. PMID: 12394817.
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    79. Whittle H, Jaffar S, Wansbrough M, Mendy M, Dumpis U, Collinson A, Hall A. Observational study of vaccine efficacy 14 years after trial of hepatitis B vaccination in Gambian children. BMJ. 2002 Sep 14; 325(7364):569. PMID: 12228132.
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    80. Schim van der Loeff MF, Jaffar S, Aveika AA, Sabally S, Corrah T, Harding E, Alabi A, Bayang A, Ariyoshi K, Whittle HC. Mortality of HIV-1, HIV-2 and HIV-1/HIV-2 dually infected patients in a clinic-based cohort in The Gambia. AIDS. 2002 Sep 06; 16(13):1775-83. PMID: 12218389.
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    81. Weber MW, Herman J, Jaffar S, Usen S, Oparaugo A, Omosigho C, Adegbola RA, Greenwood BM, Mulholland EK. Clinical predictors of bacterial meningitis in infants and young children in The Gambia. Trop Med Int Health. 2002 Sep; 7(9):722-31. PMID: 12225501.
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    82. Cowan FM, Langhaug LF, Mashungupa GP, Nyamurera T, Hargrove J, Jaffar S, Peeling RW, Brown DW, Power R, Johnson AM, Stephenson JM, Bassett MT, Hayes RJ. School based HIV prevention in Zimbabwe: feasibility and acceptability of evaluation trials using biological outcomes. AIDS. 2002 Aug 16; 16(12):1673-8. PMID: 12172089.
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    83. Labbé AC, Mendonça AP, Alves AC, Jaffar S, Dias F, Alvarenga IC, Frost E, Morency P, Milord F, Pépin J. The impact of syphilis, HIV-1, and HIV-2 on pregnancy outcome in Bissau, Guinea-Bissau. Sex Transm Dis. 2002 Mar; 29(3):157-67. PMID: 11875377.
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    84. Whitty CJ, Jaffar S. Plasmodium falciparum cross resistance. Lancet. 2002 Jan 05; 359(9300):80. PMID: 11809221.
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    85. Chandramohan D, Jaffar S, Greenwood B. Use of clinical algorithms for diagnosing malaria. Trop Med Int Health. 2002 Jan; 7(1):45-52. PMID: 11851954.
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    86. Jaffar S, Leach A, Greenwood A, Greenwood B. Season of birth is not associated with delayed childhood mortality in Upper River Division, The Gambia. Trop Med Int Health. 2000 Sep; 5(9):628-32. PMID: 11044277.
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